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Native American Garden Recovering Health and Knowledge "One gardener's weed is another gardener's flower, salad, wine, medicine, fiber, dye, or poison"

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Presentation on theme: "Native American Garden Recovering Health and Knowledge "One gardener's weed is another gardener's flower, salad, wine, medicine, fiber, dye, or poison""— Presentation transcript:

1 Native American Garden Recovering Health and Knowledge "One gardener's weed is another gardener's flower, salad, wine, medicine, fiber, dye, or poison" - Shirley Shirley By: Keni Zenner, Lyndsey Weber, and Alex Beyer

2 Healing Earth Ceremony Prayer O Great Creator I come before you in a humble manner And offer you this sacred pipe. With tears in my eyes and an ancient song from my heart I pray. To the four powers of Creation, To the Grandfather Sun, To the Grandmother Moon, To the Mother Earth, And to my ancestors. I pray for my relations in Nature, All those who walk, crawl, fly, and swim, Seen and unseen, To the good spirits that exist in every part of Creation.

3 - Medicine Grizzly Bear I ask that you bless our elders and children, families and friends, And the brothers and sisters who are in prison. I pray for the ones who are sick on drugs and alsohol And for those who are now homeless and frolorn. I also pray for peace among the four races of humankind. May there be good health and healing for this Earth, May there be Beauty above me, May there be Beauty below me, May there be Beauty in me, May there be Beauty all around me. I ask that this world be filled with Peace, Love and Beauty.

4 Native American Agricultural History End of Ice Age o Big game dies off Lifestyle shift o Nomadic o Agriculture Attitudes toward Living Creatures o Animals asked for forgiveness o Plants thanked

5 Native Science 1,000 AD, East Coast Native corn o Frost Resistant o Adapted to short growing season This 'technology' allowed tribes like the Hidatsa and Mandan to thrive. o Buffalo Bird Woman Grew three sisters Brought sophisticated systems of agriculture o Produced beans, corn, potatoes, pumpkins, squash, tomatoes, and more than 20 other foods we use daily.


7 Arrival of Settlers Trade o New crops Potatoes Carrots o White settlers and Dakota Dawes Act o "The Indian Problem" o Lose over 17,000,000 acres Goal o "To break up the tribe as a social unit"

8 Land displacement and elimination of traditional food practices had huge health consequences o 1 in 8 had diabetes - 2x the non-Indian population o cancer, depression, suicide, stress, violence, and substance abuse also widely prevalent "loss of power" is the biggest health issue Restoring health must happen on community level in addition to individual level Health is multifaceted - physical, social/emotional, intellectual, and spiritual Native American Health

9 Garden Design

10 Three Sisters Corn, beans, and squash o "They want to be together with each other, like we want to be together with each other." -Chief Louis Farmer, Onondaga One variety of Three Sisters o Mandan Bride Corn o Hidatsa Shield Maiden Bean o Summer Crookneck Squash Buffalo Bird Woman's Design

11 Medicine Wheel Ojibwe Interpretation Sacred Circle Number 4 o Directions o Seasons o Periods of life o Four Sacred Plants Used for meditation and healing Used for prayer

12 East Quadrant Plants o Marigold o Dill o Goldenrod o Night Willow Herb o Dwarf Buttercup Physical Health Infancy Spring

13 South Quadrant Emotional Health Adolescence Summer Plants o Indian Grass o Prairie Rose o Echinacea o Beets o Bee Balm

14 West Quadrant Mental Health Adulthood Autumn Plants o Purple Prairie Clover o Big Bluestem o Sage o Lavender o Prairie Phlox

15 North Quadrant Spiritual Health Elder Winter Plants o Sweetgrass o Yucca o Night-Scented Tobacco o Mint o Boneset

16 Center Two extra directions o Zenith (above) o Nadir (below) Peace Pole May peace prevail on earth printed on all sides of the pole, and many Native American words for Peace Strawberries o Around the base of the pole

17 Stepping Stones

18 Drying Rack/Arbor History o Watch tower o Drying rack Our Garden o Community Builder o Information Center o Shade o Drying Rack - with teaching

19 Drying Rack - Buffalo Bird Woman

20 Long-Term Garden Plans Start conservatively, and add as the garden teaches us Expand varieties o Perennials o Winona LaDuke's Corn Dream of Wild Health Model Orchard Children's Garden o Education o Children learn about culture and health Seed Bank o Save heirloom varieties

21 Challenges/Solutions Right/competence to teach Native traditions and beliefs o Solution: Build relationships (CNIA, AISES, WCROC, Morris Healthy Eating, etc.) o "Build a road by walking." Garden Workers - labor o Solution: Garden plan relatively simple - little labor needed. o Future paid internship positions to maintain and teach

22 Challenges/Solutions Keeping the Space Sacred o Solution: act as "stewards of the land" Guidebook/log - pass on the historical and cultural knowledge Maintain relationships with Native American elders Pest Control o Solution: Repellent herbs mint and marigolds Collaboration with WCROC for gopher removal

23 Challenges/Solutions Cross-Pollination o Solution: inter-garden communication Hand-pollination Science-based research for seed saving and storage Science students do research on heirloom seeds Sustainability of the Land o Solution: compost and worm humus established Future: multiple plots to let land fallow

24 Community Outreach Plan Powwow o Sacred tobacco offerings - spring o Drumming ceremonies Student involvement o Medicine Wheel stepping stones o TREC o Gateway Program o Long-term goals: children's diabetes prevention garden and research garden classroom

25 Community Outreach Plan Sharing of Food o Pride of the Prairie local foods meal o Community Meals - Native American foods theme Garden Involvement o Office of Community Engagement and Multi-ethnic Student Program - student volunteers for harvest o Exhibit harvest in Student Center Engage Native artists o Peace Pole, scarecrow, educational plaques Seed Saving --> Seed Sharing

26 Conclusion All actions must be intentional We must be patient Humility and relationships are key We can never know all the answers

27 Closing Prayer from the Navajo Blessing Way Ceremony In beauty I walk With beauty before me I walk With beauty behind me I walk With beauty above me I walk With beauty around me I walk It has become beauty again (

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