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Chapter 12 Getting Accepted: Funding, Presentation, Publication.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Getting Accepted: Funding, Presentation, Publication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 Getting Accepted: Funding, Presentation, Publication

2 Learning Objectives Distinguish between different forums for data dissemination Draft a research proposal Draft posters and oral presentations for a professional meeting Explain the steps for publishing a manuscript

3 Obtaining Research Funding From a specific agency – CDC – NIH – State, county, city Program announcement (PA) – General description of types of studies the agency would like to fund Request for and application (RFA) or proposal (RFP) – RFA for a grant – RFP for a contract – Funder has a specific research question in mind

4 Background for the Research Proposal Study the RFA or RFP to be clear about what the funder wants studied – or phone the project officer listed on the RFA or RFP with questions Go to the literature – What is known, what needs to be known, what practical lessons have been learned about similar studies, what is the ideal design, and so on If feasible, pilot test an aspect of the study that may not be successful (i.e., recruiting the parents of young injection drug users for research)

5 Preparing the Proposal Be very clear about the due date and the specific requirements for the proposal (e.g., page limits, font size, number of copies, etc.) Structure the entire proposal around the specific aims – Research questions – Areas of focus – Hypothesis As usual, concise and to the point

6 Proposal Title Page One page Usually includes – Proposed study title – brief and descriptive (e.g., defining characteristics of the sample, study design, general research question) – Keywords – these will be used by individuals searching to see what types of studies are funded – Contact information for the investigator(s)

7 Abstract or Summary Summary of the purpose and design of the study Includes the specific aims Often required to fit the text into a printed box indicated by the funder Some reviewers only read the abstract (unless theyre the primary reviewer for your proposal), so make it concise, descriptive, and interesting Usually written after the study is designed and the rest of the proposal prepared

8 Problem Statement Arguable the most important component of the proposal Justifies the need for the funder to give money for this study Align with both the specific aims of the proposal and the goals of the funder

9 Specific Aims Briefly outline the main research questions and/or hypotheses of the proposed study Best to limit to about 3 or 4 In some cases, an aim can have 2 or so parts Should provide the organization structure for the rest of the proposal

10 Specific Aims (cont.) The specific aims of the study are to: 1.Determine the prevalence and five-year incidence of malignant meningioma tumors in upstate NY, using a representative sample of adults with a diagnosed tumor. 2.Identify behavioral risk factors for malignant meningioma tumors in upstate NY in a case-control study of adults with a diagnosed tumor and those with head injuries but no tumors. 3.Examine potential environmental co-factors in the incidence and prevalence of malignant meningioma tumors in upstate NY.

11 Significance and Review of the Literature Emphasize the importance and implications of each of the specific aims Review and evaluate the results of previous studies relevant to each of the specific aims Stress how the proposed study will improve upon and/or add to the current knowledge Citations and references must be included

12 Methodology Include all the steps for generating the data – IRB protection plans, sample design, selection, recruitment, measures, procedures, retention, data processing, analysis, statistical power, potential topics for publication Must be justifiably appropriate given each of the aims Can really make or break a significant study idea A great deal of attention should be paid to the feasibility – If possible present pilot results or previous experience to assure reviewers that this design is possible

13 Methodology (cont.) May be helpful to have subsections within each design component indicating how the requirements for each specific aim will be addressed For example, present an analysis plan for each of the aims

14 Timeline Focus on the feasibility of completing the study within the specified time period Present in the context of the budget If 4 years of funding are requested, indicate what will be done in each year and provide some evidence or justification that everything will be done by the end of the fourth year

15 Timeline (cont.) Sample Timeline Proposed Plan Dates IRB approvals August 2007 Baseline data collection (pretests, plateSeptember 2007 waste/production records, heights and weights) Intervention period (gardening, providingSeptember 25, 2007–June 15, 2009 cafeteria food, nutrition/mindfulness lessons) Post-data collection June 15–30, 2009 Data analysis July–August 2009

