Presentation on theme: "The Language of Safety and Health Signs and Signals in Wood Industry Personal Protective Equipment."— Presentation transcript:
The Language of Safety and Health Signs and Signals in Wood Industry Personal Protective Equipment
Contents of the lecture Safety and Health Protection at Work Personal Protective Equipment PPE Legislation
Safety and Health Protection at Work Secondary school and university students: - Theoretical knowledge of woodworking - Obtaining practical skills WATCH OUT! We are working, that is operating! We are threatened by danger of bodily injury!
Safety and Health Protection at Work I am employed and I work: in woodworking operation at the workplace within working hours I perform activities during which I have to pay an increased attention
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) § 6, part. 3 of Safety and Health Protection at Work Law 124/2006 Coll. An employer is obliged free of charge to provide employees with working clothing and working boots, if they work in an environment in which clothing or boots are subject to extreme wearing out or extreme dirting according to the special regulation – the Slovak Government directive 387/2006 Coll. BEWARE! In woodworking industry there is an environment in which clothing and boots are subject to extreme wearing out or dirting
PPE – Personal Protective Equipment Personal protective equipment is every equipment which an employee at work: wears holds or uses in some other way including its accessories and attachments, if it is intended to protect employee's safety and health.
Requirements for PPE PPE has to ensure effective protection against existing and also foreseeable danger, to correspond to existing and foreseeable working conditions and working environment at the workplace, to meet ergonomic requirements, to comply with employee's health condition, to be suitable for use. PPE must not increase risk and danger at workplace
LIST OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE WORKING EQUIPMENT (PPE) PPE FOR HEAD PROTECTION PPE FOR EAR PROTECTION PPE FOR EYE AND FACE PROTECTION PPE FOR BREATHING ORGANS PROTECTION PPE FOR UPPER EXTREMITIES PROTECTION PPE FOR LOWER EXTREMITIES PROTECTION PPE FOR TRUNK AND BODY PROTECTION PPE FOR THE WHOLE BODY PROTECTION PPE FOR SKIN PROTECTION
PPE FOR HEAD PROTECTION Safety helmets, e.g. against hit, bump, molten iron, dielectric, for use in mining, engineering industry, metallurgy, forestry, energetics, building industry, fire-fighting operations, rescue operations at breakdowns and natural catastrophes. Protective head covers, caps with a shield and without it, reinforced caps against hits, berets, scarves, hairnets, hoods, hats with the part to protect the neck, made of textile, netting, impregnated, those ones against scalping and other similar danger.
PPE FOR EAR PROTECTION Plug ear protectors and similar aids. Receiver ear protectors. Anti-noise helmets for extremely noisy environment. Ear protectors with the receiver for low-frequency induction loop. Ear protectors with intercommunicative equipment for communicating. Receiver ear protectors adjustable to a helmet.
PPE FOR EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Goggles against physical influences and liquids, e.g. against mechanical influences, against X-ray radiation, laser radiation, ultra- violet radiation, infra-red radiation, against sun radiation, water. Shields protecting the head. Hoods. Welding helmets, shields and goggles. Masks and helmets for arc welding held by hands, positioned on the head by means of a strip or adjustable to the protective helmet.
PPE FOR BREATHING ORGANS PROTECTION Safety mask. Mouthpiece with small industrial filters. Respirators against organic vapours, toxic dust and smoke, aerosols. Filters against dust, radioactive dust. Masks with filters, e.g. against organic vapours and gases, carbon monoxide, aerosols, acid gases. Insulating oxygen or air breathing apparatuses, which are portable and remote. Diving equipment.
PPE FOR UPPER EXTREMITIES PROTECTION Safety gloves – gauntlets (mittens, three-finger or five-finger gloves) for work with machine equipment, with hand tools and instruments, for handling with materials against stabbing, cutting, sliding, vibrations, for protection against chemical substances and biological materials, against electric current and voltage, against emitting heat, cold, against ionising radiation. Safety fingers for finger protection. Safety sleeves for arm protection. Wrist straps for wrist protection. Palm-covers for palm protection. Forearm protectives from the ring netting. Pads under elbows to protect elbows against pressure.
PPE FOR LOWER EXTREMITIES PROTECTION Safety footwear - low, ankle, mid-high and high. Boots with protective spikes. Boots with protection of instep. Boots that can be taken off fast. Boots with soles resistant to heat. Boots resistant to radiating heat. Warmed-up boots. Boots resistant to vibrations. Antistatic boots. Insulated boots, high boots or galoshes. Safety boots for work with chain saws. Safety boots with soles resistant to puncturing, slide, liquids, chemicals, e.g. against caustic matters, organic solvents, oils. Protector against cutting (e.g. thighs). Knee and foreleg guards. Detachable instep protectors. Gaiters. Replaceable soles or arch supporters to shoes resistant to radiating heat, cold, puncturing. Detachable spikes for ice, snow or other slippery surfaces.
PPE FOR TRUNK AND BODY PROTECTION Safety vests, overalls and aprons to protect when working with machine equipment and hand tools against stabbing, cutting, spattering with molten iron and like that. Safety vests, overalls, smocks and aprons for protection against chemicals and biological materials. Warmed up vests. Aprons for protection against X-ray radiation. Body straps, e.g. belly and kidney.
