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Strategic Planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Strategic Planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategic Planning

2 Agenda Icebreaker Welcome and Introductions Agenda Review
What is Strategic Planning Types of Strategic Planning Planning to Plan Strategic Planning Process Strategic Planning Tools and Techniques Parking Lot Discussion/Evaluation Participant Manual Page 5 Welcome everyone to course Introduce yourself Get class to introduce themselves and state what they want from course Ice breaker (optional) - could use it as part of introductions Review agenda can write it on flipchart for easy view Discuss times assigned for each component Discuss coffee and lunch breaks Establish parking lot - for issues to discuss later Discuss ground rules - one person at a time, address issue and not person, etc. Depending on your participants, you may wish to vary times

3 Learning Objectives Identify the various steps in the strategic planning process Initiate and manage a strategic planning process Determine appropriate tools for strategic planning Understand strategies for evaluation Initiate community support and involvement in the process Develop communication strategies to promote the strategic planning process Identify partners to be involved in strategic planning process Participate in the strategic planning process (if applicable) Participant Manual Page 7 Welcome everyone to course Introduce yourself Get class to introduce themselves and state what they want from course Ice breaker (optional) - could use it as part of introductions Review agenda can write it on flipchart for easy view Discuss times assigned for each component Discuss coffee and lunch breaks Establish parking lot - for issues to discuss later Discuss ground rules - one person at a time, address issue and not person, etc. Depending on your participants, you may wish to vary times

4 What is Strategic Planning
Used by community groups, government departments, organizations and businesses to develop blueprint for action and change the process should be community based, inclusive and participatory to allow for maximum stakeholder involvement and input. Participant Manual Page 9 Review the benefits of strategic planning.

5 Benefits of Strategic Planning
Defines mission, vision & values Establishes realistic goals, objectives & strategies Ensures effective use of resources Provides base to measure progress Develops consensus on future direction Builds strong teams Solves major problems Participant Manual Page 9

6 Strategic Planning Exercise 1
Introduce participants to strategic planning Relate some experiences with strategic planning and any best practices Participant Manuel Page 11

7 Strategic Planning Exercise 2
Explore and discuss various examples of planning Particpant Manual Page 13

8 Types of Planning Types of planning Strategic planning
Business planning Project planning Program planning Municipal planning Planning as a profession Professional “planners” Planning functions in other professions Participant Manual Page 14 rovide a brief overview of the different types of planning Can use it to follow up on exercise # 2 or generate discussion on types of planning participants have been involved in

9 Strategic Planning Exercise 3
To discuss how personality affects how groups work together to develop a strategic plan or any type of plan Participant Manual Page 17 – Test begins at Page 18 Have participants complete the test and discuss how difference have to be taken into account when undergoing strategic planning process as with any group exercise.

10 Strategic Planning Models
Type of organization usually dictates type of strategic planning Non-profit Likely focus on board development, management, fundraising, policies For- Profit Likely focus on profit and strategic directions Participant Manual Page 23 Briefly refer to this and then complete exercise #3 which gives participants an indication of how different perspectives are brought to the strategic planning process through different people. The exercise will give participants an opportunity to learn a little about themselves and their level of personal flexibility. You can discuss how different personalities bring different aspects to a board and a strategic planning process. The next section then deals with the various types of strategic plans that are carried out. Note that most groups you deal with will use the basic model but the others are presented for information.

11 Types of Strategic Planning
Basic Strategic Planning Issue-Based or Goals-Based Strategic Planning Alignment Model Scenario Planning Organic (or Self-Organizing) Planning Participant Manual Page 24 to 29 Discuss these types. Most will undergo the basic strategic planning process. State that there is no perfect model...

12 Planning to Plan Exercise 4
Discuss the planning phase of strategic planning by brainstorming some pre-requisites needed to undertake the strategic planning process Participant Manual Page 31 Discuss some prerequisites needed for strategic planning. Most will undergo the goals based plan

13 Planning to plan requires: Organizational readiness
Recognition of need to plan Commitment to plan Organizational commitment Board and volunteer commitment Staff commitment Participant Manual page 35 Discuss the importance of having all these components in place before embarking on a strategic plan.

