Presentation on theme: "The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMGHSThe Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and LabelingThis training session is designed to provide information to employees who work with hazardous chemicals and substances. Employers are required to provide training on the new GHS elements, labels and SDSs to employees by December 1, 2013.
3 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMTraining GoalUnderstand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (Haz Com)What is GHS?Why was the GHS Developed?What are the Benefits of GHS?What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?Who does this Impact?When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?Review the New 2012 Hazard CommunicationNew Labeling RequirementsOverview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format16 categoriesThis is the agenda – read through it.
4 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhat is GHS?GHS is an acronym for Global Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling of Chemicals.This program defines and classifies hazards for chemical substances, dilute solutions, and mixtures.This is a common and coherent approach to classify chemicals for a global economy.Communicates information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS).The GHS provides infrastructure for the establishment of national and international comprehensive chemical safety programs.GHSAdopted by 67 Nations
5 Why was the GHS Developed? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhy was the GHS Developed?To eliminate the variation in chemical classifications and hazards.To provide consistency in phrases used to indicate the severity of hazards, across different hazard types.To offer better employee protection.Information should be conveyed in more than one way for comprehensibility and understanding.Reduces confusion.Enhances understanding of hazards.Helps address literacy and language concerns.OSHA established HazCom standard in 1983Covers:43+ Million Workers5+ Million American WorkplacesSo, why the change?Since 1992, the United Nations have been working to create and enhance a globally harmonized system for the classification and labeling of chemicals that can be used by importers, distributers and manufacturers worldwide.The goal is to provide a common and coherent approach to classifying chemicals, as it varies from Manufacturer to Manufacturer, State to State, Country to Country
6 What are the Benefits of GHS? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhat are the Benefits of GHS?It will enhance the human health and the environment.It will reduce the need for testing and evaluation against multiple classification systems, avoiding duplication of efforts.Fewer chemical accidents.Lower health care cost, due to fewer accidents.Improved protection of workers from chemical hazards.Reduction in the cost of enforcement.Expanded use of training programs regarding health and safety.Improved corporate image and credibility.Create awareness of hazards, resulting in safer use of chemicals.The basic goal of hazard communication is to ensure that employers, employees and the public are provided with adequate, reliable, and practical information on the hazards of chemicals. There are many benefits to an internationally standardized program.
7 What are the Changes to HazCom Compliance with GHS? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhat are the Changes to HazCom Compliance with GHS?All Labels have new standardsThe term MSDS now changes to SDS, with extensive changes.Added:Training on the Labels & SDSsKeep Existing HazCom TrainingAdd information as it comes into the workplaceExample: Replace MSDSs with SDSs in your facility’s bookReplace Labels and MSDS Training Sections with New StandardWritten Program - Mostly UnchangedDefinitions have changedStill requires review and updateGHS Does NOT Replace a Facility Specific HazCom ProgramMSDSSDS=Material Safety Data SheetSafety Data Sheet2012 HCS is Hazard Communication StandardHCS is in the 29 Code of the Federal Regulations (CFR) HCS is the term for the updated code. It remains 29 CFRRead slide – we’ll be reviewing the new labels and SDSs in detail
8 What are the Changes to HazCom Compliance with GHS? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhat are the Changes to HazCom Compliance with GHS?Classification CriteriaClass and CategoryHealth HazardsPhysical HazardsEnvironmental HazardsMixtures (Diluted Products)Hazard CommunicationLabelsSafety Data Sheets (SDSs)Replaces Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s)Manufacturers must use the OSHA HCS 2012 to determine the chemicals hazards and designate them as a Health or Physical Hazard. Environmental Hazards are not regulated by OSHA, but could be seen on the new Labels and SDS, so they are mentioned for your awareness.Mixtures are listed not as a Hazard, but because the standard covers the diluted chemicals now.
9 Who does this Impact? Manufacturers, Distributors, & Importers 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWho does this Impact?Manufacturers, Distributors, & ImportersChange SDS information and formatChange container labelingEmployersTraining employees on changes to:SDS (change from MSDS to SDS and 16-section format)Container Labels (including secondary containers)Update HazCom training to the new standardsUpdate HazCom written plans to the new standardsEmployeesRecognize and understand hazards based on:Information in new SDS formatPictograms on container labelsPrecautionary and hazard statementsThe changes affect the following (read slide)There is no requirement to train visitors to a facility. The requirement is to train employees (permanent, part-time, contract).For schools and universities – only their staff needs to be trained. The standard does not cover students.
