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Voices of Children in Evaluation Mallika R. Samaranayake President - Community of Evaluators, South Asia In collaboration with BetterEvaluation February.

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Presentation on theme: "Voices of Children in Evaluation Mallika R. Samaranayake President - Community of Evaluators, South Asia In collaboration with BetterEvaluation February."— Presentation transcript:

1 Voices of Children in Evaluation Mallika R. Samaranayake President - Community of Evaluators, South Asia In collaboration with BetterEvaluation February 5, 2014 Presented by 1

2 Why Childrens voices matter A part of their right to participate Hold their own views and should have the right to express Their insights vary from those of adults Childrens views, are their reality Participation gives recognition and feed into an evolutionary process of capacity building Their views need to be taken into account in decisions that affect them 2

3 3 What matters in enabling childrens participation A child friendly environment Confidence and credibility of the facilitator Respect for ethics and values Role and skills of the facilitator and ability to adapt to the socio cultural context Simple and child friendly tools with the flexibility to adapt to the subject under discussion and the age group of the children participating 3

4 4 Some experiences with children during evaluations Attitudes, behavior and values as perceived by children Childrens participation in designing projects / infrastructure Evaluation of project interventions by children Children evaluate change overtime after project interventions Children evaluate water & sanitation needs in their own school, come up with suggestions for improvement and participate in implementation

5 Attitudes, behavior and values as perceived by children Draw & Write Tool 5

6 Childrens participation in designing projects / infrastructure 6 Pavilion earlier planned location Present School & Pavilion

7 7 Evaluation of project interventions by children Key support items by importanceRank Received school learning materials1 Received school bags2 Received tables and chairs3 Provision of temporary learning spaces( TLS)4 Received service from good teachers5 Received water bottles6 Created awareness on good health practices7 Received Shoes8 An Example: Tool: Brainstorming and priority ranking Source: Columbia Group for Children in Adversity (CGCA) 2010 – Sri Lanka Study 7

8 Children Identify needs in their schools An Example: Needs Identified by childrenRank Not enough teachers1 Uncomfortable Temporary Learning Spaces (TLS) 2 Roof is damaged and it leaks3 School learning materials not received by all4 Non provision of library and computer facilities. 5 Non provision of bicycles to overcome transport difficulties 6 Tool: Brainstorming and priority ranking Source: Columbia Group for Children in Adversity (CGCA) 2010 – Sri Lanka Study 8

9 9 Children evaluate change overtime after project interventions Criteria Much worse Worse No Change Better Much Better Dont know N/A-NR Change of feelings about the school since the program began 4 Change of attendance 4 Change in girls participation 4 Change in boys participation 4 Change in the sense of safety and security 5 Ability to protect yourself in emergencies 5 Change in students helping each other 4 Change in students involvement in problem solving 5 Change in fighting to resolve interpersonal differences 3 Tool: Criteria based scoring in Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) Source: Columbia Group for Children in Adversity (CGCA) 2010 – Sri Lanka Study 14

10 Children participate in identifying water & sanitation needs in their own school 9

11 Needs identified by children Water shortages The water storage tanks do not get filled No water to clean the toilets No water for gardening Water taps broken Some toilets damaged Soil erosion on the hill slopes Garbage disposal problems 10

12 Based on needs children identified solutions and communicated through role play and art No water everywhere // More dirty everywhere // What can we do for you // Nothing to do my darling// No problem dont worry// Have a big tank of water What kind of a tank of water Tank of rain water // 11

13 13 Based on needs children identified solutions Follow up on suggestions Environment & Conservation 12

14 14 Children participate in implementation of solutions and monitoring & Evaluation 13

15 15 How children can express themselves – Tools used Mapping Mapping Draw & write Draw & write Brainstorming and listing by themselves Brainstorming and listing by themselves Scoring and ranking Scoring and ranking Role play Role play Art Art Interactive discussion with visualization Interactive discussion with visualization 15

16 16 Lessons Learnt Be informal and spend time for rapport building Use a participatory approach and relevant tools appropriate for the age group of children Visualization helps interactive discussions with wider participation Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) allow for triangulation within the group and reach consensus Children may speak out of point but the facilitator must be patient and listen and bring them on track at the appropriate time Allow for creativity in expressing ideas Children have better insights as users of facilities if allowed to speak / voice their opinions Children can identify the signs of success or failure (indicators) Follow evaluation ethics and maintain confidentiality of information

17 17 References Children and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami - An evaluation of UNICEFs response in Sri Lanka ( ) – UNICEF, 2009 Child Protection Evaluation - Lessons Learned from the Tsunami Experience ( ) Sri Lanka Study – Mallika R. Samaranayake, Neil Boothby and Team - March 2009 (unpublished) Save Alliance Tsunami Response Program – Evaluation – Save the Children Sri Lanka, November 2009 – Mallika R. Samaranayake & Dilhara Gunawardena (unpublished) Progress Evaluation of the UNICEF EEPCT : Education in Emergencies and Post Crisis Transition Program – Sri Lanka Study, August 2010 submitted to Columbia Group for Children in Adversity (CGCA), Mallika R. Samaranayake & Team (unpublished) Child Protection Evaluation Plan, Sri Lanka - Neil Boothby, August 2008 Monitoring and evaluating with children – Grazyna Bonati, Plan International A kit of Tools for Participatory Research and Evaluation with Children, young people & adults – Save the Children, 2008 Report on Sri Lanka Water Partnership – School Awareness Programe - Lanka Jalani-Sisu Jala Hamuwa Programme (un published), Mallika R. Samaranayake

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