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TRI LATERAL SAFETY ALLIANCE (TLSA)

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1 TRI LATERAL SAFETY ALLIANCE (TLSA)
CONTRACT EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION ATIS The Drive To Achieve “Zero Incident Performance” Welcome to TLSA Contract Employee Safety Orientation training. This presentation has been designed to communicate consistent expectations to contract personnel working on TVA property or property where TVA has a Right of Way This course provides an overview of the elements of our safety emphasis and reinforces our drive toward “Zero Incidents”. Please listen attentively. Your knowledge and commitment to implementation of the safety program elements presented here are critical to the success of our Safety Program. June 11, 2013

2 Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance THE TLSA SPEAKS WITH ONE VOICE ON SAFETY
Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance (TLSA) Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance A partnership among Tennessee Valley Authority, Tennessee Valley Trades and Labor Council, and Contractors working together toward an environment in which all employees take ownership of safety, eliminate at risk behaviors, intervene in unsafe acts or conditions, and achieve zero incident performance. THE TLSA SPEAKS WITH ONE VOICE ON SAFETY The primary role of the TLSA is to serve, support, and protect the safety and health of all employees working at TVA locations regardless of their employer. The TLSA exists for employee safety. The Tri-Lateral Safety Committee (TLSA) was established as a tool to improve safety at TVA facilities. Membership consists of the following: • Representatives of contractor management • TVTLC unions • TVA site management The TLSA committee is organized to monitor, advise, and assist in the implementation of contractor safety programs for work performed for TVA. The committee is an integral element for the implementation of contractor safety programs at TVA work sites. The TLSA committee will work closely and submit recommendations to improve safety program implementation to the applicable contract manager or TVA site management as applicable. 2

3 Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance Objectives
Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance (TLSA) Tri-Lateral Safety Alliance Objectives 1. Instill the personal safety values of individuals: owning their own safety intervening to correct unsafe acts or conditions stopping any activity that could represent a danger 2. Establish, maintain and hold all personnel accountable for workplace safety standards where: safety is an integral part of every work activity safety procedures are followed unsafe conditions and acts are eliminated employees are free to question job safety without fear of retaliation 3. Continuously seek improvement in the workplace, policies and programs The TLA’s objective is to play an active role in safety program implementation and contribute to the existence of safe and healthy working conditions and environments. To achieve this, the following has to occur: You have to own your own safety, step up and intervene when you see and unsafe act and / or condition and STOP work that could result in injury. Together WE have to create an environment where safety is 24/7 in everything we do, follow procedures, and actively participate in planning and pre job briefs to eliminate unsafe acts and conditions. Never be satisfied – we can always improve our workplace, our procedures and programs 3

4 Safety Expectations Expectations
Working safely is a condition of employment Violation of safety rules will not be tolerated and could result in disciplinary action Applicable safety rules / consequences of violating such rules will be communicated to all employees All injuries / occupational illnesses are preventable With proper planning and supervision, every job can be worked without undue risk to employees Data shows that greater than 90% or incidents relate to Unsafe Actions or Behaviors As a TVA contract employee, it is very important you understand that: Working safely is a condition of employment. Violation of safety rules will not be tolerated and could result in disciplinary action Applicable safety rules / consequences of violating such rules will be communicated to all employees All injuries / occupational illnesses are preventable With proper planning and supervision, every job can be worked without undue risk to employees Most Incidents (> 90%) are the Result of Unsafe Actions or Behaviors 4

5 TLSA Commitment Our TLSA Commitment To You:
Safety is the first core value; i.e., an integral part of every work activity which is never compromised for schedule, cost, priority, or any other influence A work environment that is safe and healthy A free zone for discussing safety issues without fear of retaliation The authority to call time out, to intervene, to stop any activity which may endanger you or your coworkers Prompt objective evaluation of incidents and reported conditions Support of the concept that following safety rules is a condition of employment Full support of accountability for these commitments by supervisors and employees alike Our TLSA Commitment To You: Safety is the first core value; i.e., an integral part of every work activity which is never compromised for schedule, cost, priority, or any other influence A work environment that is safe and healthy A free zone for discussing safety issues without fear of retaliation The authority to call time out, to intervene, to stop any activity which may endanger you or your coworkers Prompt objective evaluation of incidents and reported conditions Support of the concept that following safety rules is a condition of employment Full support of accountability for these commitments by supervisors and employees alike 5