10 When Do You Need To Be In Compliance? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMWhen Do You Need To Be In Compliance?Effective Completion DateRequirement(s)Responsible PartyDecember 1, 2013Train employees on the new Label Elements and SDS FormatEmployersJune 1, 2015Compliance with all modified provisions of the final rule except as noted with different Effective DatesChemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, and employersDecember 1, 2015The distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS labelDistributorJune 1, 2016All employers shall, as necessary, update any “alternative” workplace labeling, update the hazard communication program, and provide any additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.You might notice that Manufacturers must comply with the new standard by June 1, 2015, while Distributors must comply by December 1, This gives distributors time to sell through any inventory received prior to June 2015.Alternative workplace labeling refers to secondary labels or workplace in use signage.This training is targeted to help you meet your goals of training employees by December 1, 2013
11 Training Goals Review the New 2012 Hazard Communication 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMTraining GoalsUnderstand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (Haz Com)What is GHS?Why was the GHS Developed?What are the Benefits of GHS?What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?Who is Affected?When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?Review the New 2012 Hazard CommunicationNew Labeling RequirementsOverview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format16 categories.Now that we understand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, let’s review the New 2012 Hazard Communication.
12 New Definition – Hazard Classification & Category 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMNew Definition – Hazard Classification & CategorySpecific criteria for classifying:Health hazardsPhysical hazardsEnvironmental Hazards (not regulated by OSHA)Each Hazard listed above is assigned a Hazard ClassThis indicates the nature of the hazard.They also have a Hazard CategoryThe degree of severity within each hazard class1 = Most Severe 4 = Least SevereThere are specific tests manufacturers must perform to determine the Hazard Class and Hazard Category. It is not an arbitrary assignment.The GHS Classification and Communication elements are the foundation to the program to ensure the safe use of chemicals.NOTE the degree of hazard scale is ONE being most severe, with FOUR being least severe. This is the opposite of several other standards in use today, such as HMIS and NFPA.
13 New Label Elements - Product 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMNew Label Elements - ProductStandardization for all Product Labels, Each Label Must Include:Product IdentifierSupplier InformationSignal WordHazard PictogramHazard StatementPrecautionary StatementEach Label May Include “Supplemental Information”New LabelThere are several new label elements:Symbols called “Pictograms”Signal WordsHazard StatementsPrecautionary StatementsProduct IdentificationSupplier/Manufacturer Identification
14 Product Label Elements Example This is an example of the new label style that is to appear on product labels beginning no later than June 1, 2015 (or Dec. 1, 2015 for distributers who still have product in inventory after the June 1, 2015 deadline).The type of required information is noted in blue. The actual statements and information will vary depending on the specific health and physical classification of the product.
15 Labels: Product Identifier and Supplier Information 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabels: Product Identifier and Supplier InformationProduct Identifier: The Name of the ProductSupplier Information:Company NameAddressTelephone NumberDefinition of product identifier:"Product identifier" means the name or number used for a hazardous chemical on a label or in the SDS. It provides a unique means by which the user can identify the chemical. The product identifier used shall permit cross-references to be made among the list of hazardous chemicals required in the written hazard communication program, the label and the SDS.
16 Labels: Signal Word Signal Word 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabels: Signal WordSignal WordQuickly Communicates the Relative Severity of the HazardOnly 2 Signal Words Will Appear:“DANGER” (more severe hazard)“WARNING” (less severe hazard)Not all Labels Will Have a Signal WordSome chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the labelIn the past, there have been several signal words that may have been used to indicate a hazard like caution, warning, danger.The GHS permits the use of only 2 signal words: “Danger” and “Warning”. Only 1 of the signal words is permitted to appear on the label based on the classification of the chemical.Signal Words are used to emphasize hazard and discriminate between levels of hazard
17 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabels: PictogramsThere are 9 pictograms. Only 8 are regulated by OSHAHealth HazardsPhysical HazardsEnvironmental Hazards (Not regulated by OSHA)This is new with OSHA’s HCS 2012 standard.Hazards are communicated in a standard form on product labels, using the 9 pictograms show here.From left to right – the first 3 pictograms are specific to health hazards: exclamation, health hazard (silhouette of a person with starburst on the chest) and skull and crossbones.The 4th one can represent both a health hazard or a physical hazard that is corrossive.The middle pictogram is for Environmental Hazards which is not regulated by OSHA, but you may see from manufacturers that do business outside the U.S.The 4 pictograms on the right are specific to physical hazards: exploding bomb, flame, flame over circle (oxidizer) and gas cylinder.Let’s review what these mean in more detail.
