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Invasive Plants and Weeds. Why Care? The spread of noxious weeds: Signal the decline of entire ecological watersheds. Severely impact the beauty and biodiversity.

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Presentation on theme: "Invasive Plants and Weeds. Why Care? The spread of noxious weeds: Signal the decline of entire ecological watersheds. Severely impact the beauty and biodiversity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Invasive Plants and Weeds

2 Why Care? The spread of noxious weeds: Signal the decline of entire ecological watersheds. Severely impact the beauty and biodiversity of natural areas and cause widespread economic losses. Problem for urban as well as rural areas, and for private, state, and federal lands. Noxious weed species spare no segment of societyrancher, farmer, fisher, and cycler alike Cant leave well enough alone - when unmanaged, they spread rapidly, unceasingly, and silently

3 Exotic Invasive Species – more than just plants plants animals microbes (fungi, bacteria, etc.) viruses (i.e., diseases)

4 Plant Terminology Native ? Introduced ? Invasive ? Weed ?

5 Native on Indigenous Originated where they now occur without the help of humans. For example, native to North America Well adapted to the local climate, soils, animals, and microbes. How long have they been here? Western Yarrow - Native plant widely distributed throughout North America

6 Introduced, Exotic or Non-native

7 Introduced, Exotic or Non-native An organism occurring outside of its natural home range Other names include alien, foreign, non- indigenous Introduced by humans

8 Alien Plants –Mississippi Valley Example

9 Introduced, Exotic or Non-native Humans introduced non-native plants as: Grains and food crops Seeds in Ship Ballast Ornamentals Plants for erosion control Plants with higher forage value Accidental Introductions of exotics continues today

10 Invasive Species An organism that spreads and establishes over large areas and persists Growth characteristics that allow it to dominate the ecosystem Invasive Species Website =

11 Invasive Species Often non-native (or alien) to the ecosystem Not all non-natives are invasive Whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. Cheatgrass Juniper

12 Characteristics of Invasive Plants Abundant seed producers Rapid population establishment Long-term survival of seeds Occupy disturbed sites Competitive Lack of natural enemies Cheatgrass Juniper

13 Weed Plant of little value or a plant out of place Competes with crops and native species Troublesome pest that affects the health an productivity of native landscapes a plant whose virtues have not yet been discovered... Ralph Waldo Emerson plants that interfere with the growth of desirable plants and that are unusually persistent and pernicious. They negatively impact human activities and as such are undesirable Ross & Lembi – Applied Weed Science. 1999

14 Impacts of Weeds Reducing biological diversity Altering hydrologic conditions Altering soil characteristics Altering fire intensity and frequency Interfering with natural succession Competing for native pollinators Replacing complex communities with monocultures Displacing rare plant species

15 Noxious = plant species that have been designated noxious by law. The word noxious simply means deleterious Weeds are declared noxious by states or counties. In Idaho, hundreds of weed species exist. However, only 36 are designated noxious by Idaho law. Noxious Weeds

16 Plant Terminology Native Originated where they now occur without the help of humans Introduced Introduced by humans, exotic or not native Invasive Growth characteristics that allow it to spread and dominate the ecosystem Weed Troublesome pest that affects the health an productivity of native landscapes Noxious Weeds = designated noxious by lay

17 Weed Control Approaches Chemical Mechanical Biological Cultural

18 Weed Control Approaches Chemical – herbicides to reduce or prevent weeds Mechanical Biological Cultural

19 Weed Control Approaches Chemical – herbicides to reduce or prevent weeds Mechanical – removal or damage to weeds with physical/mechanical forces Biological Cultural

20 Weed Control Approaches Chemical – herbicides to reduce or prevent weeds Mechanical – removal or damage to weeds with physical/mechanical forces Biological – suppress weeds with living organisms including parasites or pathogens Cultural

21 Weed Control Approaches Chemical – herbicides to reduce or prevent weeds Mechanical – removal or damage to weeds with physical/mechanical forces Biological – suppress weeds with living organisms including parasites or pathogens Cultural – alter agricultural practices (fertilize, cultivate, graze) to suppress weeds

22 Weed Control Approaches Chemical – herbicides to reduce or prevent weeds Mechanical – removal or damage to weeds with physical/mechanical forces Biological – suppress weeds with living organisms including parasites or pathogens Cultural – alter agricultural practices (fertilize, cultivate, graze) to suppress weeds


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