14 Planning to Plan Organizational Capacity Human resources Staff
Volunteers Board committees Special/Standing committees Financial resources Identify budget Determine resources Time Allocate organizational time Determine realistic time lines Participant Manual Page 36

15 Reasons for Strategic Planning
Change Renewal Funding requirement Financial forecasting Mandate Build consensus Improve staff and board relations Develop ownership Build community support Other (discussion) Participant Manual Page 37 Use this in conjunction with Exercise 5

16 Planning to Plan Exercise 5
Why do you want to engage in strategic planning? Participant Manual Page 39

17 Strategic Planning Process
Planning to Plan Strategic Planning Team Board, staff, community volunteers Strategic Planning Budget Establish budget, identify funding sources Strategic Planning Facilitator(s) Identify a facilitator to lead the process Strategic Planning Partners Internal board and staff External community groups/government departments/others Participant Manual Page 41

18 Developing the Plan Mission Core purpose of your organization
Presented in a clear, short statement that focuses on attention in one clear direction by stating purpose of the group’s uniqueness. Participant Manual Page 43 Discuss each of these – additional material is provided in each

19 Developing the Plan Vision
What is your organization’s vision of excellence Has to be realistic and not something impractical Participant Manual Page 43

20 Developing the Plan Values
What are the principles, standards, and actions considered worthwhile in the organization Includes how people treat each other, how groups conduct business and what is most important to the organization Participant Manual Page 43

21 Developing the Plan Strategic Analysis Environmental Scan
gathering of information that concerns the organization’s environments analysis and interpretation of this information application of this analyzed information in decision making Participant Manual Page 46

22 Developing the Plan Strategic Analysis SWOT Analysis Strengths
What are some internal positive things about your organization? What does the community see as your strengths? Weaknesses What are some weaknesses in organization? What does the community see as your weaknesses? Participant Manual Page 48

23 Developing the Plan Strategic Analysis SWOT Analysis Opportunities
What are some opportunities in your community or region? What are some emerging trends? Threats What are some provincial or national issues facing the organization? What are some technology issues that face the organization? Participant Manual - Page 49

24 Strategic Planning Process
Developing the Plan (continued) Goals Identify long-term outcomes to provide focus for the planning process Strategies Outline how you will achieve your goals Objectives Identify specific, measurable results produced while implementing strategies. Participant Manual Page 50-51 Discuss each of these – additional material is provided on each one

25 Strategic Planning Process
Goals and Objectives Should Be SMARTER Specific Measurable Acceptable Realistic Timeframe Extending Rewarding Participant Manual Page 52

26 Strategic Planning Process
Developing the Plan (continued) Implementation Tasks – assigned to various board and staff responsible for specific items Timelines - established for implementation of the plan for implementation Funding the plan What is required to fund the goals in the plan Participant Manual Page 53 Discuss each of these – additional material is provided on each one

27 Strategic Planning Process
Developing the Plan (continued) Communicating the plan How will you communicate the plan to stakeholders? Monitoring and evaluation Critical to plan’s success and credibility Must be built into the plan Critical for continuous improvement Continuous improvement focuses on improving customer satisfaction through continuous and incremental improvements to processes Participant Manual Page 55-57 Discuss each of these – additional material is provided on each one

28 Strategic Planning Process Exercise 6
Prepare a SWOT analysis as part of the strategic planning process Participant Manual Page 59-60 Facilitator will work with group to decide on the focus of the SWOT analysis can ask for a volunteer community/organization. The exercise can also be expanded to include more of the strategic planning process.

29 Strategic Planning Process Exercise 7
Discuss some tools and techniques to be used for strategic planning Participant Manual Page 79 These tools are some that can be used as part of a strategic planning process.

30 Strategic Planning Tools & Techniques
Appreciative Inquiry Effective for changing organizational culture Based on 4-D model Discover, Dream, Design and Destiny Open Space Technology new method for working effectively with large groups ( participants) Participant Manual Page 81 Have participants read about each of these tools

31 Strategic Planning Tools & Techniques
Public Consultation Involve public and stakeholders in your planning process Achieve public consultation through Interviews Facilitated meetings Open houses Website discussion papers/surveys Participant Manual Page 82

32 Strategic Planning Tools & Techniques
Public Meeting Provides opportunity for input for all stakeholders through Open house to review plans, maps, charts Facilitated meeting with presentation on what you plan to do Facilitated meeting on interim and final report Participant Manual - Page 82

33 Strategic Planning Tools & Techniques
Focus Groups Provides opportunity to address specific issues Provides opportunity for maximum participation Provides maximum information in short period of time Participant Manual - Page 82

34 Strategic Planning Tools & Techniques
Website feedback Online survey Online discussion paper to generate comments Surveys Community survey Can be developed and administered locally Can be conducted by firm specializing in surveys Research Focus groups, surveys (primary) Literature review (secondary) Participant Manual - Page 82

35 Parking Lot Summary Evaluation Strategic Planning
Participant Manual Page 85


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