2 UD Intramural Employment Criminal Background CheckYou will receive an from AxiomSubmit online form immediatelyPay RollFill out employment packet with Linda Baird CSB 134You will need:Voided CheckSocial Security CardDrivers LicenseDirect depositDo this IMMEDIATELYPrevious Employees: Check to make sure you are still in the system and listed as a ref
3 SchedulingAvailability Sheet: Must be returned by the end of training to be considered for officiatingAll scheduling is done through fromOne week notice is needed if you can not work at a specific time or on a specific dateYOU must find your own substitutes and have them send me an if you can not ref a shift you are scheduled forIf you do not show for a shift you will be dismissed
4 The Ref Dress Code Look Professional MUST wear stripes TUCKED IN Wear sneakers/athletic shoesWear shorts or athletic pantsBring whistle (first one is given to you)NO jeans, khakis, etc.NO cell phones, earphones,etc.
5 Coming to Work You must be at the field/ 10 minutes before game time If you are late you may be replaced and then dismissedSign in with the supervisorHelp set up or take downBe EnergeticBe ConfidentStay on the field
6 Role of the Supervisor Sign in and supervise refs Handle injuries Handle argumentative or problem participantsCrowd controlEnforce IM and Facility rulesCollect score sheetsAnswer questionsetc. etc. etc.
7 Injury or BloodA player CAN NOT play if there is any visible blood anywhere on them or their clothes/shoes - alert supervisorNO blood can be on the equipment or playing area - alert supervisorHave injured/bleeding player stay put and get the supervisor
8 Player Sign In MUST HAVE UD ID TO PARTICIPATE NO EXCEPTIONS!!! NO JEWELRYNot even taped or covered with a bandageNo Hats - No KnotsNothing below forearm other than sweatbandsProper athletic footwear requiredSHIN GUARDS REQUIREDWrite # next to name on score sheetName must be on the score sheet OR have stamped add slip from officeSupervisor will assess a 5 minute grace period for teams that are late, after that it is a forfeit
9 Captain’s MeetingA Captain’s Meeting will take place before the start of each gameIncludes: refs and at least 1 representative (captain) from each teamAssign possession and direction.Winner of Coin Toss can chooseOffense, Defense, Side, or Defer.Give a reminder of:Sportsmanship statementBoundary linesNew rulesAnything you feel needs to be reiteratedAsk for any questions
10 Score Sheets Have players keep score Check score and player count at half timeWrite cards yourself right after calledCircle WinnerSign Score Sheets
11 Corner Flagpost and Corner Arc DIMENSIONS & MARKINGSOptional FlagMaximum 130 yds (120 m) Minimum 100 yds (90 m)Photographer’s LineTouch LineCorner Flagpost and Corner ArcHalfway LinePenalty AreaCenter MarkPenaltyMarkCenter CircleGoalMaximum 100 yds (90 m) Minimum 50 yds (45 m)Penalty Arc
12 Starting the Game Introductions Referee tosses coin, who calls it? Traditionally the visiting captainBe friendly, cordial and briefDo not coach or lectureStart game on time
13 Kick-Off Starting Mechanics At kick-off:Each team in own half of fieldDefenders at least 10 yards from ballBall stationary on center markReferee gives a signal for kick-off (How?)Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
14 Kick-Off Infractions Players in wrong half of field Ball does not move forwardTaken before referee’s signalRetake the kickKicker plays ball a second time “double- touch”IFK to opponent
15 The ball is in play at all other times! BALL OUT OF PLAYOnly two methods of stopping play:Whole ball crosses a boundary lineThe referee stops playThe ball is in play at all other times!
16 BALL IS IN PLAY If ball rebounds from Goalpost, orCrossbar, orCorner flagpost and remains in the field of playReferee or Assistant Referee, if they are on the field of playUntil the referee stops play for any reason
17 Lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries BOUNDARY LINESLines belong to the areas of which they are boundariesThis includes:Touch linesGoal linesGoal areasPenalty areasCorner areas
18 A ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the air BALL CROSSING LINESA ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the airA ball is not out if any part of the ball is on or above any part of the line
19 Ball above the line is still “touching” outside plane of line BALL NEAR LINE?Ball above the line is still“touching” outside plane of line
20 CURVING BALL BLOWN BACK Field of PlayOut of Play
24 DEFINITION – THROW-INMethod of restarting play when whole ball has crossed the touch line.Throw-in awarded to opponents of the player who last touched the ball.
