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The Renaissance 1300-1500. Terms, People, and Places to Know HumanismPatronHumanismPatron HumanitiesPerspectiveHumanitiesPerspective PetrarchLeonardo.

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance 1300-1500. Terms, People, and Places to Know HumanismPatronHumanismPatron HumanitiesPerspectiveHumanitiesPerspective PetrarchLeonardo."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance

2 Terms, People, and Places to Know HumanismPatronHumanismPatron HumanitiesPerspectiveHumanitiesPerspective PetrarchLeonardo da VinciPetrarchLeonardo da Vinci FlorenceMichelangeloFlorenceMichelangelo RaphaelBaladassare CastiglioneRaphaelBaladassare Castiglione Niccolo MachiavelliNiccolo Machiavelli

3 A New Age Expression in thoughtExpression in thought Remarkable artist and thinkersRemarkable artist and thinkers Renaissance means rebirthRenaissance means rebirth 1300s-1500s1300s-1500s

4 Renaissance Time of creativity and great changeTime of creativity and great change Change in politics, social, economics and cultureChange in politics, social, economics and culture Agricultural society to urban societyAgricultural society to urban society Trade is more important nowTrade is more important now Reawakened interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.Reawakened interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome. Latin was the language of the churchLatin was the language of the church Renaissance thinkers explored the richness and variety of human experience in the here and now.Renaissance thinkers explored the richness and variety of human experience in the here and now. Individual achievementIndividual achievement Renaissance Man: someone who was talented in many fields.Renaissance Man: someone who was talented in many fields.

5 Expressing Humanism Intellectual movement known as humanism.Intellectual movement known as humanism. Studied classical culture of Greece and Rome.Studied classical culture of Greece and Rome. Focus more on worldly objects and not religious issues.Focus more on worldly objects and not religious issues. Education should stimulate the individuals creative powers.Education should stimulate the individuals creative powers. Humanities: grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history.Humanities: grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history. Francesco Petrarch (PEE trahrk), Florentine who lived in the 1300s, was a humanist, poet, and scholar. He is known as the father of Humanism.Francesco Petrarch (PEE trahrk), Florentine who lived in the 1300s, was a humanist, poet, and scholar. He is known as the father of Humanism.

6 CheckPoint What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?

7 Italy Renaissance began in Italy.Renaissance began in Italy. Italy was the center for the Roman Empire so the reawakening took place here.Italy was the center for the Roman Empire so the reawakening took place here. Architectural remains, statues, and coins were all available for people to study.Architectural remains, statues, and coins were all available for people to study. Rome was also the seat of the Roman Catholic Church- patron of the arts-and as the center of Catholicism Rome also served as an inspiration for religious themes used by artist and writers.Rome was also the seat of the Roman Catholic Church- patron of the arts-and as the center of Catholicism Rome also served as an inspiration for religious themes used by artist and writers.

8 Location of Italy Encouraged TradeEncouraged Trade Extensive banking, manufacturing, and merchant workers developed to support trade.Extensive banking, manufacturing, and merchant workers developed to support trade.

9 City States Italy was divided into many small city states.Italy was divided into many small city states. Each city state was controlled by a powerful family and was dominated by wealthy and powerful merchant class.Each city state was controlled by a powerful family and was dominated by wealthy and powerful merchant class.

10 Medici Family Medici family of Florence was the richest merchants and bankers in Europe.Medici family of Florence was the richest merchants and bankers in Europe. Cosimo de Medici gained control of the Floretine government in Lorenzo, grandson of Cosimo, is known as the Magnificent was a clever politician. He was also a generous patron of the arts.Cosimo de Medici gained control of the Floretine government in Lorenzo, grandson of Cosimo, is known as the Magnificent was a clever politician. He was also a generous patron of the arts. Patron of the arts: financial supporter.Patron of the arts: financial supporter. Florence came to symbolize the energy and brilliance of the Italian Renaissance.Florence came to symbolize the energy and brilliance of the Italian Renaissance.

