2 Tanizaki Junichiro (1886-1965) b. Tokyo Began writing in 1909 Frequented Kabuki Theatre1910 left Tokyo Imperial University (Japanese Lit)1910 Moved to YokohamaWestern style house in foreign districtWrote several screenplays for Japanese movies1923- Great Earthquake hits Tokyo and YokohamaJunichiro moves to Ashihi (near Kyoto)Switches mindset back to the traditional Japanese arenaShrugs off Euro-American ways
3 Wrote self-parodies of Western influence on Japanese 知人の愛（Fool‘s Love) 1924たで空無視（Some Prefer Nettles)In these works, Tokyo typically symbolizes Japan under the influence of the West, and Kyoto, traditional JapanHe becomes interested in writing about the historical past, which is akin to “a sanctuary for the values of order and beauty” (462)During WWII, wrote The Makioka Sisters ( )Centered on manners of historical JapanBanned during war because thought as an impedimentAfter war, given Imperial Culture Prize, as work showed a way of life which was quickly passing out of America
4 あぐり Themes and Symbols 3 Central Themes Ebbing away of tradition Japan’s WesternizationBeauty/DesireFeminine as beautifulDestructiveFemale as a paletteImaginationLiving within
5 Ebbing away of tradition The West “invades” JapanWestern objects, people, and ideas reflect the influx of Western ideals into Japan.The West becomes the ultimate “other” to JapanWestern clothes“Japanese kimonos cost more than they’re worth” (467)“Notice the Western and the Chinese ladies: They know how to set off their faces to advantage, and without spending too much money at it.” (467)“He would accentuate every curve and hollow…” (470)
6 Tradition vs. West (contin.) Western clothes are not so much important because they are Western, but because they are foreign.Imagined himself as a “Chinese gentleman” (470)Discussion“Aguri becomes a symbol… of the Japanese desire for Euro-American culture” (464)Shopkeeper (underwear anecdote)Clothes as oppressiveAppearance of Okada’s family
7 Beauty/Desire Feminine as beautiful Okada loves his own fem. features Desire for Aguri is great, but acknowledges that she does not love him
8 Beauty/Desire (contin.) Female as a paletteThe TattooerImagines Aguri as a marble statueCold, plain, yet innately unchangeableAguri comes to life (473), like a painted picture, when clothed in Western clothes
9 Beauty/Desire (contin.) Beauty = powerAguri’s power over Okadacannot be held in the gaze ofthe “other”/societyDiscussionCompare contrast Aguri as a palette versus her image as a leopardWhat is the significance of the “game” they play?What does sexual desire represent?
10 Imagination Blurs the line between what is fact and fiction Imagination/ Superficial as realClothesImagination’s ability to “construct the beautiful”Imagination’s ability to show subconscious/truthDiscussionOkada lives in this world and refuses to leave, even though it is destroying himEffects of this?What does Aguri represent in terms of imagination?