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Art & Science. Problem: connected or opposed? C.P. Snow, The Two Cultures (1959) Lecture: 1.Origins ideas about connection/opposition 2.Actual relations.

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Presentation on theme: "Art & Science. Problem: connected or opposed? C.P. Snow, The Two Cultures (1959) Lecture: 1.Origins ideas about connection/opposition 2.Actual relations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Art & Science

2 Problem: connected or opposed? C.P. Snow, The Two Cultures (1959) Lecture: 1.Origins ideas about connection/opposition 2.Actual relations Art/Science 3.Our perspective as students of science

3 1. History terms art and science Middle Ages: Art as science: e.g. medieval universities: seven liberal arts Art als skill: e.g. mechanical arts

4 1. History terms art and science Renaissance: Artist-engineers: Albrecht Dürer Giambattista della Porta Leonardo da Vinci

5 Leonardo da Vinci

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7 1. History terms art and science Early modern period (17 th century): still merged in thesis Svetlana Alpers criticism Alpers vanitas in science

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9 1. History terms art and science Early modern period (17 th century): still merged in thesis Svetlana Alpers criticism Alpers vanitas in science

10 1. History terms art and science Romanticism (late 18 th - 19 th century) Origins opposition Art vs. Science: –Science destroys beauty, meaning, value –Art displays beauty, meaning, value

11 Thomas Campbell, To the Rainbow (1820): When Science from Creation s face Enchantment s veil withdraws, What lovely visions yield their place To cold material laws! 1. History terms art and science

12 Romanticism (late 18 th - 19 th century) Raymond Williams, Culture and Society (1958) –terms (industry, culture, etc.) change meaning –art becomes fine art

13 1. History terms art and science Modernism (20 th century) anti-romantic avant-garde artists embrace science: –Italian futurists –Russian constructivists

14 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Futuristist Manifesto (1909): We declare that the splendor of the world has been enriched by a new beauty: the beauty of speed. A racing automobile with its bonnet adorned with great tubes like serpents with explosive breath... a roaring motor car which seems to run on machine-gun fire, is more beautiful than the Victory of Samothrace.

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16 1. History terms art and science 20 th century to our time: Modernism + Romantic opposition see e.g. C.P. Snow, The Two Cultures (1959)

17 1. History terms art and science 20 th century to our time: All positions summed up in The Challenge of Our Time: –Arthur Koestler –J.D. Bernal –C.H. Waddington –Michael Polanyi

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22 2. Actual relations Art/Science besides conceptions also actual connections/cooperations artists and scientists in both directions

23 2. Actual relations Art/Science science for art: as subject matter as model as source of knowledge as inspiration

24 2. Actual relations Art/Science science for art: as subject matter as model as source of knowledge as inspiration

25 Jacques-Louis David, M. Lavoisier et son Épouse (1788)

26 2. Actual relations Art/Science science for art: as subject matter as model as source of knowledge as inspiration

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28 Panamarenko

29 2. Actual relations Art/Science science for art: as subject matter as model as source of knowledge as inspiration

30 Claude Monet, Klaprozen bij Argenteuil (1873)

31 2. Actual relations Art/Science science for art: as subject matter as model as source of knowledge as inspiration

32 2. science & art Ernst Haeckel, Kunstformen der Natur ( )

33 René Binet, Porte Monumentale, World Exposition, Paris (1900)

34 2. Actual relations Art/Science art for science: for illustrations

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37 Henry Thomas de la Beche, Duria Antiquor (1830)

38 2. Actual relations Art/Science art for science: illustrations as virtual witnessing potentially weak link – cf. Hevelius transition to mechanical objectivity (Daston & Galison, Objectivity (2007)) gap art and science practices

39 3. Our perspective as students of science difference between ideal picture of science and actual practice practice: –no method but skills –no Logic of Scientific Discovery (Popper), but Art of Scientific Discovery (Polanyi) no categoric difference

40 3. Our perspective as students of science art/science projects: NWO Co-ops: MoonzooM: agenda/item/88http://www.co-ops.nl/site/co-ops/coops- agenda/item/88 Discovery07:

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53 3. Our perspective as students of science art/science projects: NWO Co-ops: MoonzooM: agenda/item/88http://www.co-ops.nl/site/co-ops/coops- agenda/item/88 Discovery07:

54 3. Our perspective as students of science art/science projects - enthousiastic responses among: artist/technician museums educators popularisers


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