Presentation on theme: "Pham Minh Hai, Ph.D Head of Image Surveying and Remote Sensing Department Vietnam Institute of Geodesy and Cartography Vietnam Ministry of Natural Resources."— Presentation transcript:
Pham Minh Hai, Ph.D Head of Image Surveying and Remote Sensing Department Vietnam Institute of Geodesy and Cartography Vietnam Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
1. Country information 2. Situation of spatial data in Vietnam 3. NSDI strategic plan 4. Prototype of NSDI components 5. Prototype of promoting system for NSDI 6. NSDI data updating structure 7. Difficulty of NSDI implication in Vietnam Conclusions Asia Geospatial Forum 2013
Land Area : 330.000 km 2 Population : 88 million people (2010) Urbanization : 30% (2010) Upcoming Plans: - To be industrialized country by 2020 - To develop a strategy for NSDI in Vietnam with the vision to 2020
A large amount of spatial data in various scales is available to access: Topographic map Scale: 1:250000 to 1:10000 Coverage: Nationalwide 3D map Satellite images Land use map 1:50000 to 1:1000 Coverage: Provinces Cadastral map 1:1000 to 1: 200 Coverage: Cities Geodetic network 1st and 2nd order Coverage: Nationalwide Geodetic and elevation control points Sea water level DEM Geoid surface Drainage system Transportation system Administrative boundary Satellite images Land use Cadastre Land value Population and economic infrastructure distribution Sea bed topography
Problems: Duplication on Data production Poor of data sharing Data standard Lack of management skills Individual cannot get spatial data. Policy on the development of spatial data is unclear Asia Geospatial Forum 2013
In order to utilize spatial data efficiently… Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)
Name: National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Temporal scope: ~2020 year Purpose: To establish a concise plan to drive States activities toward the development of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Scope: 1. To eliminate redundant spatial data 2. To encourage data sharing 3. To have decision making through spatial analysis 4. To make spatial data widespread in the society 5. To reduce cost and budgets
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 First Draft of NSDI Master Plan 2002 2008 2012 Data Collection Data Review 2013 Preparing for NSDI Committee 2014 Approve NSDI Mater Plan 2017 Law on NSDI Applying NSDI to e-Government 2021 First Draft of NSDI Master Plan 2002 2008 2012 Data Collection Data Review 2013 Preparing for NSDI Committee 2014 Approve NSDI Mater Plan 2017 Law on NSDI Applying NSDI to e-Government 2021
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Department of Survey and Mapping Vietnam, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is responsible to prepare for a National Committee and a Master Plan of NSDI.
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 There are 7 components were proposed for National Spatial Data Infrastructure
1.Framework Spatial data 2.Standards 3.Access to data 4.Technology 5.Policy – Legislation 6.Organization – Institution 7.Partnership
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Framework spatial data includes 7 layers, same as layers fro m 1:10000 scale topographic map. 1. Vegetation 2. Administrative border 3. Topography 4. Hydrology 5. Transportation 6. Population distribution 7. Satellite images.
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Surveying and Mapping activities in Vietnam are following these standards: National Mapping Standard (2005) National Database Standard (2005). Geographic Data Standard (2009) Cadastral Data Standard (2010). Land registration standards Law of Survey and Mapping (doing) Standard of spatial data contents, data exchange, meta- data and data services
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Data discovery, data access and data process Only States Institution and companies can access spatial data. It is necessary to overcome information mono poly data center by issuing legal regulations, policies to facil itate access to spatial data.
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Hardware and Software Equipment, Data Communication Network. Technologies from Intergraph and ESRI are mainly used to make and edit spatial data. Surveying and mapping technology has been completely changed into digital. Technologies for data securities and automatic updating spatial data in a huge database are getting very important.
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 National Assembly and Government have paid much a ttention to legal frame and policy on ICT application and e-Government. NSDI development strategy is expected to be approved by Prime Minster in 2014, and also Law on NSDI is approved by National Assembly adopts in 2017. Mechanism, Policy and Legislation regulated by the State
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development Government Office Ministry of Transportation Ministry of Science & Technology Ministry of Industry & Commerce Ministry of Construction NSDI Commitee Ministry of Foreign Affairs Relationship between Organizations
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 State budget spends about USD 100 million/year for encouraging communities to participate in NSDI Generalize SDI subject in universities, where are teaching survey-mapping, land administration and other related subjects. Investment Funding, Human Resources Development, Public Awareness Raising, Scientific Research and Internatio nal Cooperation.
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Prime Minister/ Vice Prime Minister NSDI Committee (Located in MONRE) Framework Data Sub- Committee Standardization Sub-Committee Data Access Sub- Committee Technology Sub- Committee Policy- Legislation Sub- Committee Organization- Institute Sub- Committee Advisory Board Foreign Expert Advisory Board Partnership Sub- Committee
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 Data production from States companies will be transferred to those from the local and privates companies. Spatial data will be update from the local to those of government center. States Provinces County FTP Layer2Layer3 Layer4 WFS Layer1 WFS Layer0
Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 34% 70 63% 1% 2% At present, State budget is investing about: USD 40 million / year for cadastral works USD 74 million / year for production and upgrade of spatial data. USD 1 million / year for spatial data network construction. USD 2 million / year for spatial data production technology.
Vietnam does not have an official guidelines for the development of NSDI yet. Local enterprise scares to do business with spatial information. Lack of investment to spatial data. Still long way to go…