11 CheckPoint Why was Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?Why was Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?

12 Renaissance Art Renaissance art reflected the ideas of humanism.Renaissance art reflected the ideas of humanism. Portrayed religious themes-however they often set religious figures such as Jesus and Mary against classical Greek or Roman backgrounds.Portrayed religious themes-however they often set religious figures such as Jesus and Mary against classical Greek or Roman backgrounds. Portraits: individual achievementPortraits: individual achievement Sculptor Donatello created a life size statue of a soldier on horse back. First time any figure like this was done.Sculptor Donatello created a life size statue of a soldier on horse back. First time any figure like this was done.

13 Techniques RealismRealism Perspective: allowed artist to create realistic artPerspective: allowed artist to create realistic art 3 Dimensional3 Dimensional ShadingShading New oil paints to reflect lightNew oil paints to reflect light Studied human anatomyStudied human anatomy Drew while observing live modelsDrew while observing live models

14 Social Art ArchitectureArchitecture Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society.Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society. Columns, arches, domesColumns, arches, domes

15 Leonardo Da Vinci CuriousCurious Sketches of nature and modelsSketches of nature and models Dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work.Dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work. Mona LisaMona Lisa The Last Supper (experimented with new paint)The Last Supper (experimented with new paint) ArtistArtist Botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineeringBotany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering Flying machines, undersea boatsFlying machines, undersea boats

16 Michelangelo Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poetSculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet Melancholy Genius: b/c of his work reflecting his many life long spiritual and artistic struggle.Melancholy Genius: b/c of his work reflecting his many life long spiritual and artistic struggle. David, Pieta (captures the sorrow of the Biblical Mary as she cradles her dead son Jesus on her knees).David, Pieta (captures the sorrow of the Biblical Mary as she cradles her dead son Jesus on her knees). Sistine ChapelSistine Chapel

17 Sistine Chapel 4 years to complete4 years to complete Partially crippledPartially crippled Depicted the biblical history of the world from the creation to the flood.Depicted the biblical history of the world from the creation to the flood. Dome of St. Peters Cathedral in Rome.Dome of St. Peters Cathedral in Rome.

18 Raphael Had his own style that blended Christian and classical styles.Had his own style that blended Christian and classical styles. Madonna, Mother of JesusMadonna, Mother of Jesus The School of Athens ( Raphael pictured an imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientist, including Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and the Arab philosopher Averroes. Also included are the greatest artist of the time: Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Raphael.)The School of Athens ( Raphael pictured an imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientist, including Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and the Arab philosopher Averroes. Also included are the greatest artist of the time: Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Raphael.)

19 Checkpoint How were Renaissance ideals reflected in the arts?How were Renaissance ideals reflected in the arts?

20 Writing CastiglioneCastiglione Most widely read handbook was The Book of the Courtier.Most widely read handbook was The Book of the Courtier. Baldassare Castiglione: describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have.Baldassare Castiglione: describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have. Was educated, well mannered and a master in many fields from poetry to music to sports.Was educated, well mannered and a master in many fields from poetry to music to sports.

21 Castiglione Men Athletic but not overactiveAthletic but not overactive Good at games but not a gamblerGood at games but not a gambler Plays a musical instrumentPlays a musical instrument Knows literature and history but is not arrogant.Knows literature and history but is not arrogant. Women Offers a balance to menOffers a balance to men She is graceful and kindShe is graceful and kind Lively but reservedLively but reserved She is beautiful, for outer beauty is the true sign of inner goodness.She is beautiful, for outer beauty is the true sign of inner goodness.

22 Machiavellis Prince Niccolo Machiavelli wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power. He did not discuss leadership in terms of high ideals like those before him.Niccolo Machiavelli wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power. He did not discuss leadership in terms of high ideals like those before him. The Prince looked real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics. The end justifies the means.The Prince looked real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics. The end justifies the means. Use whatever methods were necessary to achieve their goals.Use whatever methods were necessary to achieve their goals. Deceit in politics is now referred to as Machiavellian tactics.Deceit in politics is now referred to as Machiavellian tactics.

