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Studying the History of New Hampshire Adapted from A New Hampshire History Curriculum, Book 1 (1997) and Book 2 (1999), by Judith Moyer et al. Concord:

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Presentation on theme: "Studying the History of New Hampshire Adapted from A New Hampshire History Curriculum, Book 1 (1997) and Book 2 (1999), by Judith Moyer et al. Concord:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Studying the History of New Hampshire Adapted from A New Hampshire History Curriculum, Book 1 (1997) and Book 2 (1999), by Judith Moyer et al. Concord: New Hampshire Historical Society. Topic Suggestions Arranged by Focus and by Era in a Quick Reference Chart

2 Chart 2 Table of Contents Slide 1: Title Slide 2: Table of Contents Slide 3: Introduction Slide 4: Quick Reference Chart Slides 5–15: Boundaries Slides 16–26: Natural Environment & People Slides 27–37: Cultures, Races, & Ethnic Groups Slides 38–48: Politics Slides 49–59: Technology & Science Slides 60–70: Nongovernmental Groups Slides 71–81: Material Wants & Needs Slides 82–92: Self-expression Slides 104: End Slide Slides 93–103: Notable People by Era (Appendix)

3 Chart 3 Introduction The main slide in this presentation is a quick reference chart (next slide) in which eight key focus topics intersect with ten eras of New Hampshire history. At each intersection is a short list of suggestions for study which may profitably be pursued by a student in search of a subject for research or by a teacher structuring a unit of study. In addition, notable people with connections to New Hampshire history are listed by era in an appendix.next slideappendix Where appropriate, study topics are linked to pertinent areas of the New Hampshire Historical Societys Web site. Such materials also may be found on the Societys CD-ROM, but there is no direct link. The presentation supplements the two books of the New Hampshire History Curriculum completed between 1997 and It is hoped that all teachers have access to these books, which were distributed to school libraries after they were published. Book 1Book 1 (grades K–6) is also available through the New Hampshire Historical Societys Web site. To receive Book 2 (grades 7–12) contact the museum store at 603/ or order directly on-line.on-line Contents

4 Chart 4 Quick Reference Chart Clicking on a rectangle below takes you to study topics for the intersecting focus and era ERAS FOCUS AREAS Up to to to 1820s 1801 to to to to to to early 1970s 1968 to Now 1 Boundaries 2 Natural Environment & People 3 Cultures, Races, & Ethnic Groups 4 Politics 5 Technology & Science 6 Nongovernmental groups 7 Material Wants & Needs 8 Self-expression Contents

5 Chart 5 1.Boundaries What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Questions to Explore What is a boundary? Where are the boundaries around me? What do they mean to me? Where are there boundaries in N.H.? Where am I in relation to the boundaries in N.H.? Why do we have boundaries in N.H.? How can I tell where a boundary is? How were the natural boundaries of N.H. formed? How have people set manmade boundaries in N.H.? Have boundaries in N.H. always been in the same place? If they have moved, when did they, where did they, who moved them, and why? Contents

6 Chart 6 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Natural Boundaries: N.H. Landscape Formation Human Boundaries: Native American Lands, European Claims & Grants Mapping People

7 Chart 7 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Grant Controversies Abenaki vs. European Ideas of Ownership Massachusetts Bay & the Merrimack River Massachusetts Bay & the Merrimack River Boundaries after the Treaty of Paris, 1763 Boundaries after the Treaty of Paris, 1763 Town Boundaries Atlantic Community People

8 Chart 8 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Settlement of the Interior N.H.-Vermont Boundary County Boundaries International Boundaries Surveying People

9 Chart 9 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Manifest Destiny Webster-Ashburton Treaty County Boundaries State Sale of Public Lands Period Maps Indian Stream Republic People

10 Chart 10 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Regionalism vs. National Identity Urban Growth People

11 Chart 11 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics State Park System: Monadnock State Park Geological Survey People

12 Chart 12 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Public Lands Regulation of Growth Fire Insurance Maps White Mountain National Park Franconia Notch: State Recreation & Conservation Land People

13 Chart 13 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Vermont-N.H. Boundary: Connecticut River Court Ruling State Park System Mapping People

14 Chart 14 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Maine-N.H. Boundary: Lobster War Deeds and Ownership Zoning Geological Survey Maps People

15 Chart 15 Focus 1Focus 1: Boundaries Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Maine-N.H. Boundary & Taxes: Piscataqua River Dispute Zoning Satellite Mapping Community Planning Maps N.H. Department of Transportation Maps People