25 REQUIREMENTS Thrower must: Deliver from point where ball crossed line (within 1 yard)Face field of play with some part of bodyHave part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch lineUse both handsDeliver ball from behind and over the head
26 TECHNIQUE Face the field of play Deliver ball from behind and over head
27 HANDS FAIR Both hands on ball ----- ----if only one hand guiding ball FOULUse common sense
28 Part of each foot on or behind touch line LOCATION OF FEETPart of each foot on or behind touch line
29 RESTART Ball is in play when: Ball enters field of play, and Has left hands of throwerNOTE:A “soft” or “slow” throw-in motion is legal.A properly executed “flip throw” is legal.
30 PLACEMENT Awarded from the point where it crossed the touch line If not, it shall be considered to be improperly thrown
31 REFEREE TECHNIQUEReferee or Assistant Referee should indicate place from which the throw- in should be takenIf taken from improper point, throw-in awarded to other team
32 INFRACTIONSThrower plays ball second time before ball touches another player“Double touch” - IFK to opponentsImproperly thrown or from wrong pointThrow-in to opponentsBall thrown directly into opponents’ goalNo goal - restart with goal kick
33 INFRACTIONS Ball thrown directly into own goal No goal - restart with corner kickBall thrown directly into opponent’s goalNo goal - restart with goal kickBall does not enter fieldRetake throw-in
34 INFRACTION BY OPPONENT If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the thrower…they are Cautioned for“unsporting behavior”and shown the yellow card.But .… use Common Sense!
35 Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is considered Goal KicksA goal kick is awarded when the whole ball has:Crossed the goal line in the air or on the groundWas last touched by an attackerA goal was not scoredNote:Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is consideredout of play
36 A goal kick is taken from anywhere in the goal area.
37 RESTART Ball is placed in the goal area Any defensive player may take kickWhole ball must leave the penalty area on first touchIf ball touched prior to leaving the penalty areaRetake the goal kick
38 SPECIAL SITUATIONSIf anything happens before the whole ball exits the penalty area, the goal kick is retakenWHY?The ball is not in play yet.
39 POSITIONING ON A GOAL KICK All attackers must be and remain outside of penalty area until ball has cleared the penalty area.
40 GOAL KICK ENTERING GOAL A goal kick kicked directly into:Opponent’s goal - award GOAL, restart with kick-offOwn goal - retake goal kick
41 Corner Kicks Definition of a corner kick Where corner kick is taken Ball placementEncroachmentAdditional pointsDangers
42 DEFINITION A corner kick is awarded when the whole ball has: Crossed the goal line in the air or on the groundWas last touched by a defenderA goal was not scored
43 Corner flagpost shall not be removed moved from a vertical position WHEREThe corner kick is taken from the quarter-circle at the nearest corner to where the ball crossed the goal line.Corner flagpost shall not be removedormoved from a vertical position
44 PLACEMENT The ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circle Correct positioningIncorrect positionCorrect positioningThe ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circleMust be in contact with some part of the quarter circle
45 Opponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball ! ENCROACHMENTOpponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball !10 yards10 yards
46 ADDITIONAL POINTS Kicker may not “double touch” the ball A goal may be scored directly from a corner kickMay not declare a player offside who receives the ball directly from a corner kick
47 Corner kicks are a potentially DANGERSCorner kicks are a potentiallydangerous situation!Before ball is in play:Pushing and jostling for positionHold up kick and warn or CautionAfter ball is in play:All fouls per Law 12Penalize per Law 12
48 Goal Scoring A goal is scored when the whole ball has: Crossed the goal lineBetween the uprights (goalposts)Under the crossbarProvided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal.And it was propelled in a legal manner.