23 Checkpoint How did Renaissance writings express realism?How did Renaissance writings express realism?

24 The Renaissance in the North Terms, People, and Places:Terms, People, and Places: Johann GutenbergErasmusJohann GutenbergErasmus FlandersThomas MoreFlandersThomas More Albrecht DurerUtopianAlbrecht DurerUtopian EngravingShakespeareEngravingShakespeare VernacularVernacular

25 Printing Revolution 1455 Johann Gutenberg of Germany printed the 1 st complete edition of the Bible using the printing press.1455 Johann Gutenberg of Germany printed the 1 st complete edition of the Bible using the printing press. Before the PP only a few 1,000 booksBefore the PP only a few 1,000 books By million volumes procedureBy million volumes procedure Cheaper and easierCheaper and easier More people learned to read.More people learned to read. Knowledge about medicine, law, and miningKnowledge about medicine, law, and mining Books exposed educated Europeans to new ideas and new places.Books exposed educated Europeans to new ideas and new places.

26 Checkpoint What was the impact of the printing press?What was the impact of the printing press?

27 Northern Renaissance artists Began in the prosperous cities of Flanders, a region that included parts of present day northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.Began in the prosperous cities of Flanders, a region that included parts of present day northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. From here the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England.From here the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England.

28 Flemish Painters Jan Van Eyck in the 1400s was one of the most important Flemish painters.Jan Van Eyck in the 1400s was one of the most important Flemish painters. Portrayed townspeople as well as religious scenes around rich, realistic detail.Portrayed townspeople as well as religious scenes around rich, realistic detail. 1500s Pieter Brugel used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life. Nickname: Peasant Bruegel.1500s Pieter Brugel used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life. Nickname: Peasant Bruegel. Drew religious and classical themes but set them against common people back ground.Drew religious and classical themes but set them against common people back ground. 1600s Peter Paul Rubens blended realistic traditions with classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian Renaissance.1600s Peter Paul Rubens blended realistic traditions with classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian Renaissance. Knowledge of mythology, the bible, and classical history.Knowledge of mythology, the bible, and classical history.

29 Leonardo of the North German painter Albrecht DurerGerman painter Albrecht Durer Interested in many things like Leonardo which earned him the nickname Leonardo of the North.Interested in many things like Leonardo which earned him the nickname Leonardo of the North. EngravingEngraving Portray religious upheavalPortray religious upheaval

30 Checkpoint What themes did Northern Renaissance artist explore?What themes did Northern Renaissance artist explore?

31 Northern Humanists and Writers Stressed education and classical learning to bring about religious and moral reform.Stressed education and classical learning to bring about religious and moral reform. Many wrote in LatinMany wrote in Latin Many began writing in vernacular-everyday language of ordinary people.Many began writing in vernacular-everyday language of ordinary people.

32 Erasmus Dutch PriestDutch Priest Born 1466Born 1466 Important scholar of his dayImportant scholar of his day Greek addition to the bible.Greek addition to the bible. Translation of the bible.Translation of the bible. Open minded, show good will toward others.Open minded, show good will toward others. Disturbed by the corruption of the church.Disturbed by the corruption of the church.

33 Sir Thomas More Wanted social reformWanted social reform Utopia: ideal society in which men and women live in peace and harmony.Utopia: ideal society in which men and women live in peace and harmony. All are educatedAll are educated Justice is used to end crime not to get rid of the criminal.Justice is used to end crime not to get rid of the criminal.

34 Shakespeare Writes for All Time : he wrote 37 plays : he wrote 37 plays Complexity of the individual and the importance of the classics.Complexity of the individual and the importance of the classics. Common languageCommon language 1,700 words appeared for the 1 st time1,700 words appeared for the 1 st time

35 CheckPoint What Renaissance ideas did Shakespeares work address?What Renaissance ideas did Shakespeares work address?


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