Presentation on theme: "The Evolving Role of M2M in Transportation: Past, Present and Future"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Evolving Role of M2M in Transportation: Past, Present and Future Christine Van De GraafLilee SystemsMarch 19, 2013Enabling Secure Device ConnectivityLuncheon KeynoteThe Evolving Role of M2M in Transportation:Past, Present and Future
3 Lilee Systems Overview Established in 2009Based in Santa Clara, CA – the heart of Silicon ValleyISO 9001:2008 CertifiedSeasoned technology SW & HW leaders partnering at the core of the organization*Leveraging the long standing core competencies in RF systems & networking for top-notch mobile IP communications systemsEnabling advanced communications through HW & SW solutionsDesign, manufacture and delivery of flexible solutions that maximize application uptime, reliability and overall efficiencyLilee Systems is a General Member of the Intel® Intelligent Systems Alliance, a community of communications and embedded solutions developers and solution providers.. Also partnered with Cisco, Red Hat, Freescale, and AMD.* Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation Norman Y. Mineta is an active member of Lilee’s Board of Directors
4 Lilee Systems Products & Services Point-to-point and end-to-end data and network communications solutions based on high quality systems and integrated softwareSW configurable for load-balancing/prioritizingBonding capable to create a maximized throughput pipeUnique SDR architecture enables a truly IP-based solutionIntegration with legacy solutionsGround-up design/deploymentA partner from project inception through production, certification and installationAvailability of key design engineering & technology servicesNetwork topology design verification software servicesNetwork troubleshooting wave analysis software servicesTest systems can be taken directly into deployment resulting in optimized time to market and solution investment
5 Lilee Systems in Action Rail Transportation – Positive Train Control (PTC)Enabling the MetroLink PTC safety system in Southern CaliforniaITCS & Non-ITCS systemsEnergy – Smart Grid MonitoringWind Farm load monitoring and system safetyEnvironmental – Early Warning Flood DetectionVideo & sensor monitoringSoil moisture, silt dam, hillside movement monitoring, flooding risk, etc.Note: This snapshot shows some of the applications served, but not all possible application use cases.
7 M2M = Trillions of End Points, Sensors, Edge Nodes, Aggregators, Gateways, Etc. M2M is more than just machine-to-machineMobile to mobileMobile to machineMachine to mobileAll working together to improve process efficiency and productivity and the data demands of B2B, B2C, B2B2C, etc. as if all elements are in the same locationThe way these points (machine & mobile) communicate with one another is evolving to match THE CLOUDUltimately, everything and everyone are connectedM2M leading way to Internet of Everything (IoE)M2M includes sensors, gateways, aggregators, controllers and much more.
9 Factors to Consider for M2M: Remote, Manageable, Secure, Flexible Enormous amounts of data constantly being collected by diverse devicesThe Internet of Things (IoT)Require reliable means of communicating – Wired and WirelesslyEnd to End Solutions (E2E)Protocols vary for diverse vertical markets and geographical regionsDesign flexibility and longevity is essentialProprietaryExisting RequirementsFuture RequirementsOptimized TCO and TTM is a requirementRetrofit of legacy discrete solutionsNew all-in-one solutionDiversity of assets to connectNeed to be easy to install/initialize/monitor/maintainInstall site access constraintsSkilled Labor / Union constraintsSDR
10 Why M2M in Transportation (Rail) DriverResultAchieve ComplianceRail Safety – Positive Train Control(December 31, 2015)Optimize ProcessesAccess to timely, valuable, actionable data for improved advanced decision makingReduce CostsStreamlined, secure, remote monitoring, maintenance, etc.Create New Revenue StreamsLeveraging the technology investment for compliance to offer additional revenue-generating servicesPTC – speed control, prevention of train to train collisions, prevention of train to something else collisions, derailment avoidanceInteroperability of communications systems pertains to boeht optimize process and reduce costNew revenue stream examples: onboard passenger wireless, enhanced tracking portfolio offering for freight, etc.
11 What is PTC ? (Positive Train Control) Mandate : United States President George Bush signed the railway safety bill into law on October 16, 2008 after the collision of a Metrolink passenger train and a Union Pacific freight train in Los Angeles, California, resulted in the deaths of 25 and injuries to more than The bill mandates the implementation of Positive Train Control (PTC).Equipment : PTC involves three componentsEquipment along the railroad trackEquipment on the locomotiveEquipment at the control centerBi-directional wireless data linkDeadline : The United States Congress set a deadline of December 31, 2015 for the implementation of PTC technology.Market Sizing : ITC, comprised of freight railroads, estimates the volume of radio will be in the order of 125K ~ 337K unit over next 5 years. $10-15B
12 Positive Train Control Network Components 1223324Central Train Control5Data Center(1)Locomotive – on board computer and cab display(2)Wayside equipments – Signals & switches, wayside interfaces to switch equipments, wayside bungalow(3)Base Station – 220 MHz radio provide communication between PTC network components and back office(4)Centralized Train Control Center(5)Data Center
13 Challenges for M2M in the Rail Transportation Space Integration with legacy technologyFlexibility for future technologyInteroperability across market segment playersInfrastructure limitationsInterference generatorsCertificationAddressing these challenges results in:New standardsEnhanced certification types & processesTechnology advancementsThe problem:Network with diverse components (stationary, moving, legacy, new, etc.)Require seamless data communicationRequire interoperability various vendor HW and between Class I and passenger linesIn environment with extreme conditions: temperature, shock & vibrationIn some areas there is wired networking and power. In other areas there is little to noneInvestments for base stations for new radio & Wi-Fi to be optimized (time and financing)Cellular as back up where other connectivity not possibleImplementation deadline (for PTC): 12/31/2015Flexibility to extend solution beyond safety – data collection/ communication for supporting other business elements.
