Presentation on theme: "The Beast of Beauty Culture: An Analysis of the Political Effects of Self-Objectification Sarah Oliver."— Presentation transcript:
1The Beast of Beauty Culture: An Analysis of the Political Effects of Self-Objectification Sarah Oliver
2Primary QuestionHow does self-objectification affect internal and external political efficacy?
3Objectification“Whenever a woman’s body, body parts, or sexual functions are separated out from her person, reduced to the status of mere instruments, or regarded as if they were capable of representing her.” (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997).
5New Objectification Culture Normalization of female objectification in popular cultureThe new vogue of “consensual” objectificationIdea that objectification is empoweringAppropriation of female agency and power for male pleasure (the FFT)
7Self-Objectification “a key process whereby girls [and women] learn to think and treat their bodies as objects of others’ desires” (Zubriggen et al., 2007:2)When a woman integrates the image of herself as an object into her own value system.
8Examples“The boys wear funny outfits to attract girls, and the girls wear risqué outfits to be attractive… A girl is walking down DP with her posse, all of whom are wearing scraps of fabric that cover their nipples and their genitals and nothing else - I know you’re supposed to be an Indian, but I can only tell from the feather on your head.”Dana Olson, October 31, 2007
9Negative Effects of Self-Objectification Unipolar depressionHabitual body monitoringEating disordersBody shameSocial physique anxietyDepressed cognitive functioningSexual dysfunctionLower self-esteemPolitical efficacy?
10Political EfficacyInternal Political Efficacy: An individual’s confidence to understand and participate effectively in politics.External Political efficacy: An individual’s beliefs about whether the government will respond effectively to the demands of its citizens.
11Data and Measures Survey of 162 college students at Whittier College 26 different randomly-selected classesSample was roughly representative of the respective college populations
12Self-Objectification Measure Now we would like to know how much importance you place on different aspects of your body. Please rank each of these characteristics in ascending order in terms of importance, from most important (rank = 1) to least importance (rank = 12). Please use each number from 1 through 12 only once.a. Physical attractiveness _______b. Muscular strength _______c. Coloring _______d. Physical coordination _______e. Weight _______f. Stamina _______g. Sex appeal _______h. Health _______i. Measurements _______j. Physical fitness _______k. Muscle tone _______l. Physical energy level _______
13Political Efficacy Questions Please check the box that fits best for each response.
14Levels of Self-Objectification Level of Self-ObjectificationPercentage(n=71)Low30%Medium49%High21%
15Levels of Internal Efficacy Level of Internal Political EfficacyPercentage(n=71)Low45%Medium44%High11%
16Levels of External Efficacy Level of External Political EfficacyPercentage(n=71)Low32%Medium49%High19%
17Self-Objectification and Internal Political Efficacy for Women LowMedium & High38%48%Medium43%44%High19%8%Gamma= -.242, p=.289
18Self-Objectification and External Political Efficacy for Women LowMedium & High25%36%Medium55%47%High20%18%Gamma= -.145, p=.511
19Self-Objectification and Internal Political Efficacy for Men Low & MediumHighLow43%0%Medium35%78%22%Gamma= .484, p=.034