16 Budget and Budget Justification Include amounts and line items for each task of the study – Staff salaries and percent effort – Subject incentives – Materials – Institution fees (indirect costs) Wise to get some advice from financial staff at your institution Justify how each item contributes to the specific aims of the study – Sometimes explain why this is an appropriate amount

17 Budget (cont.) Sample Budget and Budget Justification Cost Amount Personnel $XXX.XX Subject Compensation (50 participants ´ $25.00 = $1,250) $1, Travel for conducting interviews $2, Student assistance for transcription ($ 7.50/hour for 5 weeks at 10 hours per week for 1 student)$ Total $4, Compensation: The interviews will last 1–2 hours. Thus, $25.00 will be given to compensate subjects for their time and willingness to participate in the study. 50 participants ´ $25.00 = $1,250

18 Personnel Who will do what and how long will it take them to do it – Name, title, qualifications Justification for the time commitment is included in the budget justification Personnel costs are typically the largest portion of the study budget

19 Before Submitting the Proposal Ask every willing and qualified person to review and critique the proposal – Seriously consider and incorporate their critiques!! If possible, ask an editor to go through the text and make sure the text requirements are met If possible, ask appropriate institutional staff to check that the proposal is complete and includes all required components Get all necessary signatures and IRB pre-approval Try to allow an extra day for delivery before the due date and verify that the funder received the documents on time

20 Presenting Results Abstracts Posters Oral presentations

21 Abstracts A little like a movie trailer or preview Short summary of study results to be considered by professional organizations, funders, and so on for publication or inclusion in professional meetings – Journal article – Poster or oral presentation Main challenge is to communicate all the important information in about 250 words

22 Posters Visual graphic presentation of study results that can be examined by an audience with or without interaction with the investigator At professional conferences posters are grouped together by topic and set up during a specified time in large meeting rooms Typically, the investigators stands next to their posters to answer questions or discuss their findings with poster attendees Sometimes investigators have hand-outs of their results or other material to give to interested attendees

23 Posters (cont.) Title, authors, affiliations – across the top of the poster Abstract – sometimes included, sometimes not Introduction – significance of the study, brief review of literature, study questions Methods – enough detail to understand and evaluate the study design Results – use graphs or other visual presentations as much as possible Conclusion – take away message for the viewer

24 Example Layout of a Poster Title Authors Abstract Introduction Purpose Study Design Methods Results Tables/ Graphs Tables/ Graphs Conclusions

25 Posters (cont.) Visually appealing – Use color – Use graphics – Uncluttered Legible from a distance of 3-5 feet Laminate layout if possible

26 Oral Presentations Know the types of audience and time limit Usually with the use of slides (e.g., powerpoint) Components – Title, authors, affiliations – Background – avoid a lot of detail about prior studies – Methods – Results – use graphics as much as possible – Conclusions

27 Oral Presentations (cont.) Usually slides Large enough font to read from the back of a medium sized meeting room High contrast – dark blue background with light (white or light yellow) font Uncluttered Carefully proofread Rehearse and get feedback Consider bringing hard copies of slides to distribute to interested attendees

28 Publishing Results Choosing a journal Conform to guidelines and goals of the journal Write a convincing cover letter

29 Choosing a Journal Note the journal that published some or most of the reviewed studies Consider 1.Impact Factor 2.Scope 3.Citation and Impact Factors 4.Review Process 5.Publishing and Distribution 6.Costs

30 Journal Guidelines Very important to conform to the guidelines – Scope and type of publication (e.g., original article, online, etc.) – Font size, spacing, number of pages – Citation and reference style – Number of submission copies or on-line submission requirements – Author names on title page or not?

31 The Cover Letter Convince the editor why the study should be published in this journal – Align with the mission of the journal – Emphasize whats new and different – How can the results be used and by whom? Often able to suggest reviewers – Names and contact information for those desired – Names for those not desired Usually include boiler plate text about the relative contribution of authors and any conflicts of interest Mention the IRB review

32 Final Words Be ethical Be rigorous Be practical Be receptive and responsive to constructive criticisms Be patient Be willing to revise, revise, and revise again


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