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{ Gettysburg Address Gettysburg Address By Erica Hsieh, David, Rice Ethan Bumpers, and Zoe Goldberger.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Gettysburg Address Gettysburg Address By Erica Hsieh, David, Rice Ethan Bumpers, and Zoe Goldberger."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Gettysburg Address Gettysburg Address By Erica Hsieh, David, Rice Ethan Bumpers, and Zoe Goldberger

2 { Battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 Three days long Army of North Virginia under the Confederate General Robert E. Lee Army of Potomac under the command of Union Maj. Gen. George G. Meade and General Reynolds, who died in battle The Battle of Gettysburg Repulse of Longstreet's Assault, by James Walker, oil on canvas

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4 North 4,708 killed 12,693 wounded 5,830 captured or missing 5,830 captured or missing 23,231 total amount casualties The Battle of Gettysburg South 3,155 killed 14,531 wounded 5,369 captured or missing 23,055 total casualties Casualties Reynolds and Meade were about 10 th in a long line of Union generals, and all had been fired.

5 The Battlefields

6 July 3 rd, 1863 Infantry assault called Pickett's Charge. Lee ordered Picketts Charge on General Meade and Union forces at Cemetery Hill, forced Confederates to charge uphill into open gunfire, a suicide mission, killing 40% of the Confederates Cemetery Hill

7 Timothy H. OSullivan, 1863 Dead Confederates without shoes, because the survivors needed them Their pockets are turned inside out: survivors did not stop at shoes A battle has been often the subject of elaborate description; but it can be described in one simple word, devilish! and the distorted dead recall the ancient legends of men torn in pieces by the savage wantonness of fiends - Alexander Gardner, caption for photo in Gardners Photographic Sketchbook of the War, published 1865-1866

8 May 11-June 4 Union victory By the time of the Address, Vicksburg, too, had be won: more support for Lincoln

9 Union had been losing battles, and their only victory, at Antietam, was a stalemate. Gettysburg was their first big victory. Most presidential speeches are boring, and long. The Gettysburg Address is short, eloquent, poetic, and graceful. The speech told the public why America was special, and worth fighting for.

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11 New birth of Freedom War is about slavery Union must be saved (Nationalism) Valor of all who fought War must be won

12 All men are created equal became rallying cry for the last three years of the war Last line is the definition of Democracy we use today Turned tide of popular sentiment against the south even further Made even more Union troops angry because they thought they were fighting for the Union not slavery

13 The Gettysburg Address made the war ABOUT slavery. New Birth of Freedom turned the Civil War into a labor that would end with another chance to follow through with the idea that all men are created equal.

14 The Gettysburg address states that the union is fighting for a sense of equality between men. Throughout history equality has been extended to include more groups of people. Rich white men All white men All men, regardless of color Men and women

15 This famous phrase marks Lincolns theme of democracy due to its themes of letting the people rule the government that rules them. Theme running through American history even years prior to the Gettysburg Address. For example, in the Massachusetts senator Daniel Websters debate with South Carolina Senator Haynes, in 1830

16 Daniel Webster, Massachusetts Senator, who, by popular opinion, might have become President, said, in 1830, that government and the source of its power is: …that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from this earth "the people's constitution, the people's government; made for the people, made by the people, and answerable to the people

17 1) What military tactic did Lee employ that killed 40% of his men? a) Fence Charge c) Lattice Warfare b) Picketts Charge d) Lickety Fudge

18 2) Which of the following statements is wrong? a) The Gettysburg Address defined Democracy as nobody had before c) Lee led the Confederates and Meade the Union at the battle of Gettysburg b)Lincoln used Four score and seven years instead of 87 because is sounded better d) The battle ended just before the Fourth of July

19 2) SHOUT IT OUT: which generals were at the Battle of Gettysburg? Lee Reynolds Grant Ulysses Robert Reynolds Morrison Winfield Scott Johnston Twiggs

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