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INCORPORATING A NEW BODY OF DISASTER KNOWLEDGE IN EM HI-ED COURSES A MAJOR CHALLENGE DR. WALTER HAYS.

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Presentation on theme: "INCORPORATING A NEW BODY OF DISASTER KNOWLEDGE IN EM HI-ED COURSES A MAJOR CHALLENGE DR. WALTER HAYS."— Presentation transcript:

1 INCORPORATING A NEW BODY OF DISASTER KNOWLEDGE IN EM HI-ED COURSES A MAJOR CHALLENGE DR. WALTER HAYS

2 THE QUESTION WHAT CAN YOU AND YOUR INSTITUTION AND COMMUNITY DO TO IMPROVE EM HI-ED?

3 YOUR COMMUNITY DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS HAZARD MAPS INVENTORY VULNERABILITY CAPACITY EM MANAGEMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK HIGHER EDUCATION PREPAREDNESS MITIGATION MONITORING EM RESPONSE RECOVERY & RECONST. PENETRATING SOCIETY

4 SEVEN KINDS OF NOTABLE NATURAL DISASTERS AND THE CALIFORNIA SHAKEOUT EARTHQUAKE SCENARIOS 2008S NEW BODY OF KNOWLEDGE

5 2008S NEW BODY OF DISASTER KNOWLEDGE CYCLONE NARGIS WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE FLOODING IN MIDWESTERN USA TROPICAL STORMS AND HURRICANES WILDFIRES IN CALIFORNIA ERUPTION OF VOLCANO CHAITEN NEW OPPOR- TUNITIES TO IMPROVE EM HI-ED NEW KNOWLEDGE FOR MAKING COMMUNITIES DISASTER RESILIENT GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

6 INTEGRATE 2008S KNOWLEDGE WITH EXISTING KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATE 2008S KNOWLEDGE WITH EXISTING KNOWLEDGE THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Best Practices for Mitigation Adaptation and Monitoring Gateways to a Deeper Understanding Real and Near- Real Time Monitoring Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Characterization Anticipatory Actions for all Events and Situations Situation Data Bases Interfaces with all Real- and Near Real-Time Sources Cause & Effect Relationships APPLICATIONS Implement Modern Codes and Lifeline Standards Relocation/Rerouting of Cities and City Lifelines Use Hazard Zonation as a Policy Tool Introduce New Technologies Move Towards A Disaster Intelligent Community CONTINUING EDUCATION Involve Partners in Integrating Experiences Enlighten Communities on Their Risks Build Equity Through PMA Scenarios Multiply Capability by International Twinning Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster ANNUAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR EM HI-ED EVRYWHERE

7 STRATEGIES FOR CHANGING HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND IMPROVING EM HIGHER EDUCATION A SCENARIO FOR YOUR COMMUNITY

8 IMPROVE EM HI-ED EM HI-ED IS AN INCREMENTAL PROCESS CONFORMITY OF THINKING & ACTION VISUALIZE SOLUTIONS REVISIT & CLARIFY GOALS INTEGRATION STRATEGIES ELEMINATE UNIVERSAL BARRIERS ADD 2008S KNOWLEDGE

9 FOUR STRATEGIES THAT WORK MAKE THE GOAL CLEAR MAKE THE GOAL EASY TO VISUALIZE MAKE THE GOAL POPULAR MAKE THE GOAL A MANDATE FOR ADOPTING AND IMPLEMENTING A HIGHER-POWER STRATEGY

10 STEP 1 : PROVIDE CLEAR INFORMATION ABOUT THE GOAL AND THE BARRIERS THAT PREVENT PEOPLE, INSTITUTIONS, AND COMMUNITIES FROM REACHING IT.

11 THE GOAL BUILDING EQUITY AND PENETRATING SOCIETY,… ADDING NEW DISASTER KNOWLEDGE TO THE BODY OF EXISTING KNOWLEDGE!

12 FOUR UNIVERSAL BARRIERS BETWEEN YOU AND THE GOAL IGNORANCE APATHY DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES LACK OF POLITICAL WILL

13 STEP 2: VISUALIZE SOLUTIONS THAT WILL OVERCOME HUMAN, INSTITUTIONAL, AND COMMUNITY INERTIA.

14 VISUALIZE SUCCESSFUL EM HI-ED EDUCATION: PENETRATE SOCIETY IGNORANCE TO ENLIGHTENMENT APATHY TO EMPOWERMENT BOUNDARIES TO NETWORKS POLITICAL ENABLEMENT BUILDING EQUITY AND PENETRATING SOCIETY BUILDING EQUITY AND PENETRATING SOCIETY

15 STEP 3 : PROMOTE CONFORMITY OF THINKING AND ACTING BECAUSE PEOPLE, INSTITUTIONS, AND COMMUNITIES WILL DO WHAT THEY THINK OTHERS ARE DOING.

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17 SIX THINKING HATS FOR CREATING AN INTEGRATING STRATEGY

18 SOCIAL (ARE THE PEOPLE AWARE OF WHAT THEY NEED?) COMMUNITY TECHNICAL (IS THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE BEING APPLIED?) ADMINISTRATIVE (WHO IS RESPONSIBLE AND ACCOUNTABLE?) POLITICAL (ARE PUBLIC POLICIES RELEVANT IN TERMS OF THE THREAT?) LEGAL (ARE EXISTIN LEGAL MANDATES ENFORCED?) ECONOMIC (WILLINGNESS AND CAPACITY TO PAY FOR SAFETY?) GOAL: COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE SOCIAL SYSTEMS STAPLE FACTORS

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20 SIX ACTION SHOES FOR CREATING AN INTEGRATING STRATEGY

21 SIX ACTION SHOES F0R CREATING AN INTEGRATING STRATEGY BROWN BROGUE: FINDING THE RIGHT PARTNERS/PEOPLE FOR EACH HI-ED COURSE! WHITE SNEAKERS: GATHERING THE FACTS! NAVY BLUE SHOES: CREATING STRATEGIC AND TACTICAL PLANS THAT PROVIDE EQUITY FOR EVERYONE! ORANGE RUBBER GUM SHOES: DOING WHAT IS NEEDED WHEN IT IS NEEDED! TAN HOUSE SHOES: CREATING TURNING POINTS FROM A SENSE OF URGENCY! PURPLE RIDING BOOTS: LEADING TO ATTAIN THE GREATER GOOD IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE !

22 STEP 4: MANDATE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A STRATEGY THAT HAS A HIGHER POWER THAN THE ONE YOU ARE USING NOW (I.E., AN INTEGRATING STRATEGY).

23 EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATING STRATEGIES > …+ 1 > n >> ANYTHING

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25 FACILITATING ADOPTION OF INTEGRATING STRATEGIES FACILITATING ADOPTION OF INTEGRATING STRATEGIES EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATION INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH LOCAL EXPERIENCES

26 VOLCANO CHAITEN ERUPTS IN CHILE: JAN, 2008

27 PATH OF CYCLONE NARGIS: MAY 2-3, 2008

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32 GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: A CONTINUING PROBLEM ON 2008 Small European glaciers are melting. Larger glaciers, Greenland, and Antarctica are also melting, but much slower. Average global temperature is rising. Sea level is rising.

33 ADVANCE PLANNING SO THAT CALIFORNIA WILL BE READY WHEN THE INEVITABLE BIG ONES RECUR Source: US Geological Survey

34 BOOK OF BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives On Science, Policy, On Science, Policy, And Change And Change


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