2“What the symbol of faith professes, the sacraments communicate…. through them the faithful receive the grace of Christ & the gifts of the Holy Spirit which give them the capability of living a new life as children of God in Christ”
3We are created “in the image & likeness of God” & “called…to eternal beatitude.”
4“This happiness surpasses human capabilities.” “We attain beatitude by virtue of the grace of Christ which makes us participants in the divine life.” Wow!!!“Christ in the Gospel points out… the way that leads to eternal happiness: the beatitudes.”“The beatitudes….reveal the ultimate goal of human activity which is eternal happiness.”“The beatitudes respond to the innate desire for happiness that God has placed in the human heart in order to draw us to himself.”“This happiness surpasses human capabilities.”“This promised happiness confronts us with decisive moral choices concerning earthly goods & urges us to love God above all things.”Life!!!
5What is freedom?“The more one does what is good, the freer one becomes. Freedom attains its proper perfection when it is directed toward God….The choice of evil is an abuse of freedom & leads to the slavery of sin.”“Freedom makes people responsible for their actions”“The right to the exercise of freedom…is inseparable from his or her dignity as a human person.”“Our freedom is weakened because of original sin. This weakness is intensified because of successive sins. Christ, however, set us free…. With his grace, the Holy Spirit leads us to spiritual freedom to make us free co-workers with him in the Church & in the world.”Countercultural!!!
6“some acts…are always illicit” “object”“intention” (end)“circumstances”“An act is morally good when it assumes simultaneously the goodness of the object, of the end, & of the circumstances.“A chosen object can…vitiate an act in its entirety, even if the intention is good.“It is not licit to do evil so that good may result….“An evil end corrupts the action, even if the object is good….“Circumstances….never make good an act which is…evil.”“some acts…are always illicit”
7Love & Hatred Desire & Fear Sadness Joy ANGER “The passions are the feelings…which incline a person to act or not act….“The chief passion is love which is drawn by the attraction of the good. One can only love what is good, real or apparent.”“The passions….are good when they contribute to good action & they are evil in the opposite case.“They can be taken up into the virtues or perverted by the vices.”SadnessJoyANGER
8“Moral conscience…is a judgment of reason which…enjoins him to do good & avoid evil ….When attentive to moral conscience, the prudent person can hear the voice of God”“The dignity of a human person requires the uprightness of a moral conscience”“An upright & true moral conscience is formed by education and by assimilating the Word of God and the teaching of the Church. It is supported by the gifts of the Holy Spirit and helped by the advice of wise people. Prayer and an examination of conscience can also greatly assist”“There are 3 general norms (1) one may never do evil so that good may result…; (2) the so-called Golden Rule…; (3) charity always precedes by way of respect… even though this does not mean accepting as good something that is objectively evil.”“A person must always obey the certain judgment of his own conscience…. One…must…work to correct the errors of moral conscience.”
9“A virtue is a habitual & firm disposition to do the good.” “The human virtues….are acquired & strengthened by the repetition of morally good acts & they are purified & elevated by divine grace.”“The principal human virtues are called the cardinal virtues…. prudence, justice, fortitude, & temperance.”
10“The theological virtues are faith, hope, & charity.” They are the foundation & energizing force of the Christian’s moral activity & they give life to the human virtues.They are the pledge of the presence & action of the Holy Spirit in the faculties of the human being.”“The theological virtues are faith, hope, & charity.”“The theological virtues have God himself as their origin, motive & direct object….they bestow…the capacity to live in a relationship with the Trinity….
11“The gifts…are permanent dispositions which make us docile in following divine inspirations.” “The fruits…are perfections formed in us as the first fruits of eternal glory.”
12Accepting God’s mercy “requires that we admit our faults & confess our sins.” “Sin ‘is a word, an act, or a desire contrary to the eternal Law’ (Saint Augustine).”“There are a great many kinds of sins.”“A distinction is made between mortal & venial sin.”“One commits a mortal sin when there are simultaneously present: grave matter, full knowledge, & deliberate consent. This sin destroys charity in us, deprives us of sanctifying grace, &, if unrepented, leads us to the eternal death of hell. It can be forgiven in the ordinary way by means of the sacraments of Baptism and Penance or Reconciliation.”“One commits a venial sin…when the matter involved is less serious or, even if it is grave, when full knowledge or complete consent are absent.”