16 Chart 16 2.Natural Environment & People How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Questions to Explore What is the natural environment? What is the natural environment around me like? How do I cause changes in the natural environment? How does the natural environment affect what I do and how I do it? What are the seasons where I live and how do they affect me? What is the natural environment like in different regions of N.H.the Seacoast, the Merrimack River Valley, the Monadnock Region, the Connecticut River Valley, the Lakes Region, the White Mountains, the North Country? Contents

17 Chart 17 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Beginnings–1623) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics European Attraction to N.H. Exploration Land Use Place Names Native American Culture: Alterations of the Land Native American Culture: Alterations of the Land People

18 Chart 18 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Atlantic Basin Migration Access to Europe & the West Indies Logging, Sawdust, & Waterways Population Distribution Transportation Regionalism People

19 Chart 19 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Raw Materials Sectionalism Land/Resource Use: Over- Hunting, Over-Trapping, & Over-Cutting Ports & Trade People

20 Chart 20 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Water Power Mills Transportation Barriers Canals & Waterways Sheep & Farming Railroad Building Going West People

21 Chart 21 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Movement between States: Leaving N.H. Deforestation & Farming Trade between States People

22 Chart 22 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Industrialization Pollution Logging & Railroads Paper Industry Nature & Art People

23 Chart 23 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Deforestation Conservation Decline of the Family Farm Tourism & the Great Hotels Weeks Act Settlement Patterns Roads & the Automobile People

24 Chart 24 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Roads & Autos Drought, Wind, & Flood Dust Bowl Effects CCC Camps Victory Gardens Fires & Fire-Fighting People

25 Chart 25 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Reforestation Pollution & Hazardous Wastes: the Environmental Movement Recreational Sports Military Bases Interstate Highway System Durham & the Onassis Refinery People

26 Chart 26 Focus 2Focus 2: Natural Environment & People Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Conservation vs. Development Ski Industry Organic Farming Fishways People

27 Chart 27 3.Cultures, Races, & Ethnic Groups What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Questions to Explore What ethnic, national, or cultural groups are part of my own history? What do I know about their ways of life? What ethnic, national, and cultural groups have lived in N.H.? When? Where? Why? What ways of life did these groups follow? What has been the dominant cultural group in N.H. since 1763? How have ethnic, national, and cultural groups left their marks on N.H. history? Where do I fit into the history of ethnic, national, or cultural groups in N.H.? How has my life borrowed from different groups? Contents

28 Chart 28 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Abenaki Culture at Contact European Fishermen European Explorers Protestant Reformation Epidemics Early Contact People

29 Chart 29 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Abenaki Culture after Contact Abenaki Culture after Contact Atlantic Basin Migration Blacks & Slavery King Phillips War French & English Columbian Exchange Londonderry Scots-Irish People

30 Chart 30 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Disestablishment Religious Differences Interior Settlement Blacks, Indians, British U.S. Census Alien & Sedition Acts Native American Emigration & Assimilation People

31 Chart 31 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Blacks (Slaves & Free) Religious Sects Factory Workers Immigrant Mill Workers Anti-Slavery in N.H.: the Underground Railroad Nativism Myths about the West U.S. Census People

32 Chart 32 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Know-Nothings Race Riots Fugitives Ratification of the 14th Amendment Population Decline Immigration People

33 Chart 33 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Emigration Industrialization & Unionism U.S. Census Religious Diversity People

34 Chart 34 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Education & Americanization Urbanization Communism: the Red Scare Treaty of Portsmouth U.S. Census People

35 Chart 35 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Prison Camps Small-Town Life Education Nazi Movement U.S. Census People

36 Chart 36 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Consensus Values Immigration Communism: the Red Scare Racism U.S. Census People

37 Chart 37 Focus 3Focus 3: Cultures, Races & Ethnic Groups Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Diversity Immigration Language in Schools Education International Health Issues (AIDS) U.S. Census People

38 Chart 38 4.Politics How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Questions to Explore What are politics? What is government? Why do we have rules and laws? Why do I have to follow rules and laws made by government? Where did the rules and laws under which I live come from? What are some of the rules and laws that I have to obey? Will I be able to make or change any of the rules and laws that I have to obey? When? How? How have other people in N.H. history made or changed the rules and laws that they had to obey? How have people, including Native Americans, been governed in N.H. history? Contents

39 Chart 39 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Native American Tribes: Abenaki Governance Exploration European Claims & Grants People

40 Chart 40 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Native American Tribes: Abenaki Leaders Native American Tribes: Abenaki Leaders Exploration English, French, & Indian Wars European Claims & Grants N.H. & the Massachusetts Bay Colony N.H. & the Massachusetts Bay Colony N.H. & the English Crown People

