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© NEI 1 EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER [29CFR 1910.120(q)&(e)] STUDENT WORKBOOK EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER.

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Presentation on theme: "© NEI 1 EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER [29CFR 1910.120(q)&(e)] STUDENT WORKBOOK EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER."— Presentation transcript:

1 © NEI 1 EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER [29CFR (q)&(e)] STUDENT WORKBOOK EMERGENCY RESPONSE TECHNICIAN HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER [29CFR (q)&(e)] STUDENT WORKBOOK Training Services and Supplies Since Brookwood Drive P.O. Box 205 Brookfield, Ohio / Training Services and Supplies Since Brookwood Drive P.O. Box 205 Brookfield, Ohio /

2 © NEI 2 I.FOUR ELEMENTS OF FIRE TETRAHEDRON: FIRE AND EXPLOSION A. B. C. D. HEAT FUEL OXIDIZER CHEMICAL REACTION CHEMICAL REACTION

3 © NEI 3 II.POTENTIAL CAUSES OF FIRE AND EXPLOSION: A. B. C. CHEMICAL REACTIONS IGNITION OF EXPLOSIVE OR FLAMMABLE CHEMICALS IGNITION OF MATERIALS DUE TO OXYGEN ENRICHMENT ( > 23.5% ) D. AGITATION OF SHOCK OR FRICTION SENSITIVE COMPOUNDS E. SUDDEN RELEASE OF MATERIALS UNDER PRESSURE A. MOVING DRUMS B. ACCIDENTALLY MIXING INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICALS C. INTRODUCING AN IGNITION SOURCE Explosions and fires may arise spontaneously. However, more commonly, they result from site activities such as: FIRE AND EXPLOSION

4 © NEI 4 IV.EXPLOSION AND FLAMMABILITY SCALE: 0 % FUEL 100 % AIR 0 % AIR 100 % FUEL LEL UEL 1.1% 7.5% TOO LEAN TO BURN TOO RICH TO BURN FLAMMABLE RANGE FLAMMABLE RANGE TLV-TWA -- IDLH FIRE AND EXPLOSION

5 © NEI 5 VI.NFPA 704 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM: FLAMMABILITY = BURNS READILY AT MOST AMBIENT TEMPERATURE 4 4 = IGNITES AT MOST AMBIENT TEMPERATURES 3 3 = IGNITES IF MODERATELY HEATED 2 2 = IGNITES IF PREHEATED 1 1 = WILL NOT BURN 0 0 HEALTH = DEADLY 4 4 = EXTREME DANGE 3 3 = HAZARDOUS 2 2 = SLIGHTLY HAZARDOUS 1 1 = ORDINARY HAZARD IN FIRE 0 0 REACTIVITY = MAY DETONATE 4 4 = SHOCK/HEAT MAY DETONATE 3 3 = VIOLENT CHEMICAL CHANGE 2 2 = UNSTABLE IF HEATED 1 1 = STABLE 0 0 SPECIAL NOTES = OXIDIZER OXY = ACID = ALKALI = CORROSIVE = USE NO WATER ACI ALK COR W W = RADIOACTIVE FIRE AND EXPLOSION

6 © NEI 6 VI.NFPA 704 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM: 3 01W FIRE AND EXPLOSION

