Presentation on theme: "Optimizing The Fleet Response Plan"— Presentation transcript:
1 Optimizing The Fleet Response Plan ADM Bill Gortney15 January 2014
2 Readiness Kill Chain Past, Present, Way Ahead Governance / C2 – Drives integration & synchronization vertically across weapons systems & horizontally across the readiness lifecycleMeansPersonnelEquipmentSuppliesTrainingOrdnanceNetworksWaysEndsInstallationsCommunityIndustryElected LeadersAssessRESOURCE/ POLICYACCESS /PROCUREPRE-INTROFRTPMAINTBASICINTEGRATEDDEPLOY &SUSTAINSurfaceAviationSubmarinesCommon ActionsSynchronized TrainingFull Weapon System OpsWeapon SystemC4ISR/CYBERNECCOP/TAC HQsEveryone is part of the Readiness Kill ChainEveryone needs to know their place and role in the Readiness Kill ChainMeans and Ways must support the Ends – our Deployability / Sustainment model, the FRPAs of 08MAY132
3 What is RKC?The Readiness Kill Chain (RKC) is a way to break down institutional barriers, increase understanding of readiness production, ensure a common understanding of Navy readiness on the same page, and ensure that policies, resources, and products deliver the right capability and readiness for mission requirements.Specifically, RKC is a repeatable methodology to identify readiness production barriers and root causes, followed by development of effective strategies and solutions to remove these barriers. These processes result in complete assessment and presentation for decisions used to improve forward deployed readiness and resolve barriers in an informed and cost effective manner.O-FRP is one example of implementation of the RKC. O-FRP uses the RKC approach to analyze various stages of the processes for training, inspections, parts, maintenance and manning to achieve desired end states.
4 CNO GuidanceWarfightingFirst“We will deliver credible capability for deterrence, sea control, and power projection to deter or contain conflict and fight and win wars.”OperateForward“Operate forward at strategic maritime crossroads; Sustain our fleet capability through effective maintenance, timely modernization, and sustained production of proven ships and aircraft.”.BeReady“We must ensure today’s force is ready for its assigned missions. Maintaining ships and aircraft to their expected service lives is an essential contribution to fleet capacity”We will operationalize the Sailing Directions through the Optimized Fleet Response Plan using the Readiness Kill Chain (RKC)“We developed the Optimized Fleet Response Plan to establish a more manning-balanced and sustainable cycle…” - CNO Position Report: 2013, p 3
5 CNO’s TenetsThe CNO’s tenets as outlined in his Sailing directions and reinforced in the Navigation Plan are clear.The Readiness Kill Chain approach provides us a holistic construct, or methodology, to ensure the Fleet is focused on warfighting … forward … and ready to conduct missions assigned and O-FRP is the answer to how we balance those priorities.
6 What is O-FRP?The Optimized Fleet Response Plan (O-FRP) has been developed to enhance the stability and predictability for our Sailors and families by aligning carrier strike group assets to a new 36 month training and deployment cycle.Beginning in fiscal year ’15, all required maintenance, training, evaluations and a single eight-month deployment will be efficiently scheduled throughout the cycle in such a manner to drive down costs and increase overall fleet readiness.Under this plan, we will streamline the inspection and evaluation process and ensure that we are able to maintain a level of surge capacity.O-FRP reduces time at sea and increases home port tempo from 49% to 68% for our Sailors over the 36 month period. Initially focused on Carrier Strike Groups, O-FRP will ultimately be designed for all U.S Navy assets from the ARG/MEU to submarines and expeditionary forces.