49 WHAT’S A GOAL? AND WHAT’S NOT? No GoalNo GoalGoalNo Goal
50 EXCEPTIONS A goal cannot be scored directly from: An indirect free kick (IFK)Any free kick into your own goalA throw-in
51 OUTSIDE INTERFERENCEIf the ball is prevented from passing over the goal line by an “outside agent”A spectatorAn animalAnother ballAny other thingDropped ball where contact was made*except in the goal area
52 THE WINNER IS...The team scoring the most goals during the match is the winnerReferee never decides the winner
53 Fouls and MisconductPlease!F A I RFoulsP L A YFouls
54 TOPICS Major (Penal) fouls Major Foul restarts Involving Careless, Reckless, or Excessive ForceOther major foulsMajor Foul restartsMinor fouls (technical infractions)Minor Foul restarts
56 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:Kicks or attempts to kick an opponentTrips or attempts to trip an opponentJumps at an opponent
57 Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSKicking or attempting to kick an opponent
58 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent Foul tackle from behind - may be kicking or tripping
59 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent “Over the ball” tackle - may be kicking and serious foul play
60 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSTripping or attempting to trip an opponent
61 Jumping at (into) an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSJumping at (into) an opponent
62 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following seven offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:Strikes or attempts to strike an opponentCharges an opponentPushes an opponent
63 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSStrikes or attempts to strike an opponent
64 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSStrikes or attempts to strike an opponent
65 (carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSCharging an opponent(carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
66 (Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSCharging an opponent(Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
68 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSA direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four offenses:7. Holds an opponent 8. Spits at an opponent 9. Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area) 10. Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball
73 Handles the ball deliberately MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSHandles the ball deliberately
74 INTENTHowever...Ball strikes player on arm - and - ball falls to player’s feet and he/she gains controlNo Foul!Reasoning…Player did not initiate the action
75 Unintentional contact MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSUnintentional contactnot a foulDid ball hit arm?OrDid arm hit ball?
76 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSTackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, Regardless of whether contact is made with the opponent
77 Restart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infraction MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSRestart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infractionExcept when foul occurs by defender within the defender’s penalty areain which case a Penalty Kick shall be awarded.
78 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Goalkeeper inside own penalty area:Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with his/her hands before releasing it from his/her possessionRegains hand control prior to touch by anotherTouches ball with hands after deliberately kicked by team-mateTouches ball with hands after throw-in by team-mate
79 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with the hands to release it from her/his possession.
80 MINOR FOULS (NON-PENAL) 1Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player.
81 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a teammate
82 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands if received directly from throw-in by teammate
83 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Plays in a dangerous mannerImpedes the progress of an opponentPrevents goalkeeper from releasing ball from his/her handsCommits any offense, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
84 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Playing in a dangerous manner(to an opponent)Teammate doesn’t count
85 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Playing in a dangerous manner(an opponent)Teammate doesn’t count
86 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Impeding the progress ofan opponent
87 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Prevents the goalkeeperfrom releasing the ball fromhis/her hands
88 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Restart with a Indirect Free Kick at point of infractionEXCEPT…- by defenders within their own goal area …kick taken from anywhere within goal area.- by attackers in opponent’s goal area …move ball to out to closest point on 6 yard line.
89 Free Kicks“The way play is restarted after the referee has stopped play for an infraction”
90 THERE ARE ONLY 2 TYPES OF FREE KICKS DFK (Direct Free Kick)IFK (Indirect Free Kick)
91 DIRECT FREE KICK GOAL! One of the 10 major (penal) fouls BAOne of the 10 major (penal) foulsCan score directly against opponentOutside penalty area of offending team
92 INDIRECT FREE KICK GOAL! BAOne of the 8 minor fouls (technical infractions)Cannot score directly against opponentMust touch another player!
