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Technology & Development Program CNH Forest Fire Council Spring Meeting.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology & Development Program CNH Forest Fire Council Spring Meeting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology & Development Program CNH Forest Fire Council Spring Meeting

2 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Presentation Format Who we are. Who we are. –History –Procedures What we do. What we do. –Short list of projects

3 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 What we DO – Mission Statement To systematically apply scientific knowledge and advance technology to create new or substantially improved equipment, system, materials, process, techniques, and procedures to meet the challenges and objectives of sustainable forest ecosystem management practices

4 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 History Present Location: San Dimas, CA since 1965

5 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 History SDTDC began in 1945 in Southern California for the sole purpose of developing wildland fire equipment.

6 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 What we Do – Program Areas Fire & Aviation Management Fire & Aviation Management –Fire prevention and suppression –Fuels and residues Recreation Recreation Engineering Engineering –Roads & facilities Forest Management Forest Management Inventory & Monitoring Inventory & Monitoring

7 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Organization

8 What we DO – Program of Work How DO we get our work How DO we get our work –Steering committees –Assigned by someone higher up

9 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 What we DO NOT DO We do not develop policy We do not develop policy –Provide information to make policy We do not decide what to work on We do not decide what to work on

10 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Products & Services Equipment Development Publications – –Tech Tips – –Project reports Specifications Informational videos Product evaluation Training Technical consultants

11 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Customers Interagency field personnel Interagency field personnel –US Forest Service –Bureau of Land Management –National Park Service –Bureau of Indian Affairs –Fish & Wildlife Service –National Association of State Foresters

12 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 T&D Process Proposals Submitted from the Field Steering Committee Rates Proposals o o Committee comprised of 1 Rep from each Region, WO and cooperating partners, FWS, BLM TD works on Priority Projects Product is Delivered to the Field

13 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Relies on: Ideas Problems Constructive Feedback

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15 Product Lifecycle

16 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Other Sources of Projects FEWT NWCG RFECs FEWG WFEC Caches

17 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Technology & Development Program Myths We DO NOT select our own projects We DO NOT select our own projects We DO NOT make rules or policy We DO NOT make rules or policy

18 Fireline Construction Production Rates Study Validate crew line construction production rates.

19 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fireline Construction Production Rates Study Benefits: Assist to establish rates for contracts Assist to establish rates for contracts Assist in planning & resource allocations. Assist in planning & resource allocations.

20 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Methodology Shadow crew Gather the following data: Fuel model Terrain Weather Crew assignment No. of crew cutting line Line type, length Evaluate data Statistical validity Missing data on FM

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22 Observation Summary Fires IHC1613 Type II 817 Total days Total Shift Hours Notes: 1.Number of fires where data was collected. 2.Unable to collect data on 7 fires

23 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Future Actions Determine data needed to achieve statistically validity. Determine data needed to achieve statistically validity. Import corrected GPS data & photos to Google Earth. Import corrected GPS data & photos to Google Earth. Production rates for dozers will be collected in FM 2 & 3. Production rates for dozers will be collected in FM 2 & 3. Collect crew data on FM 2& 3 when available. Collect crew data on FM 2& 3 when available.

24 Fuel Standardization Study Provide a central document for wildland fuels collection and measurement procedures.

25 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fuel Standardization Study Collection Methods Collection Methods Containers Containers Oven study Oven study Site selection Site selection

26 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fuel Standardization Study 2 Tech Tips complete 2 Tech Tips complete –Chainsaw vs. handsaw –Containers Oven study completed (Neo-systems, Computrak, & convection). Oven study completed (Neo-systems, Computrak, & convection). A first draft of the Fuels Guide Compendium is complete. A first draft of the Fuels Guide Compendium is complete.

27 Fuel Dike / Spill Containment Improve existing fuel berm dike and spill containment system.

28 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fuel Dike/Spill Containment Prototype was developed and field tested. Prototype was developed and field tested. Initial test indicates that the unit worked well. Initial test indicates that the unit worked well. Laboratory testing is being conducted. Laboratory testing is being conducted.