14 IEEE 802.15.4p Positive Train Control Development of new baseline for wireless links between trains or locomotives and track infrastructureBased on existing 300 million unit market for IEEE based productsSensor, control, and information transfer applications for rail and rail transitIEEE standard already in use for monitoring critical infrastructurePress Release: LINKTask Group Page: LINK
15 PTC InteroperabilityProblem: No single defined standard for “interoperable PTC system”Implementation of I-ETMS and use different radio frequencies used at different locationsManual frequency changingITCS communicating with I-ETMS – 2x 220MHz radios installed at each wayside and interface with a common PTC via a network gateway or protocol converter at each wayside. 1 radio dedicated to each ITCS (Passenger) and I-ETMS (Freight)Interoperability stops at the waysideDoesn’t use the wireless of the onboard systemsPassenger rail implement I-ETMS (like Freight) and use same PTC sol’n as FreightBuy 220MHz spectrumAn use separate channelsPassenger use ACSES (selected PTC protocol for NEC) with all transactions handled by a single back office with freight rail responsible for setting up I-ETMS infrastructureDifferent frequencies are cross connected in the back office to support system-to-system communicationsSource:
16 Achieving PTC Interoperability Options for complying with FCC part 80, 90, and 95 and PTC Interoperability Part 236.Lilee’s solution portfolio can support both.Option #2 highly recommended#1 Adopt the proprietary ITCM 220MHz wireless networkPros:Lilee TransAir PTC-3000 series of 220MHz SDR transceiversCertified under US FCC type certification for operation under part 80, 90 and 95 rules in the MHz range – 1st of it’s kindCan support standards-based and proprietary protocolsSW re-configuration to support additional protocols without the need for recertificationWith Federated Interchange approach, OTA interoperability with ITC 220MHz radios is not requiredCons:Meteorcomm has not released the full details of ITC Net to the industryNo commitments to the timeline for releaseComplex and expensive – connection of waysides via fiber or non-220MHz method#2 Back Office ITCM Federated Interchange implementationRecommended cost-effective solutionSeamless interoperabilityTransit and Class-I’s have full interoperabilityEach railroad has own channel and/or multi-provider commercial cellular network
17 Interoperability via WSRS & Federated Interchange Federated Links(ITCM)DispatchSystemsBack OfficeServerWSRSServerFederated InterchangeOther RRsThe WSRS-5000 serves as a translator for the PTC solution. It takes the appropriate information gathered and managed by the LMC-5500 from the onboard and track side systems from one rail entity and communicates it via the Federated Links to the other interested rail entity involved with the stretch of track where the train is currently or is about to be.Mobility ControllerOfficeFieldBase StationYard or Station Wi-Fi15.4pPTCSimilar to the roaming agreements that exist between cellular data carriers (Sprint roams on Verizon and vice verse, AT&T roams on T-Mobile and vice versa), the federated links are comparable to the roaming agreements. The Federated Interchange supported by the SW on the WSRS-5000 negotiates those T’s and C’s of the “roaming” (what info needs to be communicated how and to whom) of one rail entity’s vehicles on another’s track.WaysidePTCOn-boardComputerLocomotiveSee slide notes for additional details.
