Presentation on theme: "Archetypes in literature and film"— Presentation transcript:
1Archetypes in literature and film Archetypal Symbols, Characters and StereotypesWhat are a few examples of archetypes commonly found in literature and movies?-Austin Hughes-
2ObjectivePerformance: Students will be able to locate examples of archetypal characters, symbols, and images.Condition: Using these examples, students will identify patterns in archetypal usage and make suggestions regarding the author’s purpose of usage, and classify the examples into groups that represent their stereotype.Criteria: The students will identify at least three archetypes and apply their knowledge to accurately classify each character to a particular stereotype and provide evidence for their decision.
3OVerview Brief history “The Good Guys” “The Bad Guys” Activity (worksheet Hand-out)Archetypal Colors and SymbolsGroup Activity
4Etymology ARCHETYPE First used in English in 1540. The word archetype derives from the Latin noun archetypum.Meaning “Pattern, Model, Type”
5Common types of archetypes ProtagonistAntagonistThe HeroThe Anti-HeroThe MentorVillainThe TricksterThe Shadow
7Types of heroes The Willing Hero Willing to undertake any quest courageouslyThe Unwilling HeroDoubtful, passive, unwilling to journeyThe Loner HeroAble to overcome opposition aloneTragic HeroHave a tragic flaw that hurt them in the end
8Examples of heroes The Willing Hero Beowulf; King Arthur; Red Crosse KnightThe Unwilling HeroAchilles, Hercules, Bilbo, AragornThe Loner HeroJames Bond; Superman; Indiana JonesTragic HeroRomeo; Brutus; Hamlet; MacbethJack Sparrow is an example of a modern unwilling hero.
9Types of Mentors The “Wise Old Man/Woman” Possesses wisdom and experienceThe Comic MentorProvides humorous adviceContinuing MentorRecurring character such as boss or best friendFallen MentorHave faced a similar crisis; provides warningThe word Mentor was originally used in the Odyssey. Telemachus, the son of Odysseus, is guided by a man named Mentor (who is actually Athena in disguise).Since Athena is known as the Goddess of Wisdom, and wisdom is associated with age and experience, Mentors in literature and films are typically wizened old men and women.
10Examples of Mentors The “Wise Old Man/Woman Yoda, Van Helsing, Gandalf The Comic MentorGlenda the Witch, Fairy Godmothers,Continuing MentorAlfred, Mentor, UnaFallen MentorHaymitch, Yoda
11Anti-heroes Classic Anti-Hero Frankenstein, Achilles, Hercules Generally oppressive, pessimistic,and/or corrupt.Motivated by own personal desiresReluctantClassic Anti-HeroFrankenstein, Achilles, HerculesThe Tragic Anti-HeroJack Sparrow, Darth Vadar, Han Solo
12Heroes & their mentorsHeroic characters typically have a guide that enlightens them near the beginning of their journey and/or in times of hardship.Frodo had GandalfBatman had AlfredLuke Skywalker had Ben KanobiMina Murray had Van Helsing
14The Villain The foil of the hero Dueling personalities, tricky Classic VillainsMoriarty, Long John Silver, The DragonModern VillainsThe Joker, Hannibal Lector
15The shadow Classic Example Mr. Hyde, Duessa Modern Example Hero’s foil (Mirror Image of the hero)Dueling personalities, trickyThe arch enemyClassic ExampleMr. Hyde, DuessaModern ExampleThe Dark Sith,
16The Trickster Seek to humiliate or outwit the Hero Antics cause the adventureCunning and foolishClassic TrickstersArchimago, Reynard the FoxModern TrickstersBugs Bunny, The Riddler, the Joker
17Other archetypesThe CHIEF - a dynamic leader, he has time for nothing but work The BAD BOY - dangerous to know, he walks on the wild side The BEST FRIEND - sweet and safe, he never lets anyone down The LOST SOUL - a tormented being, he lives in solitude The CHARMER - a smooth talker, he creates fantasies The PROFESSOR - coolly analytical, he knows every answer The WARRIOR - a noble champion, he acts with honor
19Archetypal ColorsBlack: Death/mourning, emotional darkness, hidden desires/instincts, un-enlightenment. Black: darkness, chaos, mystery, the unknown, death, wisdom, evil, melancholy.Blue: The color of the spirit, the spiritual, the heavenly, the divine, intuition, inspiration. Has the association with the unconscious and feminine qualities.Green: In positive terms, Mother Nature, fertility, hope, renewal, health, youth, harmony, prosperity. The color of sensual and spiritual passion.Orange: Balance, creative expression, pride and ambition, cruelty, ferocity, luxury. As the color of fire, can represent burning away impurities.
20Archetypal ColorsPurple: The color of royalty, imperial power, pride, justice, intuition, wisdom, truth. As a blend of red and blue, it is the color of authority/ power and the wisdom to know how to use it.Red: Blood, life, life-force; embarrassment, anger; fire, lust, passion. Associated with activity, energy, courage, will power, and war.White: Purity, holiness, sacredness, redemption, mystical enlightenment, innocence, joy, light and life it is transcendent perfection. It signifies the union of opposites to form a whole as well as the symbolic death of transformation and renewal.Yellow: The sun, illumination, intellect and generosity, maturity. The color of fire and thus the purification of flame. Yellow: enlightenment, wisdom.
21After Reading Activity Each group will choose an archetype: (Hero, villain, mentor, or trickster.)List 3 physical characteristicsList 3 personality traits and/or idealsDescribe the archetype’s typical purpose in the story.Provide 3 famous examples of your archetype in literatureSplit into groups of three
22Homework AssignmentApplying the information from today’s lesson, create a unique set of archetypal characters (a hero, a mentor, and a villain) and write a short story using your characters.Story must be at least one page in lengthContain an introduction, problematic situation, and a conclusion explaining the hero’s triumph or defeat.Ticket in the door:Place completed short story in box beside the door.
23Georgia StandardsELA10RL2: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of theme in literary works and provides evidence from the works to support understanding.E. I. Archetypal Characters (i.e., hero, good mother, sage, trickster, etc.) ii. Archetypal Patterns (i.e., journey of initiation, search for the father, etc.) iii. Archetypal Symbols (i.e., colors, water, light/dark, etc.)