6 Your Commitment Your Commitment Own Your Own Safety
Intervene: eliminate / correct unsafe behaviors / acts Stop any work activity that presents a danger Identify unsafe conditions / correct those within immediate control Report unsafe conditions not within immediate control Report all safety incidents and near misses Follow the safety rules and procedures – this is a condition of employment In return, we ask for your commitment. Own your own safety – your actions make the difference in achieving safety excellence Intervene – you are the first line of defense for elimination of hazards Stop unsafe acts – the work you perform for us can be hazardous but it does not have to be dangerous Correct unsafe conditions upon identification Report unsafe conditions that you can’t take immediate corrective actions Report all safety incidents, hazards and near misses – by telling us what you are seeing, actions can be taken to reduce the hazards in the workplace, reducing hazards / incidents, we can reduce injuries Follow the safety rules and procedures – they are in place for your protection and the protection of your coworkers 6

7 Safety TVA will not sacrifice safety or quality for production
You can stop work over safety concerns without fear of reprisal Your safety is the primary job concern Your active participation is a key element to our safety program success Our goal is to provide you with a safe work environment in order to achieve “Zero Incident Performance” Safety, production and quality are critical elements of our effort to enable TVA to achieve the vision to be one of the nations leading providers of low cost and cleaner energy. As important as production and quality are to our business objectives, TVA will not sacrifice safety to achieve production. You can stop work over safety concerns without fear of reprisal Our goal is to provide you with a safe work environment in order to achieve “ZERO INCIDENTS” We are committed to providing you a safe work environment. Your safety is the primary job concern. In order to effectively ensure your safety, we need your active participation in support of all elements of the safety program. Your active participation will include watching out for your own safety as well as the safety of your fellow co workers. 7

8 Employee Rights You Have The Right To:
Have access to OSHA, TVA, contractor & organizational health & safety procedures Comment on work place health & safety standards & procedures Report unsafe & unhealthy working conditions STOP an unsafe act or condition without retaliation or fear of losing your job As a contract employee working for TVA you have rights and responsibilities. Your ability to work safely is dependent on you exercising your rights and remaining attentive to your responsibilities, You have the right to: Have access to OSHA, TVA, contractor & organizational health & safety standards & procedures. Comment on work place health & safety standards & procedures Report unsafe & unhealthy working conditions STOP AN UNSAFE ACT OR CONDITION WITHOUT RETALIATION OR FEAR OF LOSING YOUR JOB Stopping an unsafe act or correcting an unsafe condition is critical to ensure the safety of our workforce and critical to our journey to Zero Incidents 8

9 Employee Responsibilities
Report to work Fit For Duty Follow all Safety Plans / Rules Comply with instructions Know and understand job hazards Attend & participate in Pre-Job Briefings Utilize training tools (e.g. Human Performance) Stop work and re-plan when conditions change Report unsafe conditions / hazards immediately Be “Your Brother’s / Sister’s Keeper”, intervene if you see an unsafe act or unsafe condition Report work related injuries / illnesses immediately You have the responsibility to: Report to work Fit For Duty – You should be well rested, sober, and drug free Follow all Safety Plans / Rules Comply with instructions Know and understand job hazards Attend & Participate In Pre-Job Briefings Utilize training tools (Human Performance) Stop work and re-plan when conditions change Report unsafe conditions or hazards immediately Be “Your Brother’s Keeper” and “Intervene” if you see an unsafe act or condition Report work related injuries or illnesses immediately 9

10 Safety Intervention Safety Intervention What is Safety Intervention?
Stopping work by others when actions could result in injury to self or others Why Intervene? To protect coworkers from possible injury and / or fatality It’s the right thing to do – protect your coworkers like you would your family, friends, and / or loved ones Training will be provided on Intervention and how to document The work performed at TVA can be hazardous but does not have to be dangerous. We will provide you the tools, training and information needed to ensure the safe implementation of projects You have to be the one to implement what you learn or stop work when there are questions You also need to be aware of other co workers actions and take steps to stop actions by others that are unsafe or could lead to an unsafe act Intervention is critical and the key to a zero incident environment Documenting the interventions allows for reviews to determine if there are trend, incorrect /incomplete processes, gaps / opportunities for training improvements, etc. You will receive additional information on how to intervene and intervention expectations outside of this module Keep in mind: Peer to Peer intervention – no name, no blame Supervisor or management identification of a safety issue can result in appropriate disciplinary actions 10