13“seven so-called capital sins” “Sin creates a proclivity to sin”“Vices are the opposite of virtues. They are perverse habits which darken the conscience & incline one to evil.”“seven so-called capital sins”
14In regard to sins committed by others, “We…have a…responsibility when we culpably cooperate with them.”“Structures of sin are social situations or institutions that are contrary to the divine law. They are the expression & effect of personal sin.”
15“There is a certain resemblance between the communion of the divine Persons & the fraternity that people are to establish among themselves in truth & love. Love of neighbor is inseparable from love for God.”“The human person is & ought to be the principle, the subject & the end of all social institutions. Certain societies, such as the family & the civic community, are necessary for the human person. Also helpful are other associations on the national & international levels”“The principle of subsidiarity states that a community of a higher order should not assume the task belonging to a community of lower order & deprive it of its authority. It should rather support in case of need.”“Authentic human society requires respect for justice, a just hierarchy of values, & the subordination of material & instinctual dimensions to interior & spiritual ones…. where sin has perverted the social climate, it is necessary to call for the conversion of hearts & for the grace of God….Charity…is the greatest social commandment”
16“Every human community needs a legitimate authority… “Every human community needs a legitimate authority….The foundations of such…lies in human nature because it corresponds to the order established by God.”“Authority is exercised legitimately when it acts for the common good & employs morally licit means… political regimes must be determined by the free decision of their citizens… Unjust laws & measures contrary to the moral order are not binding in conscience.”The common good is “the sum total of those conditions which allow people…to reach their proper fulfillment.”It includes basic human rights, as well as “development of the spiritual & temporal goods…, & the peace & security of all.”It’s best “found in those communities which defend & promote the good of their citizens & of intermediate groups with forgetting the…entire human family.”People can best promote it “by respecting just laws & taking charge of the areas for which they have personal responsibility such as the care of their own family & the commitment to their own work. Citizens also should take an active part in public life as far as possible.”
17“Society ensures social justice when it respects the dignity & the rights of the person….when it provides the conditions that allow associations & individuals to obtain what is their due.”Human equality is based on everyone’s being made in God’s image, “endowed with the same rational soul…[&] the same nature & origin” Further, we are all “called in Christ…to the same divine beatitude.”Differences in individual giftedness should “encourage & often oblige people to the practice of generosity, kindness and…sharing” as well as “the mutual enrichment of cultures.”“Solidarity…is manifested in the 1st place by the just distribution of goods, by a fair renumeration for work & by zeal for a more just social order. The virtue of solidarity also practices the sharing of the spiritual goods…which is even more important”
18“The moral law is a work of divine Wisdom “The moral law is a work of divine Wisdom. It prescribes the ways & the rules of conduct that lead to the promised beatitude & it forbids the ways that turn away from God.”“The natural law which is prescribed by the Creator on the heart of every person consists in a participation in the wisdom & goodness of God. It expresses that original moral sense which enables one to discern by reason the good & the bad. It is universal & immutable”“Because of sin the natural law is not always perceived nor is it recognized by everyone with equal clarity & immediacy”As per Dr. Jane Smith, "Just like our ears when subjected to noises that are too loud & sharp, lose some of their ability to hear, so too does our moral 'sense' when subjected to too much corruption lose its ability to judge what is right & wrong."
19“The Old Law is the final stage of revealed law.” “while being holy, spiritual, & good, the Old Law was still imperfect because in itself it did not give the strength & the grace of the Spirit for its observance.”“The New Law…is the fullness & completion of the divine law, natural & revealed.”“The New Law is found in the entire life & preaching of Christ & in the moral catechesis of the apostles. The Sermon on the Mount is its principle expression.”
