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1 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Laminated Glass Use Considerations – Safety Presented by: Julia Schimmelpenningh Global Applications.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Laminated Glass Use Considerations – Safety Presented by: Julia Schimmelpenningh Global Applications."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Laminated Glass Use Considerations – Safety Presented by: Julia Schimmelpenningh Global Applications Manager - Architectural Advanced Interlayers, Solutia Inc.

2 2 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 About Solutia Inc. $1.8 billion global company Solutia® creates performance materials that provide comfort, safety, security, durability and energy efficiency vital to our evolving world. The company employs ~3,800 people worldwide. Solutia is number 1 in our markets, globally

3 3 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 About Solutia Products Solutia materials are used primarily in the construction, transportation and manufacturing markets. The company has a strong portfolio of three businesses: –Advanced Interlayers –Performance Films –Technical Specialties

4 4 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Discussion Outline Introduction Building Regulations Safety Glazing Standards and Test Methods Basic Design Criteria Emerging Building Trend Conclusion

5 5 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Introduction

6 6 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 The Safe Side of GREEN Shelters = Safe Buildings = Shelter Building regulations exist in many parts of the world, but varied Energy efficiency and green architecture are not going away Must exist in a world where life safety requirements have long been established and are still of primary performance consideration for glazing in hazardous locations

7 7 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Green Movement Clean Fuel Alternatives Energy Conservation Reduced Carbon Footprint Responsibility Ownership Coated Glass Use Colored interlayers Dynamic Materials Gas Fills Insulating glass units (IGU) Solar or Tinted Glass Surface Applied Films Triple IGU Vacuum Cavity Warm Spacer

8 8 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Building Regulations

9 9 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Current Building Regulations Primary focus - adequate construction to obtain a sustainable level of life safety Primarily Life Safety Considerations Define Minimum Requirements Focus moved toward Energy Basic requirements for Health and Safety must still be met

10 10 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Current Building Regulations Code, Regulation or Norm –MANDATORY Standard, Practice or Guideline –VOLUNTARY Referenced in codes Use or compliance becomes mandatory

11 11 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Select Building Regulations International Building Code (IBC) – USA Building Code for Non- Residential Buildings International Residential Building Code (IRC) – USA Building Code for Residential Buildings Technical Specification for Application of Architectural Glass (JGJ 113) – Industrial Standards of the Peoples Republic of China Safety Glazing Materials in Building – Part 3: Laminated Glass (GB ) – National Standards of the Peoples Republic of China. Safety Glazing Materials in Buildings – Australia/New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS 2208) Code of Practice for the Installation of Glazing in Buildings (SABS 0137/SANS 10137) South Africa

12 12 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Regulatory Impact Areas –Human Impact Protection –Hazardous Locations –Overhead Glazing –Structural –Railing and Balusters –Hurricane –Seismic

13 13 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 ………………………. Standards and Tests

14 14 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Testing Safety Glazing – glass or glazing that breaks safety when tested under specified protocols Impacting commercially produced glazing panels Impactor device may vary –Shot Bag –Twin Tire –Steel Ball

15 15 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 ANSI Z97.1 Original Safety Glazing Impact Test (1960s) Voluntary Safety Standard –Shot bag test –Enacted in 1966 –Modified to meet industry changes –Latest Revision 2009 –Applies to all safety glazing Tempered glass Laminated glass Plastic glazing Organic Coated Glass

16 16 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 ANSI Z97.1 Shot Bag Cross Section

17 17 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Human Impact Protection

18 18 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, largest pieces after shatter 3 solid sphere passage for Laminated, Plastic, Organic Coated and Filmed Glass Modulus of Rupture for Plastics Boil Test Radiation ANSI Z97.1 Shot Bag Pass Fail Criteria

19 19 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Select Industry Standards ANSI Z97.1 Safety Glazing Materials Used in Buildings - Safety Performance Specifications and Methods of Test. (United States of America) AS Glass in buildingsSelection and Installation (Australia) BS 6206 Specification for Impact Performance Requirements for Flat Safety Glass and Safety Plastics for Use in Building (United Kingdom) CAN/CGSB 12.1-M Tempered or Laminated Safety Glass (Canada) CNS 1183/ 1184 Laminated Glass/ Methods of Test for Laminated Glass (China) Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) 16 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1201 (United States of America) EN Glass in Building. Pendulum Test. Impact Test Method and Classification for Flat Glass (Central European Norm) JIS R 3205: Laminated Glass (Japan)