7 Fleet Response Plan Problem Statement We have lost predictabilityFor Sailors, families, industrial baseReadiness producers, and readiness consumersLength does not accommodate maintenance and training … or maximize operational availabilityMisaligned CSG / DESRON Chains of CommandManning levels not aligned to the phases of FRPMaintenance and modernizationNot executing on time / budgetRequires better synchronizationUnderfunded spares accountsUnconstrained inspection processLack of standardized Operational /Tactical HQ academic, synthetic, and live training
9 Understanding Potential Drivers to Readiness Production Slide The previous slide graphically depicts inefficiencies.The solid blue line represents our readiness model and the dashed line is reality for these three Strike Groups.Each of these three profiles is unique and our generic profile is not reliably predictive of the investment of our “means and ways” in this process.IKE CSG faced maintenance challenges which delayed her work-ups and deployment and then she conducted a second deployment after a short homeport visit.HST CSG trained up and then delayed due to a change in presence requirements – we “banked” her readiness during this delay.NIM CSG was a combination of both maintenance and schedule delays.Comparing a generic planning FRP profile to these CSGs profiles highlights the need to find a model that is more predictable and reliable in the planning process and ensures that we conserve scarce resources and money.O-FRP establishes a framework to develop a predictive model that will drive each CSG to look and execute a more similar FRP profile.
10 O-FRP Predecessor: Enhanced Carrier Presence DepSecDef-driven concept to generate CSG Ao7-7-7 plan (Deploy/Dwell/Deploy)49 percent Homeport TimeDeployments are 39 percent of the FRP lengthECP Frame work:Provides a predictable FRP cycleExtends/synchs CVN/CVW/SC FRP cycles to 36 monthsFixes CSG composition: Ships/aircraft/staffs remain aligned thru entire FRP cycleGenerates fully ready forces, trained to a single MCO certification standardEstablishes a stable and predictable maintenance planMaintenance interval remains constantECP concept ended Jan 13 due to sequester/POM fiscal limits
11 “Managed Wholeness”The following series of slides describe progress achieved in our effort to manage Fleet wholeness across the Readiness Kill Chain (RKC) through the Optimized-Fleet Response Plan (O-FRP).“Managed Wholeness,” is a term USFF coined to describe how we are leading our forces through the tough fiscal turbulence expected over the coming years.
12 Current Fiscal Environment We’ve started FY 14 under a Continuing Resolution Amendment at reduced funding levels. Additionally, we are constrained by our current manpower levels and force structure. As a result, we have to carefully manage the wholeness of the Fleet with innovative cost saving measures that optimize readiness at the reduced funding levels.
13 Optimized Fleet Response Plan (O-FRP) Retains ECP framework / capacity with reduced global Ao (~2.0)36 month FRPSingle 8-month deploymentStarts with HST CSG in Nov 2014Enables delivery of:Fixed CSG CompositionAligned and stabilized CSG manning throughout the FRPStable maintenance planImproved quality of work and enhanced quality of lifeEmbedded Electromagnetic Spectrum Maneuver Warfare and Naval Integrated Fire Control – Counter AirForces trained to a single certification standard
15 FRP Length Maximum CSG Operational Availability (Ao) PREDICTABLE 36 month FRPSupply-based; surge capacity dependent upon fundingMaximum forward presence with available capacity and fundingPredictable, yet adaptableAble to meet FY14-16 with 2.0 CVN and 27 SC (includes 9+4 FDNF)ECPO-FRPLength7 / 7 / 78Homeport Tempo0.490.68D / FRP0.390.22PREDICTABLEADAPTABLEFor the sunk cost of maintenance & training, maximize Ao, with a clean chain of command, and an acceptable PERSTEMPO
16 What is AO?AO is “Operational Availability.” Basically, this is the time a platform is employable.This does not take into consideration OPTEMPO and PERSTEMPO.The formula is the cycle length minus maintenance and training.For example, in the 36-month O-FRP cycle, there are approximately 6 months maintenance and 6 training. Therefore, AO is approximately 24 months.AO = [ Cycle length – (maintenance time and training time)]AO = 36-(6+6) = 24This does not mean that a Carrier Strike Group will be deployed for the entire Operational Availability. Under O-FRP, deployment lengths are metered by Service Quality of Life factors. AO is simply a measure of when a platform is employable, and is used for planning both for rotational deployment and to determine surge capacity should a National emergency arise.
