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Using Index Cards to Research and Plan Your Research Paper by R.G. Waite.

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1 Using Index Cards to Research and Plan Your Research Paper by R.G. Waite

2 In researching and planning your research paper, the lowly index card can be your best friend!

3 Hi Pal!

4 It can even prevent you from being charged with plagiarism!

5 Stick with me!

6 Heres how it works:

7 Lets take a look!

8 Lets say you have to write a research paper using five sources.

9 So youve done some research on your topic, and your five sources turn out to be:

10 So youve done some research on your topic, and your five sources turn out to be: - One Book

11 So youve done some research on your topic, and your five sources turn out to be: - One Book - One Journal Article

12 So youve done some research on your topic, and your five sources turn out to be: - One Book - One Journal Article - One Encyclopedia Article

13 So youve done some research on your topic, and your five sources turn out to be: - One Book - One Journal Article - One Encyclopedia Article - Two Internet Articles

14 For each of these five sources, you will need at least three index cards.

15 Lets call each type of card:

16 A Work Cited Card

17 Lets call each type of card: A Work Cited CardA Your Statement Card

18 Lets call each type of card: A Work Cited CardA Your Statement CardA Quote Card

19 Now, your first source is a book.

20 Youll have at least three index cards for that source:

21 Youll have at least three index cards for that source: - One Work Cited Card

22 Youll have at least three index cards for that source: - One Work Cited Card - At least one Your Statement card

23 Youll have at least three index cards for that source: - One Work Cited Card - At least one Your Statement card - At least one Quote Card

24 The Book Youve Read

25

26

27 A Quote Card The Book Youve Read

28 A Quote Card The Book Youve Read

29 A Quote Card The Book Youve Read

30 Your second source is a journal article:

31 The Journal Article Youve Read

32

33

34 A Quote Card The Journal Article Youve Read

35 Your third source is the encyclopedia article youve read:

36 The Encyclopedia Article Youve Read

37

38

39 A Quote Card The Encyclopedia Article Youve Read

40 Your fourth source is an internet article youve read:

41 An Internet Article Youve Read

42

43

44 A Quote Card An Internet Article Youve Read

45 Your fifth source is another internet article youve read:

46 The Other Internet Article Youve Read

47

48

49 A Quote Card The Other Internet Article Youve Read

50 Now, for each source you will create one Works Cited Card.

51 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article

52 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

53 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

54 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

55 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

56 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

57 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this:

58 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this:

59 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this: Authors name [last name first].

60 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this: Authors name [last name first]. Title of the Book.

61 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this: Authors name [last name first]. Title of the Book. City of publication:

62 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this: Authors name [last name first]. Title of the Book. City of publication: Publisher,

63 A typical Work Cited Card will look like this: Authors name [last name first]. Title of the Book. City of publication: Publisher, Date.

64 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this:

65 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Hey! You have to fill me in with your own handwriting.

66 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this:

67 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Jones, Albert P.

68 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Jones, Albert P. Sociology.

69 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Jones, Albert P. Sociology. New York:

70 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Jones, Albert P. Sociology. New York: McGraw-Hill,

71 A more specific example of a Work Cited Card would look like this: Jones, Albert P. Sociology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

72 Beware

73 You will most likely have to create works cited cards with somewhat different formats than this last card.

74 Beware You will most likely have to create works cited cards with somewhat different formats than this last card. This is because the last card was for a book, and your other sources might be a journal, an encyclopedia, or the internet.

75 Beware You will most likely have to create works cited cards with somewhat different formats than this last card. This is because the last card was for a book, and your other sources might be a journal, an encyclopedia, or the internet. Also, you may have sources with multiple authors, or no authors at all.

76 In order to correctly format different types of works cited cards:

77 Review the hand-out, The MLA Parenthetical Notation and Works Cited Page Formats

78 In order to correctly format different types of works cited cards: Review the hand-out, The MLA Parenthetical Notation and Works Cited Page Formats or

79 In order to correctly format different types of works cited cards: Review the hand-out, The MLA Parenthetical Notation and Works Cited Page Formats or Go online to research such formatting

80 Why are you creating these Work Cited cards?

81 Each work cited card will contain the information you will need from that particular source in order to add that source to the Works Cited page at the end of your research paper.

