Presentation on theme: "Native American Garden Recovering Health and Knowledge"— Presentation transcript:
1 Native American Garden Recovering Health and Knowledge By: Keni Zenner, Lyndsey Weber, and Alex Beyer"One gardener's weed is another gardener's flower, salad, wine, medicine, fiber, dye, or poison" - Shirley Shirley
2 Healing Earth Ceremony Prayer O Great CreatorI come before you in a humble mannerAnd offer you this sacred pipe.With tears in my eyes and an ancient song from my heart I pray.To the four powers of Creation,To the Grandfather Sun,To the Grandmother Moon,To the Mother Earth,And to my ancestors.I pray for my relations in Nature,All those who walk, crawl, fly, and swim,Seen and unseen,To the good spirits that exist in every part of Creation.
3 - Medicine Grizzly Bear I ask that you bless our elders and children, families and friends,And the brothers and sisters who are in prison.I pray for the ones who are sick on drugs and alsoholAnd for those who are now homeless and frolorn.I also pray for peace among the four races of humankind.May there be good health and healing for this Earth,May there be Beauty above me,May there be Beauty below me,May there be Beauty in me,May there be Beauty all around me. I ask that this world be filled with Peace, Love and Beauty.- Medicine Grizzly Bear
4 Native American Agricultural History End of Ice AgeBig game dies offLifestyle shiftNomadicAgricultureAttitudes toward Living CreaturesAnimals asked for forgivenessPlants thanked
5 Native Science 1,000 AD, East Coast Native corn Frost Resistant Adapted to short growing season This 'technology' allowed tribes like the Hidatsa and Mandan to thrive. Buffalo Bird WomanGrew three sisters Brought sophisticated systems of agricultureProduced beans, corn, potatoes, pumpkins, squash, tomatoes, and more than 20 other foods we use daily.
7 Arrival of Settlers Trade New crops Potatoes Carrots White settlers and Dakota Dawes Act"The Indian Problem"Lose over 17,000,000 acresGoal "To break up the tribe as a social unit"
8 Native American Health Land displacement and elimination of traditional food practices had huge health consequences1 in 8 had diabetes - 2x the non-Indian populationcancer, depression, suicide, stress, violence, and substance abuse also widely prevalent"loss of power" is the biggest health issueRestoring health must happen on community level in addition to individual levelHealth is multifaceted - physical, social/emotional, intellectual, and spiritual
10 Three Sisters Corn, beans, and squash "They want to be together with each other, like we want to be together with each other." -Chief Louis Farmer, OnondagaOne variety of Three SistersMandan Bride CornHidatsa Shield Maiden BeanSummer Crookneck SquashBuffalo Bird Woman's Design
11 Medicine Wheel Ojibwe Interpretation Sacred Circle Number 4 Directions SeasonsPeriods of life Four Sacred PlantsUsed for meditation and healingUsed for prayer
12 East Quadrant Physical Health Infancy Spring Plants Marigold Dill Physical HealthInfancySpringPlantsMarigoldDillGoldenrodNight Willow HerbDwarf Buttercup
13 South Quadrant Emotional Health Adolescence Summer Plants Indian Grass Emotional HealthAdolescenceSummerPlants Indian GrassPrairie RoseEchinaceaBeetsBee Balm
14 West Quadrant Mental Health Adulthood Autumn Plants Purple Prairie CloverBig BluestemSageLavenderPrairie Phlox
15 North Quadrant Spiritual Health Elder Winter Plants Sweetgrass Yucca Night-Scented TobaccoMintBoneset
16 Center Two extra directions Zenith (above) Nadir (below) Peace Pole “May peace prevail on earth” printed on all sides of the pole, and many Native American words for PeaceStrawberries Around the base of the pole
20 Long-Term Garden Plans Start conservatively, and add as the garden teaches usExpand varietiesPerennials Winona LaDuke's CornDream of Wild Health ModelOrchardChildren's GardenEducationChildren learn about culture and healthSeed BankSave heirloom varieties
21 Challenges/Solutions Right/competence to teach Native traditions and beliefs Solution: Build relationships (CNIA, AISES, WCROC, Morris Healthy Eating, etc.)"Build a road by walking." Garden Workers - laborSolution: Garden plan relatively simple - little labor needed.Future paid internship positions to maintain and teach
22 Challenges/Solutions Keeping the Space SacredSolution: act as "stewards of the land"Guidebook/log - pass on the historical and cultural knowledgeMaintain relationships with Native American elders Pest Control Solution: Repellent herbsmint and marigoldsCollaboration with WCROC for gopher removal
23 Challenges/Solutions Cross-PollinationSolution: inter-garden communicationHand-pollinationScience-based research for seed saving and storageScience students do research on heirloom seedsSustainability of the LandSolution: compost and worm humus establishedFuture: multiple plots to let land fallow
24 Community Outreach Plan PowwowSacred tobacco offerings - springDrumming ceremoniesStudent involvementMedicine Wheel stepping stonesTRECGateway ProgramLong-term goals: children's diabetes prevention garden and research gardenclassroom
25 Community Outreach Plan Sharing of FoodPride of the Prairie local foods mealCommunity Meals - Native American foods themeGarden InvolvementOffice of Community Engagement and Multi-ethnic Student Program - student volunteers for harvestExhibit harvest in Student CenterEngage Native artistsPeace Pole, scarecrow, educational plaquesSeed Saving --> Seed Sharing
26 Conclusion All actions must be intentional We must be patient Humility and relationships are keyWe can never know all the answers
27 Closing Prayer from the Navajo Blessing Way Ceremony In beauty I walkWith beauty before me I walkWith beauty behind me I walkWith beauty above me I walkWith beauty around me I walkIt has become beauty again(http://www.sacredbear.com/pages/Closing-Prayer-from-the-Navajo-Blessing-Way-Ceremony.html)