93 FREE KICK “RULES” Ball must be stationary Played in any direction No “double touch”No encroachmentRestart signal requirements“Quick” restart“Ceremonial” restartCannot score directly against selfPoint of infraction (2 exceptions)
94 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS Exception #1If given to a team within own goal area,All opponents must be out of penalty areaBall must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch
95 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS Exception #2IFK in opponent’s goal area is moved out tothe nearest point on the goal area line
96 PENALTY AREA REQUIREMENTS Also, if given to a team within their own penalty areaAll opponents must be out of penalty areaBall must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch
97 “QUICK” FREE KICKKicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use itOpponents must retire 10 yardsOpponents have no right to form a wallAs referee, encourage the “quick” restart
98 “QUICK” FREE KICK Do not interfere unless: Kicking team insists on 10 yardsEncroachment is severe“Quick” restart is not takenKicker restarting prior to the opponents retiring is at risk of losing possessionHand signal if IFK
99 “QUICK” FREE KICK GUIDELINES Opponent retiring and kicker makes mistake and kicks ball to opponentNo offense - kicker at riskOpponent retiring, but deflects ball when kicked right by him/herWarn player - retake kick if no goal resultsOpponent not retiring and makes an effort to intercept the ball.If player succeeds, Caution player - retake kick
100 “CEREMONIAL” FREE KICK Organized “defensive wall”Clearly show kicker to wait for whistleBe “first brick” in the wall - 10 yardsBring opponents to youMove to your next positionSignal for restartWhen you are readyAs soon as possible
101 ENCROACHMENT 10 yards in all directions Failure to respect the requireddistance isa cautionableoffense
102 ENCROACHMENTOpponents must retire 10 yards with one exception, if they’re between goalposts and on the goal line.
103 RESTART MECHANICS Point direction! Indicate IFK if appropriate Players want/need to know if they are “attacking” or “defending”Indicate IFK if appropriatePlayers want/need to know if they can score directly from this kickIndicate position of ball
104 RESTART MECHANICS Position defenders Position yourself Do not allow encroachmentPosition yourselfIndicate IFK if appropriateSignal for restartUse whistle if “ceremonial” kick
105 BALL IN PLAY VS. GOAL SCORED Ball is “in play” when:Kicked and moves andLeaves penalty area (if appropriate)Goal can be scored when:Ball is “in play”Ball is touched by 2nd player on IFKBall is kicked into opponents goal
106 DUTIES OF THE REFEREE Enforce the Laws of the Game Controls match using Assistant RefereesEnsures game ball meets requirementsInspects players’ equipmentActs as timekeeper & records gameEnsures bleeding player leaves field
107 DUTIES (Continued) Punishes the more serious of two offenses Acts on advice from neutral assistant referees on incidents he/she has not seenNot allow persons on field without permissionRestarts match after a stoppage
108 Decisions of the Referee The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final.Those facts include whether a goal has been scored or not and the result of the match.
109 Decisions of the Referee The referee may only change a decision on realizing that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion, on the advice of an assistant referee, provided that he/she has not restarted play.
110 When to PenalizeThe Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling or doubtful breaches produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of the spectators.
111 ADVANTAGE LAWAllows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time.
112 ADVANTAGE LAWOnce decided, referee may revoke his/her decision if the presumed advantage does not materializeThe foul “Goes Away” unless referee decides, within 2-3 seconds, that the original advantage does not materializeMisconduct always staysYou may caution or send-off at the next stoppage of play only
113 ADVANTAGE LAW Verbal - “PLAY ON!” Visual - Arms swing in front Can change mind if advantage doesn’t occur
114 ADVANTAGE LAW Example: Defensive player wants to attack on goal stopped. Fouls attacker. Attacker not stopped by foul.If referee stops game for that foul, then referee is doing the defender’s job for them (stopping attack), thus “advantage” goes to offending (defensive) team.
115 POWERS OF THE REFEREEStops, suspends or terminates the match for any infringementsStops, suspends or terminates the match for outside interferenceStops the match for serious injuryAllows play to continue for minor injury
116 POWERS (Continued) Applies “Advantage Law” Issues cautions and send-offsReports or expels team officials for misconduct or irresponsible behaviorReverses a decision prior to restart
117 TECHNIQUES OF OFFICIATING Know the LawsBe firm, not overbearingIndicate your decision - Do not explain itBe near the play - Do not be in the playUse common sense
118 SIGNALSVisualHand or flagAudibleVerbal or whistleNote: Whistle tone should be varied according to the situation.
124 Second Cautionable offense SIGNALSFirst show yellow cardThen show red card.Second Cautionable offense
125 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES Fitness: Must get to drop zone -- near center of actionMust be within yards of significant challenges
126 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Eye contact – keep your head up!!!At every stoppage - make eye contact with assistants to ensure that you know if they have information for you.After foul - make eye contact with player who fouled as you point direction.
