2 Restrictions on Religion by the Governments of World Countries ChristianityJudaismIslamBuddhismHinduismCompare and contrast the elements of the five major world religionsMore than 730 Religions which have broken out into more than 4,200 branches
3 Social Hostilities Involving Religion Learning about religions will help us understand each other better. If we understand each other better, we may be able to avoid conflicts and come to peaceful resolutions.
7 ChristianityThe early Hebrews who eventually developed into the Jewish religion became the foundation of Christianity.Jesus, or the Messiah, was a Jewish boy who disagreed with some of the Jewish principles of his day began to profess a new way of thinking.This eventually led to the beginning of the Christian religion.
8 ChristianityChristianity started about 2000 years ago about the same time of Jesus.The central point of Christian belief is that God, the Father, entered into human history as the Son, Jesus of Nazareth, and arose as the Holy Spirit.
9 Christian PhilosophyMonotheistic – One God who is the Creator of the universe. This one God is also thought of as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.Jesus is both fully man and fully God. He was born of the Virgin Mary , crucified, resurrected from the dead, and ascended to the Father.
10 Christian Philosophy Sin and Evil are realities. The Bible is the Holy Book that records God's revelation.All believers are promised life everlasting.The leader of Christianity was Jesus, and the followers were his 12 disciples.
11 Christian Denominations CatholicProtestant (Lutheran, Methodist, Baptist, Pentecostal, etc.)OrthodoxOthers (Latter Day Saints/Mormon, Non-Trinitarian/Unitarian, etc.)
12 Largest Monotheistic Religion What is _______?HistoryBeliefsChristianityLargest Monotheistic Religion was born 2,000 years ago.Christians are the of Jesus ChristPeople brought with them as they moved around the world.Monotheism is the belief in oneChristians believe in the Trinity: father, , and holy spirit.is all powerfulBelieve Jesus on the cross.is to turn your back on God.JesusfollowersreligionGodsonGoddiedSin
13 Practices & Traditions Sacred WritingsPlaces of Worship(Spiritual Places)Practices & TraditionsHolidaysChristianityThe is a collection of sacred books and writings.Churches:Share one way in which churches are decorated:A Sacrament is something you do to receiveaName another tradition of Christianity:Christmas is the of Jesus Christ.is the holiest day of the Christian year.BibleOld & New TestamentsAltar, Cross, Pews, StatuesblessingBaptism, confirmation, communion,Prayer, Making sign of the crossbirthEaster
14 Judaism People who practice in the religion JUDAISM are called Jews. JUDAISM was the first to teach belief in only one God (Monotheistic).Two other important religions developed from Judaism: Christianity and Islam.
15 JudaismJews think that God will send a Messiah (a savior) to unite them and lead them in His way.Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah. The Jewish people do not agree; they anticipate the Messiah’s arrival in the future.Judaism teaches that death is not the end and that there is a world to come.
16 JudaismThe "Torah," the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, is the most important Jewish scripture.It contains the basic laws of Judaism.Another important book is the "Talmud," serving primarily as a guide to the civil and religious laws of Judaism.
17 Hebrew: Kept so scripture isn’t lost in translation.
18 Judaism The Jewish house of worship is called a synagogue. Rabbis (spiritual leaders) conduct services, act as interpreters of Jewish laws, and deliver sermons.Today there are over 18 million followers of Judaism scattered throughout the world. A large number of those people live in the Jewish nation of Israel. Over six million live in the United States.Judaism
19 Jewish Philosophy God is one and unique God is the creator God is lawgiverGod is judgeWe have the obligation to worshipThe Torah is God's lawThe Messiah will come.
