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11v11 Outdoor Soccer Training

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1 11v11 Outdoor Soccer Training

2 UD Intramural Employment
Criminal Background Check You will receive an from Axiom Submit online form immediately Pay Roll Fill out employment packet with Linda Baird CSB 134 You will need: Voided Check Social Security Card Drivers License Direct deposit Do this IMMEDIATELY Previous Employees: Check to make sure you are still in the system and listed as a ref

3 Scheduling Availability Sheet: Must be returned by the end of training to be considered for officiating All scheduling is done through from One week notice is needed if you can not work at a specific time or on a specific date YOU must find your own substitutes and have them send me an if you can not ref a shift you are scheduled for If you do not show for a shift you will be dismissed

4 The Ref Dress Code Look Professional MUST wear stripes TUCKED IN
Wear sneakers/athletic shoes Wear shorts or athletic pants Bring whistle (first one is given to you) NO jeans, khakis, etc. NO cell phones, earphones,etc.

5 Coming to Work You must be at the field/ 10 minutes before game time
If you are late you may be replaced and then dismissed Sign in with the supervisor Help set up or take down Be Energetic Be Confident Stay on the field

6 Role of the Supervisor Sign in and supervise refs Handle injuries
Handle argumentative or problem participants Crowd control Enforce IM and Facility rules Collect score sheets Answer questions etc. etc. etc.

7 Injury or Blood A player CAN NOT play if there is any visible blood anywhere on them or their clothes/shoes - alert supervisor NO blood can be on the equipment or playing area - alert supervisor Have injured/bleeding player stay put and get the supervisor

8 Player Sign In MUST HAVE UD ID TO PARTICIPATE NO EXCEPTIONS!!!
NO JEWELRY Not even taped or covered with a bandage No Hats - No Knots Nothing below forearm other than sweatbands Proper athletic footwear required SHIN GUARDS REQUIRED Write # next to name on score sheet Name must be on the score sheet OR have stamped add slip from office Supervisor will assess a 5 minute grace period for teams that are late, after that it is a forfeit

9 Captain’s Meeting A Captain’s Meeting will take place before the start of each game Includes: refs and at least 1 representative (captain) from each team Assign possession and direction. Winner of Coin Toss can choose Offense, Defense, Side, or Defer. Give a reminder of: Sportsmanship statement Boundary lines New rules Anything you feel needs to be reiterated Ask for any questions

10 Score Sheets Have players keep score
Check score and player count at half time Write cards yourself right after called Circle Winner Sign Score Sheets

11 Corner Flagpost and Corner Arc
DIMENSIONS & MARKINGS Optional Flag Maximum 130 yds (120 m) Minimum 100 yds (90 m) Photographer’s Line Touch Line Corner Flagpost and Corner Arc Halfway Line Penalty Area Center Mark Penalty Mark Center Circle Goal Maximum 100 yds (90 m) Minimum 50 yds (45 m) Penalty Arc

12 Starting the Game Introductions Referee tosses coin, who calls it?
Traditionally the visiting captain Be friendly, cordial and brief Do not coach or lecture Start game on time

13 Kick-Off Starting Mechanics
At kick-off: Each team in own half of field Defenders at least 10 yards from ball Ball stationary on center mark Referee gives a signal for kick-off (How?) Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward

14 Kick-Off Infractions Players in wrong half of field
Ball does not move forward Taken before referee’s signal Retake the kick Kicker plays ball a second time “double- touch” IFK to opponent

15 The ball is in play at all other times!
BALL OUT OF PLAY Only two methods of stopping play: Whole ball crosses a boundary line The referee stops play The ball is in play at all other times!

16 BALL IS IN PLAY If ball rebounds from
Goalpost, or Crossbar, or Corner flagpost and remains in the field of play Referee or Assistant Referee, if they are on the field of play Until the referee stops play for any reason

17 Lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries
BOUNDARY LINES Lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries This includes: Touch lines Goal lines Goal areas Penalty areas Corner areas

18 A ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the air
BALL CROSSING LINES A ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the air A ball is not out if any part of the ball is on or above any part of the line

19 Ball above the line is still “touching” outside plane of line
BALL NEAR LINE ? Ball above the line is still “touching” outside plane of line

20 CURVING BALL BLOWN BACK
Field of Play Out of Play

21 Assistant Referee’s view
PERSPECTIVE Assistant Referee’s view

22 Unsure of who the ball went out on…or extenuating circumstance?
Restart with a dropped ball at spot

23 The Throw-in

24 DEFINITION – THROW-IN Method of restarting play when whole ball has crossed the touch line. Throw-in awarded to opponents of the player who last touched the ball.

