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MODERNISM. Modernism released us from the constraints of everything that had gone before with a euphoric sense of freedom. Arthur Erickson War is the.

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Presentation on theme: "MODERNISM. Modernism released us from the constraints of everything that had gone before with a euphoric sense of freedom. Arthur Erickson War is the."— Presentation transcript:

1 MODERNISM

2 Modernism released us from the constraints of everything that had gone before with a euphoric sense of freedom. Arthur Erickson War is the highest form of modern art. Tommaso Marinetti, founder of Futurism In general, modern art... has been inspired by a natural desire to chart the uncharted. Herbert Read On or about December 1910, human character changed…. Virginia Woolf Modern music is as dangerous as cocaine. Pietro Mascagni The impulse of modern art is the desire to destroy beauty. Barnett Newman And yet what is Modernism? It is undefined. John C. Ransom

3 Science: An Indeterminate Universe Quantum Physics – Max Planck Energy is not continuous, but comes in small but discrete units. The elementary particles behave both like particles and like waves. The movement of these particles is inherently random. 3 3 Principle of Uncertainty – Werner Heisenberg It is physically impossible to know both the position and the momentum of a particle at the same time. Theory of Relativity – Albert Einstein E=mc 2 Energy = mass x speed of light squared

4 Psychology: Whither the Self? Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis and Dream Analysis – the Unconscious Mind Psyche: Id Ego Superego Oedipal Complex Repression and Sublimation Civilization and Its Discontents Karl Jung o Collective Unconscious o Psyche: o Persona o Animus/Anima o Shadow o Archetypes: primal patterns o The Hero o The Trickster o The Great Mother o The Sage o Myth, dreams, folklore

5 Motifs and Movements Fragmentation: Cubism Precision: Imagism Speed: Futurism Alienation/Angst: Expressionism Color: Fauvism Technology: Constructivism Functionalism: Bauhaus/International Style Protest/Propaganda: Social Realism Chaos/Irrationality: Dadaism The Subconscious: Surrealism Form: Abstraction

6 Fragmentation: Georges Bracque Woman with a Guitar, 1913 C U B I S M Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919

7 Poetry: Imagism Discordant Abstract Open Verse Imagists: Ezra Pound Amy Lowell H.D. Heat by H. D. O wind, rend open the heat, cut apart the heat, rend it to tatters. Fruit cannot drop through this thick air– fruit cannot fall into heat that presses up and blunts the points of pears and rounds the grapes. Cut the heat– plough through it, turning it on either side of your path.

8 Imagism It is essential to prove that beauty may be in small, dry things. The great aim is accurate, precise and definite description. – T.E. Hulme IN A STATION OF THE METRO The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet black bough. Ezra Pound

9 William Carlos Williams The Great Figure Among the rain and lights I saw the figure 5 in gold on a red fire truck moving tense unheeded to gong clangs siren howls and wheels rumbling through the dark city Charles Henry Demuth ( ), I Saw the Figure Five in Gold

10 Speed: Futurism Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913 The cry of rebellion which we utter associates our ideals with those of the Futurist poets. These ideas were not invented by some aesthetic clique. They are an expression of a violent desire, which burns in the veins of every creative artist today.... We will fight with all our might the fanatical, senseless and snobbish religion of the past, a religion encouraged by the vicious existence of museums. We rebel against that spineless worshipping of old canvases, old statues and old bric-a-brac, against everything which is filthy and worm-ridden and corroded by time. We consider the habitual contempt for everything which is young, new and burning with life to be unjust and even criminal. Filippo Tomaso Marinetti, The Futurist Manifesto, 1909

11 Vorticism The cover of the first edition of BLAST, The cover of the second edition of BLAST, 1915.

12 Alienation Angst Expressionism Emil Nolde Maskenstilleben (Masks Still Life) 1911

13 Color: Fauvism Woman with a Hat by Henri Matisse, 1905 La femme au grand chapeau (Woman with large hat) by Kees van Dongen, 1906

14 Fiction: Stream-of-Consciousness Let us record the atoms as they fall upon the mind in the order in which they fall, let us trace the pattern, however disconnected and incoherent in appearance, which each sight or incident scores upon the consciousness. Let us not take it for granted that life exists more fully in what is commonly thought big than in what is small – Virginia Woolf Modern Fiction

15 Stream of Consciousness James Joyce Dorothy Richardson Virginia Woolf William Faulkner

16 Technology: Constructivism Ilya Golosov, Zuyev Workers' Club, 1927 Moscow

17 Functionalism: Bauhaus/International Style Walter Gropius, The Bauhaus Building in Dessau, Germany

18 Commentary/Propaganda: Social Realism Isabel Bishop, Office Girls, 1938 Aaron Douglas, Gods Trombones, 1926

19 Photography Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother

20 Chaos/Irrationality: Dadaism Marcel Janco recalled, We had lost confidence in our culture. Everything had to be demolished. We would begin again after the "tabula rasa". At the Cabaret Voltaire we began by shocking common sense, public opinion, education, institutions, museums, good taste, in short, the whole prevailing order. Dada is the groundwork to abstract art and sound poetry, a starting point for performance art, a prelude to postmodernism, an influence on pop art, a celebration of antiart to be later embraced for anarcho- political uses in the 1960s and the movement that lay the foundation for Surrealism. -Marc Lowenthal Photograph of Marcel Duchamp's "Fountain. ready-mades

21 The Subconscious: Surrealism Rene Magritte, Attempting the Impossible, 1928

22 Form: Abstraction Piet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie,

23 Abstraction Cycladic Influence on Modern Art Constantin Brancusi Amedeo Modigliani Cycladic Statue

24 Music Sound Experimentation Arnold Schoenberg: Atonality 12-tone system: serialism Song cycles: Sprechstimme Igor Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps: dissonance and heavy rhythm Eric Satie: Incorporation of work sounds Alban Berg Operas: Wozzeck and Lulu Ragtime, Blues and Jazz o Roots in African-American work songs, gospel, drumming, parade music o Moved from New Orleans up the Mississippi to St. Louis and Kansas City on to Chicago, NYC and LA – wildy popular in Europe o Ragtime: Scott Joplin o Opera: Treemonisha o Blues – emotive lamentation using blues scale o Jazz – improvisational, ensemble

25 Theatre

26 Film: Shadow Magic


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