20In addition to that “habitual grace, there are “Justification…is the merciful & freely-given act of God which takes away our sins & makes us just & holy It is brought about by…the grace of the Holy Spirit which has been merited for us by the passion of Christ & is given to us in Baptism Justification is the beginning of the free response of man, that is, faith in Christ & of cooperation with the grace of the Holy Spirit.”“That grace is the gratuitous gift that God gives to make us participants in his trinitarian life & able to act by his love.”In addition to that “habitual grace, there areactual graces (gifts for specific circumstances), sacramental graces…, special graces or charisms (…intended for the common good of the Church) among which are the graces of state that accompany the exercise of ecclesial ministries & the responsibilities of life.”“Grace precedes, prepares & elicits our free response.”
21“merit refers to the right to recompense for a good deed… “merit refers to the right to recompense for a good deed… we of ourselves are not able to merit anything, having received everything freely from him….God gives us the possibility of acquiring merit through union with the love of Christ, who is the source of our merits before God.The merits for good works…must be attributed…1st…to the grace of God & then to the free will of man.”“Moved by the Holy Spirit, we can merit for ourselves & for others the graces needed for our sanctification & for the attainment of eternal life.Even temporal goods, suitable for us, can be merited in accordance with the plan of God No one, however, can merit the initial grace which is at the origin of conversion and justification.”No one, however, can merit the initial grace which is at the origin of conversion and justification.”
22Yes!!! “All the faithful are called to Christian holiness.” (“The Universal Call to Holiness” at the Bascilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC)
23“Christians are united to the Eucharistic sacrifice of Christ in such a way that their moral life is an act of spiritual worship”“Christians…learn the example of holiness from the Virgin Mary &…the Saints.”“It is the duty of the Magisterium…to preach the faith….This…extends…to the specific precepts of the natural law because their observance is necessary for salvation”Wow!
24“the indispensable minimum” “attend Mass on Sundays & other holy days of obligation &…refrain from work & activities which could impede the sanctification of those days”“confess one’s sins, receiving the sacrament of Reconciliation at least once each year”“receive the sacrament of the Eucharist at least during the Easter Season”“abstain from eating meat &…observe the days of fasting established by the Church”“help…provide for the material needs of the Church, …according to ability.”"precepts of the Church"A Christian’s moral life is indispensable from proclaiming the Gospel, because we “draw others to faith in the true God, build up the Church, inform the world with the spirit of the Gospel, & hasten the coming of the Kingdom of God.”
27As to Jesus’ interpretation of the law, “To follow Jesus involves keeping the commandments. The law has not been abolished but man is invited to rediscover it in the Person of the divine Master who realized it perfectly in himself, revealed its full meaning & attested to its permanent validity.”As to Jesus’ interpretation of the law,“‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, & with all your soul, & with all your mind.’ This is the greatest & 1st commandment.And the second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”
28“Christians are obliged to keep” the Decalogue. The “Decalogue, in presenting the commandments of the love of God (the 1st three) & of one’s neighbor (the other seven), traces…for every person…the path to a life freed from the slavery of sin.”“In observing the commandments, the people manifested their belonging to God & they answered his initiative of love with thanksgiving.”“Christians are obliged to keep” the Decalogue.“The Ten Commandments form an organic & indivisible whole….To break one commandment…is to violate the entire law.”“the Decalogue expresses the fundamental duties of man”“Christ without whom we can do nothing enables us to keep it”
29“I am the Lord Your God, You Shall Not Have Other Gods Before Me” “the faithful must guard & activate the three theological virtues & must avoid sins which are opposed to them.”“adore God as the Lord of everything that exists”“Every person has the right & moral duty to seek the truth… Once the truth is known, each person…has the right & moral duty to embrace it, to guard it faithfully and to render God authentic worship… the dignity of the human person requires that in religious matters no one may be forced to act against conscience nor be restrained, within the just limits of public order, from acting in conformity with conscience”
30"Superstition" "Irreligion" "Atheism" "Polytheism""& idolatry""Superstition""Irreligion""Atheism"“The Christian veneration of sacred images …is justified by the incarnation of the Son of God….This does not mean the adoration of an image, but rather the veneration of the one who is represented”"Agnosticism"
39“One must show respect for the holy Name of God…. It is forbidden…to call on the Name of God to justify a crime….It is…wrong to use the holy Name of God in any improper way as in blasphemy…, curses, & unfaithfulness to promises made in the Name of God.”A false oath “calls upon God who is truth itself to be the witness to a lie.”Perjury “is a grave sin against God who is always faithful to his promises.”