17 FRP Length36 month FRP cycle becomes the foundation upon which we generate CSGs ready for deployment and provides maximum Ao for CSG presence/funding level.Under a sustainable O-FRP, a single 8 month deployment generates a deployed to FRP ratio (D/FRP) of 0.22 (or in other terms 5 CVNs can generate 1.0 global presence) with the ability to go to 0.38 (or 3 CVNs to generate a 1.0 presence) should resources ever become available.These CSGs will be composed of 7-8, vice current 3-4, surface combatants who will be aligned under a single DESRON and will aggregate for training and certification.Surface combatants’ deployment dates may vary slightly due to maintaining Global Force Management Allocation Plan (GFMAP) adjudicated presence requirements: Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD), SCAN EAGLE, and FIRE SCOUT.
18 Iterative changes will be required in out years to complete CSG AlignmentProblem: CSG and Destroyer Squadron MisalignmentOperational Control (OPCON) and Administrative Control (ADCON) Chain of Command and FITREPSDESRON Commanders do not deploy with their assigned SCCSGs deploy with SC from multiple squadronsMultiple Independent deployer CERTEX events requiredAdvanced training produces lesser qualification (MSO vs. MCO)DESRON SC FRP cycles not in alignmentCapability mismatch with CSGSolution: Fixed CSG CompositionC2 Aligned with FRP cycleOPCON aligned with deployment cycleSC schedules more predictableBMD integrated within CSGSurface combatant CMP aligned with CVNCost effective, Major Combat Operations Independent deployersIterative changes will be required in out years to complete
19 CSG AlignmentWhen examining DESRON alignments in conjunction with O-FRP, we saw an opportunity to fix numerous discrepancies, such as wholesale surface combatant swap outs between CSG multiple deployments as well as integrating BMD capability into CSGs.O-FRP aligns surface combatant and CVN/CVW cycles to optimize resources required to achieve deployment certification.Simple administrative alignment near term achieves 90% DESRON alignment. 21 of 29 moves have been mapped out for TYCOM execution to support 4 CSG’s.USFF is changing DESRON assignments so that all CRUDES will be aligned to their CSGs starting with the GHWB CSG for their FEB 2014 deployment.Ownership alignment also allows ISICs to begin transmitting Commanders’ intent to assigned units early – operational and professional expectations.
20 Manning Wholeness Personnel readiness standard 92/95/1 minimum deployment manning levelsTake risk in non-deployed units and post deployment surgeActions to achieve wholenessRecruit/Access to meet demandManage ‘Street to Fleet’ supply chainFund the Individuals AccountsDefine and prioritize critical operational shore duty billetsManage and sustain wholenessReport and manage individual PERSTEMPOIncentivize and retain quality sailorsManage FIT/FILL risk ashoreEstablished PERS-454 to streamline LIMDU process
21 FIT/FILL/CRITICAL NEC In the previous slide, we used “92/95/1” as our endstate. This is also known as “FIT / FILL / Critical NEC”The first number is “FIT”This indicates that a commanding officer will have 92 percent of sailors authorized with the right skill setsThe second number is “FILL”This number indicates that at least 95 percent of the required manning is on boardThe third and final number indicates that there is at least 1 sailor on board that has the qualifications for every critical Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC)
22 ManningThe Fleet continues to face a fit/fill below the standard of 90/90/1 with an upward in trend of cross decks and diverts needed to maintain that standard.After a TYCOM RKC review and a USFF N1 led Navy-wide working group, a CNO approved POAM was developed to increase the personnel readiness target, set actions to achieve wholeness and manage and sustain the gains.OPNAV N1 was given the lead to execute the POAM.
