Presentation on theme: "Portrayal of Women in the Media"— Presentation transcript:
1Portrayal of Women in the Media Vedika RaiAndrea RioloReanna Aikawa
2History of Women in Media 1920’s – The Victorian hourglass figure gave way to the pencil thin flapper1950’s - A thin woman with large breast was seen as most desirable
3History-1960sBy the 1960’s slenderness became the single most important indicator of physical attractiveness following the arrival of British Super Model TwiggyPlayboy Magazine also promoted the slim body type as ideal between
4History’s- There was an overall increased emphasis on weight loss and body shape in the content of a popular women's magazine such as Cosmopolitan and Vogue
5History-1990’sThe ideal body type for women was slight and slender but with a more athletic and toned look.
6Jean Kilbourne’s Research “Advertising creates a mythical, mostly white world in which people are rarely ugly, overweight, poor, struggling or disabled, either physically or mentally”“Scientific studies and the most casual viewing yield the same conclusion: women are shown almost exclusively as housewives or sex objects”“Many women internalize these stereotypes and learn their limitations, thus establishing a self-fulfilling prophecy”
12The Impact of Media on Body Image People all over the world use the media every day. Whether it's using a computer, watching TV, reading a newspaper, or listening to the radio, media is a way to communicate. However, media also plays a big role on body image and how teenagers perceive themselves.
13StatisticsThe average weight of a model is 23% lower than that of an average woman; 20 years ago, the differential was only about 8%.There is now a $33 billion diet industry that was non-existent 20 years agoIn the last 25 years there has been a 60% increase in females shown purely as decorative/sex objects.
14Statistics Continued..The body type portrayed in advertising as the ideal is naturally possessed by only 5% of females in the United States.In a recent survey by Teen People magazine, 27% of the girls felt that the media pressures them to have a perfect body.69% of girls in one study said that magazine models influence their idea of a perfect body shape.
15Teen’s Body ImageHow do you see yourself when looking in the mirror? Many teens worry abouthow they look, "Am I too fat? Too skinny? Am I ugly, pretty or handsome?"
16Eating Disorders as a Result of Negative Body Image Anorexia nervosa - People who intentionally starve themselves suffer from an eating disorderBulimia nervosa – People consume large amounts of food and then rid their bodies of the excess calories by vomiting, abusing laxatives or diuretics or exercising obsessively.Binge eating disorder - An illness that resembles bulimia. Like bulimia, the disorder is characterized by episodes of uncontrolled eating or binge eatingEating disorders have increased 400% since 1970
17Television shows promoting Plastic Surgery The Swan -contestants undergo painful surgeries in pursuit of winning a beauty pageantI Want a Famous Face- young adults get plastic surgery with the goal of looking more like a celebrityBridalplasty-12 engaged women who are competing for the wedding of their dreams and their dream plastic surgery procedure
22Solution-Media Watchdog Students, educators, parents, eating disorders sufferers, and concerned consumers work to improve media messages about size, weight and beautyEncourage companies and advertisers to send healthy media messages regarding body size and shapeRecognizing advertisements that send healthy body image messages, as well as pointing out advertisements that send negative body image messages
23ReferencesMedia and body image. (n.d.). Retrieved fromEating disorder. (2011). Retrieved fromTimofeyev, A, & Sharff, K. (2002). Suicide. Retrieved fromGerber, Robin., (2010) Beauty and Body Image in the Media. Media awareness Network. (http://www.media-awareness.ca)Mask, L., & Blanchard, C. M. (2011). The protective role of general self-determination against ‘thin ideal’ media exposure on women’s body image and eating-related concerns. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(3), doi: /SWAMI, V., TAYLOR, R., & CARVALHO, C. (2011). Body dissatisfaction assessed by the Photographic Figure Rating Scale is associated with sociocultural, personality, and media influences. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 52(1), doi: /j xKnobloch-Westerwick, S., & Romero, J. P. (2011). Body Ideals in the Media: Perceived Attainability and Social Comparison Choices. Media Psychology, 14(1), doi: /