40“On the Sabbath day one remembers God’s rest on the seventh day of creation, & …the liberation of Israel from slavery in Egypt and the covenant…God sealed with his people.”“Jesus recognized the holiness of the Sabbath and with divine authority he gave this law its authentic interpretation: ‘The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath’ (Mark 2: 27).”The Sabbath has been changed to Sunday for Christians, because “Sunday is the day of the Resurrection of Christ.As ‘the first day of the week’ (Mark 16: 2) it recalls the first creation; & …as the ‘eighth day,’ which follows the sabbath, it symbolizes the new creation ushered in by the Resurrection of Christ….it has become for Christians the first of all days & of all feasts.It is the day of the Lord in which he with his Passover fulfilled the spiritual truth of the Jewish Sabbath & proclaimed man’s eternal rest in God.”
41“Christians keep Sunday & other days of obligation holy by participating in the Eucharist … &…refraining from those activities which impede the worship of God & disturb the joy proper to the day of the Lord or the necessary relaxation of mind & body.”Civil recognition of Sunday is necessary “so that all might be given the real possibility of enjoying sufficient rest & leisure to take care of their religious, familial, cultural & social lives…. [&] to have an opportune time for meditation, for reflection, for study, and…good works”
42We must “honor & respect our parents & those whom God…has vested with his authority.” “A man & a woman united in marriage form a family together with their children…. Marriage & family are ordered to the good of the spouses & the procreation & education of children… In Christ the family becomes the domestic church”“The family is the original cell of human society….Family life is an initiation into the life of society.”“Society, while respecting the principle of subsidiarity, has the duty to support & strengthen marriage & the family.”“Children owe respect (filial piety), gratitude, docility & obedience to their parents…. Adult children should give their parents material and moral support whenever they find themselves in situations of distress, sickness, loneliness, or old age.”
43“Parents…have the first responsibility for the education of their children & …are the first heralds of the faith….They have the duty to love & respect their children…& to provide, as far as possible, for their physical & spiritual needs.They should select for them a suitable school & help them with prudent counsel in the choice of their profession & their state of life….they have the mission of educating their children in the Christian faith.”Parents educate their children in the faith “mainly by example, prayer, family catechesis, & participation in the life of the Church.”“Family ties are important but not absolute, because the first vocation of a Christian is to follow Jesus &love him….Parents must support with joy their children’s choice to follow Jesus in whatever state of life, even in the consecrated life or the priestly ministry.”
44“Authority should always be exercised as a service, respecting fundamental human rights, a just hierarchy of values, laws, distributive justice, & the principal of subsidiarity”“Those subject to authority should regard those in authority as representatives of God & offer their loyal collaboration… This collaboration includes love & service of one’s homeland, the right & duty to vote, payment of taxes, the defense of one’s country, & the right to exercise constructive criticism.”“A citizen is obliged in conscience not to obey the laws of civil authorities when they are contrary to the demands of the moral order”
45“Human life must be respected because it is sacred.” Defense can be legitimate: “for someone responsible for the life of another, legitimate defense can be not only a right but a grave duty, provided only that disproportionate force is not used.”“punishment imposed [“by legitimate public authority”] must be proportionate to the gravity of the offense”“the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity ‘are very rare, if not practically non-existent.’ (Evangilium Vitae)”
46“The 5th commandment forbids… direct & intentional murder….direct abortion….direct euthanasia….suicide”as well as “cooperation” in these acts.“ordinary care owed to a sick person cannot be legitimately interrupted….it is legitimate…to refuse… disproportionate medical procedures without reasonable hope of a positive outcome.”
47“Terri Schiavo's tragic situation highlighted the need for greater dissemination of Church teaching on the moral necessity of providing food & water - even artificially.”
