Presentation on theme: "Body Image & Beauty Ideals"— Presentation transcript:
1 Body Image & Beauty Ideals Desires & DisordersThe body as a social canvas
2 The Beauty Ideal Beauty is socially constructed Changes over time and between culturesReflects social power and relations of inequality and privilegeCorporate interests & mass media define beautyEnforced through disciplinary practicesComplex and irregularly enforced based on position in society
3 Disciplinary Beauty Practices The taken-for-granted routine behaviors surrounding how we maintain or improve our appearanceExist throughout Western history and most cultures worldwideThese everyday practices, routines and rules of appearances reflect social power
4 Beauty—why do we do it? Being normal = conforming to norms Being accepted is less stressfulSerious, not stridentWomen’s power comes from appearanceSurvive in sexist cultureLesbian baitingHealthConflation of health with beautyBonding Rituals
5 Criticisms Of Beauty Practices Double standard of beautyImposes considerable cost in time and moneyStandards are established by multi-national corporations and the mediaFashion and beauty negatively impact women’s healthCombined effects of standards lead women to low self-esteem
6 The Social Construction of Beautiful Bodies How are bodies socially constructed?For what purpose?How are eating disorders socially constructed?
7 The Social Construction of Beautiful Bodies Body image—how we perceive our physical appearance, as well as how we think others perceive us.Images formed through:Parental and peer messagesSocializationMass-media and cultural messagesCult of Perfection
8 Ideals through History Throughout history, emphasis has focused on different parts of the body with an increased emphasis on thinness in the late 20th centuryIn 1940s the cultural ideal figure for women became significantly thinner as compared to the actual female figure
9 Eating Disorders Anorexia Bulimia Compulsive EDNOS Food jags & phobiasHow healthy is our image of health?What is healthy?
10 Corporeal Schizophrenia Food as comfort in an uncomfortable worldFood as control in a chaotic worldFood as a commodity in a materialistic worldThin as an idealObesity as a reality
11 Theories of Eating Disorders Bio-medical modelSilver bullet curesPsycho-social modelCulture of thinnessSocial constructionist modelThe personal is political
12 Body Awareness vs. Body Image Self Regard over Objectification
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