41 Chart 41 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Declaration of Independence N.H. & US Constitutions Rebels & Tories N.H. Slave Petition Enlightenment Ideas Republican Virtue People

42 Chart 42 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Embargo & War of 1812 Portsmouth Navy Yard Jacksonian Democracy Daniel Webster Manifest Destiny Republican Party Free-Soil Party People

43 Chart 43 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Know-Nothings Raising an Army & Navy Constitutional Amendments Lincoln in N.H. Franklin Pierce Republican Party Morrill Act N.H. in Battle & on the Homefront N.H. in Battle & on the Homefront People

44 Chart 44 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Railroads, Corruption & Control Suffrage Movement Populism Spanish-American War Old Home Day Gold vs. Silver Standard Education People

45 Chart 45 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics World War I Suffrage Protective Legislation Prohibition Teddy Roosevelt in N.H. Progressivism Labor Movement Red Scare People

46 Chart 46 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 8: Great Depression and World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Governor Winant Camp Stark WWII: N.H. at Home & Abroad N.H. & the New Deal F.D. Roosevelt in N.H. Welfare Women in Government Town & City Government People

47 Chart 47 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics First-in-Nation Primary Civil Rights Movement Cold War in N.H. Subversive Activities Law Grenier & Pease Air Fields Korea & Viet Nam Tax Issues Town & City Government People

48 Chart 48 Focus 4Focus 4: Politics Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics N.H. Constitution & Amendments Taxation State Symbols TV & Elections Gulf Wars & War on Terrorism Welfare Town Meetings People

49 Chart 49 5.Technology & Science How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Questions to Explore What is technology? What technologies do I use every day? What technologies would I like to use? Where do technologies come from? What decides who gets to use technologies? What are some of the technologies people have used at different times in N.H. history? Who used them? When? Why? How has technology affected the natural environment in N.H.? What are some examples of how technology has helped the natural environment? What are some examples of how technology has harmed the natural environment? Contents

50 Chart 50 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Native American Technologies Native American Technologies Sailing & Navigation Technologies European Firearms Health & Medicine Mapping Views of the World People

51 Chart 51 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Native American–European Exchange of Technologies Native American–European Exchange of Technologies Tools Household Technologies Transportation Waterpower Surveying & Mapping People

52 Chart 52 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Roads & Bridges Embargo & Home Production Print Technology & Revolution Health & Medicine Weaponry People

53 Chart 53 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Mills: Textiles & Shoes Canals Railroads Mill Girls & Immigrant Labor Concord Coach Water Power & Steam Power People

54 Chart 54 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Photography & H.P. Moore Thaddeus Lowe & the Union Balloon Corps Weaponry Wartime Production People

55 Chart 55 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Paper & Pulp Cog Railway Railroads: Tourism & Logging Steam Engines Trolleys Household Technologies Covered Bridges People

56 Chart 56 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Automobiles & Roads Telephone Electricity Radio Trolley Lines Portsmouth Navy Yard People

57 Chart 57 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Health & Medicine Farm Machinery Defense Industries Wartime Production People

58 Chart 58 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Pollution & Ecological Damage Energy Sources Space Exploration Electronic Communication Military Bases Nuclear Technology People

59 Chart 59 Focus 5Focus 5: Technology & Science Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics N.H. in Space Computers Light Manufacturing Urbanization Settlement Patterns Power Sources People

60 Chart 60 6.Nongovernmental Groups What have nongovernmental organizations and groups contributed to N.H. life? Questions to Explore What is a nongovernmental group or organization? To what nongovernmental groups or organizations do I belong? Why? What do the groups to which I belong do? To what groups do people I know belong? Why? What do the groups do? What groups or organizations have helped form N.H. history? How? When? Where? Why? What do nongovernmental groups do that the government does not do? How have nongovernmental groups changed the government? How have nongovernmental groups affected the quality of N.H. life? Contents

61 Chart 61 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Abenaki Families & Clans Council for New England (Joint Stock Companies) Protestant Reformation People

62 Chart 62 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Great Awakening Families Joint Stock Companies Churches Schools People

63 Chart 63 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Daughters of Liberty Women & Boycotts Freemasonry Benevolent Societies Revolution & the Homefront People

64 Chart 64 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Doctors vs. Midwives Utopian Communities Social Reformers (Abolition, Womens Rights, Prisons & Asylums) Lodges & Philanthropic Organizations N.H. Historical Society People

65 Chart 65 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Underground Railroad Secret Order of the Star Spangled Banner Surgeons & Nurses Patriotic Societies People

