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Pre-Op Total Joint Class Welcome! 1. 2 Goals Inform the patient & family what to expect… Before, during & after surgery Reduce anxiety Answer questions.

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Presentation on theme: "Pre-Op Total Joint Class Welcome! 1. 2 Goals Inform the patient & family what to expect… Before, during & after surgery Reduce anxiety Answer questions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pre-Op Total Joint Class Welcome! 1

2 2

3 Goals Inform the patient & family what to expect… Before, during & after surgery Reduce anxiety Answer questions Help you become better-prepared 3

4 We Care About You!!! In an effort to personalize your care while in the hospital, please let us know of any needs ahead of time Please complete the enclosed Care Card and turn it in at the end of class 4

5 What To Bring List of medications and allergies Glasses, hearing aids, dentures Toiletry items Toothbrush Toothpaste Flat, supportive, non-slip walking shoes (with a backing) Incontinence products (if you use and prefer a specific product that may not available at the hospital) 5

6 What To Bring Night clothes/pajamas, loose clothing Books, magazines, hobby items 6

7 7 Day of Surgery - Park in parking deck P-2 (To the left of the hospital)

8 Infection Prevention Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) wipes will be used to cleanse and disinfect the surgical site before surgery begins Constant handwashing/use of anti-bacterial lotion IV antibiotics (before, during, after surgery) 8

9 IV or Intravenous Therapy May have one or two lines Fluids-body water, blood, antibiotics, pain medication Will leave it in until discharge 9

10 10 Your Surgery Surgery is about 1-2 hours long Recovery is about 1 ½ hours Staff will page family/visitors once patient is out of recovery and give the room number. This is where you will meet your family/visitors after surgery.

11 Welcome to your room! 11

12 After Surgery - Oxygen Only used a short time Let us know if you have sleep apnea or use oxygen or CPAP at home If so, bring CPAP manual with settings as prescribed by MD 12

13 Dressings and Drains Large dressing initially Drains and dressings removed 1 st or second day after surgery Dressing changed daily after that Cell Saver 13

14 Foley Catheter To Drain Urine Stays in about 1 day Helps to keep track of fluid balance Good initially when not moving well Put in after you are asleep 14

15 Pain Management Our goal is to keep you comfortable and functional. It is unlikely that your pain will be 0. We ask that you partner with us and ask for additional pain medicine if needed Alternative pain options may be used such as cold therapy and relaxation Our staff will make every effort to best manage your pain. 15

16 PCA - Patient Controlled Analgesia Pain Button Administer to self Close monitoring NO ONE IS TO PUSH THE BUTTON EXCEPT THE PATIENT!!! ***Please ask your surgeon if this is an option he will use for you 16

17 Femoral Nerve Block/Catheter ***Some surgeons prefer not to use this*** Numbs the front part of the leg from the groin to the knee Stays in about two days May cause you to have a noodle leg Need to wear a knee immobilizer while standing or walking 17

18 Knee Immobilizer May also wear at night to remind you to keep the leg straight Used for safety reasons Note: You may or may not walk with the knee immobilizer on while exercising with a Therapist. However, you should ALWAYS continue to wear it with Nursing until you are able to do a full straight leg raise (with no bend at the knee) 18

19 Cryotherapy - Polar Care Device **Some surgeons prefer to use ice instead of the Polar Care Device** **Some surgeons may choose not to use the Polar Care Device or ice** Sends a cold signal to the brain to help with pain management Helps with pain andswelling You take this home with you (if it is ordered by your surgeon) 19

20 20 While You Are Here

21 Medications Different color and number Always ask nurse what meds are for Combination medications that you may take at home may be given as separate pills while in the hospital 21

22 Preventing Pneumonia Incentive Spirometer Breathe in times an hour while awake Helps to expand air sacs in lungs 22

23 Preventing Blood Clots 1.Medication (Blood Thinners) 2.Calf/Foot Pumps 3.Walking and Exercising 23

24 Coumadin, Xarelto, Lovenox ***Please check with your surgeon as to which blood thinner will be prescribed*** Will help to prevent blood clots from forming Will need to learn how to take these medications safely Will need to watch a video 24

25 Compression Devices Foot or calf pumps Help to push the blood back into circulation Wear them when you are in bed 25

26 Walking and Exercising Helps to prevent blood clots from forming Exercise in and out of bed Ankle circles, foot pumps, tightening leg muscles 26

27 Bedside Shift Report Takes at shift change Promotes patient safety Opportunity for patients and/or Caregiver(s) to ask questions and address patient needs 27

28 Diet Initial diet is typically clear liquid Diet will be advanced as you can tolerate First tray is house tray, then you will order Constipation because of pain meds High fiber Increase activity Fluids Nausea 28

