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Statistics Effort is the Key to Success - There is no Shortcut.

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Presentation on theme: "Statistics Effort is the Key to Success - There is no Shortcut."— Presentation transcript:

1 Statistics Effort is the Key to Success - There is no Shortcut

2 Economics Money (and why it is good)

3 Psychology Why we think what we think (we think)

4 Biology Life

5 Anthropology Who? Who?

6 History What, Where and When?

7 Philosophy Why?

8 Engineering How?

9 Accounting How much?

10 Statistics Variation Data varies. People are different. We have to make decisions on data because no one is perfect

11 Why Statistics? Everywhere Everywhere Applications Applications Needed for college Needed for college Interesting Interesting

12 Cartoon from textbook

13 Case Study Robert Martin turned 55 in Robert Martin turned 55 in Worked for Westvaco Corporation Worked for Westvaco Corporation Was laid off. Was laid off. He claims it was because of age. He claims it was because of age. Use of statistics to prove. Use of statistics to prove.

14 Exploration Informal Informal Gathering of Data Gathering of Data Open ended examination of data for patterns Open ended examination of data for patterns Use of graphs etc. Use of graphs etc.

15 Data cartoon from Textbook

16 Statistics Introduction

17 Data Collection Lets collect some data Simple graphs

18 S_A_I_T_C_ 1.A W Q C T 2.Y Q H U M 3.I T T S S 4.L U M W K

19 Sometime every day of your life you will encounter meeting with some sort of data or statistical study.

20 Do you agree? 1.Yes 2.No

21 What is your class? 1.Freshman 2.Sophomore 3.Junior 4.Senior

22 How much money do you carry? 1.$0-5 2.$ $ $ More than $100

23 How many pairs of shoes do you own? More than 7 pair

24 Boys # shoes More than 7

25 Girls: # shoes More than 7

26 How much sleep did you get last night? hours More than 8 hours

27 Which do you prefer for dating? 1.I cant yet, I am too young 2.Older dates 3.Younger dates 4.Blind dates

28 Are you satisfied with your schedule? 1.This will be my best year yet 2.Why did I get put into some of the classes? 3.Im just here because I am required to be here 4.Im going to my counselor to change my schedule

29 Inference Follows strict rules Follows strict rules Judges if things you found are what you expect Judges if things you found are what you expect Decide if evidence proves Decide if evidence proves

30 Statistics? Statistics is a way of reasoning, along with a collection of tools and methods, designed to help us understand the world. Statistics is a way of reasoning, along with a collection of tools and methods, designed to help us understand the world. Statistics (plural) are particular calculations made from data. Statistics (plural) are particular calculations made from data. Statistics is about how to think clearly about data. Statistics is about how to think clearly about data.

31 Lets Get started One of the interesting challenges of Statistics is that, unlike some math and science classes, there can be more than one answer.

32 2 right answers? People make mistakes sometimes intentionally People make mistakes sometimes intentionally Some mistakes are unintentional Some mistakes are unintentional Some mistakes are on purpose to mislead Some mistakes are on purpose to mislead Sometimes the method causes mistakes Sometimes the method causes mistakes

33 Equation challenge Equations are for expressing a mathematical idea concisely and are not the main point of statistics. Equations are for expressing a mathematical idea concisely and are not the main point of statistics. In Statistics we think about a problem, find and show results and tell others what you have discovered. In Statistics we think about a problem, find and show results and tell others what you have discovered.

34 The Ws Who Who What (and in what units) What (and in what units) When When Where Where Why Why How How

35 Exercise Think Think Identify the Ws Identify the Ws Find variables Find variables Classify Classify Identify units Identify units

36 Oscars Ages of Oscar-winning Best Actors and Actresses by Richard Brown and Gretchen Davis gives the ages of actors and actresses at the time they won Oscars. We might use these data to see whether actors and actresses are likely to win Oscars at about the same age or not. Ages of Oscar-winning Best Actors and Actresses by Richard Brown and Gretchen Davis gives the ages of actors and actresses at the time they won Oscars. We might use these data to see whether actors and actresses are likely to win Oscars at about the same age or not.

