2 What is Child Development? Child development is a process every child goes through. This process involves learning and mastering skills like sitting, walking, talking, skipping, and tying shoes. There are 5 main areas of development:Social and Emotional DevelopmentCognitive DevelopmentSpeech and Language DevelopmentFine motor skill DevelopmentGross motor skill Development
3 Development DelayDevelopment delay is where a child has not learnt the skills that are expected at that time point. Development delay can occur in any of the 5 areas.For example, a child would be expected to walk between 9 and 15 months, and a child that cannot walk by 20 months would be considered to have a developmental delay.
4 What causes developmental delay? There are two factors:Biological- such as genetic or chromosomal abnormalities (Downs Syndrome) or illness and diseaseSocial- such as a child’s life experiences or exposure to harmful chemicals or parentingNatureNurture
5 Factors affecting development Draw This Mind Map!!!CultureGenotype and MaturationApproval/ interactionsParenting/parenting stylesDisabilityFactors affecting developmentSOCIALBIOLOGICALEducationHousingSocial ClassDisease and illnessNATURE/NURTURE DEBATE
6 The Lesson Outline: Today: Look at Education and Culture Next Lesson look at Parenting: approval, interaction, expectation, stylesBefore Easter: Housing and Social ClassBiological factors: illness and disease, disability, genotype and maturation.> by the end of today’s lesson you must know how education/culture affects our PIES.
7 EducationEducation affects children’s physical, emotional intellectual and social development.Use the PIES table on the Education worksheet to put the following sentences into the correct place
8 Children benefit from larger play spaces and better equipment Children benefit from larger play spaces and better equipment. This improves co-ordination and gross motor skillsChildren learn to mix and socialise with other childrenStaff are trained to promote cognitive development, introducing concepts like numbers and shapeFine motor skills can be developed through playing with dough, paint and by writingCan promote self-confidence and esteemEsteem is linked to a positive education experience: where children are unhappy because they have not made friends, been bullied or are low achieving this can lead to low esteemDevelop a sense of belongingStimulating activities such as jigsaws, modelling and books can improve development
9 Quick questionsHow can education have an effect on a persons emotional development?Explain how social development can be affected by school experiences.
10 Culture A child’s culture can affect their development. Different cultures place different emphasis on different areas of development
11 Children who have a wider supportive network can feel more secure These may end up in more than one box!In some cultures girls aren’t encouraged to take part in physical play and activities while boys are encouraged to be outside more and boisterousFamily may be very important. They may spend a lot of time with family members and friendsThe importance of play can vary. Some families will place great interest in education and encourage children to do homeworkChildren who have a wider supportive network can feel more secureBoys may develop more gross motor skills while girls develop more fine motor skillsEducation can be seen as better for boys, or as ‘girlish’. This affects attitudes to learning, concentration and activities children engage in.Children whose culture is a minority can face discrimination and isolation; this leads to lower self-esteem as they don't have friends or may get bulliedFamilies differ in the amount of emphasis they place on physical activity and children sitting being taught
12 Quick questionsHow does ethnicity affect a child's social development?How do you and your friends define your ethnicity? What factors play a part in this?
13 Possible Exam Question! Discuss how either education or culture can affect a child’s development.Tips must include at least one way physically, intellectually, emotionally and socially the child is affected.Possible start: “Child development can be split up into several different areas. These are…”
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