7 © NEI 7 MW: 58.1 VP: 180mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: Miscible UEL: 12.8% FL.P: 0 0 F LEL: 2.5% IP: 9.96ev Sp.Gr: 0.79 Class IB Flammable Liquid MW: VP: 4mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: 0.2% UEL: 7.5% FL.P: 77 0 F LEL: 1.1% IP: ? Sp.Gr: 0.88 Class IC Flammable Liquid MW: VP: 7mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: Slight UEL: 7.5% FL.P: 89 0 F LEL: 1% IP: ? Sp.Gr: 0.88 Class IC Flammable Liquid MW: 58.1 VP: 180mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: Miscible UEL: 12.8% FL.P: 0 0 F LEL: 2.5% IP: 9.96ev Sp.Gr: 0.79 Class IB Flammable Liquid MW: VP: 4mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: 0.2% UEL: 7.5% FL.P: 77 0 F LEL: 1.1% IP: ? Sp.Gr: 0.88 Class IC Flammable Liquid MW: VP: 7mm BP: F FRZ: F Sol: Slight UEL: 7.5% FL.P: 89 0 F LEL: 1% IP: ? Sp.Gr: 0.88 Class IC Flammable Liquid REFERENCE MATERIAL OVERVIEW Chemical name, structure/formula CAS and RTECS Nos., and DOT ID and Guide nos. Chemical name, structure/formula CAS and RTECS Nos., and DOT ID and Guide nos. Synonyms, Trade names, And conversion factors Synonyms, Trade names, And conversion factors Exposure Limits (TWA Unless noted Otherwise) Exposure Limits (TWA Unless noted Otherwise) IDLH Physical description Physical description Chemical and Physical Properties Chemical and Physical Properties Incompatibilities and reactivates Incompatibilities and reactivates Measurement Method (See Table 1) Measurement Method (See Table 1) Acetone (CH 3 ) 2 CO AL n-Amyl acetate CH 3 COO(CH 2 ) 4 CH AJ sec-Amyl acetate CH 3 COOCH(CH 2 )C 3 H AJ Acetone (CH 3 ) 2 CO AL n-Amyl acetate CH 3 COO(CH 2 ) 4 CH AJ sec-Amyl acetate CH 3 COOCH(CH 2 )C 3 H AJ MW, BP, SOL FL.p, IP, Sp.Gr, flammability MW, BP, SOL FL.p, IP, Sp.Gr, flammability VP, FRZ UEL, LEL VP, FRZ UEL, LEL Dimethylketone, Ketone propane 2-Propanone 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m 3 Amyl acetic ester Amyl acetic ether 1-Pentanol acetate Pentyl ester of acetic acid, Primary amyl acetate 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3 1-Methylbutylacetate, 2-Pentanol acetate 2-Pentyl ester of acetic acid 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3 Dimethylketone, Ketone propane 2-Propanone 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m 3 Amyl acetic ester Amyl acetic ether 1-Pentanol acetate Pentyl ester of acetic acid, Primary amyl acetate 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3 1-Methylbutylacetate, 2-Pentanol acetate 2-Pentyl ester of acetic acid 1 ppm = 5.33 mg/m 3 NIOSH 250 ppm (590 mg/m 3 ) OSHA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH/OSHA 100 ppm (525 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH/OSHA 125 ppm (650 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH 250 ppm (590 mg/m 3 ) OSHA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH/OSHA 100 ppm (525 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH/OSHA 125 ppm (650 mg/m 3 ) 2500 ppm [10% LEL] 1000 ppm 2500 ppm [10% LEL] 1000 ppm Colorless liquid with a fragrant, Mint-like odor. Colorless liquid with a persistent, banana-like odor. Colorless liquid with a mild odor. Colorless liquid with a fragrant, Mint-like odor. Colorless liquid with a persistent, banana-like odor. Colorless liquid with a mild odor. Oxidizers, acids Nitrates; strong Oxidizers, alkalis & acids Nitrates; strong Oxidizers, alkalis & acids Oxidizers, acids Nitrates; strong Oxidizers, alkalis & acids Nitrates; strong Oxidizers, alkalis & acids Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1300, Ketones I] Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1450, Esters I] Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1450, Esters I] Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1300, Ketones I] Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1450, Esters I] Char; CS 2 ; GC/FID; IV [#1450, Esters I] XIII (13) XIII (13) XIX (19) XIX (19)

