Presentation on theme: "Everglades Restoration A Program for Integrated Regional Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Everglades Restoration A Program for Integrated Regional Management Garth W. Redfield, Ph.D.Chief Environmental Scientist,South Florida Water Management District
2 Greater Everglades Ecosystem OrlandoKissimmee RiverSt. Lucie River and EstuaryLake OkeechobeeCaloosahatchee River and EstuaryWater Conservation AreasBig Cypress National PreserveMiamiBiscayne Bay National ParkEverglades National ParkFlorida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
4 Historical Problems Leading to Construction of C&SF Project Hurricanes in 1926 and resulted in failure of the levee around Lake OkeechobeeHurricane in resulted in wide-spread flooding throughout South FloridaState of Florida requested Federal assistance in 1947Congress authorized the C&SF Project in 1948Areas Floodedin 1926 & 1928Areas Floodedin 1947
5 Central & Southern Florida Project River ChannelizationHerbert Hoover DikeWater Conservation AreasProtective LeveesEverglades Agricultural AreaLower East CoastDrainage NetworkSalinity Structures
6 Central and Southern Florida Project 2,800 kilometers of canals and levees160 major drainage basinsOver 2,000 water control structures200 major structures36 pump stations
7 C&SF Project Infrastructure One of the world’s largest and most complex water resource management systems
8 System Modifications Historic Current Flow Flow However, the system works too well. It sends an average of 1.7 billion gallons of excess freshwater a day out to sea which is lost forever.HistoricFlowCurrentFlow
9 Everglades Restoration & Water Management Challenges Climate is subtropical with “extremes”Regional system stressed by population & land useMust balance:Multiple water resource objectivesObjectives often conflict
10 An Ecosystem in Trouble…. Too much or too little water for the South Florida ecosystem6.4 million cubic meters of water per day is lost to the oceanDeclining estuary healthMassive reductions in wading bird populationsDegradation of water qualityLoss of native habitat to invasive exotic vegetation70 Federally-listed threatened and endangered speciesSlide 8: A Region in TroubleSuggested Script~With the changes we have made to S. Florida, the Everglades ecosystem has been seriously degraded. At times, there is too much or too little water for the Everglades and the South Florida ecosystem. There has been a massive reduction in the wading bird population. Water quality has become a serious issue. Water shortages in urban areas are becoming a way of life.In Broward County, we anticipate water shortages to happen every year.Estuaries have declined because of the flushing of fresh water at the wrong times and too little fresh water going into those estuaries. And on the average, 1.7 billion gallons of water are wasted to tide – a resource we can no longer afford to waste.
11 To date, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has not conducted wildlife surveys of the property. However, based on knowledge of habitat types present in the project area and the species occupying surrounding areas, USFWS biologists anticipate that this project will enhance recovery of the seven Federally-listed threatened and endangered species.
12 Half of the Everglades Lost to Urban and Agricultural Development
13 C&SF Project Comprehensive Review Study Study authorized by Congress in the Water Resources Development Act of 1992Study was initiated in June 1993Purpose of Study is to reexamine the C&SF Project to:Restore South Florida ecosystemEnhance water suppliesMaintain flood control
14 Interagency Team U.S. Army Corps of Engineers South Florida Water Management DistrictFederal agenciesState agenciesMiccosukee and Seminole TribesLocal governments
15 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan On July 1, 1999, the Secretary of the Army and the State of Florida presented the Plan to CongressRescuing an Endangered Ecosystem: The Plan to Restore America’s EvergladesJuly 1999The Central and Southern Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study (The Restudy)Comprehensive Everglades Restoration PlanAfter six years of planning, engineering and conceptual level design, with an enormous amount of agency, stakeholder and public involvement, the Comprehensive Plan was completed and delivered to Congress on July 1, 1999.Congress deliberated for over a year then finally approved the plan and authorized ten initial projects and four pilot projects for construction in the Water Resources Development Act of The president signed WRDA-2000 into law in December of 2000.The Comprehensive Plan spans over 35 years, but the bulk of the work will be completed in the first 25 years.
16 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Plan includes 68 components to be implemented over 35 years.
