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The efficiency test of a rock excavator by use of a multistage edge excavation method Kure National Collage of Technology Department of Civil Engineering Course Kawamura Rintaro Shigematsu Takahisa

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Outline Introduction -Background, Purpose- Experimental apparatus and method Results I.Thrust Fz II.Torque T III.Penetration speed V IV.Specific energy Es Conclusion

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Background To reduce environmental loads was important to solve for rock mass excavation by rock blasting. A construction machine such as a hydraulic breaker, having problems such as noise and vibration. A need to develop a rock excavator achieving low noise and low vibration.

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Purpose To develop a rock excavator attached of a backhoe by use of a multistage edge excavation method. Cost reduction possible by developing a backhoe attachment Earlier studies have been proposed the edge excavation method is efficient. We did experiments with the model excavator to find out efficiency and force acting on the rock excavator.

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The edge excavation method Since a rock tensile strength is smaller than compression strength, the edge excavation method is efficient. Roller cutter bit Plane excavation methodEdge excavation method compression failuretensile failure

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The experimental apparatus The specimen was W/C 50% mortar, 40N/mm 2 uniaxial compressive strength.

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The model excavator Maw Point attack bit Roller cutter bit Fish tail Suction of excavated soil

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The experimental method In all 3 stages, 3 types of thrust set at each stage. 1st 7.5kN 8.5kN 10.0kN 1st 7.5kN 8.5kN 10.0kN 2nd 20.0kN 22.5kN 25.0kN 2nd 20.0kN 22.5kN 25.0kN Measured by thrust Fz, torque T, and digging depth z. Measured by thrust Fz, torque T, and digging depth z. 3rd 30.0kN 35.0kN 40.0kN 3rd 30.0kN 35.0kN 40.0kN

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Results (Thrust Fz) Considered the thrust Fz of this part as the average value. Excavating proceeded with constant amplitude.

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Excavating proceeded with almost constant amplitude. Excavating proceeded with almost constant amplitude. Considered the torque T of this part as the average value. Results (Torque T)

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Torque T increased with increasing thrust Fz at each stage. Proportionate relationships between thrust Fz and toque T were observed when each dataset mixed together.

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Results (Digging depth z) Excavating proceeded with constant speed. Penetration speed V is obtained by dividing the digging depth z by the elapsed time t.

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Results (Penetration speed V) Penetration speed V increased with the increasing of thrust Fz at each stage. Gradient of penetration speed V decreased with increasing number of stages.

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Specific energy Es Smaller values of the specific energy Es are efficient. Smaller values of the specific energy Es are efficient. The rotative power is proportional to torque T The propulsive power is proportional to thrust Fz P= rotative power P T + propulsive power P R V E are calculated from the excavated volume and the elapsed time at the end of excavation.

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Results (Specific energy Es) The first stage was the lowest specific energy Es. Combination of the fish tail and the point attack bit is effective to create the edge. Specific energy Es decreased with increasing the number of stages. increasing the number of stages Efficient excavation

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Conclusion Torque T Penetration speed V Proportional relation Thrust Fz Specific energy Es Increasing the number of stages Decreasing 1. Force acting on the model excavator 2. Excavation efficiency

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Perspectives Measurement of thrust Torque Penetration speed ApplicationNecessity Deducing Relationship between efficiency and the number of stages Further experiments increase the number of stages Clarifying

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