11 TVA Behavior Centered Safety
(BCS) What is BCS observations? TVA’s behavior based safety process: Proactive approach to safety - peer to peer observations Identifies exposures to risk before injuries occur Employee owned process using trained observers Observers use a critical behavior inventory / index (CBI) to conduct observations CBI’s - developed from previous site accident reports No Name and No Blame: at-risk exposure exist regardless of what employee is performing the job Why do you need to know about BCS? As an employee on TVA property: You are subject to being observed for at-risk behaviors You can use the BCS process personnel to communicate identified exposures to risk to seek resolution TVA has a Behavior Centered Safety Observation Program. This program is a proactive approach to safety using peer to peer observations to identify to identify exposures to risk before injuries occur employees owned with trained observers observers use a critical behavior index to conduct observations No name / No blame – at risk exposes exist for all employees As an employee on TVA property: you are subject to being observed you can use the BCS personnel for the identification and resolution of at risk exposures 11

12 Dress Code Clothing Foot Wear Long Hair Jewelry
Must be appropriate for the assigned task Loose/Torn clothing shall not be worn around operating/rotating machinery Foot Wear Safety shoes meeting TVA Safety Procedure 307, Foot Protection. Class 75 requirements of ASTM F (formerly ANSI Z41 PT 99) are required Long Hair Must be tied up /restrained Jewelry Nothing easily caught is to be worn One of the job rules requiring compliance is the DRESS CODE. This list is not all inclusive. Any questions you have on dress code need to be addressed to your foreman. Clothing Must be appropriate for the assigned task. Loose/Torn clothing shall not be worn around operating/rotating machinery Footwear Plant environments require Safety shoes meeting ASTM F requirements Hair Must be tied up or restrained Jewelry No jewelry can be worn which might be easily caught 12

13 PPE (PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT)
Standard Personal Protection Equipment Hardhats Certified to ANSI Z or later Eye Protection Use proper donning and doffing procedures As required in your Pre Job Brief (PJB) Gloves Only use approved gloves for work condition, e.g. Kevlar or chemical resistant gloves As required in your PJB Hearing Protection Required in posted areas Like the dress code, the requirement to wear prescribed Personal Protective Equipment (commonly referred to as PPE) applies to all employees. Your Standard PPE Will Include: Hardhats certified ANSI Z or later – there is a sticker in your hardhat with the certification information. Be sure and check and if yours does not meet this requirement, talk to your foreman. Eye Protection Eye protection requirements will be specified in your pre-job brief Lessons Learned from a history of eye injuries requires use of proper donning and doffing procedures for your eyewear Gloves Different task will require different levels of hand protection and the use of gloves The type of glove needed for your work will be identified in your PJB Hearing Protection Hearing Protection requirements outside of the standard ear plugs will be posted in the work areas and addressed in your PJB 13

14 PPE (PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT)
Job or Task Specific PPE Respirators Medical evaluation and training on use As required in your Pre Job Brief (PJB) Body Harness Required at heights greater than 4 feet Safety belts ARE NOT allowed as fall arrest system Training on use will be provided As required in your PJB Flame Resistant Clothing Arc Flash Areas Some task specific work assignments may require special PPE which will be identified in your Job Safety Analysis and / or Pre-Job Brief. You will be trained as required for use. Respirators A medical evaluation and training will be required prior to your use of a respirator Body Harness Required at heights greater than 4 feet (unless working from an approved scaffold) Fall Protection training will be provided if you are required to wear a body harness It is important to note that a Safety Belt is not allowed for use as a fall arrest system Flame Resistant Clothing Used in Arc Flash areas 14

15 Emergency Response EMERGENCY NUMBERS
Will be posted at the Job Site for: TVA SECURITY FIRE You need to know who to call in case of an emergency. These numbers are posted at your job site. Make sure you know the locations. AMBULANCE 15