37 Weighing Bears Because of the difficulty of weighing a bear in the woods, researchers caught and measured 54 bears, recording their weight, neck size, length, and sex. They hoped to find a way to estimate weight from the other, more easily determined quantities. Because of the difficulty of weighing a bear in the woods, researchers caught and measured 54 bears, recording their weight, neck size, length, and sex. They hoped to find a way to estimate weight from the other, more easily determined quantities.

38 Arbys Menu A listing posted by the Arbys restaurant chain gives, for each of the sandwiches it sells, the type of meat in the sandwich; the number of calories, and the serving size in ounces. The data might be used to assess the nutritional value of the different sandwiches. A listing posted by the Arbys restaurant chain gives, for each of the sandwiches it sells, the type of meat in the sandwich; the number of calories, and the serving size in ounces. The data might be used to assess the nutritional value of the different sandwiches.

39 Flowers In a study appearing in the journal Science a research team reports that plants in southern England are flowering earlier in the spring. Records of the first flowering dates for 385 species over a period of 47 years indicate that flowering has advanced an average of 15 days per decade, and indication of climate warming according to the authors. In a study appearing in the journal Science a research team reports that plants in southern England are flowering earlier in the spring. Records of the first flowering dates for 385 species over a period of 47 years indicate that flowering has advanced an average of 15 days per decade, and indication of climate warming according to the authors.

40 Fitness Are physically fit people less likely to die of cancer? An article in the May 2002 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise reported results of a study that followed 25,892 men aged 30 to 87 for 10 years. The most physically fit men had a 55% lower risk of death from cancer than the least fit group. Are physically fit people less likely to die of cancer? An article in the May 2002 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise reported results of a study that followed 25,892 men aged 30 to 87 for 10 years. The most physically fit men had a 55% lower risk of death from cancer than the least fit group.

41 Schools The State Education Department requires local school districts to keep these records on all studies: age, race or ethnicity, days absent, current grade level, standardized test scores in reading and mathematics, and any disabilities or special educational needs the student may have. The State Education Department requires local school districts to keep these records on all studies: age, race or ethnicity, days absent, current grade level, standardized test scores in reading and mathematics, and any disabilities or special educational needs the student may have.

42 Cars A survey of autos parked in student and staff lots at a large university recorded the make, country of origin, type of vehicle (car, van SUV, etc.), and age. A survey of autos parked in student and staff lots at a large university recorded the make, country of origin, type of vehicle (car, van SUV, etc.), and age.

43 Age and Party The Gallup Poll conducted a representative telephone survey of 1180 American voters during the first quarter of Among the reported results were the voters region (Northeast, South, etc.) age, part affiliation, and whether or not the person had voted in the 1998 midterm Congressional election. The Gallup Poll conducted a representative telephone survey of 1180 American voters during the first quarter of Among the reported results were the voters region (Northeast, South, etc.) age, part affiliation, and whether or not the person had voted in the 1998 midterm Congressional election.

44 Air Travel The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) monitors airlines for safety and customer service. For each flight the carrier must report the type of aircraft, number of passengers, whether or not the flights departed and arrived on schedule, and any mechanical problems. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) monitors airlines for safety and customer service. For each flight the carrier must report the type of aircraft, number of passengers, whether or not the flights departed and arrived on schedule, and any mechanical problems.

45 Materials needed for class TI 83 or TI84 TI 83 or TI84 Notebook Notebook Highlighters Highlighters Good attitude Good attitude File Cards File Cards

46 Assignment In the News Find a newspaper or magazine article in which some data are reported. For the data discussed in the article identify the Ws, name the variables, classify each variable as categorical or quantitative and identify the units. Include a copy of the article with your report. Find a newspaper or magazine article in which some data are reported. For the data discussed in the article identify the Ws, name the variables, classify each variable as categorical or quantitative and identify the units. Include a copy of the article with your report.

47 Graph Exploration Find five or more different graphs and identify the type you think it is. Find five or more different graphs and identify the type you think it is.


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