18 Achieving Industry’s First FCC Grant for 220MHz Software-Defined Radio (SDR) Certified for operation under US FCC Part 80, 90 and 95 rulesAddresses FCC Q&A inquiriesSW configurable transceiver for standards-based & proprietary communications protocols = broad interoperabilitySW modifications to the radio frequency & transmitter output characteristics without the necessity of FCC re-certificationPress Release: LinkWhite Paper: Coming Soon
19 What’s Next? How is it Achieved? Expansion of the technology to complimentary applicationsExtension of data gathered and processes optimizedIncreased standardizationThe Path to Get There:Advanced technology from Wi-Fi companies“Network Vision” approach by more carriersCollaboration of ecosystem partners for end-to-end solution “blueprints” (HW & SW)
20 Articles, Videos, etc. More on M2M from Lilee Systems & Christine Van De Graaf
21 Lilee in the News Intel Embedded Community COTS Journal RTC Magazine (March 2013) - Roving Reporter: Positive Train ControlCOTS Journal(Feb. 2013) – Hardware and Software Work Together to Secure SystemsRTC Magazine(Mar. 2013) – Sensor Use in Intelligent Systems Contributes to Process Optimization(Feb. 2013) – How Much Autonomy? Achieving Efficiency via M2M without Losing Control(Dec. 2012) Implementing Wireless Sensors for Environmental Monitoring Early Detection Communication SystemsDesign News(Dec. 2012) ICCVE Guest Blog: The Importance of Open Standards(Dec. 2012) ICCVE Guest Blog: Rail Transportation & Communications(Dec. 2012) ICCVE Guest Blog: Inspiring Keynote DeliveredMilitary & Aerospace Electronics(Nov. 2012) Head in the CloudsMicro Electronics(Nov. 2012) p Positive Train Control, PTC (Chinese)EE Catalog – Transportation(Oct. 2012) Safety First: Implementing New Rail Communication StandardsCTIAMobileCon (Oct. 2012) - Video InterviewProgressive Railroading(Oct. 2012) Railroading Supplier Update: Lilee PTC-3004 receives FCC and IC authorizationRail Resource(Oct. 2012) Lilee Systems Receives US & Canadian Certification for Train Control System RadioEngineering TVDesign East (Sept. 2012) – Video Interview, Improving Train Safety Operations
25 This is a subset of our TransAir PTC-3000 220MHz SDR Family PTC-3200 Series 2MCU: Retrofit Discrete Solutions to add Intelligent ConnectivityProblemDiscrete, legacy, application-specific systems require connectivityMinimized solution budget (time-to- market, capitol expense & power consumption)SolutionSimple integration of an ARM-based, modular, compact, low-power, fanless, rugged form factor via serial (up to 2x RS -232/422/485) connectionCustomized manageability for seamless 3G/Wi-Fi/SDR connectivity (static and mobile)This is a subset of our TransAir PTC MHz SDR Family~ 4MCU & 6MCU ~Core FeatureKey BenefitDesigned-in Connectivity2x LAN, 1x Wi-Fi, 1x 3G & up to 2x SDR plus 1x SIMSeamless communication & flexibilityIntegrated GPSNo need for external add-onPre-loaded, solution-specific algorithm for load balancing and packet prioritizingIntelligent communication of the most important actionable data firstBonding-capable (in cases where more than one modem is required)Assurance of large data transmit/receive processesFanless, rugged designDurability in the field even when subjected to high shock/vibration conditionsWide range temperature useBy design enabled use in extreme temperatures (-40 to +70°Freescale ARM technology basedOptimized power consumptionMobile IP RoutingSupports seamless connectivityCMIIT & Industry Canada Certified
26 WMS-2000: All-in-One Solution for Intelligent Connectivity & Application Control ProblemNew installationConnectivity and application control in single modular solutionRemote management / maintenance is essentialSolutionIntegrated modular solutionSecure, manageable connectivity and application controlExpansion capabilities for forward- looking application-specific enhancement including up to 2x RS - 232/422/485, 2x miniPCIe, 2x SATA connectionCore FeatureKey BenefitMarvel ARM-based connectivity subsystem and Intel Atom X86 processor based application control subsystemOptimized power consumption and dedicated functionality resourcesPre-installed OSs for connectivity and applicationIndependent functionality for best performanceDesigned-in Connectivity2x LAN, 2x Wi-Fi, 1x 3G & up to 2x SDR plus 1x SIMSeamless communication & flexibilityIntegrated GPSNo need for external add-onPre-loaded, solution-specific algorithm for load balancing and packet prioritizingIntelligent communication of the most important actionable data firstBonding-capable (in cases where more than one modem is required)Assurance of large data transmit/receive processesFanless, rugged designDurability in the field even when subjected to high shock/vibration conditionsWide range temperature useBy design enabled use in extreme temperatures (-40 to +70°Mobile IP RoutingSupports seamless connectivity1x USB spare internal connectionStorage solution optionCDMA achieved with Verizon and AT&T as of Feb 2013Beginning OMA-DM / CDMA testing with Sprint as of March 2013CDMA
27 LMC-5500: Mobility Controller for Intelligent Systems Applications ProblemConnectivity from field to base is essentialNeeds to manage the multiple types of radios in the network (i.e. yard, base station, locomotive & wayside)Must be Wi-Fi & Cellular capable & switch as neededWeb-based management at base for all elements of the network is keySolutionSeamless connectivity from base to field via Wi-Fi, 3G & SDRProgrammable fast hand over between networked elementsCarrier-agnostic E2E IP layer 3 routingAutomatic failover switching from active to back up network element1:200 mobility controller to base station ratioCore FeatureKey BenefitCentralized system management server that handles the registration from all types of system radios built around an Intel quad core processing platformFlexible SDR radio that can be programmed to match application requirementsCost of “customization” is mainly via the licenses for the different types of radio SW and implemented filters1-time radio registration configuration & connectivity continuously monitored(up to 200 base station radios per mobility controller)Efficiency for system integrationRoaming management (cellular networks)Seamless communication – maximized up timeVirtual “tunnel” establishmentSecure, consistent virtual data linkMobile IP ControlL3 routing for optimized longest prefix matchingDesigned-in Connectivity8x GbE, 1x Wi-Fi, 1x 3G & up to 1x SDRSeamless communication & flexibilityHot swappable components2x Fans, 2x Pwr Supplies, 1x Pwr distributor, 2x HDDAssurances for optimized up time.