Overview Emergency Phone Number Emergency Evacuation Accident Reporting Lab Attire Hazard Communication: Chemicals & Biohazards & Glassware Personal Protective Equipment First Aid ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Campus Emergency: Call University Police Department (UPD) in case of an emergency. From any university phone: dial 911 or ext From your cell phone: dial
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Emergency Call: If you first call 911 using your cell phone, make sure to also notify UPD at (361) so they can assist in the response.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION At the beginning of the semester: Become familiar with your building; Know your fire exits; Know the shortest route to the nearest exit; Be aware of your surroundings; And…
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Fire Evacuation Procedures - in case of a fire: Exit the building in a calm & orderly manner. Use the shortest and safest passage to the exit. DO NOT RUN. Do not use the elevator.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Fire Evacuation Procedures Alert people and pull the fire alarm on your way out. Meet your class at the assembly area designated by your Instructor. Stay at least 100 feet away from the building (or 35 long steps)
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Fire Evacuation Procedures Do not re-enter the building until the All Clear has been announced. Regardless of whether it is a real fire alarm, false alarm, or a fire drill, you are required to follow the same procedures above.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Fire Evacuation - Helping a person with mobility impairment: Accompany him/her to an area of rescue assistance located at the stairwell landing. Call or have someone call UPD & give UPD the location.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Helping a person with mobility impairment: UPD will bring him/her down the stairway using an evacutrak. Stay with him/her until UPD arrives unless your life may be in danger. Do not use the elevator.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Fire Safety Report all malfunctioned equipment to your Instructor. Do not use frayed, damaged electrical cords. Do not overload the circuit with an electrical octopus.
Accident Reporting – Life Threatening For a life-threatening incident, contact UPD From any university phone, dial 911 or If an ambulance is needed, inform UPD so. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Emergency Call If you first call 911 using your cell phone, make sure to also notify UPD at so they will assist in the response.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Accident Reporting – Non Life-Threatening Report all non life-threatening incidents to your Instructor. Use the first aid kit in the lab. Go to the Health Center if needed.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Lab Attire: Upon entering the lab, you are required to wear: Lab coat Long pants Sturdy closed-toe closed-heel shoes
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Lab Attire Shoes should cover your feet as much as possible. Leather top & slip-resistant sole are also recommended. Without proper attire, you will be asked to leave.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Lab Safety Behavior NO FOOD, NO GUM NO DRINK NO COSMETICS Never touch, taste, or smell any chemicals Long hair tied back No horseplay (pushing, shoving, pranks, etc.)
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Emergency Equipment: Fire extinguisher or other emergency equipment may be available inside the lab. However, using them is only on a voluntary basis.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Emergency Equipment: Use emergency equipment only if: You are trained to use them. Your own safety is not compromised by using them. Remember: YOUR OWN SAFETY COMES FIRST.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Emergency Phone in your lab. When the red light is flashing and/or the phone is ringing, there may be an emergency announcement. PLEASE PICK IT UP IMMEDIATELY!
Working With Chemicals Understand your chemical before using it. There is a Material Data Safety Sheet (MSDS) or Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for every chemical in your lab. Looking at an MSDS/SDS is recommended to get to know your chemical. Ask your Instructor LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
NFPA Fire Diamond is another way to communicate chemical hazards
Potential Health Hazards of Chemicals Poisons: Chemicals capable of harming a person in a small amount. Asphyxiants: Chemicals capable of depriving the body of oxygen. Sensitizers: Chemicals capable of causing an allergic reaction upon repeated exposures LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Potential Health Hazards of Chemicals Irritants: Chemicals capable of causing inflammation, redness or itching upon exposure. Corrosives: Chemicals capable of destroying or causing irreversible damage to the skin, respiratory system, eyes. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Potential Physical Hazards of Chemicals Flammables: Chemicals capable of causing fire or explosion. Oxidizers: Chemicals capable of providing oxygen to feed a fire or explosion. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Routes of Entry: Paths that chemicals can get into your body. Inhalation Route: Contaminants enter the body through the lungs. Absorption Route: Contaminants enter the body through the skin or eyes LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Routes of Entry: Ingestion Route: Contaminants enter the body through the digestive system. Injection Route: Contaminants enter the body through a contaminated sharp object that breaks through skin. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Hazard Communication Learn about the chemicals before using them DO NOT use any chemicals without your Instructors supervision or approval. Do wear all personal protective equipment as required. When in doubt, ASK. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) You will be required to wear PPE when working with certain chemicals. Follow your Instructors direction.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Eye Protection: Goggles are required while you work with chemical in the lab. Put them on properly and keep them on while working with chemical. Goggles on your forehead WILL NOT protect your eyes.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Hand Protection: Gloves are required while you work with chemical or biological agents in the lab. Use the gloves provided to you in the lab. They are compatible with agents you work with.
Chemical in Eye: Flush eyes out for at least 15 minutes. Keep your eyes open while flushing. Have yourself checked out at the Health Center. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Chemical on skin: Flush the affected area for at least 15 minutes Have yourself checked out at the Health Center. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Ingesting Chemical: Rinse your mouth out immediately. Seek medical care or have yourself checked out at the Health Center IMMEDIATELY, if you are on campus. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by the health care provider.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Inhaling Chemical: Get out into fresh air. Have yourself checked out at the Health Center.
LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION Chemical Disposal When you are done using the chemicals, safely dispose of them as specifically instructed by your Instructor. Broken glassware Disposal Dispose of broken glassware in appropriate box. Do not place broken glassware in the trash.
Glassware Incident If you get cut from broken glassware, clean out the wound prior to bandaging it. Have yourself checked out at the Health Center if needed. If there is blood on the surface, have everyone stay away and call the Instructor IMMEDIATELY. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Handling Sharps Sharps such as scalpel, needles, etc. can also be hazardous in the lab. When using scalpel, slow down, do not use it to saw, do not put too much pressure on it. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Handling Sharps Never recap needles. Dispose of used sharps in SHARP disposal container. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Biohazard/Pathogen Safety Biohazards include: bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or any body fluids. Pathogens: agents that cause disease. Bloodborne Pathogens: microorganisms that may be transmitted through direct contact with contaminated blood, bodily fluids, or tissues. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Biohazardous Material Disposal Dispose of all biohazardous materials as directed by your instructor. Do not dispose of them in the trash. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Biohazard Precaution Treat all human blood & bodily fluids as if they are infected. Use gloves and other PPE as instructed. Avoid touching your face with your gloves. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Biohazard Precaution Place all used sharp objects – both contaminated & non-contaminated (needles, scalpel blades, etc.) in a SHARPS container. Never recap needles. LAB SAFETY ORIENTATION
Leaving the lab - when the lab session is over: Clean your workstation. Put all tools and equipment back to their proper place. Remove gloves and other PPE. Wash your hands thoroughly before leaving the lab.
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