2 I A Return to “Normalcy” 1920 election won by Warren G. HardingPromised a “return to normalcy” & to simple America before the progressive era
3 A. Working for PeacePost WWI prob include war debt, arms control, & reconstruction of wartorn countriesHarding wanted to solve prob. While keeping peaceMajor naval powers agree to disarm naviesKellogg-Briand Pact= renounced war as an instrument of Nat’l policyNO WAY TO ENFORCE BECAUSE NO WAY TO PUNISH COUNTRIES WHO DIDN’T STICK TO AGREEMENT
4 B. High Tariffs & Reparations GB & France cant pay loans try to pay by forcing Germany to pay reparationsGermany econ struggling toocan’t pay GB & FranceFrance invades industrial area of GermanyUS proposes Dawes Plan to avoid warDawes Plan= US loans $ to Germany to pay France & GB, who would then use that $ to pay USThis caused bad feelings among pplwho believed US wants paying their fair shareUS viewed other nations as fiscally irresponsible
5 II Limiting Immigration A. Quota System Emergency quota act set up the quota systemEstablished max # of immigrants to USDiscriminated against ppl in E & W Europe (Catholics & Jews)Also completely closed door to JapaneseJapan angry because it lived up to its part of the gentlemen’s agreementGoal was to cut immigration for EuropeUS
6 Classwork QuestionAnswer the following question in at least one FULL paragraph How does the Kellogg-Briand Pact & Quota System reflect America’s isolationist, nativist, & conservatist feelings?