20 20 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Pendulum Test EN 12600

21 21 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Ball Drop Test

22 22 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Basic Design Criteria

23 23 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Safety Glazing for Doors

24 24 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Near Floor Grade Glazing 91 cm (36 in) <46 cm (18 in) Above floor Area >0.84 m2 (9 ft2)

25 25 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Bathtubs, Showers etc… < 152 cm (60 in) < 152 cm (60 in)

26 26 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Overhead and Sloped Glazing Sloped Glazing: Any glazing >15 degrees (0.26 rad) from vertical 15º Skylights Unit Skylights Solariums Sunrooms Roofs Sloped Walls

27 27 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Emerging Design Trends

28 28 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 The Concern for Safety Glass breaks Causes of broken glass Glass falling or flying not desirable Post breakage behavior

29 29 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Glass Shard Containment Post event Failing glass injuries Lack of replacement/installation crew Lack of materials Prolonged street closings –Injuries –Trapped –Revenue stream halted –Disrupts lives and repair

30 30 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Emerging Areas for Glass Shard Containment Assailant initiated impact Atria Balusters Blast loads Debris impact Elevators Furniture glass Glass failures Overhead glazing Seismic racking Sloped glazing Skylight fall-through Railings Walkways

31 31 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Glass Shard Containment The Applications –Cyclones/Typhoons – Fast moving missile Cyclical simulation Typically Single Unit Laminated –Moving to IGU for Energy Conservation Key Objectives –Keep Occupants Safe –Prevent full pressurization of buildings –Reduce contribution to debris field

32 32 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Impact Damage

33 33 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Driving Market to IGU Glass Spacer Interlayer (s) Basic Elements (single) Windborne Debris (Laminated) Energy & Impact (Laminated IGU)

34 34 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Sample of Energy Enhancement

35 35 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Energy Conservation vs. Debris Monolithic lite sacrificial –Inboard facing – danger to occupants –Outboard facing – falling debris Streets closed due to falling glass Loss of revenue No mandatory regulation –Requirement appearing in specifications –Fall out clause

36 36 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Fall-out Considerations Glass Spacer Interlayer (s) Flipped (Occupant Safety Concerns) Double Laminated Thick Interlayers Double Laminated Thin Interlayers

37 37 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Asia Typhoon Paths 41 Depressions 22 Storms 13 Typhoons >2248 Fatalities >$12B Damage 2009 Statistics

38 38 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Bomb Blast Applications Many of the same issues as Cyclone/Typhoon Typically IGU –Outboard lite monolithic Laminated lite prevents it from falling inward Rebounding causes broken glass to fly outward then fall Protection of Occupants Protection of Other Internal Assets Keep Blast Wave out of the building

39 39 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Bishopgate Bombing (London, England – 1993)

40 40 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Alfred P. Murrah Building Oklahoma City, OK – USA 1995

41 41 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Other Applications? Seismic applications Sloped glazing Overhead glazing Bolted systems Skylights (Fall through) –Considerations – Spontaneous breakage HS or FT laminated Updating Safe break philosophy

42 42 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 ………………………. Conclusions

43 43 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Conclusions Safety requirements are typically mandated –Minimum requirements Glazing should be selected: –Building use- Optical distortion –Environment- Post breakage behavior –Occupants- Durability –Pedestrians- Strength & comfort Available products can easily meet shard containment requirements Energy conservation and/or harvesting can be incorporated

44 44 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Laminated Glass can… Be Energy Efficient Break safely Contain shards Screen UV Filter noise Create colors, intrigue and ambiance Meet new design challenges and Provide Value and Comfort

45 45 Renaissance Hotel, Kula Lumpur, Malaysia - November 4, 2010 Contact Information For further information visit our website at: or contact: Julia Schimmelpenningh Global Applications Manager – Architectural Advanced Interlayers, a unit of Solutia Inc. Thank You!!


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