82 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

83 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited

84 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

85 So, after you have created one Work Cited card for each source, you sort them alphabetically by authors last names.

86 This is the order in which you enter the information on the Work Cited Cards onto the Works Cited page.

87 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

88 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited Sort these work cited cards alphabetically (by authors last names).

89 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited And place that information onto the Works Cited page in that order.

90 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

91 WARNING Many students are aware of the Works Cited page app called noodlebib which is accesible through the Library page on Wits or online at noodletools.com.

92 The noodlebib app will do a great job formatting a complete Works Cited page for you.

93 However, you still have to input the raw data into the noodlebib app in order for it to create a completed Works Cited page.

94 You will have to get this raw data from your Work Cited cards!

95 Once youve used your Work Cited cards to create your Works Cited page, you can set them aside.

96 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

97 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

98 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

99 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

100 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Work Cited Works Cited

101 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Works Cited

102 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article

103 Now its time for the Your Statement cards.

104 Lets use the book youve read for an example of the use of Your Statement cards.

105 A Quote Card The Book Youve Read

106 A Quote Card The Book Youve Read

107 Heres the deal:

108 Youve read the book and youve spotted one really good idea that you want to use in your research paper.

109 Heres the deal: Youve read the book and youve spotted one really good idea that you want to use in your research paper. But, you dont want to be accused of plagiarism by using that idea.

110 Heres the deal: Youve read the book and youve spotted one really good idea that you want to use in your research paper. But, you dont want to be accused of plagiarism by using that idea. A Your Statement Card will prevent that accusation.

111 Read that idea in the book until you own it in your mind.

112 In other words, burn that idea into your mind until you can state it in your own words.

113 Read that idea in the book until you own it in your mind. In other words, burn that idea into your mind until you can state it in your own words. Write that idea down in your own words on an index card.

114 Read that idea in the book until you own it in your mind. In other words, burn that idea into your mind until you can state it in your own words. Write that idea down in your own words on an index card. That index card now contains a statement of the idea in your own words.

115 Read that idea in the book until you own it in your mind. In other words, burn that idea into your mind until you can state it in your own words. Write that idea down in your own words on an index card. That index card now contains a statement of the idea in your own words. It is a Your Statement card.

116 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article

117 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words.

118 Next, lets take a look at the Quote Card.

119 The essence of a Quote Card is that its proof that you know what youre talking about on the Your Statement Card.

120 For example, youve created a Your Statement Card about a really great idea you found in the book and that youd like to incorporate into your paper.

121 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article

122 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words.

123 Now its time to back up your statement with a supporting quote, some data, or perhaps a graph, from the book.

124 So now you go back to your source, in this case the book, to the page where you got the idea in the first place.

125 Look around on that page, or a nearby page, and look for a quote, some data, or perhaps a graph that supports the idea you wrote about on the Your Statement Card.

126 Write that quote or data down on a new index card.

127 That index card has now become the Quote Card that has information that directly supports the idea you have written down on the Your Statement Card.

128 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words.

129 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement.

130 Heres a major KEY POINT about the Quote Card:

131 After you have written the quote or data down onto the card, be sure to also write down where you got the quote/data from.

132 Heres a major KEY POINT about the Quote Card: After you have written the quote or data down onto the card, be sure to also write down where you got the quote/data from. For example, if you got the quote/data from a book authored by Albert P. Jones and it was on page 62, make a note on your quote card like this:

133 Heres a major KEY POINT about the Quote Card: After you have written the quote or data down onto the card, be sure to also write down where you got the quote/data from. For example, if you got the quote/data from a book authored by Albert P. Jones and it was on page 62, make a note on your quote card like this: (Jones 62)

134 For example:

135 For example -

136 Heres a quote youve written down on this quote card:

137 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another For example - Heres a quote youve written down on this quote card:

138 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another Be sure to add the parenthetical source notation at the end of the quote, after the quotation mark but before the period:

139 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Be sure to add the parenthetical source natation at the end of the quote, after the quotation mark but before the period:

140 This is going to save you a lot of agony because these quotes and parenthetical notations on your Quote Cards will become the quotes and parenthetical notations in the main- body text of your research paper.