66 Chart 66 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics N.H. Grange Womans Christian Temperance Union N.H. Teachers Association N.H. Bar Association Youth Camps N.H. Woman Suffrage Association People

67 Chart 67 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Society for the Protection of N.H. Forests N.H. Audubon Society League of N.H. Craftsmen N.H. Federation of Womens Clubs Temperance/Prohibition Suffrage People

68 Chart 68 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Cooperative Extension Service Red Cross Childrens Organizations (Camps, Scouting, 4-H) Civic Luncheon Clubs People

69 Chart 69 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Daughters of the American Revolution Peace Movement Civil Rights Organization Feminist Organizations Veterans Organizations Private Schools People

70 Chart 70 Focus 6Focus 6: Nongovernmental Groups Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question What have nongovernmental groups contributed to N.H. life? Study Topics Farmers Markets Appalachian Mountain Club Hippies Environmental Groups Womens Organizations Peace Movement Labor Unions People

71 Chart 71 7.Material Wants & Needs How have people and organizations interacted to produce, distribute, and consume wealth and take care of material needs in N.H.? Questions to Explore What do I need to survive in N.H.? What do I want but not need? How do/can I get these things? Where do these things come from? How have people in N.H. throughout history gotten the things they needed and wanted? When? Where? What in the natural N.H. environment have people used to make what they needed or wanted? To make goods or earn money that they could exchange for what they needed or wanted? What ways did people use to trade and exchange what they had for what they wanted or needed in N.H. history? Contents

72 Chart 72 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Native American Hunting, Gathering & Agriculture Native American Hunting, Gathering & Agriculture Native American Trade European Need for Resources Columbian Exchange Fishing People

73 Chart 73 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Fur, Fish, Lumber, Farms Abenaki Economy after Contact Slavery Home Production Barter People

74 Chart 74 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Provincial Currency Privateers Embargo & Home Manufacturing Gold & Silver People

75 Chart 75 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Pre-Capitalism to Capitalism Cash Economy vs. Barter Banks Early Textile Mills Agriculture People

76 Chart 76 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Wartime Manufacturing Wartime Commerce Home Front Wartime Shortages Military Provisioning Financing War People

77 Chart 77 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Westward Ho! Gilded Age Employment of Children Employment of Women Class & Leisure Urbanization People

78 Chart 78 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Decline of Family Farm Home Front: World War I Textiles Shoe Manufacturing Tourism Mail Order Catalogs Wage Labor People

79 Chart 79 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics Great Depression in N.H. Home Front : World War II Women Working Faltering Industries Wartime Shortages Social Security People

80 Chart 80 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics N.H. Sweepstakes Lottery Ski Industry Multi-National Corporations Light Manufacturing Post-Secondary Education Soldiers Come Home Middle Class & Consumption People

81 Chart 81 Focus 7Focus 7: Material Wants & Needs Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question How have people & organizations interacted to produce, distribute, & consume wealth & take care of material needs in N.H.? Study Topics NAFTA Service Economy Migrant Labor Military Base Closings Two N.H.s Consumerism People

82 Chart 82 8.Self-Expression How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Questions to Explore How do I express my thoughts and feelings? What creative arts and crafts could I use to express my thoughts and feelings? Writing? Talking? Drama? Music? Drawing? Painting? Sculpture? Needlework? Dancing? Others? How have individuals and different ethnic, cultural, or national groups expressed their thoughts and feelings in or about N.H.? What can I learn about N.H. history by looking at the arts and crafts of N.H. people? What writers, artists and craftspeople are connected to N.H.? What does their work say to us? What does their work say about the state? About life? Contents

83 Chart 83 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Abenaki arts, crafts, & oral culture Abenaki arts, crafts, & oral culture European Explorer Narratives Artifacts People

84 Chart 84 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Abenaki legends, traditions, & music Captivity Narratives Sermons Newspapers Gravestones Travel & Missionary Narratives People

85 Chart 85 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics US Constitution & the Press Broadsides Songs of the Revolution Weaving & Needlework Jeremy Belknap: History of N.H. Political Writings Furniture Making People

86 Chart 86 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Sarah Josepha Hale Singing Hutchinsons Shakers Thomas Cole Songs of Reforms Lyceums Newspapers Essays & Books People

87 Chart 87 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Harriet Adams: Our Nig Celia Thaxter Photography White Mountain School Letters & Diaries Soldiers Journals & Letters Regimental Flags & Banners Military Music People

88 Chart 88 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Amy Beach Maxfield Parrish Augustus Saint-Gaudens Mary Baker Eddy Monuments & Memorials Sculpture Parades People

