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English I Honors Mr. Popovich. Characters are fictional people in a story. Main characters are the focus of the readers attention The protagonist is the.

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Presentation on theme: "English I Honors Mr. Popovich. Characters are fictional people in a story. Main characters are the focus of the readers attention The protagonist is the."— Presentation transcript:

1 English I Honors Mr. Popovich

2 Characters are fictional people in a story. Main characters are the focus of the readers attention The protagonist is the most important character Is involved in the main conflict May or may not be the good guy The antagonist is what opposes the protagonist A character, group, force, or an emotion May or may not be the bad guy Minor characters contribute to the readers attention They help develop the main characters They help develop the plot of the story Incidental characters fill-out the rest of the story

3 In direct characterization the author describes the personality of a character directly to the reader.... he was a simple, good-natured man; he was moreover a kind neighbor and an obedient, henpecked husband. from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving Characterization is the way in which an author reveals the personality traits of a character.

4 In indirect characterization the author reveals the personality of characters indirectly through their… physical appearance words/dialogue thoughts/feelings actions/behavior effects on others

5 The way in which an author describes a characters appearance physical features, clothing, and general demeanorprovides an insight into the personality of that character. (After his twenty-year nap) The appearance of Rip, with his long grizzled beard, his rusty fowling piece, his uncouth dress,... soon attracted the attention of the tavern politicians. from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

6 The dialogue can also reveal a lot about a character. Pay attention not only to what a character says but also to how he says it. (Entering the village after his twenty-year nap) God knows, exclaimed [Rip]..., Im not myself.Im somebody elsethats me yondernothats somebody else got into my shoesI was myself last night; but I fell asleep on the mountainand theyve changed my gunand everythings changedand Im changedand I cant tell whats my name, or who I am! from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

7 Similarly a characters private thoughts can reveal what he thinks, feels, wants, or fears. (Rip learns that friends have since passed away) Rips heart died away, at hearing of these sad changes in his home and his friends, and finding himself thus alone in the world... he had no courage to ask after any more friends, but cried out in despair, Does nobody here know Rip Van Winkle? from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

8 A characters actionswhat he does and how he does italso tell a great deal about his personality. He assisted at their sports, made their playthings, taught them to fly kites and shoot marbles, and told them long stories.... from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

9 The effect a character has on other characters also helps readers understand his personality. The children of the village... would shout with joy whenever he approached.... Whenever he went dodging about the village he was surrounded by a troop of them... and not a dog would bark at him throughout the neighborhood. from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

10 are well-rounded, just like most real people are complex personalities, just like most real people have more than one personality trait Most main characters are called round because their characterization reveals that they…

11 are NOT well-rounded can be described easily are simple characters with very few personality traits Most minor characters are called flat because their characterization reveals that they…

12 Stock characters are so flat they are stereotypes. They fit readers preconceived ideas about types, such as a mad scientist or a nagging wife They seriously lack the complexity of a real person [Rips] wife kept continually dinning in his ears about his idleness, his carelessness, and the ruin he was bringing on the family. Morning, noon, and night, her tongue was incessantly going.... from Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving

13 Dynamic characters change or grow as a result of the development of the storys action. Most dynamic characters are main characters. They can gain a new understanding, make an important decision, or take a crucial action.

14 Static characters are usually exactly the same as the story ends as they were when it began. They DO NOT change or grow as a result of the development of the plot of the story. Nonetheless, they support the plot without distracting the reader from the main action involving the protagonists change/growth. They are almost always minor or incidental.

15 Writers can make characters believable by revealing what motivates them to act as they do. A characters motivation… explains why he or she acts, feels, and/or thinks must usually be inferred from the clues of the story is based on his or her needs or conflicts

16 1. Explain the relationship between the protagonist and antagonist. The protagonist is the main character. The antagonist is the force opposing the protagonist. The conflict is the struggle between them. 2. Explain the difference between direct and indirect characterization. Direct characterization is when the author explicitly describes the character. Indirect characterization is when the reader must infer. 3. List five ways an author can reveal character indirectly. Appearance, Dialogue, Thoughts, Actions, Effects 4. Explain the difference between round and flat characters. Round characters are main characters who are well-rounded and have complex personalities. Flat characters are minor and simple characters. 5. Explain the difference between dynamic and static characters. Dynamic characters change or grow; Static characters do not.

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