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Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.1 loading m evaluation unit h(T) or (T) temperature sensor heat transfer medium specimen 0.108 0.124 h f T T f loading m b a

2 fiber or filler content (wt.-%) 0 10203040 PP/GF 130 120 100 90 110 140 150 PP/talc VST (°C) Fig.: 11.2 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

3 140 120 100 80 0 200 400 600 800 1000 t (h) a VST (°C) b 140 120 100 80 T E 1 2 3 4 water vapor homopolymer matrix material copolymer matrix material 0 200 400 600 800 1000 t (h) a 1 2 3 4 wash lye homopolymer matrix material copolymer matrix material VST (°C) a T E Fig.: 11.3 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

4 PA66 content (wt.-%) 180 160 140 120 0 2550 75 100 PA6 PA66 160 120 80 40 0 a b HDT (°C) without additives carbon black nigrosine spinel iron oxide Fig.: 11.4 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

5 HDT-A glass transition region E f E E tan 400 300 200 100 0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 f -50 0 50 100 150 200 T (°C) tan E (MPa) E; E (MPa) Fig.: 11.5 Chapter 11.1: Heat Distorsion Resistance. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

6 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.6 combustion products flame combustable gases polymer thermal feed back combustion (exothermic) ignition/auto ignition pyrolysis (endothermic) energy + O 2 2 protective layer formation

7 Fig.: 11.7 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

8 detection of ligth attenuation (laser) and smoke temperature detection of differential pressure and stack temperature exhaust duct fan soot sampling internal/external gas analysis extraction hood cone heater spark ignitor specimen in specimen holder load cell Fig.: 11.8 Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

9 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 t (s) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 HRR (kWm ) -2 Fig.: 11.9 pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

10 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 t (s) m (%) 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Fig.: 11.10 pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

11 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 t (s) CO/CO ratio 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 2 Fig.: 11.11 pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

12 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 t (s) 0 1 3 4 6 7 5 2 extiction coefficient (m ) Fig.: 11.12 pine, B = 17 mm multi-layered glass-fiber–epoxy resin laminate, B = 2.5 mm sandwich panel with skin layers from glass-fiber–epoxy and a Nomex honeycomb core, B = 10 mm flame retarded hemp–epoxy resin laminate, B = 4 mm Primaset PT30 resin plate, B = 6 mm Chapter 11.2: Bauer, M.: Fire Behavior. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

13 a b Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.13

14 a b Fig.: 11.14 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

15 a b 140 °C 160 °C 180 °C property limit 0 5 50 500 5000 50000 hot storage time (h) 50000 25000 10000 5000 1000 500 100 105 120 140 160 180 200 (°C) 2.645 2.544 2.421 2.309 2.207 2.110 T (10 K ) 3 -1 6 K property value hot storage time (h) limiting temperature 130°C service life limit Fig.: 11.15 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

16 Fig.: 11.16 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

17 lg lg t I I II a b lg Fig.: 11.17 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

18 MC LTHS LPL MV 1 5 10 50 100 years 10 1 10 10 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 t (h) (MPa) v T = 80 °C Fig.: 11.18 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

19 burst pressure tests 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 T (°C) initial state after 5000 h in fuel after 5000 h in diesel fuel p (bar) Fig.: 11.19 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

20 x specimen Fig.: 11.20 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

21 Fig.: 11.21 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

22 Fig.: 11.22 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

23 a b Fig.: 11.23 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

24 F l/8 l/4 l/4 l/4 l/8 l sandwich plate Fig.: 11.24 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

25 F l/2 l Fig.: 11.25 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

26 Fig.: 11.26 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

27 sandwich panel F extensometer sandwich panel mounting screw F load cell hydraulic test cylinder a b Fig.: 11.27 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

28 a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 b Fig.: 11.28 1 PE casing pipe 2 thermal insulation material (i.e. PUR foam) 3 carrier pipe (metal or polymer) 4 thermocouples, external 5 tube heating element (measurement of the adjustable heating capacity) 6 thermocouples, internal (measure- ment of the internal surface tempe- rature of the carrier pipe) 7 end cap (with or without opposite heating system) Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

29 b 1 steel carrier pipe 2 PE casing pipe 3 guide ring 4 base plate S pipe overhang 10 mm L specimen length, L = 2.5 × a 200 mm a PUR foam thickness d carrier pipe diameter 1 2 3 S L F ax a d F applied load ax a Fig.: 11.29 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

30 Fig.: 11.30 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

31 30 years = 262,800 h PUR foam DIN EN 253 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 10 6 5 4 3 T (°C) durability (h) Fig.: 11.31 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

32 b joint assembly sand PCP F F a Fig.: 11.32 Chapter 11.3: Höninger, H.: Component Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

33 a b v adaptor base plate specimen holder workholding fixture sensing pin F l v d D l Dd 2 Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition Fig.: 11.33

34 24 68 12 10 t (weeks) 24 68 12 10 t (weeks) 0 1 PEEK with HA titanium PEEK nor. shear strength (MPa) 0 1 a b Fig.: 11.34 nor. shear strength (MPa) Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

35 0102030 40 5060 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 t (s) 0 1 a b hits normalized load 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 hits 0102030 40 5060 t (s) 0 1 Fig.: 11.35 normalized load Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

36 F friction F (N) F max l (mm) F friction F (N) F max l (mm) lid-opening test shunt lid pull-through test a b Fig.: 11.36 Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

37 2 1 3 0 2 3 F ( N ) 1 prosthesis material 1- PUR 2- silicon-rubber 3- silicon-rubber blend b 2 1 3 0 10 20 F ( N ) 5 15 prosthesis material a Fig.: 11.37 Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition

38 deflection f (mm) 0123 4 5 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 rib cartilage (male, 54 years) rib cartilage (female, 74 years) impact load F (N) Fig.: 11.38 Chapter 11.4: Implant Testing. In: Grellmann, W., Seidler, S. (Eds.): Polymer Testing. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich (2013) 2. Edition


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