48Terri’s parents believed that a 2004 statement from Pope John Paul II directly addressed Terri's situation."administration of water and food, even when provided by artificial means, always represents a natural means of preserving life, not a medical act....Death by starvation or dehydration is, in fact, the only possible outcome as a result of their withdrawal"
49'It was only a misinterpretation…that allowed people to imagine that they could withdraw nutrition and hydration from people in a PVS, and I think that the grounds on which they created that doubt and based the argument that it was okay to do so have been removed by the Pope" .Msgr. Kevin McMahon is the John Cardinal Krol Chair of Moral Theology at St. Charles seminary:
50Society must ensure the “inalienable right to life“ of everyone ”from the first moment of conception”
51“Anyone who deliberately leads others to commit serious sins himself commits a grave offense.” “We must take reasonable care of our own health & that of others but avoid the cult of the body & every kind of excess. Also to be avoided are drugs….as well as abuse of food, alcohol, tobacco & medicine.”Experiments on humans “are morally legitimate when they are at the service of the integral good of the person & society, without disproportionate risks to…the subjects who must be properly informed & consenting.”“Before allowing the noble act of organ donation after death, one must verify that the donor is truly dead.”Contrary to respect for bodily integrity of the person are “kidnapping & hostage taking, terrorism, torture, violence, & direct sterilization. Amputations & mutilations…are morally permissable only for strictly therapeutic medical reasons.”“The dying have a right…above all, to be sustained with prayer and the sacraments”“The bodies of the departed must be treated with love & respect.”
52“The Lord….called for peace of heart & denounced the immorality of anger which is a desire for revenge… He also denounced hatred These attitudes, if voluntary & consented to in matters of great importance, are mortal sins against charity.”“Peace…is not simply the absence of war or a balance of power… Earthly peace is the image & fruit of the peace of Christ.”“Earthly peace requires the equal distribution & safeguarding of the goods of persons, free communication…, respect for the dignity of persons & peoples, & the assiduous practice of justice & fraternity.”
53“The use of military force is morally justified when the following conditions are simultaneously present: the suffering inflicted by the aggressor must be lasting, grave & certain; all other peaceful means must have been shown to be ineffective; there are well founded prospects of success; the use of arms, especially given the power of modern weapons of mass destruction, must not produce evils graver than the evil to be eliminated.”The responsibility for “rigorous evaluation of these conditions” belongs to the prudential judgment of government officials.["Just War" analysis]
54“Even during a war the moral law remains valid… “Even during a war the moral law remains valid…. blind obedience does not excuse”“we must do everything reasonably possible to avoid [war, such as avoiding]….the accumulation & sale of arms which are not regulated by the legitimate authorities;all forms of economic & social injustice;ethnic & religious discrimination;envy, mistrust, pride & the spirit of revenge”
55“God has created human beings as male & female, equal in personal dignity, & has called them to a vocation of love & of communion Everyone should accept his or her identity as male or female, recognizing its importance for the whole of the person, its specificity & complementarity.”“Chastity means the positive integration of sexuality within the person.”“The virtue of chastity involves an apprenticeship in self-mastery”“the grace of God, the help of the sacraments, prayer, self-knowledge, …an asceticism…, …[and] moral virtues, especially…temperance” are aids in living chastely.“all the baptised are called to live chastely in keeping with their particular state of life.”
56The sixth commandment encompasses “all sins against chastity.” “the principal sins against chastity”adulterymasturbationfornicationThe sixth commandment encompasses “all sins against chastity.”pornographyprostitutionrapehomosexual acts“These kinds of acts committed against…minors become even more grave.”
57In the 20th Century, “the positive integration of sexuality within the person” certainly fell into disfavor!Hugh Heffner
58We are now in a crisis of our own creation! According to the United States Census Bureau, there are 7000 marriages everyday, but there are also more than 3000 divorces <www.census.gov/Press-Release/cb html>!As per the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, there are 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases reported each yearAccording to the U.S. Department of Justice, there are 250,000 annual victims of rape and sexual assault <www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/cvus/current/cv0126.pdf>!In an age of increased awareness about the foods we consume, people seem unbelievably careless and reckless about chemicals they ingest and articles that they place on or in their bodies to "protect" against their natural fertility.While contraceptives are a supposed panacea for "unwanted pregnancies," the CDC reports one of every three pregnancies to still ends in an induced abortion <www.cdc.gov/nchs/releases/03facts/pregbirths.htm>!