16 Reporting Work Related Injuries Or Illness
Reporting Work Related Injuries / Illnesses Report all injuries immediately - no matter how minor Report to your designated first aid facility and have someone notify your Supervisor Responsible Supervisor will complete required reports All job related injuries and near miss incidents are: subject to substance abuse testing subject to investigation Reporting an injury is not a option. Failure to report results in delays in getting you the prompt medical attention you need. If you do get injured on the job, report to your designated first aid facility and have someone report the injury to your supervisor immediately. Your supervisor will complete a First Report of Injury Report and ensure you receive proper medical attention. Your employer has worked with local providers in the area to ensure you receive the best medical attention. All injuries and near miss incidents are subject to substance abuse testing and are subject to investigation 16

17 Safety Tools Job Safety Analysis (JSA) The JSA Includes:
A brief description of the complete job process A break down of the process into smaller steps The hazards associated with each step, and control of those hazards The JSA is: Conducted one time initially for the project tasks and processes Revised as required during the project Required for infrequent job task or when a job task has changed The Job Safety Analysis is a safety management tool that can be used to review a certain process, task, or procedure with a closer and more detailed scrutiny of the safety hazards involved. The analysis starts with a brief description of the whole job process and then breaks the process into smaller steps. The hazards associated with each step are identified, and then the control measures to eliminate, reduce or mitigate each hazard identified are formulated. The Job Safety analysis is conducted one time initially for the project tasks and processes. The JSA’s are revised as required during the course of the project. New JSA’s are required for infrequently performed job tasks or when a job task has changed. 17

18 Safety Tools Human Performance (HU) Tools Pre Job Brief Touch STAR
2 Minute Rule Independent Verification Procedure Use / Adherence Concurrent Verification STOP When Unsure First Check Post Job Brief Phonetic Alphabet Place Keeping Peer Check Flagging / Ops Barriers 3 Way Communication TVA is focusing on the next steps to take error prevention to the next level of performance by focusing on human performance and error reduction tools. 14 common error prevention tools have been identified and you will receive separate training addressing all 14 tools. Based on your work location, testing on the tools may vary and will focus on the tools applicable to the work you perform. There are 5 tools that are common to all work. 18

19 Safety Tools Human Performance (HU) Tools Pre Job Brief
Review your tasks to identify potential hazards. Use your knowledge and input for a safe and efficient job 2 Minute Rule Take 2 minutes to look around your area. ID potential hazards to you and others – what’s above you, below you, etc. Procedure Use / Adherence A safe and quality job requires processes to be followed. Use your work plans and work orders. Follow the steps. STOP When Unsure When in doubt, STOP and ask for help Post Job Brief Solicit your feedback to ID opportunities for improvement These 5 tools are applicable to all work performed across TVA. The Pre Job Brief and Post Job brief specifically allow you to share your knowledge and experience for work performance and capturing lessons learned to carry forward for other jobs. The 2 minute rule gives you the opportunity to identify other work in your area and the potential for the work to have impacts on you and for you to observe how your work might have an impact on others. This is a great tool for the identification and correction of hazards. Procedure use and adherence is a valuable tool. There are reasons for performing work per a specified plan. Don’t skip steps or take shortcuts. Failure to follow procedures can result in injuries and quality issues. Stop when unsure – if you have a question, stop and ask. Don’t take unnecessary risks. Post Job Brief – An assessment after the job is complete to solicit feedback from the workers to identify opportunities for improvement. 19

20 Hazard Awareness What We Know What We Have Seen
We value the safety of our workers and the public we serve The work you perform at TVA can be hazardous but does not have to be dangerous The appropriate training and PPE for assigned tasks will be provided What We Have Seen Continued incidents from slips, trips and falls Continued incidents resulting from pinch points What We Need to Protect You Your knowledge and input on daily activities Your active role in safety observations Your involvement in Hazard Awareness Your well being is critical to us. The work performed at TVA can be hazardous but we also know that you have the skill sets, the training , the proper PPE and the tools in order to mitigate the hazards. We need you to provide us with your feedback. What do we need to do differently, how can we collect your knowledge and incorporate this into our day to day work activities. Hazard Awareness is the key to Excellence in Safety. 20