127 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Proximity to fouls when:Challenge was very hard/ physicalA player remains on the groundOpponents are not departing the areaYou must move in quickly to control the situation and prevent/stop/deal with misconduct
128 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Watch play - not the ballBall gone - start move to next position, watch for late contactBall coming - move to position, watch for foul prior to ball arrivingSet plays - vary position, use voice to manage players, signal when ready
129 FLAG TECHNIQUES Flag to field side, always in referee’s view Switch flag while hands are lowFlag motionless while runningWhen signaling, stop, face field, stand erect and make eye contact with referee
130 FLAG TECHNIQUES Lower flag as soon as referee acknowledges it Flag signals are straightpoint finger along stickflags are an extension of your armNo cross body signalsFlag is controlled up, lazy coming down
131 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL Fouls / misconduct behind referee’s backFouls / misconduct when referee is shielded by players’ bodiesVerbal misconduct out of earshot of referee (bench personnel or players)Reflect other assistant referee’s flag
132 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL Flag up for serious misconduct
133 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL Give opinions on points of fact when requested by the refereeWhat you sawWhat you heardBe specific - not vague
135 EXPLANATION O - F - F - S - I - D - E During Intramural Soccer offside will not be called. With only one official for most games it would be nearly impossible to make an appropriate offsideO - F - F - S - I - D - E
136 Penalty Kick A penalty kick is awarded when a defender commits any of the 10 major foulsinside their own penalty areaagainst an opponent *while ball is in play*Handling the ball is an exception
137 BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN1. Clear penalty area of all but keeper and kicker (all other players must be behind penalty mark)2. Get ball into your possession3. Set keeper on line - between posts4. Identify kicker to keeper5. Give ball to kicker to place on penalty mark
138 BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN 6. Tell kicker to wait for whistle (use gesture) 7. Final check - all out of penalty area, 10 yards from ball and behind mark8. Take position to observe keeper, kicker, other players and assistant referee9. Check with keeper to see if ready10. Whistle for kick
139 REQUIREMENTS OF KICKER Kick must be taken from the markBall must be kicked forwardKicker may feign a kickmust not unnecessarily delay the kickmust not change direction excessivelyMust not distract keeperMust not “double touch” the ball
140 REQUIREMENTS OF KEEPER Must be on goal line, between posts, facing field of playMay not move forward from the goal line until kick (may move laterally or side to side)Must not distract the kickerMust not engage in Unsporting Behavior
141 REQUIREMENTS OF ATTACKERS Must be outside of penalty areaMust be outside of penalty arcMust be laterally behind penalty markMust be on the field of playMust not encroachMust not distract the goalkeeper
142 REQUIREMENTS OF DEFENDERS Must be outside of penalty areaMust be outside of penalty arcMust be behind penalty markMust be on the field of playMust not encroachMust not distract the kicker
143 Proper setup for a penalty kick. POSITIONING DIAGRAMARRProper setup for a penalty kick.
144 * If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense When someone “cheats”Kick is takenBall in net Ball not in netNo cheatingGoalLive ballGoalDefense cheatsRetakeRetakeAttackers cheatLive ball*RetakeBoth cheatRetakeIFK Defense2nd touch by kickerIFK Defense* If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense
145 Kicks from the Penalty Mark A method of determining a winner of a match where competition rules require a winner after the match is drawn.Not a part of the match.Referee chooses goal at which kicks will be takenCoin toss winner kicks firstOnly players on field at end may kick
146 Ref Tricks Sell the call – Be Confident Take your time Talk slow and lowDo not say too muchConfer with your partnerNEVER change a call for a playerDo not argue or get upsetBe in control of the courtGive an inch, they’ll take a mileHave fun
147 Information UD IM Office: 302-831-2539 Adam Jines firstname.lastname@example.org Coordinator of IntramuralsKBOA Certified Official
148 At Home ResourcesDelaware Intramural Site Ref Corner: efcorner/
149 Additional Clinic Info Wednesday, 8:00pm-10:00pm Frazer FieldStations, positioning, mechanicsCome prepared to officiate