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Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN HELSINKI CITY PLANNING CURRENT CHALLENGES.

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Presentation on theme: "Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN HELSINKI CITY PLANNING CURRENT CHALLENGES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN HELSINKI CITY PLANNING CURRENT CHALLENGES

2 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) Place is a totality made up of concrete things that determine an environmental character, an atmosphere. Place is more than just a location. It is a qualitative, total phenomenon, which cannot be reduced to any of its properties without losing its concrete nature out of sight. Place is a totality made up of concrete things that determine an environmental character, an atmosphere. Place is more than just a location. It is a qualitative, total phenomenon, which cannot be reduced to any of its properties without losing its concrete nature out of sight. Christian Norberg-Schulz Space allows movement, place is pause. Yi-Fu Tuan 1979 To be isTo be is to be in a place to be in a place Edward S. Casey Designing the environment is about interpretation of places and making places We dont live in space. J.J. Gibson Place = lived space Public space = a good place

3 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) MJK 6/05 Public spaces creating identifiability Ref. Henry Hope Reed, Map of Central Park MJK 6/05 MJK 6/01

4 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) Ref. McMillan Plan for Washington D.C 1901:MJK 9/00 MJK 6/03Ref. Maamme kuvatKiinteistövirasto Public spaces creating identifiability

5 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) Boston Emerald Necklace, Ref. Zaitzewsky 1982 Helsinki Green Fingers, City Planning Dept. Green areas system as part of City Structure

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7 The Master plan is the overall scheme over land usage and traffic arrangements. The plan covers the whole city and directs planning on the more detailed level. The Local plans examine the whole city more precisely than the Master plan. The Local plan contains planned locations for functions like living, work and recreation. The Local plan will later direct the more detailed plan for the area, the detailed plan level, which usually is carried out in zones. The Detailed plan regulates for what purpose a certain piece of land can be used and how much can be built on it. The regulations also consider the height of buildings, the width of streets and other matters that will affect on the structure and the townscape of the area. The plan is submitted to the town council to reach legal validity. The Finnish 3-step planning system

8 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) CITY PLANNING DEPARTMENT Director of Planning Tuomas Rajajärvi Strategic Urban Planning Division Town Planning Division Transportation and Traffic Planning Division Administrative Division Director Anneli Lahti Deputy Director Annukka Lindroos Town planning services, Katri Erroll Inner city office, Satu Tyynilä Western office, Tuula Helasvuo Eastern office, Kari Piimies Environmental office, Matti Eronen Center-project, Ilpo Forssén Länsisatamaproject, Matti Kaijansinkko Pasila-project, Timo Lepistö Inner city eastern shore-project, Mikael Sundman Viikki-Kivikko-project, Markku Siiskonen Malmi-project, Matti Visanti Vuosaari-project, Ilkka Laine Kruunuvuorenranta-project, Riitta Jalkanen

9 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS IN CITY PLANNNING Landscape planning in Helsinki is integrated within the land use planning process, both in master plan and detailed plan levels. The Environmental Unit aims to create preconditions for a diverse living environment rich in recreational values. We are responsible for a green areas strategy for the whole city. Our primary concern is to bring forward and guard landscape related values in the city planning process, and to develop the green areas structure on these grounds. The landscape architects have local knowledge, but also a holistic vision of the role of green areas in the city scale.

10 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL UNIT IN THE PLANNING PROCESS planning, design and expertise MP DP LP Green areas network, green corridors and connections Areal entities of cultural and historic value Landscape surveys and plans Nature surveys Overall plans for green areas EIA-surveys (landscape, nature, recreation) Building preservation surveys and inventiories Surveys and plans for historic milieus Principles for development, building instructions Expert services, statements etc. Landscape features, space, image, structure Nature ecology Identification of valuable areas and objects Definition of objectives Creation and reassessment of alternatives Recreation quantity, quality, accessibility and activites of green areas Values, zoning, needs PRODUCTS Cultural heritage historic buildings and landscapes

11 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) www.hel.fi/ksv/Mitä.../yleiskaava/yk2002/liittyvät raportit/selostus osa 2 s.28- (kpl 11.5. virkistysalueet) www.hel.fi/ksv > Town Planning > Master Planning > Master Plan 2002, see also titles City planning projects>Helsinkipuisto and KeskuspuistoTown PlanningMaster PlanningMaster Plan 2002

12 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.)

13 KSV/Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE COMPETITION FOR ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESULTS City of Helsinki LÄNSISATAMANPUISTO PARK

14 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) DOCUMENTATIONDOCUMENTATION

15 SUOMENLINNA JÄTKÄSAARI PIHLAJASAARET

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21 LÄHTÖKOHTIA

22 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) LÄNSISATAMANPUISTO

23 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) KILPAILUALUEEN RAJAUS 20.6.-30.9. 2005, 42 entries

24 Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen, landscape architect (M.Sc.) long vistas landforming/land art identity functional park Landscape objectives modern, maritime aesthetic quality artistic entity Functional objectives diversity flexibility seasons and users feasibility water feature bordering and entrances lighting accessibility winter use a work of art integration

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45 Back to basics Basic elements: 1. Pedestrian axes; monumental and functional 2. Powerful water feature 3. Series of thematic gardens - southern square at the cutting edge/intersection/encounter spot of these Basic concept: Express and make visible the dynamics of the place

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48 3-dimensional water in all of its states and forms memory, relics and reminiscence of history


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