8 © NEI 8 Personal protection And sanitation (See Table 3) Personal protection And sanitation (See Table 3) Recommendations For respirator selection-maximum concentration for use (MUC) (See Table 4) Recommendations For respirator selection-maximum concentration for use (MUC) (See Table 4) Route Health hazards Target organs (See Table 5) Target organs (See Table 5) Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [Acetone] Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [n-Amyl Acetate] Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [sec-Amyl Acetate] Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [Acetone] Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [n-Amyl Acetate] Skin:Prevent skin contact Eyes:Prevent eye contact Wash Skin:When contam Remove: When wet (flamm) Change:N.R. [sec-Amyl Acetate] Symptoms (See Table 5) Symptoms (See Table 5) First aid (See Table 6) First aid (See Table 6) NIOSH 2500 ppm: CCROV*/PAPROV*/GMFOV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE NIOSH/OSHA 1000 ppm: CCROV*/GMFOV/PAPROV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE NIOSH/OSHA 1000 ppm: CCROV*/GMFOV/PAPROV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE NIOSH 2500 ppm: CCROV*/PAPROV*/GMFOV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE NIOSH/OSHA 1000 ppm: CCROV*/GMFOV/PAPROV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE NIOSH/OSHA 1000 ppm: CCROV*/GMFOV/PAPROV/ SA*/SCBAF §: SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm InhIrrit eyes, nose, throat Inghead, dizz, CNS, depres Conderm Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eye:Irr immed Skin:Soap wash immed Breath:Resp support Swallow:Medical attention immed Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS XXIII (23) XXIII (23) XXV (25) XXV (25) XVII (17) XVII (17) XXXIII (33) XXXIII (33) XXXIII (33) XXXIII (33) XXXVII (37) XXXVII (37) REFERENCE MATERIAL OVERVIEW

9 © NEI 9 SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS A Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) usually consists of a face piece connected by a hose and a regulator to an air source carried by the wearer. I.COMPONENTS: CYLINDER HARNESS ASSEMBLY REGULATOR BREATHING TUBE FULL FACEPIECE AIR SUPPLY HOSE CYLINDER VALVE EXHALATION VALVE

10 © NEI 10 SUPPLIED-AIR RESPIRATORS Supplied-Air Respirators (SAR) (also known as airline respirators) supply breathing air, never oxygen, to a face piece via a supply line from a source located some distance away and connected to the user by an air line hose. I.COMPONENTS: REGULATOR BREATHING TUBE FULL FACEPIECE AIR SUPPLY HOSE BELT FOR REGULATOR

11 © NEI 11 I.COMPONENTS: EXHALATION VALVE FULL FACEPIECE FILTER SORBENT CARTRIDGE FILTER SORBENT CARTRIDGE Air-Purifying Respirators selectively remove specific airborne contaminants from ambient air by filtration, absorption or chemical reactions. AIR-PURIFYING RESPIRATORS

12 © NEI 12 CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING IV.LEVELS OF PROTECTION: LEVELRESPIRATORC.P.C.PROTECTION A A B B C C D D Pressure-demand full-face piece SCBA Pressure-demand supplied-air respirator with escape SCBA. Pressure-demand full-face piece SCBA Pressure-demand supplied-air respirator with escape SCBA. Fully-encapsulating, chemical-resistant suit. Will give vapor protection. Fully-encapsulating, chemical-resistant suit. Will give vapor protection. The highest available level of respiratory, skin, and eye protection. The highest available level of respiratory, skin, and eye protection. Pressure-demand full-face piece SCBA Pressure-demand supplied-air respirator with escape SCBA. Pressure-demand full-face piece SCBA Pressure-demand supplied-air respirator with escape SCBA. Chemical-resistant clothing (overalls & long-sleeved jackets; disposable chemical resistant one piece suit). Chemical-resistant clothing (overalls & long-sleeved jackets; disposable chemical resistant one piece suit). The same level of respiratory protection but less skin protection than level A. The same level of respiratory protection but less skin protection than level A. Full-facepiece, air-purifying, canister-equipped respirator. Full-facepiece, air-purifying, canister-equipped respirator. Chemical-resistant clothing (overalls & long-sleeved jackets; disposable chemical resistant one piece suit). Chemical-resistant clothing (overalls & long-sleeved jackets; disposable chemical resistant one piece suit). The same level of skin protection as level B, but a lower level of respiratory protection. The same level of skin protection as level B, but a lower level of respiratory protection. No respiratory protection is provided. No respiratory protection is provided. Coveralls, safety boots/ shoes, safety glasses or chemical splash goggles, hard hat. Coveralls, safety boots/ shoes, safety glasses or chemical splash goggles, hard hat. No respiratory protection. Minimal skin protection. No respiratory protection. Minimal skin protection. The individual components of clothing and equipment must be assembled into a full protective ensemble that both protects the worker from the site specific hazards and minimizes the hazards and drawbacks of the PPE ensemble itself. LEVEL A LEVEL B LEVEL C LEVEL D


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