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Bridging the gap between good practice principles and research study realities. Using case studies to build descriptors of the public involvement role.

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Presentation on theme: "Bridging the gap between good practice principles and research study realities. Using case studies to build descriptors of the public involvement role."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bridging the gap between good practice principles and research study realities. Using case studies to build descriptors of the public involvement role in the design and conduct of health research, and understand how research contexts constrain and enable involvement opportunities Rosie Davies, Service user researcher and PhD student at UWE

2 Session outline Background to research project Context factors Clarification of purpose, aims and tasks Development of role description Sources of experience

3 Background to research project Aims –To explore, describe and understand involvement in three case studies –To reflect on data in relation to issues in the literature and personal experience Case study research topics –Rheumatology, domestic violence, oral health Qualitative and ethnographic approach

4 Data collection and analysis Observation (72 hrs) Interviews (n=31) Documents (n=58) Field notes and reflective diary Data collected over 15, 13 and 9 months Between Jan 2012-April 2013 Initial inductive analysis Documentary analysis based on Prior (2008) Subsequent analyses drew on literature

5 Context factors

6 Environmental factor 1 Field of research 1.Health topic/s 2.Academic, medical and scientific background of researchers 3.Complexity of knowledge base 4.Research design/study type and complexity 1 5.Funding body 1 1 – From Ennis and Wykes (2013)

7 Environmental factor 2 Proximity or distance 1.Between research questions and issues of importance to patients/users 2.Between researchers and study participants 3.Between researcher discipline and service provider staff discipline 4.Between researcher office base and research study site or sites

8 Environmental factor 3 Patient/service user 1.How seriously a health condition affects the person 2.Short or long-term impact on the person 3.Use of services/need for care over time 4.Third sector organisations and groups

9 Local context factors Leadership Culture of involvement Policies for involvement Support and training Resources – time and money

10 Purpose and aims Scope and purpose of involvement determined by knowledge location –Health services research Suggesting distinction between –Social and political purposes –Substantive purposes May be both in health services research

11 Focus on tasks and role Clarify purpose/s of involvement Identify involvement tasks Develop involvement role –To support research partner understanding –Allow role refinement and development

12 Tasks in design and conduct of health services research Research design and planning Conduct of research Dissemination

13 Tasks in research design & planning Make sure the right research is being done in the right way –Importance of priorities and research questions –Potential benefits –Are the right things being measured or counted? –Are documents clear and accessible? Make sure involvement plans are clear & funded Giving support for funding bids and ethics applications – providing legitimacy

14 Tasks in the conduct of research 1 Consider the needs of potential participants –Aims, risks and benefits of research –Treatments, procedures, interventions given –Samples or information being collected Ethical, reasonable, acceptable Clear communication – simple words/language Written information – clear, accessible, appropriate and timely Questionnaires and forms easy to fill in Would you do what is being asked?

15 Tasks in the conduct of research 2 –Recruitment and retention When, where and how to approach potential participants and participants How best to keep in touch –Data collection When and where to collect data Pilots of interviews and/or questionnaires –Question order, clarity, time, practicalities Collecting data –Analysing data – patient/user/carer perspective

16 Tasks in dissemination Identify findings that are of interest to participants/patients/service users/carers Encourage researchers to –Give participants feedback about study progress and findings –Share findings with patient and user groups/organisations and health professionals –Think about how research might change treatment and care Help to present/share findings at meetings, conferences …..

17 Involvement role Based on personal experiences – experiential expertise To think about being in a participants shoes To think about wider benefits for patients, service users and carers (even though we cannot represent them) To think about researcher assumptions/ideas –Speak up if they dont make sense –Speak up if something important is missing To let researchers know what we dont understand To help researchers make good use of our experience, knowledge and skills and do good research

18 Sources of experience or skill 1. Having a health or life 'problem' 2. Using health or social care services 3. Having a distinct perspective 4. Experience of involvement in research 5. Experience of doing research 6. 'Other' life experience Experiential expertise Additional expertise

19 Thank you Prior, L. (2008) Repositioning Documents in Social Research. Sociology 47(2), Ennis, L. and Wykes, T. (2013) Impact of patient involvement in mental health research: longitudinal study. BJPsych [online] [Accessed 27/09/2013] Contact details:


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