29 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fuel Dike/Spill Containment Study New tarps were being worn out from constant pump vibration. Evaluation of foam tubing on the Zaca Fire, showed no constant wear and an added bonus of better stability of operating pump and generators. Foam tubing attached to outside frame

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35 Compressed Air Foam Systems Study Compare various CAFS units, determine if it can be used on prevention vehicles.

36 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 CAFS Study 3 Units installed on patrol vehicles for field evaluation 3 Units installed on patrol vehicles for field evaluation –Tri-max Super 60 –Fire Solutions Dual RR 30 –Air Quick

37 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Tri-Max Super 60 skid

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39 CAFS Evaluation

40 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 CAFS Evaluation

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42 Vehicle Stability Project Develop field procedures to verify, vehicle stability Gather data on agency vehicles

43 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Vehicle Stability Test Water tenders Crew carriers Type 3 engines Type 6 engines

44 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Vehicle Stability

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49 Crawler Protection Study Evaluate different products for operator protection

50 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Crawler Production Rates Validate crawler protection equipment Validate crawler protection equipment –Fire curtains –Environmental cabs –Hose protection

51 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Crawler Protection Study Finalizing indoor test plan. Finalizing indoor test plan. Looking for outdoor test site. Looking for outdoor test site. Looked at dozer burn-over in California. Looked at dozer burn-over in California. Four dozers available for testing. Four dozers available for testing.

52 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Dozer Committee Research utilizing actual events to better provide operator protection

53 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Protective door covering helped to protect window molding from extreme heat Unprotected Molding Protective molding

54 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Glass laminate material showed melting in between glass, suggesting lower ignition temperatures.

55 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Crawler Protection Laboratory Testing Laboratory Testing –In-house –NIST –CSIRO

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61 Conclusions from CSIRO Study Untenable conditions due to toxic gas exposure was reached before untenable thermal limits in all cases for regions below the window level. Untenable conditions due to toxic gas exposure was reached before untenable thermal limits in all cases for regions below the window level. Respirable particle were the main reason for exceeding tenability criteria. Respirable particle were the main reason for exceeding tenability criteria. The physical integrity of the cabin envelope must be maintained in order for the vehicle to provide a safe refuge during a burnover event. The physical integrity of the cabin envelope must be maintained in order for the vehicle to provide a safe refuge during a burnover event.

62 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 … from CSIRO Study Use of fire curtains compromises the integrity of the glass because it reflect radiant heat onto the inside of the glass. Heating both sides. Use of fire curtains compromises the integrity of the glass because it reflect radiant heat onto the inside of the glass. Heating both sides.

63 Invasive Species Vehicle Wash Project Develop a minimum specification for vehicle washer used to minimize the spread on non- native/invasive species

64 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Types of Vehicles 5 different washer types evaluated Large wheeled vehicles Large wheeled vehicles –Type 3 fire engines Civilian patterned vehicles Civilian patterned vehicles –Pick-up truck –SUV Tracked Tracked –Fire dozer

65 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Invasive Species Vehicle Wash

66 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Test Site – CDF Facility Ione, CA

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68 Contactor Wash System

69 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Secondary Hand Washers

70 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 From the collection tank to this settling tank. FLOW Filtration

71 Hydration Study Investigate other hydration system to replace canteen.

72 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Hydration Study Hydration system study Hydration system study –Not limited to bladder types –Initial selection & procurement of products selected. –Camelback bottle systems given to lead users for evaluation this fire season

73 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Hydration Study

74 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 ModelCapacity (fl. oz) InsulatedDryWeight GSA Schedule Cost Bladde r Only Camelbak Unbottle70Yes 12 oz. No Unbottle100Yes 13 oz. No Hotshot72Yes$25-$33 Hotshot102Yes 18 oz. $29-$37 Bottle25No 6 oz. $47/pack of 6 Bottle32No 7.4 oz No$14 Platypus Platy Bottle 34No 0.8 oz $4 Platy Bottle 80No 1 oz $5 Big Zip 34No 3.5 oz $12 Big Zip 60No 4 oz $13 Big Zip 70No 4 oz $13 Big Zip 100No 4.5 oz $14 Hoser60No 3.5 oz $10 Hoser70No $10 Hoser100No 4 oz $11 Hiker Hydrator 60No 10 oz $15