25 REQUIREMENTS Thrower must:
Deliver from point where ball crossed line (within 1 yard) Face field of play with some part of body Have part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line Use both hands Deliver ball from behind and over the head

26 TECHNIQUE Face the field of play
Deliver ball from behind and over head

27 HANDS FAIR Both hands on ball ----- ----if only one hand guiding ball
FOUL Use common sense

28 Part of each foot on or behind touch line
LOCATION OF FEET Part of each foot on or behind touch line

29 RESTART Ball is in play when: Ball enters field of play, and
Has left hands of thrower NOTE: A “soft” or “slow” throw-in motion is legal. A properly executed “flip throw” is legal.

30 PLACEMENT Awarded from the point where it crossed the touch line
If not, it shall be considered to be improperly thrown

31 REFEREE TECHNIQUE Referee or Assistant Referee should indicate place from which the throw- in should be taken If taken from improper point, throw-in awarded to other team

32 INFRACTIONS Thrower plays ball second time before ball touches another player “Double touch” - IFK to opponents Improperly thrown or from wrong point Throw-in to opponents Ball thrown directly into opponents’ goal No goal - restart with goal kick

33 INFRACTIONS Ball thrown directly into own goal
No goal - restart with corner kick Ball thrown directly into opponent’s goal No goal - restart with goal kick Ball does not enter field Retake throw-in

34 INFRACTION BY OPPONENT
If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the thrower… they are Cautioned for “unsporting behavior” and shown the yellow card. But .… use Common Sense!

35 Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is considered
Goal Kicks A goal kick is awarded when the whole ball has: Crossed the goal line in the air or on the ground Was last touched by an attacker A goal was not scored Note: Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is considered out of play

36 A goal kick is taken from anywhere in the goal area.

37 RESTART Ball is placed in the goal area
Any defensive player may take kick Whole ball must leave the penalty area on first touch If ball touched prior to leaving the penalty area Retake the goal kick

38 SPECIAL SITUATIONS If anything happens before the whole ball exits the penalty area, the goal kick is retaken WHY? The ball is not in play yet.

39 POSITIONING ON A GOAL KICK
All attackers must be and remain outside of penalty area until ball has cleared the penalty area.

40 GOAL KICK ENTERING GOAL
A goal kick kicked directly into: Opponent’s goal - award GOAL, restart with kick-off Own goal - retake goal kick

41 Corner Kicks Definition of a corner kick Where corner kick is taken
Ball placement Encroachment Additional points Dangers

42 DEFINITION A corner kick is awarded when the whole ball has:
Crossed the goal line in the air or on the ground Was last touched by a defender A goal was not scored

43 Corner flagpost shall not be removed moved from a vertical position
WHERE The corner kick is taken from the quarter-circle at the nearest corner to where the ball crossed the goal line. Corner flagpost shall not be removed or moved from a vertical position

44 PLACEMENT The ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circle
Correct positioning Incorrect position Correct positioning The ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circle Must be in contact with some part of the quarter circle

45 Opponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball !
ENCROACHMENT Opponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball ! 10 yards 10 yards

46 ADDITIONAL POINTS Kicker may not “double touch” the ball
A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick May not declare a player offside who receives the ball directly from a corner kick

47 Corner kicks are a potentially
DANGERS Corner kicks are a potentially dangerous situation! Before ball is in play: Pushing and jostling for position Hold up kick and warn or Caution After ball is in play: All fouls per Law 12 Penalize per Law 12

48 Goal Scoring A goal is scored when the whole ball has:
Crossed the goal line Between the uprights (goalposts) Under the crossbar Provided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal. And it was propelled in a legal manner.

