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Paragraph vs. Essay. What makes a paragraph? SENTENCES!SENTENCES! Topic Sentence – introduces topic Topic Sentence – introduces topic Detail Sentences.

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Presentation on theme: "Paragraph vs. Essay. What makes a paragraph? SENTENCES!SENTENCES! Topic Sentence – introduces topic Topic Sentence – introduces topic Detail Sentences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paragraph vs. Essay

2 What makes a paragraph? SENTENCES!SENTENCES! Topic Sentence – introduces topic Topic Sentence – introduces topic Detail Sentences – develop topic (3) Detail Sentences – develop topic (3) Concluding Sentence – Restates topic sentence Concluding Sentence – Restates topic sentence

3 A paragraph = group of sentences!

4 What makes a paragraph? Example: Topic = Fiction stories teach a lesson. Fiction stories contain a problem which is solved for the purpose of teaching the reader a moral or lesson. The lesson that Norton Juster teaches in The Phantom Tollbooth according to the character, Rhyme, is Its not just learning that is important. Its learning what to do with what you learn and learning why you learn things that matters. Milo used this lesson to think his way out of the Doldrums and save the princesses. I can use this lesson to solve my problem with writing. If I apply what I know about writing, it will make writing easier, and I will get better at it. As a better writer, I will have more success in school and in life. Lessons learned by reading fiction can help readers in their everyday lives. Fiction stories contain a problem which is solved for the purpose of teaching the reader a moral or lesson. The lesson that Norton Juster teaches in The Phantom Tollbooth according to the character, Rhyme, is Its not just learning that is important. Its learning what to do with what you learn and learning why you learn things that matters. Milo used this lesson to think his way out of the Doldrums and save the princesses. I can use this lesson to solve my problem with writing. If I apply what I know about writing, it will make writing easier, and I will get better at it. As a better writer, I will have more success in school and in life. Lessons learned by reading fiction can help readers in their everyday lives.

5 What makes an essay? PARAGRAPHS!PARAGRAPHS! Introduction– introduces topic Introduction– introduces topic Body – develops topic of essay (3) Body – develops topic of essay (3) Conclusion – restates introduction/summarizes Conclusion – restates introduction/summarizes

6 An essay = group of paragraphs!

7 What makes an essay? Example: Topic = Fiction stories teach a lesson. Fiction stories contain a problem which is solved for the purpose of teaching the reader a moral or lesson. The lesson that Norton Juster teaches in The Phantom Tollbooth according to the character, Rhyme, is Its not just learning that is important. Its learning what to do with what you learn and learning why you learn things that matters. This lesson applies to both the story characters and to the reader. The lesson about learning applied mostly to the main character, Milo. It was by using what he had already learned in life to think his way out of the Doldrums. As the story progressed, Milo learned that the purpose of learning is to solve problems. He used this knowledge to figure out how to save the princesses from the Castle-in-the-Air. He could not rely only on himself, however. Tock also used the lesson to help Milo, the Humbug, and himself escape the Trap. As one reads the story and identifies with Milo, he or she can see that this lesson applies to ones own life as well. The moral of this story can help me solve my problem with writing. I hate writing. I can never think of what to say or how to organize my thoughts to say it. It is difficult and boring. If I apply the lesson from The Phantom Tollbooth to my own life, however, I can begin to make writing easier. I already know that every sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period. I know that complete thoughts make sentences, and sentences make paragraphs, and paragraphs make essays. I can start there! As I continue to learn more about the writing process, I will just need to remember to use what I learn to make writing easier. The only thing I have left to remember is why I must learn to write. The answer to that is that good writers do better in school and in life. I certainly dont want to be the one who makes my own life more difficult. As a reader, I have learned an important lesson. Fiction stories teach the story characters as well as the readers important life lessons. The Phantom Tollbooth teaches the reader to learn, to use what is learned, and to know why it has been learned. By doing this, one can solve problems to achieve great things in life.

8 ParagraphorEssay?

9 Friends? There are many lovely things in our lives such as the fresh air on a winter day, the beauty of the country in autumn, learning of love and the growing of a friendship. Everyone has friends or desires friends in the pursuit of sharing emotions. Thus many people enjoy spending most of their time with friends, like me, while others prefer to remain alone. There is no doubt one needs time for oneself. When I retreat to my dorm at the end of the workday there is no one to tell me what to do. I often write little secrets in my dairy, enjoy soothing music without being disturbed or read philosophy books. Being alone provides a time to reflect and ponder ones future life course, with a greater clarity and purpose. Accompanied by many friends from the dorm I would have no chance to relish such retreats. On the other hand, spending time with friends is stimulating and provides a mental break from ones daily routine. Since I am a sociable and open person, I invariably feel happy and relaxed when I do things with my close friends. We can take part in all kinds of after-school activities such as playing volleyball, swimming or climbing. Some profound, or stimulating ideas often appear in my mind when I am with such friends while being alone often no such inspiration manifests. When I come with friends I can always exchange views with them about study, society or love thereby obtaining some interesting information or knowledge. A group of people provides a means of testing one's ideas and learning from one another. When I confront serious problems and I am unsure of which course of action to pursue a close friend provides a means of reassurance that I am not alone in my way of thinking or chosen course of action. Being with friends can be fun and aid one in overcoming the trying periods in life. Being happy in life means doing the things you enjoy and having someone to share the feeling with you. Being with friends most of time is an enjoyable aspect of life for me as it is a source of inspiration, satisfaction and ongoing education.

