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Artists: What we know ….and how we know it Ann Markusen Professor and Director The Arts Economy Initiative Humphrey School of Public Affairs University.

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Presentation on theme: "Artists: What we know ….and how we know it Ann Markusen Professor and Director The Arts Economy Initiative Humphrey School of Public Affairs University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Artists: What we know ….and how we know it Ann Markusen Professor and Director The Arts Economy Initiative Humphrey School of Public Affairs University of Minnesota 3 Million Stories: Understanding the Lives and Careers of Americas Arts Graduates Curb Center, Vanderbilt University, March 8, 2013

2 Artists are entrepreneurial! Very high self-employment rates Highly likely to work on contractapt to be self-employed and work on contract

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4 Self-Employment & Multiple Jobs (SNAAP 2010) 57% of current artists hold at least two jobs concurrently 18% work three or more jobs 14% of all alumni founded a company (not-for-profit and for-profit)

5 Figure 3. Employment Structure, California Nonprofit Arts, 2008 Source: Ann Markusen, Anne Gadwa, Elisa Barbour, and William Beyers Californias Arts and Cultural Ecology. San Francisco: The James Irvine Foundation, September.

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9 © Copyright 2012 The Trustees of Indiana University. All rights reserved. Source:

10 Wherefore Art Thou? (2010 data) = ? 66% not currently professional artists and 62% working in fields outside of the arts: our arts training has relevance to the job in which we spend the bulk of our time

11 Artists work …across sectors Commercial Non-profit Public Community

12 Los Angeles, Bay Area Metro Artists, Employment by Sector, 2000 LosSan FranciscoSan JoseSanta Rosa AngelesOakland Vallejo All Artists Employed (%) Self-employed Private employer Nonprofit, public Source: Ann Markusen, Sam Gilmore, Amanda Johnson, Titus Levi, and Andrea Martinez. Crossover: How Artists Build Careers across Commercial, Nonprofit and Community Work. Minneapolis, MN: Project on Regional and Industrial Economics, University of Minnesota,

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20 Source: Markusen, Ann and Amanda Johnson Artists Centers: Evolution and Impact on Careers, Neighborhoods and Economies. Minneapolis: Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, February. cts/prie/PRIE--publications.html

21 Source: Markusen, Ann and Amanda Johnson Artists Centers: Evolution and Impact on Careers, Neighborhoods and Economies. Minneapolis: Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, February. projects/prie/PRIE-- publications.html

22 Source: Markusen, Ann and Amanda Johnson Artists Centers: Evolution and Impact on Careers, Neighborhoods and Economies. Minneapolis: Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, February. ojects/prie/PRIE-- publications.html

23 Arts Organizations, totals and per capita, California Regions, 2008 Ann Markusen, Anne Gadwa, Elisa Barbour and Bill Beyers, Californias Arts and Cultural Ecology, /news- insights/publicati ons/arts/arts- ecology-reports /news- insights/publicati ons/arts/arts- ecology-reports

24 California Regional Arts Participation Rates, 2008 State Average: 54% Rest of State: 60%verage: 54% State Average: 54% Rest of State: 60%

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26 Artists work ….everywhere! Higher shares of resident workforce in larger metros in central cities, inner ring suburbs In some non-metro areas, higher shares of artists than in suburbia

27 Artists move with the live cycle…. and vary broadly in preferences for large city, metro and small town life

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29 Source: Markusen and Johnson, Artists Centers, 2006

30 Shares of arts grads residing in town/city of their training institution in first five years (SNAAP)

31 Artists satisfaction with work, careers?

32 Measuring and Defining Success Professional Artists Satisfaction with Their Work… 2011 SNAAP

33 Artists engagement in and support for the arts

34 Community Arts Engagement Attending an arts event Donating $ to artists or arts organizations Volunteering at an arts organization 87% 42% 25% UGGRAD 91% 53% 33% Undergraduate and Graduate Alumni Have Supported the Arts in the Past 12 Months by…

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36 Are we getting our knowledge of artists out there?

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39 Beyond careers and economic impact…. Artists bring us Beauty Humor Insight Political critique Innovation Tools for social change …. You ad! Bill Iveys right to an expressive life Cultural Bill of Rights, Arts, Inc. 2008

40 Ann Markusen Director, Arts Economy Initiative Humphrey School of Public Affairs University of Minnesota Principal, Markusen Economic Research


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