Presentation on theme: "Romantic Poetry (2). I. The World Is Too Much with Us (1807) Theme: The poet laments that in modern society, people are so busy with the earthly life."— Presentation transcript:
Romantic Poetry (2)
I. The World Is Too Much with Us (1807) Theme: The poet laments that in modern society, people are so busy with the earthly life that they have lost the ability to see and feel the beauty in Nature and lost their imagination. Here we see at strife the old pagan culture of humanism and modern Industrialism. Form: Italian sonnet ABBA ABBA CDCDCD Structure: comment (8)+ personal wish (6)
II. Ode on a Grecian Urn Time: The ode was written in May 1819, almost at the same time as Ode to a Nightingale, out of collection of memory of several visits to exhibition. Content: Here the poet gives his comment on a Greek vase which, as a relic of ancient culture, has caught his imagination. On the surface of the vase there is an ornamental band of sculpture with figures of trees, pipes, and lovers on it.
II. Ode on a Grecian Urn Though there are quiet forms, they possess and convey the beauty, the significance and the eternity of art, which appealed to Keats. So at the end of the poem, the poet emphasizes the relationship between beauty and truth: Beauty is truth, and truth beauty, thus declaring his worship of beauty, esp. in the field of art..
Theme: It shows the contrast between the permanence of art and the transience of human passion. Metrical pattern: The poem is written in uniform stanzas, each consisting of ten lines of iambic pentameter. The rime scheme is ABAB CDE DCE (CED/CDE/CDE/DCE), with variations in the latter part of the sestet.
Structure: 1. general questions about the urn 2. one side of the urn: piper and lovers 3. lamentation: envy of the happiness of the piper and the lovers 4. the other side of the urn: people going to a sacrifice ritual 5. lamentation: Beauty is truth, truth beauty; human life is short while art lasts
II. Ode on a Grecian Urn Comment: 1. Full of personal feelings: ever-lasting youth and happy lovers; poor health and hopeless love (3,5) 2. Exclamation of his artistic idea: Beauty is truth, truth beauty.
III. Shelley Ode to the West Wind Theme: This is one of Shelleys best known lyrics. The poet describes vividly the activities of the west wind on the earth, in the sky and on the sea and then expresses his envy for the boundless freedom of the west wind and his wish to be free like it and to scatter his words among mankind.
III. Shelley Ode to the West Wind The celebrated final line of the poem, If winter comes, can Spring be far behind? has often been cited to illustrate Shelleys optimistic belief in the future of mankind. In the 1st stanza, Shelley uses the seasonal cycle in nature as a continuing process of universal death and regeneration.
Metrical pattern: This is a lyric poem of five 14-lined stanzas containing four tercets and a closing couplet. The rhyme scheme is aba, bcb, cdc, ded, ee. The terza rima is an Italian measure first used by Dante in his well-known poem La Divina Commedi(Divine Comedy)
Assignment for Next Week: Prepare Victorian literature background and elements of fiction: theme character(ization) plot setting points of view style