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This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in 1949. Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For.

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Presentation on theme: "This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in 1949. Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For."— Presentation transcript:

1 This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc.

2 What is the message of this cartoon?

3 To do this question, you need first to borrow two concepts from English: Denotation (what you see) Connotation (how it affects its audience) The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc. This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice.

4 Marshall is offering gifts to the countries of western Europe. He looks nasty and evil – he is not giving things out of kindness. Denotation Connotation Meaning Beware of Marshall Aid – it is not the generous gift it is made out to be. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc. This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice.

5 Marshall is giving harnesses, not money. You use a harness to control a horse when it is working for you. Denotation Connotation Meaning Marshall Aid is conquest-by-money – countries who take the money will find themselves under American control. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc. This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice.

6 Marshall wears his generals hat, and the harnesses have guns, swords and helmets attached. Attached = part of the deal. Denotation Connotation Meaning The Marshall Plan is really a scheme to militarise western Europe against the USSR. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc. This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice.

7 Finally, always remember to look at: Origin (who drew it) Date (when it was published) The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc. This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice.

8 Kukryniksy - a team of three Moscow cartoonists who drew for the Soviet magazine Krokodil. This is Soviet propaganda – so it is REALLY interesting that it appeared in a Czech paper. Origin Details Significance Czechoslovakia had wanted to apply for Marshall Aid, but Stalin had forbidden it. This cartoon shows the USSR imposing its view of the Cold War on its Iron Curtain allies. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc.

9 This Russian cartoon appeared in Czechoslovakia in Its title was Marshalls Plan in practice Shortly after Congress approved the Marshall Plan – when the first aid was beginning to arrive in Europe. Date Details Significance This is designed to reassure the Czechs (who could see other countries benefiting from Marshall Aid) that they had done the right thing refusing it. The words on the harnesses read: For the French, For the Germans and (behind) For Italy etc.


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