21 Hazard Awareness Slips / Trips / Falls
Take short steps on slippery surfaces Clean-up or report spills right away (Housekeeping) Store materials / supplies in appropriate storage areas Do not carry loads that obstruct your view Keep walking & work areas well lit and tidy Keep “Eyes On Path” Do not jump off truck beds, landings, loading docks - use stairs or a ladder Report and identify problems. Use flagging , barricade tape or station a person to guard a hazard, if necessary Use handrails while using stairways Being aware of your surroundings is the first line of defense against injuries and incidents. The following slides focus on items to pay attention too while working. We will start with Slip / Trips/ and Falls. Take short steps on slippery surfaces Clean-up or report housekeeping spills right away. Environmental spills are handled by trained personnel Store materials / supplies in appropriate storage areas Do not carry loads that obstruct your view Keep walking & work areas well lit and tidy Keep “Eyes On Path” Do not jump off truck beds, landings, loading docks - use stairs or a ladder Report and identify problems. Use flagging , barricade tape or station a person to guard a hazard, if necessary Use handrails while using stairways 21

22 Hazard Awareness Pinch Points / Line Of Fire Heat Related Illness
Injuries that are easily Preventable Avoid placing yourself in “the line of fire” Think about the end result before you apply force, push, pull or climb equipment Protect your hands and keep them out of areas where they can get pinched or crushed Heat Related Illness A higher rate of incidents in hot weather – more prone if you have had previous heat related issues Drink plenty of proper fluids (water, Gatorade, avoid caffeine) Eat properly, sleep and get plenty of rest prior to work activities Injuries often involve Pinch Point and Line Of Fire related hazards. These type of injuries are easily preventable by doing the following: Avoid placing yourself in “the line of fire” Think about the end result before you apply force, push, pull or climb equipment Protect your hands and keep them out of areas where they can get pinched or crushed Heat Related Illnesses are serious Remember that HOT weather leads to a higher rate of incidents You are more prone to heat related illnesses if you have had previous heat related issues Drink plenty of proper fluids (water, Gatorade, avoid caffeine) Eat properly, sleep and get plenty of rest prior to work activities 22

23 Hazard Awareness Barricaded / Permitted Areas Working Area Boundaries
Scaffolding Task specific training will be provided Check scaffold permit as required before climbing Read tag requirements for proper use NO TAG, do not climb and contact supervisor Asbestos Abatement Regulated areas will be marked with Red “Danger Asbestos” barricade tape Only certified asbestos contractors will perform asbestos abatement and be authorized to enter regulated areas Working Area Boundaries Do not enter areas unless trained for task Exclusion boundaries and Permitted Areas are utilized to avoid hazards You need to understand that if you have not been trained in a particular task and / or an area is barricaded, you do not enter the areas. Boundaries are put in place for your protection. Failure to observe the boundaries may result in disciplinary action. Working Area Boundaries Do not enter areas unless trained for task Scaffolding Task specific training will be provided Check scaffold permit as required before climbing Read tag requirements for proper use NO TAG, do not climb and contact supervisor Asbestos Abatement Regulated areas will be marked with Red “Danger Asbestos” barricade tape Only certified asbestos contractors will perform asbestos abatement and be authorized to enter regulated areas 23

24 Hazard Awareness Barricaded / Permitted Areas Crane Operations
Observe and do not cross boundaries Radiation Boundaries Will be barricaded and signs posted Do not cross a radiation boundary Confined Space Permitted Areas Task specific training is required Do not enter areas unless trained for task Excavation Requires an Excavation Permit before digging Requires Competent Person authorization to enter area Crane Operations Observe and do not cross boundaries Radiation Boundaries Will be barricaded and signs posted Do not cross a radiation boundary Confined Space Permitted Areas Task specific training is required Do not enter areas unless trained for the task Excavation Requires an Excavation Permit before digging Requires Competent Person authorization to enter area 24

