2In 1999 the Plastic Manufacture, Sale and Usage Rules 1999 were notified [2nd September 1999 SO 705E]These were amended in 2003 and called the Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage (Amendment) Rules, [ 17 June 2003 SO 698E]In 2011 Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011 were notified [4 Feb 2011 SO 249E and amended in 2 July 2011 SO 1527 E]
3A Comparison1999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up to"Foodstuffs" means ready-to-eat food and food products. fast food, processed and cooked food in liquid, powder, solid or semi-solid form:√"Vendor" means person who sells foodstuffs as defined above packaged and stored in plastic carry bags and containers. (2)×“carry bags” means plastic bags which have a self carrying feature commonly known as vest type bags or any other feature used to carry commodities such as “D” punched bags;“carry bags” means bags made from any plastic material used for the purpose of carrying or dispensing commodities but do not include bags that constitute or form an integral part of the packaging in which goods are sealed prior to use.
4Additional definition’s in 2011 Rules 1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up to×“container” means flexible or rigid containers made of virgin plastics or recycled plastics with or without lid used to store, carry or dispense commodities;“commodities” includes articles such as vegetables, fruits, pharmaceuticals and the like;“commodities” means articles including but not limited to vegetables, fruits, pharmaceuticals and the like;Additional definition’s in 2011 Rules“Plastic” means material which contains as an essential ingredient a high polymer and which at some stage in its processing into finished products can be shaped by flow.“Plastic waste” means any plastic product such as carry bags, pouches or multilayered plastic pouch or sachets etc. which have been discarded after use or after their intended life is over.“multilayered plastic pouch or sachet” means a pouch or sachet having at least one layer of plastic in combination with one or more layers of packaging material such as paper, paper board, metalized layers or aluminum foil either in the form of a laminate or co-extruded structure.
5Additional definition in 2011 Rules Compostable plastic means plastic that undergoes degradation by biological processes during composting to yield CO2 , water, inorganic compounds and biomass at a rate consistent with other known compostable materials and does not leave visible, distinguishable or toxic residue.“Extended producer ‘s responsibility (EPR)” means the responsibility of a manufacturer of plastic carry bags, and multilayered plastic pouches and sachets and the brands owners using such carry bags and multilayered plastic pouches and sachets for the environmentally sound management of the product until the end of its life.Virgin plastic means plastic material which has not been subjected to use earlier and has not been blended with scrap or wasteWaste management means the scientific reduction, re-use, recovery, recycling, composting or disposal of plastic wasteWaste pickers mean individual or groups of individuals engaged in the collection of plastic waste.
61999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up toNo vendor shall use carry bags or containers made of recycled plastics for storing, carrying, dispensing, or packaging of foodstuffs.No person shall manufacture, stock, distribute or sell carry bags made of virgin or recycled plastic bags which are less than 8 x 12 inches (20 x 30 cms) in sizeNo vendor shall use carry bags made of recycled plastic for storing, carrying, dispensing or packaging of foodstuffs.No vendor shall use containers made of recycled plastic for storing, carrying, dispensing or packaging of foodstuffs.No person shall use carry bags made of recycled plastics or compostable plastic for storing, carrying, dispensing or packaging food stuffsNo person shall manufacture, stock, distribute or sell any carry bag made of virgin or recycled or compostable plastic, which is less than 40 microns in thicknessSachets using plastic material shall not be used for storing, packing or selling gutkha, tobacco, and pan masala;Plastic material , in any form, shall not be used in any package for package gutkha, pan masala and tobacco in all forms.
