3 GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY GISREMOTE SENSINGGEOGRAPHICAL PROFILINGCOMPUTER BASED ANALYSISGEOSPATIAL INTELLIGENCE –A NEW TOOL WITH LEA AND ARMED FORCESTERRORISTS ALSO USE THEM
4 EXAMPLES……………………………….. 26/11-model by LeT..VIDEO BY HEADLEYGOOGLE MAP AND HOUSE OF LAKHVINAXALITES USING MAPS/ TOPOSHEETSKIM DAVY IN PURULIA ARMS DROPPING CASECHAMBAL RAVINES AND DAKUS
5 GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHYSometime soon after 11 September 2001, Osama bin Laden and his second in command, Ayman al-Zawahiri, in a seemingly indistinguishable ravine somewhere and praised the 9/11 attacks before the Al Jazeera cameraman. The video camera was apparently set up on a tripod -- surface topography, and rock types of the area.ravine showed only the highly weathered rock and sedimentdirectly behind the terrorists, as well as a probable shear or fault zonerocky tor landforms on the horizon.--the tors and shear zone were obvious and seemed similar to other rocks and landforms --Nangahar Province near there.
6 ……………………….contd bin Laden was indeed somewhere in Afghanistan, and most likely to the east in the Pushtun tribal areasmost probable location of bin Laden in the western Spin Ghar Range, near a prominent fault zonegeology, hydrology,image analysis, geography, and GIS.
7 Before a team of elite Navy forces stormed Osama bin Laden’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, they and senior US officials had closely studied a digital mock-up of the facility and even a physical miniature, able to be laid out on a table.The model was built over the past several months by analysts at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency ---employed a global network of imagery satellites and sensors, some of which are so precise they’re banned from being sold on the commercial market.
8 NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL INT AGENCY………………………………………….. The NGA's contributions to the bin Laden mission are substantial.Creating three-dimensional renderings of the Abbottabad compound using imagery and laser-based sensing devices—laser radar, or ladar.Analyzing data from a sophisticated next-generation drone that kept watch on the compound before, during, and after the raid. The drone was an RQ-170 built by Lockheed Martin.Helping the Joint Special Operations Command create mission simulators for the pilots who flew the helicopters into the breach.Providing to the CIA and other policymakers assessments of the number of people who lived inside the compound, their heights and genders.
9 NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL INT AGENCY NGA's technological capacities are very secret, because if the terrorists can ascertain what the agency can do with remote sensing data, they can alter their plans accordingly.NGA can determine, from quite a distance, what an object or a building is made of.It conducts sophisticated pattern analysis of human characteristics, such as gait and body size.It possesses some of the most sophisticated facial recognition software on Earth.It has mastered “all-weather” imagery analysis: hyperspectral and multispectral sensors on satellites and drones can see through thick clouds.
10 GEOGRAPHIC PROFILINGGeographic profiling is an investigative support technique for serial violent crime investigations.The process analyzes locations connected to a series of crimes to determine the most probable area in which the offender lives.Geographic profiling should be regarded as an information management system designed to help focus an investigation, prioritize tips and suspects, and suggest new strategies to complement traditional methods.
11 PREVENT INFILTRATIONS PLANNING FENCING STRATEGIC CAMPS OF SECURITY FORCESLOCATION OF TERROR CAMPS
12 INVESTIGATION INVESTIGATION IS GEOGRAPHY DEPENDENT SANJAY GHOSH CASE SOIL IN THE SHOESLIGHT CONDITIONSCLIMATE/WEATHERMAPS AND EVIDENCE