49 WHAT’S A GOAL? AND WHAT’S NOT?
No Goal No Goal Goal No Goal

50 EXCEPTIONS A goal cannot be scored directly from:
An indirect free kick (IFK) Any free kick into your own goal A throw-in

51 OUTSIDE INTERFERENCE If the ball is prevented from passing over the goal line by an “outside agent” A spectator An animal Another ball Any other thing Dropped ball where contact was made *except in the goal area

52 THE WINNER IS... The team scoring the most goals during the match is the winner Referee never decides the winner

53 Fouls and Misconduct Please ! F A I R Fouls P L A Y Fouls

54 TOPICS Major (Penal) fouls Major Foul restarts
Involving Careless, Reckless, or Excessive Force Other major fouls Major Foul restarts Minor fouls (technical infractions) Minor Foul restarts

55 DEFINITIONS Careless \ adj 1: unconcerned, indifferent 2: not showing care Reckless \ adj 1: lacking caution : rash syn: headlong, hasty

56 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force: Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent Trips or attempts to trip an opponent Jumps at an opponent

57 Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent

58 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
Foul tackle from behind - may be kicking or tripping

59 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
“Over the ball” tackle - may be kicking and serious foul play

60 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent

61 Jumping at (into) an opponent
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Jumping at (into) an opponent

62 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following seven offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force: Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent Charges an opponent Pushes an opponent

63 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent

64 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent

65 (carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Charging an opponent (carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)

66 (Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Charging an opponent (Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)

67 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Pushes an opponent

68 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four offenses: 7. Holds an opponent 8. Spits at an opponent 9. Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area) 10. Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball

69 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Holds an opponent

70 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Holds an opponent

71 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Holds an opponent 8

72 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Spits at an opponent

73 Handles the ball deliberately
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Handles the ball deliberately

74 INTENT However... Ball strikes player on arm - and - ball falls to player’s feet and he/she gains control No Foul! Reasoning… Player did not initiate the action

75 Unintentional contact
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Unintentional contact not a foul Did ball hit arm? Or Did arm hit ball?

76 MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, Regardless of whether contact is made with the opponent

77 Restart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infraction
MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Restart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infraction Except when foul occurs by defender within the defender’s penalty area in which case a Penalty Kick shall be awarded.

78 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Goalkeeper inside own penalty area: Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with his/her hands before releasing it from his/her possession Regains hand control prior to touch by another Touches ball with hands after deliberately kicked by team-mate Touches ball with hands after throw-in by team-mate

79 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with the hands to release it from her/his possession.

80 MINOR FOULS (NON-PENAL)
1 Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player.

81 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Touches ball with hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a teammate

82 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Touches ball with hands if received directly from throw-in by teammate

83 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Plays in a dangerous manner Impedes the progress of an opponent Prevents goalkeeper from releasing ball from his/her hands Commits any offense, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player

84 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Playing in a dangerous manner (to an opponent) Teammate doesn’t count

85 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Playing in a dangerous manner (an opponent) Teammate doesn’t count

86 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Impeding the progress of an opponent

87 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands

88 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS
Restart with a Indirect Free Kick at point of infraction EXCEPT… - by defenders within their own goal area …kick taken from anywhere within goal area. - by attackers in opponent’s goal area …move ball to out to closest point on 6 yard line.

89 Free Kicks “The way play is restarted after the referee has stopped play for an infraction”

90 THERE ARE ONLY 2 TYPES OF FREE KICKS
DFK (Direct Free Kick) IFK (Indirect Free Kick)

91 DIRECT FREE KICK GOAL! One of the 10 major (penal) fouls
B A One of the 10 major (penal) fouls Can score directly against opponent Outside penalty area of offending team

92 INDIRECT FREE KICK GOAL!
B A One of the 8 minor fouls (technical infractions) Cannot score directly against opponent Must touch another player!

93 FREE KICK “RULES” Ball must be stationary Played in any direction
No “double touch” No encroachment Restart signal requirements “Quick” restart “Ceremonial” restart Cannot score directly against self Point of infraction (2 exceptions)

94 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS
Exception #1 If given to a team within own goal area, All opponents must be out of penalty area Ball must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch

95 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS
Exception #2 IFK in opponent’s goal area is moved out to the nearest point on the goal area line

96 PENALTY AREA REQUIREMENTS
Also, if given to a team within their own penalty area All opponents must be out of penalty area Ball must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch

97 “QUICK” FREE KICK Kicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use it Opponents must retire 10 yards Opponents have no right to form a wall As referee, encourage the “quick” restart