25 Hazard Awareness Common Electrical Hazards Inspections
Periodic inspections and tagging is required for electrical devices DO NOT use devices without current year / color tagging in place. RETURN the device to the tool room Verify prior to use: Cord is not pulling way from other cord insulation Cord has no cracks, rips or cuts in outer insulation GFCI’s - required for all electrically powered portable tools and SHALL be tested prior to use Electrical Hazards can be controlled through required routine inspections and verifications Inspections Periodic inspections and tagging is required for electrical devices DO NOT use devices with tags not current (year / color), RETURN the device to the tool room Verify prior to use: Cord is not pulling way from other cord insulation Cord has no cracks, rips or cuts in outer insulation GFCI’s - required for all electrically powered portable tools and SHALL be tested prior to use 25

26 Hazard Awareness Working Around Power Lines
Identify power line requirements and proper clearances prior to beginning your work Keep at least 10 feet away from all energized lines , unless qualified Maintain the minimum distance specified in your Pre Job Brief when working around overhead lines Use non-conductive ladders (fiberglass) and tools Call before you dig. All states – 811 Working Around Energized Equipment Never enter an energized Substation or Switchyard without proper TVA notification – check your PJB Follow specific site / organization requirements prior to entry You may be in a location where you will be around power lines. Look around you and above your work area for the presence of lines. It is critical that you observe your work area and identify the power line requirements. You also need to ensure you have all required clearances prior to beginning your work. You must keep a minimum of 10 feet away from energized lines unless you are qualified Keep the minimum distance away from overhead line while working. The distance will be identifed in your PJB Tools and ladders must be out of non conductive materials Always call 811 before you did (universal number for all states) Energized Equipment Stay out of energized substations or switchyards, unless you have proper TVA clearance as defined in your PJB Remember to follow site or organization requirement prior to entering an energized yard unescorted. Some organizations require you to be electrically qualified 26

27 Hazard Awareness Common Hazards Power Tools – Inspect all prior to use
Secure all tools when working above other employees Do not throw / drop power tools when changing locations Disconnect the power supply / air line before changing accessories on portable tools Keep tools in good repair – Do not use a defective tool Use power tools only for their design purpose Do not remove equipment guards Do not use oversized grinding wheels Grinder motor RPM’s must not exceed the grinder wheel rated RPM Power Tools can present hazards in the workplace. You are required to inspect all POWER TOOLS prior to use. Secure all tools when working above other employees Do not throw / drop power tools when changing locations Disconnect the power supply / air line before changing accessories on portable tools Keep tools in good repair – Do not use a defective tool Use power tools only for their design purpose Do not remove equipment guards – numerous incidents with this over the years. If you receive a piece of equipment that is missing a guard, stop and get a guard or another piece of equipment with the right guard. Do not use oversized grinding wheels Grinder motor RPM’s must not exceed the grinder wheel rated RPM 27

28 Hazard Awareness Aerial Lifts Rigging / Flagging
Only personnel trained in programs certified by TVA will perform aerial lifts Rigging / Flagging Only personnel trained in programs certified by TVA will perform rigging and / or flagging activities Welding / Cutting Activities Use appropriate PPE as defined in the PJB Increased risk of exposure to heavy metals (CRVI, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead) Material Handling Get help when the load is heavy /bulky (limit of 50 pounds) Never work under a load Use mechanical devices when possible Aerial Lifts Only personnel trained in programs certified by TVA will perform aerial lifts Rigging / Flagging Only personnel trained in programs certified by TVA will perform rigging and / or flagging activities Welding / Cutting Activities Use appropriate PPE as defined in the PJB Increased risk of exposure to heavy metals (CRVI, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead) Material Handling Get help when the load is heavy /bulky (limit of 50 pounds) Never work under a load Use mechanical devices when possible 28

29 Hazard Awareness Blood Borne Pathogens
Contact Foreman if you see blood and / or body fluids – do not attempt to clean up Task specific training is required Vehicle Safety - includes all motorized vehicles, ATV’s, golf carts, etc.) Valid drivers license and supervisory authorization to operate a vehicle Eliminate distractions while operating moving equipment – includes cell phones, texting, etc. Promptly report any vehicle accident to your supervisor Blood Borne Pathogens represent a Hazard Contact Foreman if you see blood and / or body fluids – do not attempt to clean up Vehicle Safety applies to all motorized vehicles, ATV’s, golf carts, etc.) A valid drivers license and supervisory authorization are required to operate a vehicle You are expected to eliminate distractions while operating moving equipment – includes cell phones, texting, etc. You are required to promptly report any vehicle accident to your supervisor 29