20 First Monotheistic Religion What is _______?HistoryBeliefsJudaismFirst Monotheistic Religion Abraham lived over years ago and is the _ of a great nation.First religion to worshipled the people out of Egypt to freedom.The ten commandments are the of the Jewish people.Anti-Semitism is the against Jews.was founded as a homeland for Jews.Important to learn the language.Belief that Jews should live and act like people.are the rules to live by.4,000fatherone god.MoseslawsprejudiceIsraelHebrewGod’s10 Commandments
21 Practices & Traditions Sacred WritingsPlaces of Worship(Spiritual Places)Practices & TraditionsHolidaysJudaismTorah is The is another sacred book.A Temple and are places of prayer and study.A Cantor sings or chants theA means teacher; he/she leads the services.A is always kept burning.The prayer shawl is called theThe Yarmulke isis a way to prepare food.Tell what each holiday is:Rosh Hashanah-Yom Kippur-Hanukkah-Passover-The Jewish Laws/ how you should behaveTalmudsynagogueprayersrabbilighttallithead coveringKosherNew Year- repent sinsAtonement – make up for sins “fix it”Victory in Israel – menorahFreed from slavery
22 IslamISLAM is the name given to the religion preached by the prophet Muhammad in the 600s A. D.Muslim is the name given to the people who practice the Islam religionThe Islamic religion started in the area known as Palestine in the year 600AD.It has millions of followers, most of them in the region north and east of the Mediterranean Sea.
23 Islamic Philosophy Allah, is the one Islamic God; Monotheistic Muslims learn that life on earth is a period of testing and preparation for the life to come.Angels record good and bad deeds.People should behave themselves and help others, trusting in Allah's justice and mercy for their reward.
24 The holy book of Islam is the "Koran" or Quran The holy book of Islam is the "Koran" or Quran. Muslims believe its words to be those of Allah himself, spoken to Muhammad by an angel.Muslims pray five times daily in their mosques (churches).While praying, they face the holy city of Mecca (in Saudi-Arabia) and sometimes kneel with faces to the ground.Islam
25 Islam All Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage (trip to a sacred place) toMecca at least once intheir lifetime.
26 Dome of the RockIt was completed in , making it the oldest existing Islamic building in the world.The Foundation Stone, is in the center.According to Islamic tradition, this rock is the spot from where Muhammad ascended to Heaven .According to Jewish tradition, the stone is the site where Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac.An Islamic shrine and major landmark located on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Israel.
27 Monotheistic; Muslims are the people who practice Islam is the spiritual messenger.is a city of great importance to the Muslim people.Palestine is the language of the Muslim religion.Allah is the name of the IslamicMuslims dress the same to showdetermine your after-life.What is _______?HistoryBeliefsMuhammadMeccaCountry/land that was given to the JewsArabicGodwe are all equalin the eyes of God.Actions
28 (“Koran”) is written in Arabic Mosque: Share some facts: Sacred WritingsPlaces of Worship(Spiritual Places)Practices & TraditionsHolidaysIslam(“Koran”) is written in ArabicMosque:Share some facts:Five are duties a Muslim must perform:Testimony of faithPray times a day facingGive $$ to theFASTTrip toleads prayer.No alcohol oris a holiday in which daytime fasting is done for 1 month.is a holiday to end the fasting. Gifts are exchanged.Qur’anFriday – holy dayWash when enter; no shoes, boys & girls apart, no statues or picturespillars5MeccapoorMeccaImamporkRamadanEid-al-Fitr
30 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Venn Diagram:Judaism, Christianity, and IslamJesus is divineTrinitySacramentsOrdained MinistryNo Sacred LanguageChurch is Holy BuildingWeekly Holy Day is SundayLiturgical practice of breaking bread and wineOngoing revelationOne God- God of AbrahamSpecial Relationship with GodHistory of Ancient HebrewsImportance of ProphetsReligion is Divided into groupsPrayer occurs during religious serviceServices held in Holy BuildingJerusalem is Holy CityHebrew is Sacred LanguageCanaan is Promised LandGod is AdonaiSynagogue is Holy BuildingHoly Day is the Sabbath (Friday Night to Saturday Night)Salvation and DamnationRecitation of CreedStory of Jesus’ LifeArabic Sacred LanguageMecca Holy CityMuhammad Final ProphetKoran is Holy Book5 Pillars- To Attain SalvationDietary LawsFasting- Ramadan and Yom KippurAlmsgivingSacred LanguageGod is AllahMosque is Holy BuildingFriday prayerHajj to Mecca
31 Jerusalem: Whose Holy City? Both groups claim this territory as their Holy Land.The name Jerusalem itself is part Arabic part Hebrew that means city of peace.Wailing wall = believed by many people to be the remains of one wall of a great Jewish temple, which was torn down by the Romans.