18 Health Hazard Pictograms !Irritant, skin sensitizer,acute toxicity, narcoticeffects, respiratory tract irritant, hazard to ozone layerSkin corrosion/burns,eye damagecorrosive to metalsFour Health Hazard PictogramsRead slideAdditional information:Pictogram represented by the silhouette of a person with a starburst across the chest is used indicate that the substance is a chronic and/or target organ hazard.Carcinogen, mutagenicity,Reproductive toxicity, respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity, aspiration toxicityAcute toxicity,fatal or toxic
19 Physical Hazards Pictograms ExplosivesSelf reactivesOrganic peroxidesOxidizerFlammablesSelf reactivesPyrophoricsSelf heatingEmits flammable gasOrganic peroxidesGases under PressureFive physical hazards pictograms (4 specific to Physical, one shared with Health Hazard)Read SlideNote that the corrosive pictogram used to designate corrosion to metal is the same pictogram used for skin corrosion/serious eye damage/eye irritation under the health hazard classification. Not all health hazards represented by this pictogram are corrosive to metal so it is important to look for additional information on the label and in the SDS.Oxidizers are chemicals that can emit oxygen and increase the risk of fire – it supports the combustion of another substancePyrophoric: igniting spontaneously when exposed to air or producing sparksCorrosive to Metals
20 English and Spanish Pictograms Posters Available 11x14
21 Labels: Hazard Statement 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabels: Hazard Statement"Hazard statement" means a statement assigned to a hazard class that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the hazard category (degree of hazard).There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard classificationExamples:Flammable liquid and vaporCauses skin irritationMay cause cancerManufacturers, importers and distributers use the classification system outlined in GHS to identify which statements must appear in the SDS and on the label found in Appendix C.The hazard statements are specific based on the Hazard Class and Category. They are based on actual tests and results and are not optional for a manufacturer.Some examples are listed above.So this brings up: What is a Hazard Class and Category – let’s move on to those now.
22 Hazard Class Hazard Class The nature of the physical or health hazards 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMHazard ClassHazard ClassThe nature of the physical or health hazardsExamples: flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity"Hazard class“ – note the relationship of the Hazard Class to the Pictograms!
23 1 2 3 4 Hazard Category Hazard Category Degree of Hazard Example: 1 – 2 – 3 – 41 – Most Severe; 4 – Least SevereExample:Hazard Class: Flammable liquidsHazard Categories1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor3: Flammable liquid and vapor4: Combustible liquid4321"Hazard category" means the division of criteria within each hazard class, e.g., oral acute toxicity and flammable liquids include four hazard categories. These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally.The Hazard Category is the Degree of Hazard on a 1 to 4 number classification. 1 is MOST SEVERE and 4 is LEAST SEVERE
24 Label: Precautionary Statements 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabel: Precautionary Statements"Precautionary statement" means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling.Examples:Wear respiratory protectionWash with soap and waterStore in a well ventilated place
25 Precautionary Statements Additional Information 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMPrecautionary Statements Additional InformationPrecautionary Statements are not necessarily a mandate for employees to follow.The employer is to evaluate the precautionary statements to determine if these need to be followed by employees.This decision may be based on several factors:How chemical usedWhere it is used (ventilation concerns)How much of the chemical is used (quantity)Air sampling or testing results (permissible exposure limits)How long the chemical is used (time)Other considerations
26 Precautionary Statement Employer Evaluation Example A precautionary statement may state“Wear respiratory protection”Employees may not be required to wear a respirator based on the employer’s evaluation of the factors previously listed (how, where, how much, time)
27 Label: Supplemental / Other Information (Discretionary) 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabel: Supplemental / Other Information (Discretionary)Other information that may be included on the label:Physical stateColorHazards not otherwise classifiedRoute of exposureStorage and disposalHazard prevention and emergency response instructionsThis is discretionary information that may be provided by the manufacturer, importer or distributer. This information is not required to be on the label; however it will be found in the SDS.