30 Hazard Awareness Potential Heavy Metals in the Workplace
Work areas that may contain heavy metals will be tested Appropriate PPE will be specified in JSA and PJB Arsenic may be found in boiler casing, fly ash, coal bunkers, precipitators, and ductwork Cadmium may be found in batteries and steel plating and areas will be posted with Danger Signs / Controlled Access Hexavalent Chromium (CR VI) associated with work activities involving some stainless steel Lead may be found in paint on painted surfaces, in batteries and shielding in nuclear plants Heavy Metals Heavy construction activities, especially welding, burning, and grinding, can involve airborne release of heavy metals into the atmosphere. This slide lists the heavy metals that may be in our work environment. All work areas that may contain heavy metals will be tested or evaluated. Until the results are returned, the area will be treated as if metals are present and appropriate PPE will be worn until results are received. 30

31 Hazard Awareness Fly Ash Health Hazards in the Workplace
Potential at work areas at TVA coal fired plants Composed of inert dust, crystalline silica and low concentrations of calcium oxide Contains trace amounts of inorganic arsenic Primary routes of exposure: Inhalation Contact with eyes and skin Appropriate PPE will be specified in JSA / PJB Fly Ash Due to coal being a source of fuel at TVA coal fire plants, there may be potential work areas where fly ash can be present. Utilizing proper hygiene procedures and proper PPE while working in areas with fly ash, exposure risks are minimal. 31

32 Hazard Awareness Fire In case of fire: Warn all personnel in the area
Evacuate the area Call the Site Emergency Number immediately Fire Power plants contain combustible materials. The presence of these materials in the vicinity of high voltage and high temperature significantly increases the potential for fire. A large fire in a power plant may involve exposed high voltage cables, lubricants and coolants containing toxins, and related dangers not present in other industrial environments. Special training is needed for fighting power plant fires. In case of fire: Warn all personnel in the area Evacuate the area Call the Site Emergency Number immediately Do not attempt to fight a fire unless you have been are trained or given instructions for handling small fires in your Pre-Job Briefing 32

33 Hazard Communications
Chemicals – Your Rights To know the chemicals you are working with or exposed to in the work environment Will be trained for the specific chemicals you will use Have access to procedures for safely working with the hazardous materials in your work place Have access to the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Hazard Communication training is an OSHA requirement. You will be trained relative to the chemicals you will be working with and you have the right to know: What Chemicals you are working with or exposed to in the work environment The procedures for safely working with the hazardous materials in your work place You will be provided access to the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 33

34 Hazard Communications
Chemical Spill Emergency Procedure IMMEDIATELY go to a SAFE area and call the Site Emergency Number and your supervisor DO NOT attempt to contain or clean spill Have Information ready Your name Location of the spill or Leak Name of Chemical spilled When it was spilled Your phone number Your location Remain in a safe area for instructions and decontamination if it’s necessary. Clean up of chemical spills is not everyone’s job! IMMEDIATELY go to a SAFE area and call the Site Emergency Number DO NOT attempt to contain or clean a spill – call your supervisor Have Information ready Your name: Location of the spill or Leak: Name of Chemical spilled: When it was spilled: Your phone number: Your location: Remain in a safe area for instructions and decontamination if it’s necessary. 34

35 Impact of Your Actions Who Depends on You?
What Happens to them if you are injured, incapacitated or become a fatality? Think how your actions today impact your future and the future of those you love Your Wife Your Husband Your Son Your Daughter Your Mom Your Dad Your Grandson Your Granddaughter Your Aunt Your Uncle Your Neighbor Your Friends 35

36 Zero Incidents What is it?
Planning and implementing our work to be 100% safe Intervening for unsafe acts and / or conditions Participating in Safety Observations Stopping work when we are unsure Identifying and correcting hazards Creating a risk free environment Zero incidents in safety can only be achieved by: each one of us embracing the tools and adopting the behaviors that will result in an environment where we are responsible for our own safety and that of our coworkers each one of us believing that the actions we take or do not take will have an impact 36


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