10 Essay!

11 They are everywhere. In fact, most places require them. Some locations even require specific kinds. They can indicate social status or membership in a team. They can be protective or decorative. They are shoes. And shoes can say a great deal about their owners. We've all seen the signs. "No shirt, no shoes, no service." This is, of course, a public health and safety issue. Most people wear shoes in public places. But the variety of shoes is amazing. There are entire stores dedicated to selling shoes. Shoes are important. Athletic, or tennis, shoes are probably the most common type. Basic models are available for less than ten dollars. Some name brands are more than one hundred dollars. Regardless of cost, these kinds of shoes are comfortable and practical for most people, my family included. In fact, out of the three pairs of shoes most often worn by myself and my husband, the athletic shoes get the most use. A basic tennis shoe indicates a practical nature in the wearer. Dedication to style or name brand loyalty is governed by the amount of money a person is willing to spend. Overall, tennis shoes work with jeans and shorts. They hold up well in most types of weather. These days there are even types that don't have to be tied, or have an open back so the foot can just slide in. So much for "Untie your shoe before you cram your foot in!" (Sorry, mom). Social status can be indicated by shoes. Athletic teams usually wear the same kind of shoe. So do some other cliques, in junior high and high school, mostly. The fashionable kids wear expensive, sometimes impractical shoes. The shop and agricultural kids wear boots. Jocks wear tennis shoes. Some things may never change. Shoes can also indicate employment. Heavy steel-toed work boots indicate factory, or construction, or farm work. Fancy shoes are reserved for sales or office positions. Athletic shoes are worn by service and health aide personnel. My daughter is the shoe queen in my house. She has fifty pairs of shoes. Half of them she wears, up to three pairs a day, depending on her outfit and mood. This reflects her fun-loving, outgoing personality. The only person I know who has more shoes is my friend Christi. Her last estimated shoe count was over one hundred and fifty pairs. It shouldn't be a surprise that she is also a very social person. Shoes say a lot. Most of us are practical. Some of us need to belong. A few of us are fun. The next time you wonder, just look down.

12 Essay!

13 Stories contain a problem which is solved for the purpose of teaching the reader a moral or lesson. The lesson that Norton Juster teaches in The Phantom Tollbooth according to the character, Rhyme, is Its not just learning that is important. Its learning what to do with what you learn and learning why you learn things that matters. Milo used this lesson to think his way out of the Doldrums and save the princesses. I can use this lesson to solve my problem with writing. If I apply what I know about writing, it will make writing easier, and I will get better at it.

14 Paragraph!

15 The moral of this story can help me solve my problem with writing. I hate writing. I can never think of what to say or how to organize my thoughts to say it. It is difficult and boring. If I apply the lesson from The Phantom Tollbooth to my own life, however, I can begin to make writing easier. I already know that every sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period. I know that complete thoughts make sentences, and sentences make paragraphs, and paragraphs make essays. I can start there! As I continue to learn more about the writing process, I will just need to remember to use what I learn to make writing easier. The only thing I have left to remember is why I must learn to write. The answer to that is that good writers do better in school and in life. I certainly dont want to be the one who makes my own life more difficult. As a reader, I have learned an important lesson.

16 Paragraph!

17 Don t come home with another referral because you have been mouthing off to your teacher again, said my dad, just as I was walking out the door. In elementary school I had a bad attitude, but since I have entered middle school that has changed. I was always late to school. Now I have to be on time. I barley ever heard the word team work in school. That has all changed. Mostly everything we do is in a group. Don t mouth off to your teacher again says my concerned father. Since elementary my attitude has changed. Having six teachers is great, but having six teachers that care for you has made my attitude flip. In elementary I hated school. I used to not want to get up in the morning. In middle school it is great because you have six teachers that make your frown turn upside down. That makes me excited when I get to go to school. That is one way middle school changed me. When you come home I don t want another letter saying you were late to class again says my dad. In elementary I was late all the time, but now, in middle school, I am always on time. In middle school we only have four minutes to get to class. If we are late we have to go to time-out, and we get in huge trouble. They call our parents and give us a referral. Knowing I would get in trouble made me on time more often. That is another way I have changed in middle school. In middle school I changed in my teamwork skills. We do a lot of group activities in middle school. Mostly everything we do is in groups. We mostly do groups in math and language arts. When we do teamwork skills we all have a job and we have to work together which has boosted my teamwork skills. That is another way middle school has changed me. Changing is very hard. When you have to do something you are not used to doing, you could do it wronmg and everybody has to stop what they are doing to help you. My dad is happy that he doesn t have to yell at me about being late, and mouthing off to my teacher. We have less homework sence we have to do homework in pairs.

18 Essay!

19 Topic What is your most memorable life experience? Paragraph Topic Sentence – introduces topic Topic Sentence – introduces topic Detail Sentences – develop topic (3) Detail Sentences – develop topic (3) Concluding Sentence – Restates topic sentence Concluding Sentence – Restates topic sentence

20 Topic What is your most memorable life experience? Essay Introduction – introduces topic Introduction – introduces topic Body – develop topic (3) Body – develop topic (3) Conclusion – Restates introduction/summarizes Conclusion – Restates introduction/summarizes


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