Presentation on theme: "Overview & Introduction to the generation plan. Master plan. existing generation system. Combined cycle. Overview & Introduction to the transmission network."— Presentation transcript:
Overview & Introduction to the generation plan. Master plan. existing generation system. Combined cycle. Overview & Introduction to the transmission network. Existing network. Reinforcement. Overview & Introduction to the distribution network. Existing network. Energy consumption. Challenges. Renewable energy program. Generation side Solar + Wind sites Distribution side. Issues to be addressed. Future strategy. Summary.
The presentation covers a time span extending to the years ( ) Includes all the major components of electricity sectors (Generation, Transmission, Distribution & Renewable energy). Gives the urgent needs to be addressed
o 25 Year of war & lack of investment. o Significant damage to power plants, substations & transmission lines. o 12 Year of sanctions had deprived (M.E) of any assets & resources to maintain or expand system accompanied by degradation. o These challenges had led (M.E) to prepare a very powerful Master Plan. o Fast Track gas power units contracts were singed in ( ) o Actual start of Master Plan was 2008 when the Mega Deal to supply 56/GE F9Es (7000MW) + 18 unit/Siemens (3200MW) was actually budgeted and signed December o Installation of Mega Deal power units was delayed to 2010 due to the need for EPC contracts formulation consultations and assignment of budget.
12547 MW ( ) MW ( ) 400 MW ( ) 5632 MW ( ) o No more Diesel plants after 2012.
Kirkuk New Steam, Gas turbine & Diesel projects In service (2013) Khairat: 10x125MW Kerbala: 2x125MW Hilla: 2x125MW Quds : 4x125MW Taji: 4x40MW Rumaila :2x292MW Zubaidiya2: 3x330MW Mukhliss Kafi : 230 MW Plant Type. Capacity (MW) Steam Turbine990 Gas Turbine3049 Diesel 230 Total4269 Najaf: 1x55MW
Kirkuk New Steam, Gas turbine & Diesel projects Planned to be In service (2013) Akkaz: 2x125MW Taza :1x292MW Bazurgan: 2x60MW Mansuriya : 3x185MW Plant Type. Capacity (MW) Steam Turbine0 Gas Turbine1877 Diesel0 Total2127 Haydariya: 1x160MW Nenawa: 4x125MW
To be announced All existing and new gas power plants operated on natural gas will be converted from simple cycle to combined cycle. All new gas power plants operated on crude oil or heavy fuel oil will be converted to combined cycle when operated on natural gas.
Existing Transmission and Distribution Network
Major Load Centres 10% 30% 10%
Reinforcement of the Existing Transmission Network Exist 2012 Planned to be in operation (2013) Planned to be in operation (2014) Planned to be in operation (2015) 400 kV Substations kV Overhead Lines 4900 km 1500km 132 kV Substations kV Overhead Lines 12,500km 2500km Plan to implement flexible AC systems (FACTS) is under development
Energy Consumption 2013 The domestic demand is the highest, demand side management program is under development.
Reinforcement of the Existing Distribution Network Exist Additions 33/11 kv S/S Installed capacity (MVA) Attainable capacity (MW)
1.Rehabilitation of the existing network. 2.Adding 400 (33/11 kV)substation. 3.Energy efficiency programs. 4.Dispatch control centers.
o In 2011 Renewable energy & Environment Center was established. o Renewable Energy programs have been approved in both Generation & Distribution sides. o Solar Potential in IRAQ: o 5.7 kWh/m2/Day. o 2050 kWh/m2/Year.
o Utilize solar & wind power to supply small isolated locations that cannot economically be connected to the grid. o Install on grid & concentrated solar power (CSP) plants in later stages.
o The first stage is to utilize solar and wind power to supply ten isolated areas: Total capacity : 50 MW. Total cost ( Estimated ) : 200 MUSD. Current status : Tendering Expected date of operation : 2014
Renewable Energy program Phase one: Solar + Batteries +Wind turbines DG units+ Methodology
Renewable energy sites Al-waleed border point Treibeel border point Al-sheeb Al-shelamcha Al-salman Bssaiya Al-nekhaib Al-rahmaniya IRAN Syria Al-rufei Bazurgan Al-saad
The renewable energy target is to reach 2% of the available power by the end of MW
o Renewable energy (solar & wind) are promising, but technical and regulating measures are required to unleash their potentials. o Detailed solar atlas of Iraq need to be created. o Detailed wind atlas of Iraq need to be created. o Legislation,incentives should be issued to promote renewable goals. o Technical assistance infrastructure of the center is required.
o Solar water heaters. o Air-conditioning solar systems. o Lighting (L.E.D). o Domestic self generation units (PV).
o Its Anticipated that the generation will match the demand during the year o Two strategies : o : o Capacity additions to satisfy the unmet demand. o : o Reduce demand (Demand side management). o Large scale conversion of the gas turbines in the plants of the Mega Deal from burning crude oil or HFO to burning Natural gas. o Large scale conversion of the simple cycle gas turbine units to combined cycle units. o Mapping technical potentials (Solar, Wind, Waste & Bio energy) Present and future strategies
Strategies for the years ( ) G=D Capacity additions to meet the demand Reduce Demand. Conversion of Gt units to burning N.G Combined cycle units (CCGT). Renewable Energy.
o A lot of work has been done already. o M.E have made a lot of progress, but there is still a great work to deal with, but it is setting itself up for the future o The ministry now has the planning tools and needs training and Consultations to carry-on the planning process Summary
o Iraqs economy has started to accelerate. o (Oil & Gas) output & revenues are increasing o Major projects are planned. o Investment in electrical sector in Iraq ( ) estimated to be 75 BUSD: Generation 35 BUSD Transmission 10 BUSD Distribution 30 BUSD. Summary