75 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 ModelCapacity (fl. oz) InsulatedDryWeight GSA Schedule Cost Bladde r Only Mountain Safety Research Hydromedary70No 6.5 oz $19Yes HydromedaryNo 6.7 oz $20Yes Hydromedary100No 7.1 oz $21Yes The Pack Shack Water Bag No 13.7 oz No Thielsen Hydro_CoolYes 18.4 oz No$30$18 Nalgene Big Bore Tanker 48NoNo 64OptionalNo 96OptionalNo HDPE Loop Top Bottle 32No 3.8 oz Yes$4 Wide-Mouth Loop Top Bottle 32No 5.3 oz Yes$6 Wide-Mouth Loop Top Bottle 48No 6.9 oz No$10 Multi-Layer Film Canteen 16No 1.9 oz Yes$6 Multi-Layer Film Canteen 32No 2.1 oz Yes$6 Multi-Layer Film Canteen 48No 2.2 oz Yes$6 Multi-Layer Film Canteen 96No 2.7 oz Yes$6 Canteen Tubing N/AN/A 3.5 oz No$12

76 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 ModelCapacity (fl. oz) InsulatedDryWeight GSA Schedule Cost Bladder Only Deuter Streamer 2.0 Optional 6 oz No Streamer 3.0 Optional 7 oz No MPACK AquaFlo 2 Liter 70No 3.2 oz No $20/5 bags AquaFlo 3 Liter No 3.8 oz NoN/A Ultimate Direction 32 oz Reservoir 32No 5 oz No$28 64 oz Reservoir 64No 6 oz No$30 96 oz Reservoir 96No 6.5 oz No$ oz Reservoir 128No 7 oz No$34 Skillcraft (Hydramax) Reflector100Yes 21.6 oz No$52 Mustang120Yes 30 oz No$68 Stinger100Yes 18 oz No$52 Alpha Reflector Alpha Reflector120Yes 28.1 oz No$47

77 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Hydration Study - Testing The drinking systems are tested for following characteristics: Effectiveness in providing cool water for extended periods in warm environments Effectiveness in providing cool water for extended periods in warm environments Efficiency durability, and ease of use in the fireline environment Efficiency durability, and ease of use in the fireline environment Compatibility with PPE and other fireline equipment Compatibility with PPE and other fireline equipment Cost effectiveness Cost effectiveness Maintainability (meeting hygiene and health requirements). Maintainability (meeting hygiene and health requirements).

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79 Weather Kit Evaluate content of current kit Evaluate content of current kit Feasibility of electronic weather instruments Feasibility of electronic weather instruments

80 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Weather Observation Kit GSA Wildland Fire Equipment Catalog, Weather Observation Kit $83.91 Weather Observation Kit $83.91 Psychrometer $22.57 Psychrometer $22.57 Wind Speed Indicator $18.14 Wind Speed Indicator $18.14 Smoke Chasers Compass$10.64 Smoke Chasers Compass$10.64 Weather Kit Case $14.87 Weather Kit Case $14.87

81 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Belt Weather Kit - Recommendation Replace mercury thermometers with non-mercury thermometers Replace mercury thermometers with non-mercury thermometers Remove notebook and writing board Remove notebook and writing board

82 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Current Psychrometer 2 mercury thermometers on a metal mounting plate allowing for dry- and wet-bulb readings. 2 mercury thermometers on a metal mounting plate allowing for dry- and wet-bulb readings. Thermometer range is 30 to 110 o F. Thermometer range is 30 to 110 o F.

83 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Recommended Sling Psychrometer Weksler Glass Pocket Sling Psychrometer Two 5 ½ red liquid filled lens front thermometers attached to metal back with handle for whirling. Two 5 ½ red liquid filled lens front thermometers attached to metal back with handle for whirling. Thermometer range is 20 to 110 o F. Thermometer range is 20 to 110 o F. $65 with case $65 with case

84 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Why Phase Out Mercury Thermometers Executive Order (Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. Executive Order (Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. Mercury on the list of 31Priority Chemical list established by the US EPA National Waste Minimization Program. Mercury on the list of 31Priority Chemical list established by the US EPA National Waste Minimization Program. The clean up can be very costly, averaging $1000 for one broken thermometer. The clean up can be very costly, averaging $1000 for one broken thermometer.