89 Chart 89 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Robert Frost Edward MacDowell Memorial Day Community Pageants Historical Preservation Mass Leisure & Culture People

90 Chart 90 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Robert Frost Popular Music, Big Bands, Dancing Radio Shows Willa Cather Folk Art & Crafts People

91 Chart 91 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Elizabeth Yates Rock n Roll TV on the Rise Popular Magazines Advertising J.D. Salinger People

92 Chart 92 Focus 8Focus 8: Self-Expression Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) Era Focus Question How have N.H. people expressed their views, and what have they had to say? Study Topics Aerosmith Lotte Jacobi Maxine Kumin Donald Hall Jane Kenyon May Sarton Ernest Hebert People

93 Chart 93 Appendix People in New Hampshire History The following ten slides, arranged by era, list some people who were prominent in the history of New Hampshire. Information about most of the people can be found in one of the resources listed in the bibliography of The Curriculum of New Hampshire, Book 1.The Curriculum of New Hampshire, Book 1. Certainly there are omissions; as the compilers indicate, the list is not exhaustive, but merely a work in progress. Contents

94 Chart 94 People in New Hampshire History Era 1: Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) Era Abenakis John Cabot Samuel de Champlain Queen Elizabeth I Leif Erickson Fernando Gorges John Mason Martin Pring Captain John Smith Contents

95 Chart 95 People in New Hampshire History Era 2: Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) Era Eunice Goody Cole John Cutt Hannah Duston John Eliot Kancamagus Passaconaway David Thomson Richard Waldron Weetamo Governor Benning Wentworth Lt. Governor John Wentworth Sarah Hunking Wentworth Wonalancet Contents

96 Chart 96 People in New Hampshire History Era 3: Revolution & the New Nation (1754–1820s) Era Josiah Bartlett Mary Bartlett Jeremy Belknap Samuel Blodget Wentworth Cheswill Amos & Violate Fortune King George III Jude Hall Marquis de Lafayette John Langdon John Pickering William Plummer Benjamin Pritchard Paul Revere Jonathan Sewall John Stark Molly Stark John Sullivan Benjamin Thompson Matthew Thornton Meschech Weare Frances Deering Wentworth Prince Whipple William Whipple Governor John Wentworth Contents

97 Chart 97 People in New Hampshire History Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) Era J. Stephens Abbot & Lewis Downing Sarah Bagley Lucy Crawford Hannah Davis Harriet Farley Sarah Josepha Hale Singing Hutchinsons Thomas B. Laighton Nathaniel, Mary, & Daniel Rogers Daniel Webster John Greenleaf Whittier Contents

98 Chart 98 People in New Hampshire History Era 5: Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) Era W.H. Abel William Brown (Brown Paper Co.) Benjamin Champney Salmon P. Chase Harriet P. Dame John P. Hale Edward F. Hall Frank Jones Abraham Lincoln Thaddeus Lowe Sylvester Marsh Henry P. Moore Franklin Pierce Celia Thaxter Harriet Adams Wilson Contents

99 Chart 99 People in New Hampshire History Era 6: Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) Era Thomas Bailey Aldrich Mary Baker Eddy Augustus Saint- Gaudens John, George, & Charles Pillsbury Marilla Ricker Ezekial Straw R.G. Sullivan Contents

100 Chart 100 People in New Hampshire History Era 7: Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) Era Amy Cheney Beach Mary Hamilton Coolidge Dr. Mary Louise Farnum & Jessie Doe Daniel Chester French Edward & Marian MacDowell Wallace Nutting Maxfield Parrish Governor Frank Rollins Theodore Roosevelt John W. Weeks Contents

101 Chart 101 People in New Hampshire History Era 8: Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) Era Fredericka Brungot Hilda Constance Robert Frost Francis P. Murphy Franklin Delano Roosevelt Governor John Winant Contents

102 Chart 102 People in New Hampshire History Era 9: Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) Era Sherman Adams Governor John King William Loeb Alan Shepard John Swenson Elizabeth Yates Contents

103 Chart 103 People in New Hampshire History Era 10: Contemporary U.S. (1968–Now) Era Aerosmith Craig Benson Dudley W. Dudley Lotte Jacobi Donald Hall Maxine Kumin Christa McAuliffe Aristotle Onassis Vesta Roy Jeanne Shaheen Shaw Brothers David Souter John Sununu Meldrim Thomson Contents

104 Chart 104 ©2004 Christopher MacLeod for the New Hampshire Historical Society Christopher MacLeod Christopher MacLeod Contents


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