PPE FOR THE WHOLE BODY PROTECTION Aids for prevention from fall Protective clothing, e.g. two-part clothing or overalls Safety covers
PPE FOR SKIN PROTECTION Protective pastes, greases, oils against water, organic solvents, ultra- violet radiation, and insects. OTHERS Life jacket. Accessories (underwear, stockings and like that). Rubber insulating mat. Portable equipment for individual use which announces or records harmful or dangerous working factor (e.g. personal dosimeter).
Meaning of particular order signs for PPE
M 001 Protect eyes M Use appropriate goggles! M Keep goggles on! M Work with appropriate goggles! M Approach only with appropriate goggles M Use goggles when working with air pistol M 002 Protect head M 003 Protect ears M Work with the safety helmet on! M Entrance only with the safety helmet on M Use the appropriate helmet! M Keep the helmet on! M Work with ear protectors! M Use appropriate ear protectors! M Keep ear protectors on
M 004 Protect breathing organs M 005 Protect legs and feet M 006 Protect hands M Work with the protective mask on! M Entrance only with the protective mask on M Use the appropriate protective mask! M Use the respirator! M Use the protective filter! M Use the respirator against dust! M Keep the protective mask on! M Work in safety boots! M Use the appropriate safety boots! M Keep the safety boots on! M Work in insulating boots! M Work with protective gloves! M Work only with insulating gloves! M Use the appropriate protective gloves! M Keep the protective gloves on your hands!
M 009 Use safety hanging system M 008 Protect the face M 007 Wear protective clothing M Entrance only in the protective clothing M Use the appropriate protective clothing! M Keep the protective clothing on M Entrance only with the safety shield on your face! M Use the appropriate shield on your face! M Work with the face shield on! M Keep the safety shield on your face! M Use the safety equipment! M Lock with the safety belt! M Use safety belts! M Use safety belts and rope!
M 010 Pedestrian route M 012 Use the overpass M Pedestrians M Pedestrians only M Use the pedestrian crossing! M Use the overpass!
M 011 Order sign (generally) M Do not close! Working inside M Work only here! M Get out only here! M Work only under the supervision of the person responsible! M The equipment can be operated only by the person responsible M Protective cover can be taken away only when the equipment is not in operation! M Clean, repair, and adjust the machine only when not in operation! M Small injuries are to be treated too! M Shut gas conduction before leaving! M Disconnect the current before leaving! M Press the button in emergency! M Turn off in emergency! M Ground before starting work! M Protect containers against the sun and heat! M Discharge high voltage before entering! M Discharge high voltage before opening! M Work with only not sparking instruments! M Leave the transportation area! M Delimited area must always be free M Pass carefully! M Protect against a spontaneous movement! M Extinguish with sand! M Entrance only in overshoes M Use protective equipment for work! M Notify dependent workplaces before starting operation! M Announce yourself to the manager before entering this area!
M 013 Unplug before opening M 018 Use the safety apron before opening! M Unplug M Use the safety apron
M 014 Detach before operating M Unplug before working! M Switch off before operating! M Switch off before starting working! M Switch off before entering! M Switch off both sides! M Switch off also public lighting! M Turn off the switch before entering! M Switch off the breaker before entering! M Switch off the breaker before taking the cover away! M Switch off the main trolley before getting on the crane! M Switch off the breaker in the crane cabin before entering! M Switch the lights off when leaving the workplace!
M 020 Protect eyes and ears M 019 Protect head, eyes and ears M Use the helmet, goggles and ear protectors! M Use goggles and ear protectors! M Work with goggles and ear protectors! M Do not put goggles and ear protectors down! M Use the helmet and ear protectors! M Work with the helmet and ear protectors on! M Do not take either the helmet or ear protectors off! M 021 Protect head and ears
M 024 Use safety belts M 023 Secure gas tanks M 022 Protect the head and eyes M Use protective belts! M Use safety belts! M Secure gas tanks! M Secure gas flasks against fall with the metal chain! M Use goggles and the helmet! M Work with goggles and the helmet on! M Do not take goggles and the helmet off!
M 027 Smoking area M 026 Wash the hands M 025 For wheelchair users M Area for smoking M Smoking zone M Smoke only in the given place M Smoking area. Keep clean. M Wash your hands! M Wash yourself after finishing work! M Wash your hands before and after milking! M For wheelchair users! M 028 Directions (Left, Right) M Parking place drive M Use only the marked road!
Double-combined signs D 304 – Gas main breaker! Do not smoke and do not use an open fire within 1.5 m from the switchboard! D 323 – Watch out, back current! Switch both sides!
Triple-combined signs T 320 – Watch out - electrical equipment! Do not extinguish with water and foam extinguishers! Equipment may be operated by only the person responsible T 323 – Watch out – electrical equipment! Do not extinguish with water and foam extinguishers! Switch off in emergency!
Conclusion The aim of the lecture was to present the signs within Safety and Health Protection at Work to show what personal protective equipment (PPE) is