24 Maintenance & Modernization CNO Availability schedules are set:Aligned with CRUDES assignment to CSGsStable, predictable and integrated maintenance and modernization planProper availability planningAllowance for timely port loading adjustmentsIntegrated with assessmentsAligns Surface Ship Class Maintenance Plan to 36 months to match CVNsModernization improvements:Interoperable and aligned CSG/ARG C5I capabilitiesIntegrated SOVT test to include all associated supporting systemsImproved aircraft inventory management to fully support training planAdjust SFRM to 36 month FRPStable, Predictable, Integrated Maintenance & Modernizationthat aligns and synchronizes CSG capabilities
25 Maintenance & Modernization Turning to maintenance and using the kill chain “As is” / “To be” construct, we found that maintenance was impacted by changes in schedules and funding, and is constrained by port loading.Thumb-rule used by maintenance providers is that costs go up by 3x for work packages changes through mid-availability and as much as 8X for changes in work packages from mid-to-late availability. So, this is a significant cost driver.We also found that modernization is not aligned to the group and that there is significant variance in combat systems. For instance, in the 62 ship Arleigh Burke Class, there are 42 different configurations of only 8 major C4I systems. Clearly, an interoperability challenge.Configuration variance reduction is one element that will improve maintenance and modernization execution.Providing a stable and predictable FRP length with clear ownership alignment to a particular CSG would alleviate many of these challenges.
26 Maintenance & Modernization RKC Analysis Commander’s IntentUse a Readiness Kill Chain approachAnalyze the various stages of the end to end processShip/Submarine Maintenance and Modernization:NAVSEA leadDrive Work Package development and Planning effort to be done earlierIntegrate Class Maintenance Plan requirements with ModernizationAircraft Depot MaintenanceNAVAIR lead
27 Surface Spares Wholeness Spares availability critical to readinessStagnant/downward trends in key indicators drove action to get right parts on the shelvesOutfitting SparesAdditional $51M added to outfitting spares accounts May’13; minimal spares backlogOutfitting spares funding “green” across Future Year Defense PlanFleet Shipboard SparesSignificant investments in AEGIS/BMD spares FY10-13COSAL updates every 2 months since July 2012Additional $21M investment in surface spares end of Fiscal Year 2013Ship Construction Spares$14.6M added back to LPD-25 & LHA-6 programs end of Fiscal Year 2013Coordinated Shipboard Allowance List (COSAL)effectiveness improving and expected to continue
28 Inspections = Independent Inspections “As-Is” PRESENT: 466 inspections INSURV MI / MCMA“As-Is”MCMAMICNO designated USFF as Executive Agent for Fleet Assessment:Oversee changes to Inspections, Certifications, Assessment and Visits eventsApproval authority for new or expanded requirementsStandardize Assessment CriteriaMaximize training valueDevelop enduring process for continual reviewLead senior advisory group to CNO on ICAV mattersPRESENT: 466 inspectionsMaintenance Basic Integrated DeploymentINSPECTION PERIOD III“To-Be”FUTURE:INSPECTION PERIOD IIINSPECTION PERIOD I28
29 InspectionsThis diagram approaches inspection and assessment processes in the “As is: at top and “To be” on the bottom of the chart. The curves represent a generic readiness curve and are sub divided horizontally by phase.Our Fleet Action Working Group found that there are 466 different inspections, certifications, assists and visits scattered across the FRP. Some of these are time based, some are conditions based and others are policy or law. Many are, frankly, outdated.Developing an assessment and inspection continuum across the FRP will:Optimize external assessment and inspection events to eliminate redundancyOptimize assessment timing within the FRPStandardize assessment and inspection requirementsStandardize expectations to minimize impacts to ship’s force personnelDevelop institutionalized process for continuous adjudication of future inspections within the FRP.