59“civic authority should seek an environment conducive to the practice of chastity It should also enact suitable legislation to prevent the spread of the grave offenses against chastity… especially in order to protect minors & those who are the weakest members of society.”Unbelievably, the very notion that society should promote chastity barely enters public debate – if at all. This notion is readily dismissed as ignorant, intrusive, prudish, repressive, and stupid! To those forces, I would like to proudly counter with Robert George:Robert George is Princeton University's McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence, as well as the Director of its James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions. He also sits on Bush’s National Bioethics Advisory Commission.The following are excerpts from his "The Clash of Orthodoxies“ (Wilmington: ISI Books, 2001):
60"What is true of public health & safety is equally true of public morals....the central harm of pornography is moral harm" (p. 92)"people who suppose that prostitution, adultery, fornication, & the like are morally innocent are profoundly mistaken....Laws against intrinsic evils such as prostitution, pornography, drug abuse, & the like, as well as those regulating gambling & alcohol, are justified, in part, by a concern to protect the public environment" (pp )"images such as those offered to readers of Swank tend to corrupt and deprave by doing precisely what they are designed to do, namely arousing sexual desire that is utterly unintegrated with the procreative and unitive goods that give the sexual congress of men and women, as husbands & wives, its value, meaning, & significance. Such images tend to induce (&/or reinforce) in persons (particularly, I think, in men, who…tend to be more attracted to & tempted by pornography than women…) a certain disposition…which makes it difficult for people to understand, intend, and experience sexual relations as other than a kind of self-gratification….Even...when spouses employ pornographic materials as means of stimulating their sexual desire..., they accomplish their goal by means that unavoidably de-personalize themselves and their relationship....pornography is degrading & dehumanizing for everyone, but I have no doubt that women and girls get the worst of it....Women…are more likely to be abandoned and left unsupported by their sexual partners. They are overwhelmingly more likely to be 'traded in' for younger and sleeker models, even by 'respectable' husbands. It would be very surprising if they were not more likely to suffer domination, exploitation, and abuse....Anyone who makes the stuff available...does an injustice....everybody has a stake in the moral ecology of the community that pornography degrades" (pp ).
61“The goods of conjugal love, which for those who are baptized is sanctified by the sacrament of Matrimony are unity, fidelity, indissolubility & an openness to the procreation of life.”“The conjugal act has a twofold meaning: unitive…and procreative… No one may break the inseparable connection which God has established between these two”
62“The regulation of births, which is an aspect of responsible fatherhood and motherhood, is objectively morally acceptable when it is pursued by the spouses without external pressure; when it is practiced not out of selfishness but for serious reasons; & with methods that conform to the objective criteria of morality, that is, periodic continence & use of the infertile periods” [i.e., natural family planning].“Every action – for example, direct sterilization or contraception – is intrinsically immoral which (either in anticipation of the conjugal act, in its accomplishment or in the development of its natural consequences) proposes, as an end or as a means, to hinder procreation.”
63“lower rates of…divorce (0.2%)…. There has been incredible resistance to the unchanging teaching of the Church, in regard to contraceptives & the promotion of Natural Family Planning. Yet in 2002, Mercedes Arzú Wilson presented fascinating sociological evidence, concerning women who utilize NFP. She found them to have…“lower rates of…divorce (0.2%)….“a high level of success in family life…, as well as strong religious faith.(“LINKAGE OF ARTIFICIAL BIRTH CONTROL TO SEXUAL PROMISCUITY, ABORTION & DIVORCE”,
64Artificial insemination & artificial fertilization “are immoral because they dislocate procreation” from the unitive, conjugal act “Furthermore, …techniques which involve a person other than the married couple infringe upon the right of a child to be born of a father & mother known to him, bound …by marriage & having the exclusive right to become parents only through” one another.