30 Labels: Product In Use in the Workplace 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMLabels: Product In Use in the WorkplaceWorkplace “In-Use” LabelsMust Be Consistent with the HCS 2012Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicalsMay Use Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Pictograms, Precautionary Statement from Original Product LabelMay use written materials (e.g., signs, placards, etc.) in lieu of affixing labels to individual stationary process containersEmployer can use GHS compliant labels (same as shipping)Previously Called Secondary LabelsNo conflicting hazard warnings or pictogramsLabels must be legible and prominently displayed.
31 Labels: In-Use Containers Secondary container labeling is the responsibility of the person moving the product into any other type of container, if:The chemistry is storedThe chemistry is left unattendedThe chemistry leaves the person’s direct controlLabel all chemical containers that will not be emptied before your shift is over.
32 Labels: In-Use Containers What about chemistry contained in places like buckets or scrubbers?These places may need labels, too.Cleaning equipment that accepts and mixes chemistry internally has a bottle that can be labeled.For other equipment, one solution is to use a packing list envelope, and adhere the label to the equipment.Or, laminate the label, punch a corner and use a ring to hang.Mixed solution should be removed from equipment before leaving.
33 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMTraining GoalsUnderstand the changes to the OSHA Hazard CommunicationStandard (Haz Com)What is GHS?Why was the GHS Developed?What are the Benefits of GHS?What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?Who is Affected?When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?Review the New 2012 Hazard CommunicationNew Labeling RequirementsOverview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format – 116 categoriesLet’s take a look at the New SDS and review the 16 categories.
34 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSafety Data SheetsUnder the new Haz Com Standard, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are now called Safety Data Sheets (SDS).All SDSs will have a consistent 16-section formatFlexibility of format removedFollows American National Standards Institute (ANSI) formatClassified for health and physical hazards based on GHS criteriaSDSSafety Data SheetManufacturers, importers and distributers may begin using the new 16-section format SDS (follows the ANSI standard) during the transition from the 1994 Haz Com standard and the final 2012 Haz Com standard but no later than June 1, 2015.Manufacturers are required to provide a revised copy of an MSDS/SDS to their employees and customers any time changes are made.Employers are required to maintain copies of all SDSs for the chemicals used and/or stored within the work area. They should have a system to ensure all SDSs are present/accounted and to periodically check for the most current SDS (usually based on revision date) when received from a manufacturer, importer or distributer.The employer is to maintain a copy of the most current SDS and archive prior MSDSs/SDSs. SDSs are to be accessible/available to all employees in a common area.
35 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSafety Data Sheets (SDSs)16 Part Format in a Specific OrderIdentificationHazard(s) IdentificationComposition/Ingredient InformationFirst-aid MeasuresFire-fighting MeasuresAccidental Release MeasuresHandling and StorageExposure Controls / Personal ProtectionPhysical and Chemical PropertiesStability and ReactivityToxicological InformationEcological Information*Disposal Consideration*Transport Information*Regulatory Information*Other information including date of preparation of last revisionThis is the required 16-part format to comply with GHS (or OSHA HCS 2012).We’ll be reviewing each of these sections, then show you what an SDS could look like.*Note: Since other Agencies regulate this information, OSHA will not be enforcing Sections 12 through 15(29 CFR (g)(2)).See Appendix D of for any detailed description of SDS contents.* Not Regulated by OSHA
36 SDS Format 1. Identification Product Identifier 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format1. IdentificationProduct IdentifierManufacturer or Distributor Name, Address, Phone NumberEmergency NumberRecommended UseRestrictions on UseIdentification includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use.