30 Creating a Smarter INSURV Reduced from 5 days to 3 daysCommences on Tuesday vice Monday to reduce burden on crewImproved Operational Risk ManagementShips do not get underway before 0700 to enhance safetyShip leadership afforded crew rest through improved scheduling of events and elimination of redundant and out dated requirementsLinked to Readiness EventsAccepts TYCOM TSRA PMS data as INSURV data. This makes INSURV even shorter (3 days or less)Analyzes more data over broader period of timeCollects TYCOM mid-cycle assessment data as INSURV data. This increases the amount of data used to identify maintenance and readiness trends(U)
31 EA For Fleet Assessments IPR25 SEP 1317 JAN 14PHASE ONEFAWG18 OCT 13PHASE TWOTYCOM/SYSCOM REVIEWSECD14 FEB 14DELIVERABLES“AS-IS” ICAV LIST – CMPPROPOSED ICAV CHANGES COMPLETEPROPOSED “TO-BE” STATE COMPLETEICAV CHARTER DRAFTEDRESOURCESPHASE THREEFLEET CDR REVIEWECD1 OCT 14DELIVERABLESEA FOR ICAV DESIGNATED – COMPLETEREFINE/CONCUR WITH ICAV CONCEPT - COMPLETECOMMENT/CONCUR WITH ICAV CHANGES – STAKEHOLDERS REVIEWING CHARTERAll AIRFOR AND SURFOR ICAVs TIED TO FOUR PHASES IN FRP – COMPLETEAIRFOR AND SURFOR IDENTIFIED ICAVS TO COMBINE - COMPLETELINKAGE INSTRUCTION DRAFTED AND TESTED ON JET BLAST DEFLECTORS (JBDs) –COMPLETESUBLANT JOINED FAWGPHASE FOURCENTRAL ICAV AUTHORITY (CICAVA)DELIVERABLESSIGN CHARTER – TYCOMS HAVE REVIEWED WITH ONLY MINOR CHANGESDESIGNATE CICAVA –CONTAINED WITHIN CHARTERSTANDUP CICAVARESOURCE CICAVAINSURV MESSAGEINSURV HAS ACTION TO LEAD LINKAGE ESTABLISHMENT BETWEEN TYCOM AND INSURV INSPECTIONSPHASE FIVESTEADY STATEDELIVERABLESDRAFT AND SIGN ICAV INSTRUCTIONASSUME DUTIES FROM FAWGPRIORITIZE ICAV CHANGESDEVELOP ANALYSIS METHODOLOGYSURFACE SHIP INSURV INSPECTIONS REDUCED TO 3.5 DAYS – APR 2014DELIVERABLESCICAVA ACTS AS THE GATEKEEPER TO SYNCHRONIZE ALL ICAV EVENTSCICAVA EXTENDS PROCESS TO OTHER FRP-DRIVEN ENTITIESCICAVA MAKES CHANGESDELETE, MOVE CONSOLIDATE, AND OPTIMIZE ICAV EVENTS(MOVE FROM AS-IS TO TO-BE)DELIVERABLESBLUE – COMPLETEDRED – NOT COMPLETED
32 O-FRP TrainingCarrier, air-wing, and all surface combatants training alignedALL units trained to one standardPeople and equipment ready for training at the end of maintenanceBasic unit trainingRetains training time entitlementIntegrates inspection, certification, and continuous maintenance requirementsTSTAWCCA-A ARPCVNTIER 1 - MobilityREAD-6/ CMAVTIER 2 - Unit TacticalA-G ARPCVWCRUDESNon Skid24 WeeksTYCOM TaskingAdvanced unit and integrated group trainingStandardized Group SailMore efficient training scheduleStandardized training Fleet-wideSyntheticCVW FALLONLiveCVWCRUDESCVNAcademicGroup SailTSTA / FEP14 Weeks
33 Operational Level to Tactical Level Headquarter Alignment Combatant CommanderAligned and standardized Navy warfighting staffs from operational to tactical levelFunctions based on Mission Essential Tasks aligned from Combatant to Tactical CommanderPersonnel assigned with right skill sets to meet HQ “fit”Interoperable systems between Operational and Tactical Level HQStandardized and codified staff training and exercise programAlignmentCTGNCCCTFCSG, CVW, DESRON, PHIBRONStandardizationOptimized – Fleet Response Plan will provide alignedand standardized Operational and Tactical Level Headquarters