141 Heres the overall view of how the Your Statement Card/Quote Card system operates:

142 (A Your Statement Card) Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory.This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated,

143 (A Your Statement Card) Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory.This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, You have typed a main idea in your own words (from a Your Statement Card) up to this point.

144 (A Your Statement Card) Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory.This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, You have typed a main idea in your own words (from a Your Statement Card) up to this point.

145 (A Your Statement Card) Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory.This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, You have typed a main idea in your own words (from a Your Statement Card) up to this point.

146 (A Quote Card) Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62).

147 (A Quote Card) Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Now you can take the quote from the quote card, including the parenthetical citation, and plug it in here.

148 (A Quote Card) Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Now you can take the quote from the quote card, including the parenthetical citation, and plug it in here.

149 (A Quote Card) Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Now you can take the quote from the quote card, including the parenthetical citation, and plug it in here.

150 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Horton 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Notice how the quote from the quote card

151 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Horton 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). Notice how the quote from the quote card

152 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Horton 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). supports your statement.

153 Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Horton 62). Karl Marx was the father of conflict theory. This is the theory that the relationship between the rich and the poor would ultimately degenerate into open class conflict. Although many modern-day sociologists reject this view, there are still some who promote it. For example, one prominent Sociologist has stated, Conflict theorists view the nature of social classes as being constantly at war with one another (Jones 62). supports your statement.

154 Now, repeat the processes of creating Your Statement and Quote cards for all your remaining sources:

155 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement.

156 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words.

157 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement.

158 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words.

159 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement.

160 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words.

161 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement.

162 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words.

163 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement.

164 Notice that in this discussion the total number of Your Statement and Quote cards is 10 cards.

165 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement.

166 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement. 1.

167 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-wor statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

168 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

169 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

170 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

171 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

172 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

173 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

174 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

175 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the journal article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the journal article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the second internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the second internet article, that supports your own-word statement

176 In actuality you should have several more Your Statement and Quote cards.

177 This is because you will more than likely get more than one big idea from any one source.

178 For example, you might get two ideas that you want to use from the book, in which case you will end up with two Your Statement cards and two Quote cards, for a total of four cards for that book alone.

179 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement.

180 Similarly, you might get three great ideas from the first internet article, in which case you would end up with six cards from that one source:

181 Journal Article Book Encyclopedia Article First Internet Article Second Internet Article Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the first internet article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the first internet article, that supports your own-word statement.

182 Now, what are you going to do with all the Your Statement and Quote cards youve created?

183 Next, go to a nice big table or desk, and lay down the your statement and quote cards in the order in which you intend to use them.

184 For example, suppose the first major point you want to make is from the first internet article.

185 Lay your first internet article cards down like this:

186

187

188 Continue this process until you have all your Your Statement and Quote cards lined up in the order in which you want to use them.

189

190 Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words.

191 Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement.

192 Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words.

193 Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia, that supports your own-word statement.

194 Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the book, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the book, that supports your own-word statement. Your Statement Card A major point you want to make, taken from the encyclopedia article, in your own words. Quote Card A direct quote, piece of data, graph, etc., taken from the encyclopedia, that supports your own-word statement. e... etc., etc., etc.

195 Once youve got your cards lined up, you can place them in a nice neat stack in the order in which youre going to use them, or you can keep them laid out on the table.

196 Now, using your cards, you can do one of two things:

197 1.Write an outline based on the cards and then write your paper based on the outline and the cards.

198 Now, using your cards, you can do one of two things: 1.Write an outline based on the cards and then write your paper based on the outline and the cards. 2.Write your paper directly from the cards.

199 Obviously, as you are writing your paper you will have to write introductory and concluding paragraphs that are not based directly on the cards...

200 And you will have to write transition sentences to smooth the change from paragraph to paragraph in your paper,...

201 but, by the time youve laid your cards down in the appropriate order, it can be said that youve come a long way baby, a long way to completing your paper!

202 And, hopefully, if youve played your cards right, you will have avoided a charge of plagiarism!

203 The End


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