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Restoration planning – closing the loop Stephen Hartley* & Frances Forsyth# *School of Biological Sciences & Centre for Biodiversity and Restoration Ecology.

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Presentation on theme: "Restoration planning – closing the loop Stephen Hartley* & Frances Forsyth# *School of Biological Sciences & Centre for Biodiversity and Restoration Ecology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Restoration planning – closing the loop Stephen Hartley* & Frances Forsyth# *School of Biological Sciences & Centre for Biodiversity and Restoration Ecology Victoria University of Wellington # Wildland Consultants Ltd Based on a presentation by Colin Meurck (2010 restoration day), based on a presentation by Murray Williams

2 What is a restoration plan? Keep it short & clear, and supplement it with 2 other documents. – An annual work plan (budgeting time, money, materials and labour) – A monitoring plan A guiding document – Outlining a journey from where are you now (current status) to where you want to be

3 Why write a restoration plan? To keep everyone on the same page – Heading for (more or less) the same goal To clarify your groups thinking – identify and avoid procedural inconsistencies – identify knowledge gaps To convince potential funders that you are organised, accountable and a good bet for funding

4 What might a restoration plan look like? Introduction Vision / Goals Site description Threats Objectives / actions Monitoring Appendices Where do we want to end up? Where are we now? What if we do nothing? How are we going to get there? How will we know if we are on track? Extra info that could be useful, but which could distract from the main plan

5 Te Raekaihau Point ecological rehabilitation plan Table of Contents Introduction _________________________________________________________4 Historical context _____________________________________________________4 Site description_______________________________________________________6 Current ecological issues_______________________________________________7 Management recommendations ________________________________________9 Principles for ecological rehabilitation: ____________________________9 Aims of ecological rehabilitation _______________________________10 Actions ___________________________________________________________10 Monitoring ________________________________________________________18 Interpretation ______________________________________________________19 Time frame for 5 year rehabilitation plan________________________________20 The next twenty years________________________________________________21 Acknowledgements__________________________________________________21 Appendix one: Consultation for this plan_________________________________22 Appendix two: Site species list (current) _________________________________23 Table: Species recommended for planting Map of rehabilitation and planting

6 Vision A high-level statement that everyone can agree to – (the ultimate goal in years time) Example: A thriving forest ecosystem supporting a full complement of the regions wildlife and natural systems

7 Maungatautari Ecological Island Trust Working Document To remove forever, introduced mammalian pests and predators form Maungatautari, and restore to the forest a healthy diversity of indigenous plants and animals not seen in our lifetime

8 A healthy, self-sustaining ecosystem, free of all introduced mammals and comprising indigenous species that are appropriate to the Orokonui site, where people can enjoy a peaceful encounter with nature, and from which they may take recreation, refreshment, new knowledge, new skills and a new commitment to conservation.

9 Study site description Historical context Current values – Landscape – Soils / water – Fauna – Flora – Cultural values – Recreational – Educational

10 Threats Current trends / problems – increasing abundance of weed species – decrease in abundance of key bird species – lack of tree recruitment – predators Potential threats – Loss of habitat to development projects – Biosecurity risks Be specific and quantitative if possible

11 Additional points to consider / alternative approaches A SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis Research tenure, land/reserve status, community consultation, iwi liaison (these contacts may yield allies to the cause) Local Govt plans that may affect site – roads, services, etc Mapping of main land units which may become restoration units

12 Goals, objectives and actions Goals are a more specific statement of the vision. They describe the intended endpoint They should be considered fixed They are not time dependent They should be agreed upon by the whole group (as far as possible) Consider 1-2 for each key value

13 Maungatautari : Vision and Goals

14 Goals, objectives and actions Objectives support particular goals They are what needs to be achieved in order to make progress They represent potential legs of the journey They should be time dependent (3-30 years) If they arent being achieved they can be revised (more than one way to skin a cat)

15 Maungatautari : Vision, Goals & Objectives

16 Goals, objectives and actions Actions support particular objectives They are what needs to be done at a very specific level They should be time dependent (1-5 years) If they arent producing the desired results they can be revised E.g. Goal 1 : to increase bird numbers Objective 1.1 : reduce predator numbers – Possible action : poison baits against predators – Possible action : trap predators Objective 1.2 : improve food sources for birds – Possible action : plant fruit and nectar sources – Possible action : provide supplementary feeders

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18 Technical feasibility Talk to lots of people with experience to test your ideas. The plan should be based on objectives and actions that are feasible. If there is no feasible way of achieving the vision and goals, then agree on a revised set of goals! Often there will be considerable uncertainty over what will work (or what will work best) – Hence the need for monitoring (checking your progress) and adaptive management (updating your objectives and actions) in the light of experience

19 Optional extras Highlight alternative pathways (with a SWOT analysis) Create a timeline Create a visual version of the plan Highlight potential conflicts between different objectives (e.g dogs vs penguins) Include budget (?)

20 5-year timeline ActionsYear Year Year Year Year Site preparation X Weed controlXXXXX Pest animalsXXXXX PlantingXXXXX Penguin boxesXX InterpretationXX Beach accessXX MonitoringXXXXX

21 Appendices

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24 Budget Not necessarily part of a restoration plan Nonetheless you should have one It will inform the range of objectives and actions that you can tackle and over what time frame Volunteer hours are just as important to budget as dollars Detailed budgets are part of the annual work plan

25 Where to get information? Consult widely across the community Call a public meeting Local library Council libraries and archives Council staff LINZ website, council & Google earth for aerial photos Local groups – botanical societies, ornithological etc. Local schools, colleges, university

26 What next Make annual work plans Monitor and record progress Revise the plan every 5-10 years The Command and Control Loop

27 Dont forget Consult with your group Consult outside of your group Include photos Maps Keep it focussed More example plans and a previous version of this presentation: centre/preparing-restoration-plan

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