17 Getting the Water Right: QualityQuantityTimingDistributionA Rational PremiseorRisky AssumptionWhat our plan is about is to get the water right.QuantityQualityTiming andDistribution
19 Primary Goal - Increase the Amount of Available Water Environment30%70%Environment50%50%Urban & AgriculturalCurrent Deliveries 1.5 Billion Cubic Meters per yearWe will be doubling the size of the water pie in south Florida.More water means less competition for water.Urban & AgriculturalDeliveries with CERP 3 Billion Cubic Meters per year
21 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program OrlandoComprehensive Everglades Restoration ProgramKissimmee RiverLakeOkeechobeeWetlandRestorationWestPalmBeachFt. MyersWaterConservationAreasFortLauderdaleBig CypressNationalPreserveThe Plan includes 15 surface water storage reservoirs covering approximately 170,000 acres. It also includes converting approximately 11,000 acres of limestone quarries in North Miami-Dade County and Northern Palm Beach County into water storage reservoirs.Together these surface water reservoirs will have a storage capacity of approximately 1.5 million acre-feet (1.3 BGD of water on an annual basis).The Plan includes reservoirs north of Lake Okeechobee, in the Upper East Coast, in the Caloosahatchee Basin, in the Everglades Agricultural Area and along the eastern edge of the Everglades Protection Area.185,000 acres (75,000 hectares)MiamiEvergladesNationalParkBiscayne BayFlorida BayFlorida Keys
23 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan WestPalmBeachOrlandoFlorida KeysFlorida BayBig CypressNationalPreserveEvergladesParkLakeOkeechobeeFt. MyersWaterConservationAreasBiscayne BayMiamiFortLauderdaleKissimmee RiverComprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan15 Surface Water Storage ReservoirsThe Plan includes 15 surface water storage reservoirs covering approximately 170,000 acres. It also includes converting approximately 11,000 acres of limestone quarries in North Miami-Dade County and Northern Palm Beach County into water storage reservoirs.Together these surface water reservoirs will have a storage capacity of approximately 1.5 million acre-feet (1.3 BGD of water on an annual basis).The Plan includes reservoirs north of Lake Okeechobee, in the Upper East Coast, in the Caloosahatchee Basin, in the Everglades Agricultural Area and along the eastern edge of the Everglades Protection Area.Total Storage Capacity:1.8 billion cubic meters
24 Aquifer Storage and Recovery: A Challenging Approach
25 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan OrlandoFlorida KeysFlorida BayBig CypressNationalPreserveEvergladesParkLakeOkeechobeeFt. MyersWaterConservationAreasBiscayne BayMiamiFortLauderdaleWestPalmBeachKissimmee RiverComprehensive Everglades Restoration PlanAquifer Storageand Recovery330 ASR Wells Possible3 Pilot Projects in progress10 wells being installed in the L.O. watershedTotal ASR Capacity:6 million cubic meters per dayThe Plan includes 330 five-MGD ASR wells, for a total of 1.6 Billion Gallons per day of water recover capacity. These are located predominately around Lake Okeechobee, near the Caloosahatchee Basin Reservoir, near the Hillsboro Site 1 Reservoir, the C-51 Reservoir, and along the St. Lucie Canal.Great advantages of ASR storage is that it requires very little land and and does not involve evaporation losses compared with surface storage reservoirs.Because there is a fair amount of uncertainty associated with Regional ASR Systems - especially with the expansive network of ASR wells in the Comprehensive Plan - we have initiated three separate ASR Pilot projects in Lake Okeechobee region, the Caloosahatchee River Basin and at the Hillsboro Site 1.
26 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan OrlandoFlorida KeysFlorida BayBig CypressNationalPreserveEvergladesParkLakeOkeechobeeFt. MyersWaterConservationAreasBiscayne BayMiamiFortLauderdaleWestPalmBeachKissimmee RiverComprehensive Everglades Restoration PlanSeepage ManagementThe Plan includes 330 five-MGD ASR wells, for a total of 1.6 Billion Gallons per day of water recover capacity. These are located predominately around Lake Okeechobee, near the Caloosahatchee Basin Reservoir, near the Hillsboro Site 1 Reservoir, the C-51 Reservoir, and along the St. Lucie Canal.Great advantages of ASR storage is that it requires very little land and and does not involve evaporation losses compared with surface storage reservoirs.Because there is a fair amount of uncertainty associated with Regional ASR Systems - especially with the expansive network of ASR wells in the Comprehensive Plan - we have initiated three separate ASR Pilot projects in Lake Okeechobee region, the Caloosahatchee River Basin and at the Hillsboro Site 1.
