2I A Return to “Normalcy” 1920 election won by Warren G. HardingPromised a “return to normalcy” & to simple America before the progressive era
3A. Working for PeacePost WWI prob include war debt, arms control, & reconstruction of wartorn countriesHarding wanted to solve prob. While keeping peaceMajor naval powers agree to disarm naviesKellogg-Briand Pact= renounced war as an instrument of Nat’l policyNO WAY TO ENFORCE BECAUSE NO WAY TO PUNISH COUNTRIES WHO DIDN’T STICK TO AGREEMENT
4B. High Tariffs & Reparations GB & France cant pay loans try to pay by forcing Germany to pay reparationsGermany econ struggling toocan’t pay GB & FranceFrance invades industrial area of GermanyUS proposes Dawes Plan to avoid warDawes Plan= US loans $ to Germany to pay France & GB, who would then use that $ to pay USThis caused bad feelings among pplwho believed US wants paying their fair shareUS viewed other nations as fiscally irresponsible
5II Limiting Immigration A. Quota System Emergency quota act set up the quota systemEstablished max # of immigrants to USDiscriminated against ppl in E & W Europe (Catholics & Jews)Also completely closed door to JapaneseJapan angry because it lived up to its part of the gentlemen’s agreementGoal was to cut immigration for EuropeUS
6Classwork QuestionAnswer the following question in at least one FULL paragraph How does the Kellogg-Briand Pact & Quota System reflect America’s isolationist, nativist, & conservatist feelings?