34 Headquarters Alignment Both tactical and operational (TL / OL) staffs have 2 main focus areas:Support commander’s decision cycle, and assure subordinate successKey elements in the kill chain are Tactical and Operational Level staffs.TL HQs need to be functionally aligned to OL HQs.Achieving this requires standardized tactical staff academic training.Revised Strike Group Tactical Training Continuum (SGTTC) codifies individual training for tactical staffs.Standardizes training by billetIncludes CSG CDR, CVW, DESRON, ESG, PHIBRON, TACRON, Warfare CDRS, and staffsSets individual requirements for pipeline and Fleet training
35 Optimized FRP Lines of Effort OL/TL HQ’s(USFF / CPF N7)HST – IOC MAY 14GHWB VIN TRAdvanced Training(USFF / CPF N7)HSTGHWB – IOC AUG 13TR – IOC SEP 13Unit Training(TYCOMs)HSTGHWB VINInspections(USFF/CPF N43)HSTGHWB VINParts(USFF / CPF N41OPNAV N8/N9)Lines of EffortMaintenance/ Modernization(USFF / CPF N43/N6)HSTGHWB VIN TRManning/ Individual Training(USFF / OPNAV N1)HSTGHWB VINCSG Alignment(USFF / CPF N3)HST / GHWB / TR by MSG – AUG 13FRP Length(USFF/CPFOPNAV N43)Foundation to O-FRP CVN/CVW There Now SC w/HST
36 First O-FRP CSG: TRUMAN Starts with maintenance cycle in Nov 14. CRUDES will be aligned by HST CSG FRP start (NOV 2014), pending rework of class maintenance plans by NAVSEA.Inspections begin approximately 1 month prior to Basic training phaseManning is aligned to Basic training phase to gain efficiency in training audience participating in all of work-upsIntegrated training occurs in Nov 15CSG alignment has already started by message in Aug 13 for HST / GHWB / and TR. The first CSG to be aligned for deployment will be GHWB in Feb 14.HST CSG staff will receive pipeline and fleet training for OL/TL alignment in May 14.
37 Follow On Carrier Strike Groups The other CSGs officially enter O-FRP at the maintenance phase: GHWB – May 14, VIN – Jul 15, TR – Dec 15Where able, we have instituted elements of O-FRP as early as possible. GHWB conducted elements of Integrated training by conducting a new GRP Sail event.TR is conducting increased integrated training b/c of NIFC-CA. CSG alignment for HST / GHWB / TR is de facto complete after the first ADCON shift message in August 13 (CCSGs already briefing their “to be” units at update briefs)
38 Readiness Kill Chain Navy-Wide Approach to Managing Wholeness Governance / C2 – Drives integration & synchronization vertically across weapons systems & horizontally across the readiness lifecycleMeansPersonnelEquipmentSuppliesTrainingOrdnanceNetworksInstallationsCommunityIndustryElected LeadersWaysEndsAssessRESOURCE/ POLICYACCESS /PROCUREPRE-INTROFRPMAINTBASICINTEGRATEDDEPLOY &SUSTAIN1. Cost to Own..……2. O-FRP………………..OL/TL HQs………………………………………………………………………………………….Advanced TrainingUnit Training…………………………………………………………………………………………....Inspections…………………………………………………………………………………………..….Parts…………………………………………………..Maintenance……………………………………………………………………………………….…..Manning…………………….CSG Alignment…………………………………………………………………………………………FRP Length……………………….Managing Wholeness3. Surge Capacity.....It takes everyone to manage Fleet wholeness across the Readiness Kill Chain
39 Optimized FRP Take Aways Operational & Tactical HQ’sStandardize & align NCC, CSG and Warfare CDR training tracksAdvanced TrainingCombine JTFX / C2X; standardize Group Sail; NIFC-CA & EMMWUnit TrainingISIC-led, CSG-wide aggregated training with a predictable scheduleInspectionsConsolidate to specific inspection periods aligned to the FRPLines of EffortPartsRKC methodology to ensure spares are available when neededMaintenance/ ModernizationStable, predicable, synchronized execution of Maint & ModernizationManning/ Individual TrainingSea Centric Manning; Incentivize and Retain Quality SailorsCSG AlignmentC2 aligned with FRP cycleFRP Length36 Month Fleetwide introduction begins with TRUMAN CSG in Nov 2014