98 “QUICK” FREE KICK Do not interfere unless:
Kicking team insists on 10 yards Encroachment is severe “Quick” restart is not taken Kicker restarting prior to the opponents retiring is at risk of losing possession Hand signal if IFK

99 “QUICK” FREE KICK GUIDELINES
Opponent retiring and kicker makes mistake and kicks ball to opponent No offense - kicker at risk Opponent retiring, but deflects ball when kicked right by him/her Warn player - retake kick if no goal results Opponent not retiring and makes an effort to intercept the ball. If player succeeds, Caution player - retake kick

100 “CEREMONIAL” FREE KICK
Organized “defensive wall” Clearly show kicker to wait for whistle Be “first brick” in the wall - 10 yards Bring opponents to you Move to your next position Signal for restart When you are ready As soon as possible

101 ENCROACHMENT 10 yards in all directions Failure to respect
the required distance is a cautionable offense

102 ENCROACHMENT Opponents must retire 10 yards with one exception, if they’re between goalposts and on the goal line.

103 RESTART MECHANICS Point direction! Indicate IFK if appropriate
Players want/need to know if they are “attacking” or “defending” Indicate IFK if appropriate Players want/need to know if they can score directly from this kick Indicate position of ball

104 RESTART MECHANICS Position defenders Position yourself
Do not allow encroachment Position yourself Indicate IFK if appropriate Signal for restart Use whistle if “ceremonial” kick

105 BALL IN PLAY VS. GOAL SCORED
Ball is “in play” when: Kicked and moves and Leaves penalty area (if appropriate) Goal can be scored when: Ball is “in play” Ball is touched by 2nd player on IFK Ball is kicked into opponents goal

106 DUTIES OF THE REFEREE Enforce the Laws of the Game
Controls match using Assistant Referees Ensures game ball meets requirements Inspects players’ equipment Acts as timekeeper & records game Ensures bleeding player leaves field

107 DUTIES (Continued) Punishes the more serious of two offenses
Acts on advice from neutral assistant referees on incidents he/she has not seen Not allow persons on field without permission Restarts match after a stoppage

108 Decisions of the Referee
The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final. Those facts include whether a goal has been scored or not and the result of the match.

109 Decisions of the Referee
The referee may only change a decision on realizing that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion, on the advice of an assistant referee, provided that he/she has not restarted play.

110 When to Penalize The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling or doubtful breaches produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of the spectators.

111 ADVANTAGE LAW Allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time.

112 ADVANTAGE LAW Once decided, referee may revoke his/her decision if the presumed advantage does not materialize The foul “Goes Away” unless referee decides, within 2-3 seconds, that the original advantage does not materialize Misconduct always stays You may caution or send-off at the next stoppage of play only

113 ADVANTAGE LAW Verbal - “PLAY ON!” Visual - Arms swing in front
Can change mind if advantage doesn’t occur

114 ADVANTAGE LAW Example:
Defensive player wants to attack on goal stopped. Fouls attacker. Attacker not stopped by foul. If referee stops game for that foul, then referee is doing the defender’s job for them (stopping attack), thus “advantage” goes to offending (defensive) team.

115 POWERS OF THE REFEREE Stops, suspends or terminates the match for any infringements Stops, suspends or terminates the match for outside interference Stops the match for serious injury Allows play to continue for minor injury

116 POWERS (Continued) Applies “Advantage Law”
Issues cautions and send-offs Reports or expels team officials for misconduct or irresponsible behavior Reverses a decision prior to restart

117 TECHNIQUES OF OFFICIATING
Know the Laws Be firm, not overbearing Indicate your decision - Do not explain it Be near the play - Do not be in the play Use common sense

118 SIGNALS Visual Hand or flag Audible Verbal or whistle Note: Whistle tone should be varied according to the situation.

119 SIGNALS Goal kick Corner kick

120 SIGNALS Penalty kick

121 Indirect free kick SIGNALS Direct free kick

122 SIGNALS Advantage Throw-in
Play on! Throw-in

123 Caution (yellow card) Send-off (red card) SIGNALS

124 Second Cautionable offense
SIGNALS First show yellow card Then show red card. Second Cautionable offense

125 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES Fitness:
Must get to drop zone -- near center of action Must be within yards of significant challenges

126 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’)
Eye contact – keep your head up!!! At every stoppage - make eye contact with assistants to ensure that you know if they have information for you. After foul - make eye contact with player who fouled as you point direction.