69“offenses against the dignity of marriage” “A child is a gift of God, the supreme gift of marriage.”“There is no such thing as a right to have children (eg., ‘a child at any cost’) ….a child…[has] the right to be the fruit of the conjugal act of its parents…[and] the right to be respected as a person from the moment of conception.”“after exhausting all legitimate medical options, [childless] spouses can show their generosity by… foster care or adoption or… meaningful service.… In this way they realize a precious spiritual fruitfulness.”“offenses against the dignity of marriage”adulteryincestpolygamydivorcefree unionsextramarital sexual acts
70“The 7th commandment requires respect for the universal destination & distribution of goods and the private ownership of them, as well as respect for person, their property, and the integrity of creation. The Church also finds in this Commandment the basis for her social doctrine”“The right to private property exists provided the property is acquired or received in a just way & that the universal destination of good for the satisfaction of the basic needs of all takes precedence.”“The purpose of private property is to guarantee the freedom & dignity of individual persons”“The 7th commandment requires respect for the goods of others….it requires respect for promises made and contracts agreed to, reparation for injustices committed & restitution of stolen goods, and respect for the integrity of creation”
71These are quotations from his "Practical Ethics, 2nd ed.": 1“People must treat animals with kindness as creatures of God”“and avoid both excessive love for them & an indiscriminate use of them especially by scientific experiments that go beyond reasonable limits & entail needless suffering for the animals.”Church teaching varies dramatically from that of Princeton University Bioethics Professor Peter Singer, who is considered the father of the Animal Liberation / Animal Rights movements. These are quotations from his "Practical Ethics, 2nd ed.":"That there is a huge gulf between humans and animals was unquestioned for most of the course of Western civilization....The use of language was another boundary line - but now chimpanzees, gorillas, & an orangutan have learnt…the sign language of the deaf" (p.72);"Are animals self-conscious? There is now solid evidence that some are. Perhaps the most dramatic evidence comes from apes who can communicate with us using a human language" (p.111).People who are fluent in ASL know that claims of apes learning sign language are absolute lies. Yet, Singer uses this false data to build a claim that animals can merit more moral consideration than certain human beings.
72"work deliberately done poorly"" "waste" “the 7th commandment forbids theft, which is the taking of another’s property against the reasonable will of the owner.”"forgery""speculation on the value of goods...to the detriment of others""paying unjust wages""tax evasion""willfully damaging...property""business fraud""usury""private abuse of common goods""work deliberately done poorly"""corruption""waste"
73“The social doctrine… is an organic development” “The Church intervenes by making a moral judgment …when the fundamental rights of the person, the common good, or the salvation of souls requires it.”“Social & economic life should have the human person as its author, center, & goal.”“Opposed to the social doctrine…are economic & social systems that sacrifice the basic rights of persons or that make profit their exclusive norm or ultimate end.”
74“Work is both a duty & a right through which human beings collaborate with God the Creator.” Wow!!! “by the grace of God, work can be a means of sanctification & collaboration with Christ for the salvation of others.”
75“Access to secure & honest employment must be open to all” “It is the role of the State to guarantee individual freedom & private property, as well as a stable currency & efficient public services….[and] to oversee & direct the exercise of human rights in the economic sector. According to circumstances, society must help citizens to find work.”“Business managers….must consider the good of persons & not only the increase of profits”Workers “must carry out their work in a conscientious way… Recourse to a non-violent strike is morally legitimate when it appears to be the necessary way to obtain a proportionate benefit & it takes into account the common good.”
