Presentation on theme: "Le Corbusier The father of International Style design By Kathy Bui and Melanie Kha."— Presentation transcript:
Le Corbusier The father of International Style design By Kathy Bui and Melanie Kha
Birth of an Architect Born October 6, 1887 in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland Died August 27, 1965 in Cap Martin, France French Architect Also known as Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris Educated at La Chaux de Fonds Designed buildings in Europe, India, Russia, South America, and the United States He based his designs on his theory of functionalism and in the use of new symbols He believed that the twentieth century was an age of progress and engineering and technological advances that should benefit everyone Started designing in 1925 and his career lasted for 5 centuries Philips Pavilion, Brussels
In Le Corbusiers philosophy, the creation of new functions in design is aimed at originating modern values. Basculant Chair or the Colonial chair Look of lightness and comfort
Chaise Lounge 1928 Natural curves with stable support Pure Prism: smooth, white concrete and glass structures Steel or stainless steel
Grand Comfort 1928 Chrome-plated tubular steel frame Evokes comfort Grand Comfort Sofa
Siège Tournament 1929 Upholstered swivel chair Made of tubular steel Centre Le Corbusier, Zürich, Switzerland
The Great Legacy On August 27, 1965 Le Corbusier swam in the Mediterranean Sea at Roquebrune Cap Martin, France ( against his doctors orders). His body was found later that day and buried next to his wife His influence was universal and his works are invested with a permanent quality possessed by those of very few artists in our history. said Lyndon B. Johnson Modern architecture has lost its greatest master. said the Soviet Union
What is Art Noveau? DEFINE. An international philosophy, style, art, and architecture. ORIGIN. Europe and North America. TIME PERIOD. 1890-1914. PHILOSOPHY. Spiritual, individualistic, and free of materialism. Art should be a way of life.
WHAT MAKES IT ART NOVEAU? FLORALS and PLANT motifs. STYLIZED, FLOWING CURVILINEAR forms. ORGANIC composition. Incorporates ART in EVERYDAY LIFE.
Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961) Andrew Rivera Jonathan Nguyen Kurtis N.
Philosophy Eero Saarinen was an American architect and product designer of the 20th century. He was famous for his varying style of simple, sweeping, and arching structural curves. His furniture followed the Miesian style of glass and steel. His furniture was mainly part of his one piece, one material philosophy.
Time Period In late 1930s while experimenting with Charles Eames, Eero Saarinen co- developed new furniture forms and the first designs for furniture of molded laminated wood. He worked for his father's firm from 1939 to 1947. He continued with his architecture and furniture until his death in 1961.
Womb Chair and Ottoman (1948)
Womb Settee (1950)
Tulip Chair/Armchair/Stool (1956)
Tulip Table (1956)
Grasshopper Lounge Chair and Ottoman ( 1946)
Organic Chair (1940)
Organic High Chair (1940)
Executive Armchair/Chair (1957)
EAMES BY: Adrienne Nguyen, Anita Ovanesian & Vivi Le
Time Period Twentieth century 1935-1984
Philosophy The Eames viewpoint and philosophy are related through the banana leaf parable. A banana leaf is the most basic dish off which to eat in southern India. Charles and Ray identified the need for affordable, yet high-quality furniture for the average consumer -- furniture that could serve a variety of uses. Used 3D shaped surfaces or flexible materials instead of cushioned upholstery to comfortably support the human body.
DAW -They are made of molded plastic -They have wooden dowel legs -Waterfall seat edges
La Fonda Table -Segmented base table -Slate Top --Cast aluminum legs
La Chaise -designed in 1948 - contemporary production -Fiberglass- reinforced plastic -Metal -wood.
Chair Shell Experiments -designed in 1941-45 - molded plywood, metal, and rubber.
Experimental Minimum Chair -designed in 1948 - painted metal mesh and rod.
Eames Lounge Chair & Ottoman -released in 1956 after years of development -Made of molded plywood and leather
Colleen Vuong, Joanne Huynh, Anh Le Marcel Breuer
May 1902-July 1961 Designed Furniture in the 1920s to 1930s. After the 1930s, he designed private and commercial buildings. Used new technology and new materials in order to develop his International Style of work. Designed a whole range of tubular metal furniture including chairs, tables, stools and cupboards Helped to develop modular construction. This is the combination to form a simple but functional unit. One of his most famous piece is the Wassily Chair.
1929 Wassily Chair Tubular steel, wood, and canvas.
1965 Coffee Table Breuer designed these wooden tables for the Stillman family. Wood laminate overhanging and a black painted wooden base.
1935 Laccio Table Chromium plated tubular steel with black or white plastic laminated tops.
4-Shelf Bookshelves Wood/metal shelves, tubular metal frame.
S 285 Desk Round tubular frame, drawer component, top board.
1928 Cesca Chair Chrome plated tubular steel structure. Seat, back and armrests made of woven cane on wooden frames.
Bauhaus The new industrialized world
Bauhaus Time Line 1919-1930 in Germany Founded by Walter Gropius
Bauhaus Made to be functional Also inexpensive He created it for the new industrialized world
This is Walter
1927 Bauhaus K 40 table "I considered such polished and curved lines not only symbolic of our modern technology but actually technology itself," reflected Marcel Breuer about his celebrated table. Tubular steel table, glass top.
June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959 Frank Lloyd Wright
His Philosophy Wright had a deep knowledge of and a lot of respect for natural materials such as wood and stone. These materials had been used in different ways – covered, painted, plastered, and altered to suit any particular fashion or taste. But in his works, these materials were always used in the natural form, for example, the use of masses of stone as the natural feature of the building.
Furniture Mr. Wright first started making furniture in 1940 The first piece was a executive desk found in the Franscis Little House His first recliner seat is found in the Dana Thomas House The spindle back chair is found in the Heurtley House
Most of his furniture designs used symmetrical designs in some way. Globe made in 1903 Blend of Prairie Style and Mission/Craftsman Style
Furniture Style Prominent in Wrights own residence Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin, this signature chair is comfortable, compact, and perfect as a stand alone or as a dining room chair. This nostalgic chair is perfect the spaces you use for entertaining, intimate conversation, Wright designed variations of this recliner for many of his Prairie Era homes. This architectural hall table presents the strong horizontal and vertical lines of Wright's Prairie designs.
Mature Organic Style One of Wright's most famous private residences was built from 1934 to 1937Falling waterfor Mr. and Mrs. Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr., at Mill Run, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. It was designed according to Wright's desire to place the occupants close to the natural surroundings, with a stream and waterfall running under part of the building. The construction is a series of cantilevered balconies and terraces, using limestone Kaufmann's own engineers argued that the design was not sound. They were overruled by Wright, but the contractor secretly added extra steel to the horizontal concrete elements.
Homes Built Santa Cruz French House Hollyhock House Charles Ennis House
Stickley Furniture By: Milan Nguyen Andrew Hanna Greg Nguyen
Stickley Time Period Stickley time period was from 1926-1984
Biography Gustav Stickley was born into a fairly poor family on March 9, 1858 and died on April 21,1942 in Syracuse. Hes responsible for what is known as Mission style furniture. This in interest in furniture began when he started working in a chair factory with his uncle as a teenager and was able to produce 96,000 chairs a year. He also strongly believed in a philosophy about work and masteries of crafts.
Philosophy Stickleys philosophy was arts and crafts. Stickley's new furniture reflected his ideals of simplicity, honesty in construction, and truth to materials. Unadorned, plain surfaces were enlivening by the careful application of colorants so as not to obscure the grain of the wood and mortise and tenon joinery was exposed to emphasize the structural qualities of the works.