4Contributing Causes to Injuries Hurrying – inattention to surroundings while rushing from one destination to another.Increased workload or tight deadlines.Footwear – wearing of proper footwear (e.g., wearing heels/platform shoes at work).New/upgraded institutional database systems that increase pointing device use.Maturing Workforce (wear and tear)Infrequent heavy lifting (H2O bottles, tote boxes, etc.)Repetitive nature of daily work activities.
5Force – Frequency – Posture - Duration Sources of Workplace Ergonomic RisksRepetitive MotionsPostural StressorsContact StressorsStatic ExertionsForceful ExertionsIndependentlyorIn CombinationWe’ve done our research and have found that these biomechanical stressors and forces independently or in combination are risk exposures that lead to musculoskeletal disorders.Force – Frequency – Posture - Duration
6Ergonomic Risk Factors Awkward Postures and ReachesStatic posturesRepetitive motionForceful exertionContact pressureThere are six risk factors that have been documented as leading to computer workstation ergonomic-related injuries. They are: (read slide). Attempts should be made to alleviate or correct the risk factor.
9Warning Signs Watch for: Tingling or numbness in hands Pain: sharp, dull or burning sensationStiffness, reduced range of motion in arms, wristsClumsiness, loss of grip strength or coordinationVisual fatigue, watery eyes, dryness.
11Employee Expectations Promptly report ergonomic concerns and/or discomfort to supervisor.Report to Health Services for medical assistance.Request ergo evaluation to identify at risk conditions.Properly utilize ergo accessories.Consistently perform safe ergonomic work practices.Paraphrase the responsibilities of the LLNL worker.Workers are defined as everyone at LLNL, including supplemental labor and contract employees.Ask if there are any questions, and provide answers/remedial discussion before proceeding to the next module.
12Supervisor Responsibilities Complete Job Hazards Questionnaire (JHQ) within 1 month of employee’s hire; update annually or when job changes.Review Training Profile. Ensure completion of required training within 6 months of employment or with new job assignment.Request ergo evaluation if employee works > 4 hours at computer. Know CUE requirements.Implement ergo evaluation recommendations.Direct employees with ergo-related discomfort to Health Services.Complete SAAR reports within 2 working days.Paraphrase the responsibilities of the supervisor.Note that these responsibilities apply to the work supervisor. However, the payroll supervisor also may be responsible for these activities. In some cases, the work supervisor may also be the payroll supervisor.Emphasize: It is the supervisor’s responsibility to assure the proper equipment is provided. If this means that equipment must come through the procurement department, then the supervisor should make sure it is done.
13Triggers for an Ergo Evaluation Discomfort or pregnancyNew EmployeeNew/different job assignment(s) requiring more computer time or repetitive motionsPhysical move/relocationVisit to Physician or WComp Claim openedAcquisition of new computer equipment or computer furniture
15Online Ergo Eval Request Can be made by employee, ergo evaluator, supervisor or safety coordinator.Steps:Go from A-Z index to “Ergo Information for Employees”.Then click “Evaluation Request.” in left margin.Enter LDAP user name and password.Complete information.Submit.
18Stairways and Step Stools When using a step stool:Make sure it is tall enough.Place on even surface.Climb facing the steps.Don’t over reach.Hold handrailEyes on pathProper footwearCarry small packagesWatch out for debris
19Ergo Resources Ergo Display Center Ergo Website, classes, CDs and videosLBNL Chair and Workstation Loaner ProgramsEH&S Ergo Accessories Loaner ProgramConsult with ergo evaluator, safety coordinator, EH&S division liaison and/or healthcare professional.New EHS 62 WorkSmartDownload Stretchware:Go: “A-Z” “S” “Stretchware: Computer Work Break Software”
20In Closing . . .Invest in basic ergo equipment: chair and keyboard tray, compatible input devices, etc.Request preventive ergo evaluations.Maintain safe ergonomic postures and movements (work and home).Report of fatigue/discomfort (do not ignore!)Seek assistance from Health Services.Implement timely ergo corrective actions.Complete SAAR investigations (2 days of receipt).