32 Buddhism Founding person of Buddhism is Guatama, the Buddha The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk who remains the leader of the Tibetans.
33 Buddhism Buddhism is a major religion in China, Japan, and Tibet. Buddhism is the second fastest growing religion. 488 million Buddhists worldwide**Time Magazine, July 1, 2013
34 The Major Philosophy of Buddhism Love: without conditionsCompassion: or feeling at one with the person who is sufferingSympathetic Joy:Celebrate the happiness of others, and do not resent their good fortune.Impartiality: Treat everyone equally, and do not use others for personal gain or to win approval.
35 The Major Philosophy of Buddhism Buddhism states that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth called reincarnation.Each person's position in life is determined by his or her behavior in the previous life. This is known as their "karma" (also a Hindu belief).
36 Polytheistic – Many Gods Buddhism Polytheistic – Many GodsGuatama was a prince who started the religion and became theA Buddha is a god like figure who has reachedA Buddha has realized that sadness and suffering is caused byis the law of Buddhism.is the belief that when you die you are reborn again. The life form you take on is determined by your actions on Earth or youris the place you go when you become a Buddha.What is _______?HistoryBeliefsBuddhaenlightenment – left cycle of rebirthwantingDharmaReincarnationkarmaNirvana
37 Tripitaka home Pagoda Dharma NOBLE Lama Monks mind O-bon Vesak Sacred WritingsPlaces of Worship(Spiritual Places)Practices & TraditionsHolidaysSutrasShrines in yourTempleShare some facts:wheels are used while praying.Four Truths: desire or wanting createsShow CompassionNoPut othersDalai is a spiritual leader.shave their heads.Meditation is to free your of thought.: hang lanterns to guide spirits:Buddha’s birth, death, enlightenment.TripitakahomePagodaDharmaBurn incense or candles, Buddha statuesPrayer Flags. Bodhi trees, lotus flowersNOBLEGossipbullyingFirst – think, speak, actLamaMonksmindO-bonVesak
38 Hinduism HINDUISM is one of the world's oldest polytheistic religions. Over 2/3's of the world's Hindus live in India; large numbers reside in Africa also.
39 Hindu BeliefsHindus believe in many gods, numbering into the thousands.They recognize one supreme god called Brahman (the Absolute).Hindus believe in a continuous process of rebirth called "reincarnation."
40 Hindu BeliefsAt death, the Hindu's deeds (karma) determine what the next life will be.Followers work to break this cycle--birth, death, re-birth-- (referred to by writers as the "Wheel of Life") and gain release.The Hindu's soul then merges with Brahman in a condition of spiritual perfection (moksha). This is the goal of Hindus.
41 HinduismHinduism has many sacred books, the oldest being a series called the "Vedas.“Traditional Hindu society was divided into groups of four classes (or varnas). This was known as the "caste system."
42 What is _______?HistoryBeliefsHinduismOLDEST; Polytheistic is the country where Hinduism is primarily practiced.System divides people into classes and doesn’t allow them to cross the lines.was a great leader who preached tolerance and nonviolence.is the divine God.and Shiva are also Gods.Cows are believed to be and beef is not eaten.is when you have left the cycle of reincarnation (samsara).IndiaCasteGandhiBrahmanVishnusacredMoksha
43 Practices & Traditions Sacred WritingsPlaces of Worship(Spiritual Places)Practices & TraditionsHolidaysHinduismare written in the language of Sanskrit.Temple called a Mandir. Share some facts:Shrines can be found in a person’sThe forehead is marked with a bindi –dot- or tilak to:Sacred River:Raksha Bandhan:A Rakhi is a given to a sibling to show commitment.;festival of lights to honor the God of wealth & good fortune.;return of springVedasUpanishadsNo shoes; wash feet, bells, statues washed,Flowers, incense, candleshomeGood Luck; be humbleBefore prayerMarriageGangesHonor your siblingsbraceletDivaliLakshmiHoli
44 Religious SymbolsChristianityHinduismBuddhismJudaismIslam
45 How much have you learned? Hopefully you understand religions better and we can avoid conflicts and come to peaceful resolutions.Focus on similarities not differences.