76Father Barry’s (Karl Malden’s) "Sermon on the Docks" from “On the Waterfront”: “Some people think the Crucifixion only took place on Calvary. They better wise up… every time the mob puts the crusher on a good man - tries to stop him from doing his duty as a citizen - it's a crucifixion. And anybody who sits around and lets it happen - keeps silent about something he knows has happened - shares the guilt of it just as much as the Roman soldier who pierced the flesh of Our Lord to see if He was dead….“if you don't think Christ is down here on the waterfront, you've got another guess coming!…. You want to know what's wrong with our waterfront? It's the love of a lousy buck It's making the love of the lousy buck - the cushy job - more important than the love of man! It's forgettin' that every fellow down here is your brother in Christ! But remember, Christ is always with you - Christ is in the shape up. He's in the hatch. He's in the union hall. He's kneeling right here beside Dugan. And He's saying with all of you, if you do it to the least of mine, you do it to me! And what they did to Joey, and what they did to Dugan, they're doing to you. And you. You. ALL OF YOU. And only you, only you with God's help, have the power to knock 'em off for good.”
77“all nations & institutions must carry out their work in solidarity & subsidiarity” for the betterment of peoples.“The lay faithful take part directly in political & social life by animating temporal realities with a Christian spirit & collaborating with all as authentic witnesses of the Gospel & agents of peace and justice.”“Love for the poor is inspired by the Gospel of the Beatitudes & by the example of Jesus in his concern for the poor.”
78“The eighth commandment forbids:” “Every person is called to sincerity & truthfulness ….Everyone has the duty to seek the truth, to adhere to it & to order one’s whole life in accordance with its demands. In Jesus Christ the whole of God’s truth has been made manifest.”“A Christian must bear witness to the truth of the Gospel in every field of his activity… & also if necessary, with the sacrifice of his very life.”"slander"“The eighth commandment forbids:”"rash judgment""perjury""lying""false witness""adulation"defamation & calumny""complaisance"“A sin…against the 8th commandment demands reparation if it has caused harm to others”"flattery"
79“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor”: An example of defamation and calumny exposedAs per Rabbi Dalin, “The anti-papal polemics of ex-seminarians like Gary Wills & John Cornwell…of ex-priests like James Carroll, & of other lapsed or angry liberal Catholics exploit the tragedy of the Jewish people…to foster their own political agenda of forcing changes on the Catholic Church….“the myth of Hitler’s pope is given the mantle of mainstream scholarship, while the truth about Pope Pius XII as a defender of the Jews at their time of greatest peril is written off as merely minority Catholic pleading….“one might reasonably question whether the ‘loyal opposition of Wills & other recent papal critics can realistically be considered loyal” (pp ).
80“The 8th commandment requires respect for the truth accompanied by the discretion of charity”
81“information provided by the media must be at the service of the common good & - within the limits of justice & charity – also complete…. information must be communicated honestly & properly with scrupulous respect for moral laws & the legitimate rights & dignity of the person.”There have been some golden moments in television history, when the means of social communication have been used to communicate the natural moral law.
82“The truth is beautiful, carrying in itself the splendour of spiritual beauty.... Sacred art…should evoke & glorify the mystery of God made visible in Christ, & lead to the adoration & love of God, the Creator and Savior.”
83“The 9th commandment requires…one overcome carnal concupisence in thought & in desire. The struggle…entails purifying the heart & practicing the virtue of temperance.”“The 9th commandment forbids cultivating thoughts & desires connected to actions forbidden by the 6th commandment.”“the baptized person is able to achieve purity…through…chastity,through purity of intentions,purity of vision (both exterior & interior.),discipline of the imagination & of feelings &by prayer.”“Purity requires modesty which, while protecting the intimate center of the person, expresses the sensitivity of chastity.It guides how one looks at others & behave toward them in conformity with the dignity of persons & their communion.Purity frees one from widespread eroticism & avoids those things which foster morbid curiosity.Purity also requires a purification of the social climate by means of a constant struggle against moral permissiveness which is based on an erroneous conception of human freedom.”
84“The greatest desire of the human person is to see God.” “This commandment… requires an interior attitude of respect for the property of others & forbids greed, unbridled covetousness …, & envy””“Jesus calls his disciples to prefer him to everything and everyone. Detachment from riches…and self-abandonment to divine providence free us from anxiety…and prepare us for the blessedness of the ‘poor in spirit, for there is the kingdom of heaven’ (Matthew 5:3)”“The greatest desire of the human person is to see God.”