28 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan OrlandoComprehensive Everglades Restoration PlanKissimmee RiverStormwater Treatment AreasLakeOkeechobeeWestPalmBeachFt. MyersWaterConservationAreasFortLauderdaleBig CypressNationalPreserveThe Plan includes 19 Stormwater Treatment Areas totaling about 36,000 acres. These STAs will range in size from a couple hundred acres to several thousand acres and will be located north of Lake Okeechobee, in the Caloosahatchee Basin, the Upper East Coast Area, along the eastern edge of the Everglades Protection Area, and in the North Palm Beach County area.These are in addition to the 44,000 acres of STAs being constructed as part of the Everglades Construction Project.Miami22 Treatment Areas18,000 hectares of wetlandsEvergladesNationalParkBiscayne BayFlorida BayFlorida Keys
29 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan OrlandoFlorida KeysFlorida BayBig CypressNationalPreserveEvergladesParkLakeOkeechobeeFt. MyersBiscayne BayMiamiFortLauderdaleWestPalmBeachWaterConservationAreasKissimmee RiverComprehensive Everglades Restoration PlanRemoving Barriers to Sheet FlowPart of Getting the Water Right is restoring sheetflow distribution that is typical of the pre-drainage system. Sheetflow was disrupted through construction of canals, levees and roads. To accomplish this, we will be removing approximately 240 miles of levees, canals and structures, predominantly in Water Conservation Area 3 and the C-111 Basin.
30 Estimated Cost$10.9 billion over 35 years to implement (2004 dollars)More than $170 million per year to operate and maintain$10 million per year for monitoring and adaptive assessmentCost sharing depends on federal authorization processProjectCost Sharing50% Federal50% State$$$$
31 WRDA-2000 Provisions Assurance of Project Benefits Reservation of water for the natural systemSavings ClauseNo elimination of existing legal sourcesNo reduction in the level of service for flood protectionThe third key challenge is making sure that we deliver the benefits that have been promised. That involves making sure that water for the natural system is reserved under state law.It also involves making sure that existing legal sources of water are protected, that flood protection is not diminished, and that existing water rights are protected.These assurances are very important for ensuring successful implementation.January 9, 2002
32 Acceler8 Program An Interagency Commitment The Federal government agrees to expedite their planning and permitting decisionsWant to make sure that we are complying with all of the NEPA, PIR and regulatory requirements and that we coordinate to ensure consistency and avoid duplication of effort between PIR and Acceler8 efforts.Oct 14, 2004State of Florida commits to fund a $1.6 Billion accelerated restoration effort
33 Acceler8 Program Early Restoration Benefits To be Constructed by 2010:Over 500 million cubic meters of reservoir storage capacityOver 11,000 hectares of Stormwater Treatment AreasOver 35,000 hectares of natural areas restoration
34 Everglades Agricultural Area Storage Reservoir Future (2010)Current (2005)
35 Everglades Restoration: Peer Review (CISRERP) National Academy of Sciences, first biennial review, 2006 concludes:There are successes -Kissimmee Restoration has workedWater quality programs are effectiveScience is progressing –MAP is ready for implementationGood adaptive management strategy
36 Everglades Restoration: Peer Review (CISRERP) National Academy of Sciences, first biennial review, 2006 concludes:CERP Project Status –Key projects have been delayedMore federal funding is neededImprove project planning and fundingUse an Incremental Adaptive Restoration approach to initiating and evaluating projects with large uncertainties
37 Everglades Restoration: Obstacles & Opportunities Massive Scale of Effort; Land AcquisitionFunding; Interagency CooperationTechnical LimitationsOpportunities:Restore Valued Regional ResourcesProvide Sustainable Balance of Management ObjectivesContribute Information for Large-Scale Restoration Projects Worldwide
38 www.evergladesplan.org www.evergladesnow.org For more information, visit our WebsitesThis is one of two web sites I am going to give you tonight that will help you track our status and find information relevant to the Comprehensive Plan.As you know, the Corps of Engineers and the SFWMD are building on a long term partnership and are taking this partnership to a higher level for implementing the Comprehensive Plan. The Evergladesplan.org web site is jointly maintained by the Corps of Engineers and SFWMD. The site already has a lot of good information and we are committed to improving the site to ensure that it provides the types of information needed by other agencies, stakeholders and potential contractors.Some items you might find useful on the web site are:1) Comprehensive Plan and PEIS2) Master Program Management Plan - describing business practices and protocols to be followed by the Corps and SFWMD, as well as outlines and descriptions of most of the interim design products.3) Master Implementation Schedule4) Project Management Plans for the CERP projects5) Feasibility Reports for the WPAs and IRL Projects