85 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Belt Weather Kit MercuryRed-Liquid Temperature Range 30 to 110 o F 20 to 110 o F. Replacement 1 ~ $13.50 each Psychrometer 1 $22.57$42.95 Belt Weather Kit 1 $83.91 $ Electronic Weather Kit $ (Kestrel 3000) 3 Notes: 1. Commercial single unit price (Forestry Suppliers) 2. Commercial 10 or more price (Forestry Suppliers) 3. No accessories

86 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Weather Kit – Disposal Disposal: ~$500 Disposal: ~$500 Hazardous waste contractor transportation: ~$200 Hazardous waste contractor transportation: ~$200Assumptions: – As long as thermometers are in tact, disposal cost is much less because its not considered a hazardous waste –Thermometers on stock estimated to fit in two 5 gallon containers –Cost of shipping to a central location is not included.

87 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Belt Weather Kit - Refurbishment Alternatives for refurbishment –Each cache refurbish existing stock & dispose of thermometers –Each cache refurbish existing stock & send to a central disposal location –Centralized location for refurbishment & disposal Cache Cache Contractor, e.g. Lighthouse for the Blind Contractor, e.g. Lighthouse for the Blind –Do not refurbish, exhaust current stock.

88 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Alternatives for New Purchases 1. Do nothing 2. Replace thermometer in the IPD. Modify IPD to replace mercury indicator to non mercury, red liquid indicator. 3. Replace psychrometer in the weather kit with, COTS psychrometer. 4. Replace psychrometer with an electronic weather kit.

89 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Electronic Weather Kits

90 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Electronic Weather Kit Not accurate for low RH Not accurate for low RH –MFG claims 5% error –Actual measurement 10% error Costly Costly –Units with wind direction capabilities are 3 time as much as the current weather kit

91 Wildland Respirator Provide information to fire fighters & managers on respirators usage

92 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Wildland Respirator A Tech Tip titled Respirator Usage by Wildland Firefighters was published in March A Tech Tip titled Respirator Usage by Wildland Firefighters was published in March 2007.Respirator Usage by Wildland FirefightersRespirator Usage by Wildland Firefighters Estimated completion of NFPA Standard: Fall 2010 Estimated completion of NFPA Standard: Fall 2010

93 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Wildland Respirator A typical NIOSH-approved dust mask Samples of non NIOSH- approved mask products

94 Fish Strainer for Helicopters

95 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Fish Strainer for Helicopters Fish strainer prevents fishes & fish eggs from getting into helicopter bucket. Prevents harming sensitive species Prevents transferring invasive species.

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98 Specification & Standards Maintain FS standards Maintain FS standards Assure that items procured meets standards Assure that items procured meets standards

99 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Articles - Workmanship Thread inspection

100 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Article - Reducer First Article Testing Assures that mfg is capable of making a product that meets specification Communicates FS requirements

101 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Article – Double Female Coupling

102 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Article – Garden Hose Wye

103 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Article – Nozzle Test

104 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 First Article – Hose Clamp

105 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 FireWatch Project Goal: Evaluate system Looks at smoke particle behavior Looks at smoke particle behavior System used in several European countries System used in several European countries On loan from the manufacturer On loan from the manufacturer Install in Strawberry Peak Lookout in the San Bernardino Install in Strawberry Peak Lookout in the San Bernardino

106 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Firewatch

107 Remote Control Dozer Assist in line constructions in steep terrain in tandem with handcrews Assist in line constructions in steep terrain in tandem with handcrews Able to position in in accessible location using helicopter Able to position in in accessible location using helicopter EERA – initial evaluation on 2 fires EERA – initial evaluation on 2 fires Spin off – the use of small dozers & excavators. Spin off – the use of small dozers & excavators.

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110 Remote Control guy Swamper

111 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 Aerial Delivery Systems & Rheology

112 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08 For More Information Contact: Ralph Gonzales Fire Program Leader (909) x 212 Webpage: fire/index.shtml


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