29 Call for Help Never get out of bed or chair unless you call for assistance Call as soon as possible Try to ask for help when a staff member is already in the room. 29

30 Condition H (Help) Dial 3111 and give room number Gives family and friends a way to call a Medical Emergency team to the bedside Call if after speaking to the healthcare team You notice a change in your loved ones condition You still have serious concerns about your loved ones condition 30

31 Sleep / Relaxation Dial L.O.U.D. (5683) on phone if sleep disturbed Anonymous call TV Channels Relaxation/Meditation channels Free WiFi 31

32 Case Management & Discharge Planning Goal: To get you home safely!!! 32

33 Discharge Plan Everyone is assigned a Case Manager who will usually meet with you the day after surgery Average Length of Stay: 2-3 nights That means you should be ready for discharge around the 2 nd or 3 rd day after surgery 33

34 Discharge Sometimes the discharge process can take up to 4 or 5 hours. We know youll be eager to leave the hospital, and we want to be sure everythings in place to ensure a smooth and safe transition. 34

35 Discharge Plan Options: Home Health & Equipment You will choose agency (list provided) RN (if on Coumadin) Physical Therapy (2-3 times/wk) Occupational Therapy (if ordered by Doctor) Equipment ordered… Rolling Walker Bedside Commode CPM (if ordered by Doctor) ***Your Case Manager will set up a Home Health Agency (of your choice) for you 35

36 Discharge Plan Options: Short-Term Rehab Two types of Rehab Facilities… 1.SNF: 1 to 3 hours of therapy/day Average Length of Stay: 1-2 weeks-as needed 2. Acute: 3 or more hours of therapy/day Average Length of Stay: days 36

37 Discharge Plan Transportation (depends on what is medically necessary) Car Wheelchair Van Not covered by insurance Cost: $55-$120 Ambulance Covered by insurance if medically necessary ***Your Case Manager will set up your Wheelchair Van or Ambulance for you (if needed) 37

38 If You Are Going Home… You may fill your prescriptions at our Plaza Pharmacy (Located on the First Floor of the hospital) Hours of Operation: Mon-Fri (9:00AM-4:30PM) (919) Pick up from the Main Pharmacy on weekends or after 4:30PM (but make payment arrangements with Plaza Pharmacy during M-F business hours) 38

39 Physical Therapy 39

40 Treatment Sessions Seven days/week Will typically begin the day after surgery One or two times per day with the PT Goals will be simply to get you up walking, start you on an exercise program, and teach you any appropriate precautions 40

41 Treatment Sessions (cont) Sessions will typically be brief, lasting approximately 30 minutes Sessions are tailored for each patient and therefore will vary from patient to patient A few of you may do well enough to walk with family, but only if approved by your therapist! Last visit will usually be morning of discharge 41

42 CPM Machine ***Some surgeons prefer not to use this*** Continuous Passive Motion machine May be used for total knee patients ( if ordered ) Passively bends knee while in bed 42

43 43

44 Precautions Knee Replacement Do not stay in one position for longer than an hour without standing up, walking a short distance, and straightening and bending your knee Do not sleep or rest with a pillow or anything under your knee Operated leg out in front while sitting or standing 44

45 General Precautions Hip Replacement Do not bend hip past 90 degrees Do not cross middle of your body with operated leg Do not lie on stomach for at least 6-8 weeks after surgery Do not stay in one position for more than an hour or two 45

46 Homeward Bound Gym 46

47 Preparing for Therapy Now General strengthening for arms and legs Dont do anything that would make your symptoms worse or irritate any other problem you may have Chair push-ups can be useful for strengthening arms and preparing to use a walker or crutches Walking or riding a stationary bike can improve your endurance 47

48 Occupational Therapy 48

49 Treatment Sessions will usually begin Post-Op Day #1 (the day after surgery) You may not have a session every day Instruction will include: lower body dressing, bed transfers, bedside commode transfers, tub bench/shower transfers, personal hygiene, and use of ADL equipment if needed 49

50 Treatment (cont) Demonstration of equipment ***Knee patients rarely need this equipment at discharge while most hip patients do need this equipment at discharge. The Therapist will determine your specific needs. Reacher Sock aid Bathing sponge 50

51 Helpful Tips How to properly carry items in pockets and/or basket while driving a walker Safety in the shower (have someone close by) While at home prior to surgery, move low- and high-lying items to waist level (i.e. in kitchen/bathroom cupboards, refrigerator) Make arrangements to have appropriate-sized car available for your discharge 51

52 Before Surgery… Assess your home environment and let the Therapist know the following once you are in the hospital… Tub/Shower (location, height, grab bars) Number of steps (outside of home and upstairs) Height of bed 52

53 Thank You!!! 53


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