38 SDS Format 2. Hazard(s) Identification Class/Category Signal Word HNOC 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format2. Hazard(s) IdentificationClass/CategoryIdentifies the nature of the physical or health hazard, the severity of the hazardSignal WordDANGER or WARNINGHNOCHazards Not Otherwise ClassifiedAn adverse physical or health effect identified through evaluation of scientific evidence during the classification process that does not meet the specified criteria for the physical and health hazard classes above.Hazard(s) identification includes all hazards regarding the chemical.You may recall these from our label review:Hazard Class is The nature of the physical or health hazards. Examples: flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicityHazard Category is the Severity or Degree of Hazard (1 to 4, with 1 being most sever)HNOC – which is Hazards not Otherwise Classified
40 SDS Format 3. Composition/Information on Ingredients 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format3. Composition/Information on IngredientsChemical name, Common Name, CAS, Ingredient % or cut off limits4. First-aid MeasuresNecessary measures, symptoms/effectsWhat to do if an accident occurs5. Fire-Fighting MeasuresWhat to do if the product catches on fire or is in a fireSuitable and unsuitable actionsHazards from fire3. Composition/information on ingredients includes information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims.Mixture Comment – Exact chemical percentage of the components of the mixture. Exceptions are if qualifies as a trade secret and or there is a range of the percentage. If there are ranges, they must be listed (lower and upper range).4. First-aid measures includes important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment.5. Fire-fighting measures lists suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire.
42 SDS Format 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling and Storage 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format6. Accidental Release MeasuresPrecautions, PPE, Emergency ProceduresWhat to do in case the product spills7. Handling and StoragePrecautions for safe handling and storage, including any special handling or incompatibilitiesWhere and what temperature to store the product8. Exposure Control/Personal ProtectionPEL, TLV, NTP, IARC, Engineering Controls, PPEWhat type of protective equipment to wear6. Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup.7. Handling and storage lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities.8. Exposure controls/personal protection lists OSHA'sPermissible Exposure Limits (PELs);Threshold Limit Values (TLVs);National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on CarcinogensInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) MonographsAmerican Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)personal protective equipment (PPE).
44 SDS Format 11. Toxicological information 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format9. Physical and Chemical PropertiesAppearance, odor threshold, pH, flash point, LEL/UEL, vapor pressure/densityWhat the product should normally look like10. Stability and reactivityPossible hazardous reactions, incompatible materialsPotential physical hazards11. Toxicological informationRoutes of exposure, symptoms, acute/chronic9. Physical and chemical properties lists the chemical's characteristics.10. Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions.11. Toxicological information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity.
46 SDS Format 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Consideration 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format12. Ecological InformationWhat can happen if the product is exposed to the environment13. Disposal ConsiderationHow to properly get rid of any excess productSections are not regulated by OSHA. However, many manufacturers supply this data.
48 SDS Format 14. Transport Information 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format14. Transport InformationExplains how to properly ship the productSection 14 – Transport Information aligns with DOT requirements.
49 Transport Information Continued 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMTransport Information Continued
50 SDS Format 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMSDS Format15. Regulatory Information16. Other InformationDate of preparation/last revision16. Other information, includes the date of preparation or last revision.
51 ! Important Deadlines Train Employees on New 2012 HCS Labels and SDSs 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMImportant DeadlinesTrain Employees on New 2012 HCS Labels and SDSsComplete by December 1, 2013Update SDS & LabelsManufacturers by June 1, 2015Distributors Sell Through Until December 1, 2015Update Workplace Labels & Facility Specific Written ProgramComplete by June 1, 2016DEADLINES!
52 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMTraining SummaryUnderstand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (Haz Com)Review the New 2012 Hazard CommunicationOverview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format – 16 categories.
53 Federal OSHA Resources 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMFederal OSHA ResourcesHaz Com Web Page:Guide to GHS:RegulatoryHCS/HazCom 2012 Final RuleHCS Comparison: HazCom 1994 and 2012FAQsGuidanceOSHA BriefsFact SheetThis slide highlights some of the additional resources available on the Federal OSHA website.
54 Federal OSHA Quick Cards 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMFederal OSHA Quick CardsQuick CardsLabelingSafety Data SheetsPictogramsFree to DownloadIn English & SpanishThis slide highlights some of the additional resources available on the Federal OSHA website.
55 Classroom Certificate 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMClassroom CertificateYou can receive a certificatefor your attendance at thisseminar worth 5 credits.After taking and passing the seminar quiz, you may qualify for 30 additional POZ Cleaning Education Credits.Your employer may request certificates for attendance and if you take and pass the quiz, you may receive a certificate and 30 POZ Cleaning Education Credits.
56 Are there any questions? 4/1/2017 1:54:21 AMAre there any questions?Hand out the Quiz.Grade the Quiz.Hand Out Training Certificates.