7√ 1999 Rules 1999 Rules as amended in 2003 2011 Rules as amended up toThe minimum thickness of carry bags made of virgin plastics or recycled plastics shall not be less than 20 microns.√The minimum thickness of carry bags made of virgin or recycled or compostable plastics shall not be less than 40 microns.-the minimum weight of 50 carry bags made of virgin or recycled plastics shall be 105 gms. plus or minus 5% variation and the carry bags of larger sizes shall be of proportionate increase in weight”
8Person may manufacture carry bags or containers made of 1999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up toPerson may manufacture carry bags or containers made ofvirgin plastic in natural shade or white;(b) recycled plastic using pigments colourants as per IS:9833:1981 (List of pigments and colourants for use in plastics in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water).√Carry bags shall either be in natural shade (colourless) which is without any added pigments or made using only those pigments and colorants which are in conformity with Indian Standard IS: 9833:1981 titled as List of Pigments and colourants for use in plastic in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water, as amended from time to time.Recycled carry bags shall conform to the Indian standards IS 14534:1998 titled as guidelines for recycling of plastic , as amended from time to time;Carry bags made from compostable plastics shall conform to the Indian Standard IS/ISO 17088:2008 titled as specifications for compostable plastics, as amended from time to time
91999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up toManufacturers shall print on each packet of carry bags as to whether these are made of "recycled material" or of "virgin plastic". For recycled bags will also indicate percentage of use of recycled material√Each plastic carry bag and multilayered plastic pouch or sachet shall have the following information printed in English or in local language, namely:Name, registration number of manufacture and thickness in case of carry bag(Ii) Name and registration number of the manufacture in case of multilayered plastic pouch or sachetEach recycled carry bag shall bear a label or a mark “recycled as shownEach carry bag made from compostable plastics shall bear a label “compostable”
101999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up toThe Plastics Industry Association, through their member units, shall undertake self-regulatory measures√The municipal authority may work out the modalities of a mechanism based on Extended Producer's responsibility involving such manufactures, registered within it’s jurisdiction and brand owners with registered offices within it’s jurisdiction either individually or collectively, as feasible or setup such collection systems through its own agencies.
111999 Rules1999 Rules as amended in 20032011 Rules as amended up to×Every occupier manufacturing carry bags or containers of virgin plastic or recycled plastic shall be registered with State Pollution Control Board√Rules shall not apply to the manufacture of carry bags exclusively for export purpose, against an order for export received by the owner or occupier of the concerned manufacturing unit√ This exemption does not apply to any surplus or rejects, left over and the like
12Other New Features of Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011 Explicit pricing of carry bags : No carry bags shall be made available free of cost by retailers to consumers. The concerned municipal authority may by notification determine the minimum price for carry bags depending upon their quality and size which covers their material and waste management costs in order to encourage their re-use so as to minimize plastic waste generation.Constitution of State level Advisory board is recommended to monitor the implementation of these rules as per following constitution:(a) The Secretary, Department of Urban development - Chairman(b) One expert from State Department of Environment – Member(c) One expert from State Pollution Control Board or Pollution control committee – Member(d) One expert from urban local body –Member(e) One expert from field of industry –Member(f) One expert from the field of academic institution –MemberThe State Level Advisory Body shall meet at least once in a year and may invite experts, if it considers necessary.Submission of Report on Implementation on Rules made mandatory: Each State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee shall prepare and submit the annual report to the Central Pollution Control Board on the implementation of these rules by the 30th day of September of each year.
13Municipal Authority made responsible for implementation of Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011 in addition to Pollution Control Board/CommitteeThe municipal authority shall be responsible for setting up, operationalisation and co-ordination of thewaste management system and for performing the associated function, namely:(i) to ensure safe collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing & disposal of plastic waste(ii) to ensure that no damage is caused to the environment during this process;(iii) to ensure setting up of collection centers for plastic waste involving manufacturesiv) to ensure its channelisation to recycles(v) to create awareness among all stakeholders about their responsibilities(vi) to engage agencies or groups working in waste management including waste pickers and;(vii) to ensure that that open burning of plastic is not permitted.The responsibility for setting up collection systems for plastic waste shall be of the municipal authority concerned and the said municipal authority may, for this purpose, seek the assistance of manufacturers of plastic carry bags, multilayered plastic pouches or sachets or of brands owners using such products.The municipal authority may work out the modalities of a mechanism based on Extended producer’s Responsibility involving such manufacturers, registered within it’s jurisdiction and brand owners with registered offices within it’s jurisdiction either individually or collectively, as feasible or setup such collection systems through its own agencies.The municipal authority shall incorporate the said rules in the municipal bye lawsThe municipal authority shall encourage the use of plastic waste by adopting suitable technology such as in road construction, co-incineration etc.V. Explicit pricing of carry bags : No carry bags shall be made available free of cost by retailers to consumers The concerned municipal authority may by notification determine the minimum price for carry bags.