127 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’)
Proximity to fouls when: Challenge was very hard/ physical A player remains on the ground Opponents are not departing the area You must move in quickly to control the situation and prevent/stop/deal with misconduct

128 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’)
Watch play - not the ball Ball gone - start move to next position, watch for late contact Ball coming - move to position, watch for foul prior to ball arriving Set plays - vary position, use voice to manage players, signal when ready

129 FLAG TECHNIQUES Flag to field side, always in referee’s view
Switch flag while hands are low Flag motionless while running When signaling, stop, face field, stand erect and make eye contact with referee

130 FLAG TECHNIQUES Lower flag as soon as referee acknowledges it
Flag signals are straight point finger along stick flags are an extension of your arm No cross body signals Flag is controlled up, lazy coming down

131 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL
Fouls / misconduct behind referee’s back Fouls / misconduct when referee is shielded by players’ bodies Verbal misconduct out of earshot of referee (bench personnel or players) Reflect other assistant referee’s flag

132 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL
Flag up for serious misconduct

133 ASSISTANCE IN GAME CONTROL
Give opinions on points of fact when requested by the referee What you saw What you heard Be specific - not vague

134 Offside

135 EXPLANATION O - F - F - S - I - D - E
During Intramural Soccer offside will not be called. With only one official for most games it would be nearly impossible to make an appropriate offside O - F - F - S - I - D - E

136 Penalty Kick A penalty kick is awarded when a defender
commits any of the 10 major fouls inside their own penalty area against an opponent * while ball is in play *Handling the ball is an exception

137 BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN 1. Clear penalty area of all but keeper and kicker (all other players must be behind penalty mark) 2. Get ball into your possession 3. Set keeper on line - between posts 4. Identify kicker to keeper 5. Give ball to kicker to place on penalty mark

138 BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN 6. Tell kicker to wait for whistle (use gesture)
7. Final check - all out of penalty area, 10 yards from ball and behind mark 8. Take position to observe keeper, kicker, other players and assistant referee 9. Check with keeper to see if ready 10. Whistle for kick

139 REQUIREMENTS OF KICKER
Kick must be taken from the mark Ball must be kicked forward Kicker may feign a kick must not unnecessarily delay the kick must not change direction excessively Must not distract keeper Must not “double touch” the ball

140 REQUIREMENTS OF KEEPER
Must be on goal line, between posts, facing field of play May not move forward from the goal line until kick (may move laterally or side to side) Must not distract the kicker Must not engage in Unsporting Behavior

141 REQUIREMENTS OF ATTACKERS
Must be outside of penalty area Must be outside of penalty arc Must be laterally behind penalty mark Must be on the field of play Must not encroach Must not distract the goalkeeper

142 REQUIREMENTS OF DEFENDERS
Must be outside of penalty area Must be outside of penalty arc Must be behind penalty mark Must be on the field of play Must not encroach Must not distract the kicker

143 Proper setup for a penalty kick.
POSITIONING DIAGRAM AR R Proper setup for a penalty kick.

144 * If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense
When someone “cheats” Kick is taken Ball in net Ball not in net No cheating Goal Live ball Goal Defense cheats Retake Retake Attackers cheat Live ball* Retake Both cheat Retake IFK Defense 2nd touch by kicker IFK Defense * If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense

145 Kicks from the Penalty Mark
A method of determining a winner of a match where competition rules require a winner after the match is drawn. Not a part of the match. Referee chooses goal at which kicks will be taken Coin toss winner kicks first Only players on field at end may kick

146 Ref Tricks Sell the call – Be Confident Take your time
Talk slow and low Do not say too much Confer with your partner NEVER change a call for a player Do not argue or get upset Be in control of the court Give an inch, they’ll take a mile Have fun 

147 Information UD IM Office: 302-831-2539 Adam Jines jines@udel.edu
Coordinator of Intramurals KBOA Certified Official

148 At Home Resources Delaware Intramural Site Ref Corner: efcorner/

149 Additional Clinic Info
Wednesday, 8:00pm-10:00pm Frazer Field Stations, positioning, mechanics Come prepared to officiate

150


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