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Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1 loading m evaluation unit h(T) or (T) temperature sensor heat transfer medium specimen h f T T f loading m b a

2 fiber or filler content (wt.-%) PP/GF PP/talc VST (°C) Fig.: 11.2 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

3 t (h) a VST (°C) b T E water vapor homopolymer matrix material copolymer matrix material t (h) a wash lye homopolymer matrix material copolymer matrix material VST (°C) a T E Fig.: 11.3 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

4 PA66 content (wt.-%) PA6 PA a b HDT (°C) without additives carbon black nigrosine spinel iron oxide Fig.: 11.4 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

5 HDT-A glass transition region E f E E tan f T (°C) tan E (MPa) E; E (MPa) Fig.: 11.5 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

6 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.6 combustion products flame combustable gases polymer thermal feed back combustion (exothermic) ignition/auto ignition pyrolysis (endothermic) energy + O 2 2 protective layer formation

7 Fig.: 11.7 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

8 detection of ligth attenuation (laser) and smoke temperature detection of differential pressure and stack temperature exhaust duct fan soot sampling internal/external gas analysis extraction hood cone heater spark ignitor specimen in specimen holder load cell Fig.: 11.8 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

9 t (s) HRR (kWm ) -2 Fig.: 11.9 pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

10 t (s) m (%) Fig.: pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

11 t (s) CO/CO ratio Fig.: pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

12 t (s) extiction coefficient (m ) Fig.: pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

13 a b Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.13

14 a b Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

15 a b 140 °C 160 °C 180 °C property limit hot storage time (h) (°C) T (10 K ) K property value hot storage time (h) limiting temperature 130°C service life limit Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

16 Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

17 lg lg t I I II a b lg Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

18 MC LTHS LPL MV years t (h) (MPa) v T = 80 °C Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

19 burst pressure tests T (°C) initial state after 5000 h in fuel after 5000 h in diesel fuel p (bar) Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

20 x specimen Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

21 Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

22 Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

23 a b Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

24 F l/8 l/4 l/4 l/4 l/8 l sandwich plate Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

25 F l/2 l Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

26 Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

27 sandwich panel F extensometer sandwich panel mounting screw F load cell hydraulic test cylinder a b Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

28 a b Fig.: PE casing pipe 2 thermal insulation material (i.e. PUR foam) 3 carrier pipe (metal or polymer) 4 thermocouples, external 5 tube heating element (measurement of the adjustable heating capacity) 6 thermocouples, internal (measure- ment of the internal surface tempe- rature of the carrier pipe) 7 end cap (with or without opposite heating system) Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

29 b 1 steel carrier pipe 2 PE casing pipe 3 guide ring 4 base plate S pipe overhang 10 mm L specimen length, L = 2.5 × a 200 mm a PUR foam thickness d carrier pipe diameter S L F ax a d F applied load ax a Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

30 Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

31 30 years = 262,800 h PUR foam DIN EN T (°C) durability (h) Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

32 b joint assembly sand PCP F F a Fig.: Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

33 a b v adaptor base plate specimen holder workholding fixture sensing pin F l v d D l Dd 2 Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.33

34 t (weeks) t (weeks) 0 1 PEEK with HA titanium PEEK nor. shear strength (MPa) 0 1 a b Fig.: nor. shear strength (MPa) Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

35 t (s) 0 1 a b hits normalized load hits t (s) 0 1 Fig.: normalized load Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

36 F friction F (N) F max l (mm) F friction F (N) F max l (mm) lid-opening test shunt lid pull-through test a b Fig.: Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

37 F ( N ) 1 prosthesis material 1- PUR 2- silicon-rubber 3- silicon-rubber blend b F ( N ) 5 15 prosthesis material a Fig.: Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

38 deflection f (mm) rib cartilage (male, 54 years) rib cartilage (female, 74 years) impact load F (N) Fig.: Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition


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